Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

58:30560 Brucher, Wolfgang; Riedel, Heiko. The Saar-Lorraine frontier region: socio-demographic structures and how they are perceived. [L'espace frontalier sarro-lorrain: ses structures socio-demographiques et sa perception.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1992. 153-65 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine attitudes concerning the Franco-German frontier among students from that region. The population characteristics of the areas on both sides of the border are compared.
Correspondence: W. Brucher, Universitat des Saarlandes, FR Geographie, D-6600 Saarbrucken, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30561 Corbey, P. I. Standard classification of population subgroups. [Basisindeling bevolkingsgroepen (BIB).] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 5, May 1992. 20-2 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
This article briefly describes the Standard Classification of Population Subgroups, a classification system designed by the Netherlands Bureau of Statistics. "This classification divides the population into 30 subgroups using the criteria sex, age, household situation and social participation [including presence of under-age children, household size, and employment and educational status]." Annual averages are provided for the years 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, and 1989.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30562 Delbes, Christiane; Gaymu, Joelle. The elderly in France: from the past to the future. [Les personnes agees en France: d'hier a demain.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 43-58 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors review changes in the quality of life of France's retirees from 1940 to the present. Factors considered include health status and quality of health care, income levels, percentage of widowed persons by sex, family structure, and housing characteristics for the elderly. Some projections are made for the old age of future generations.
Correspondence: C. Delbes, Fondation Nationale de Gerontologie, 49 rue Mirabeau, 75016 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30563 Dittgen, Alfred. The aging of the French population: past, present, and future. [Le vieillissement de la population francaise, passe, present et futur.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 29-41 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author begins with an overview of demographic aging trends in France from 1750 to 1950. The second section of the article deals with the impact of World War II, including the rises in fertility and immigration that occurred during the 20 postwar years. Finally, projections to the year 2098 show that the aging trend will continue well past the year 2000, but will level off, as will the average length of life.
Correspondence: A. Dittgen, Institut de Demographie de Paris, 22 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30564 Gulati, Leela; Rajan, S. Irudaya. Social and economic implications of population aging in Kerala, India. Demography India, Vol. 19, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1990. 235-50 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The authors discuss changing socioeconomic conditions resulting from population aging in Kerala, India. The impact of changes in broad age structure, the size of the working-age population, and the dependency ratio on the family and on the elderly is assessed.
Correspondence: L. Gulati, Centre for Development Studies, Prasantanagar Road, Ulloor, Trivandrum 695 011, Kerala State, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30565 Holzer, Jerzy Z. The demographic situation in Poland and its implications for population policy. [A demografiai helyzet Lengyelorszagban es ennek hatasa a nepesedespolitikara.] Demografia, Vol. 34, No. 3-4, 1991. 351-8 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
Current demographic trends in Poland are reviewed. Particular attention is given to the implications of changing age structure for social policy.
Correspondence: J. Z. Holzer, Ul. Mazowiecka 11 m 143, 00-052 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30566 Hsieh, Ying-Hen. Optimal estimate of population age structure with varying vital rates. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1992. 289-99 pp. Reading, England. In Eng.
The author presents a method for estimating the age distribution of a population under varying vital statistics. "Some mathematical aspects of the method, as well as its applicability, will be discussed and numerical simulation will be run to illustrate the results and to compare the method with the traditional estimate of stable population theory...."
Correspondence: Y.-H. Hsieh, National Chung-Hsing University, Department of Applied Mathematics, Taichung, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30567 Hugo, Graeme. Atlas of the Australian people. Australian Capital Territory: 1986 census. Pub. Order No. 91 1045 2. ISBN 0-644-14572-2. 1991. xxiii, 396 pp. Bureau of Immigration Research: South Carlton, Australia. Distributed by International Specialized Book Services, 5602 N.E. Hassalo Street, Portland, OR 97213. In Eng.
This is one of a set of atlases prepared using data from the 1986 census of Australia that describe the spatial distribution and characteristics of the population. This report concerns the Australian Capital Territory and the surrounding area of New South Wales. Other volumes cover Australia as a whole, each state and territory, and the five major cities. Chapters are included on the birthplace of the resident population, the aboriginal population, recent immigrants, language, religion, age structure of the foreign-born population, and ethnic group.
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration Research, P.O. Box 25, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30568 Mathews, T. J. The impact of changes in fertility, mortality, and migration on the changing school-age population of California, New York and Florida. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. WPS 92-91, [1992]. 77 pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"A goal of primary concern for this paper is to analyze the way that demographic forces influence school-age population trends [in California, New York, and Florida]. By focusing on the changes of past fertility, mortality and migration patterns and their impact upon overall school-age population, and observing how the possible variations in the contributions of the components of age specific growth take place for different geographic areas and over time, this work will seek to improve the understanding of the changes in school-age populations."
Correspondence: Robert H. Weller, Editor, Working Paper Series, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30569 Ni Bhrolchain, Maire. Age difference asymmetry and a two-sex perspective. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1992. 23-45 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The paper shows that (a) the age difference between spouses can be and has been different for men and women; (b) male and female age differences can exhibit different trends; (c) the discrepancy is due to remarriage; (d) the age difference fluctuates substantially through time; (e) trends in the age difference are not readily interpretable as reflecting change in the relative status of the sexes; and (f) that trends in the age difference may be linked to marriage market conditions. The paper argues that marriage and fertility data for both men and women are increasingly necessary because of rises in marital breakdown and the associated divergence of the experience of men and women." Data are from England and Wales and cover the period 1901-1987.
Correspondence: M. Ni Bhrolchain, Southampton University, Department of Social Statistics, Southampton S09 5NH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30570 Parant, Alain. Demographic aging. France and Quebec in the world: yesterday, today, and tomorrow. [Le vieillissement demographique. La France et le Quebec dans le monde: hier, aujourd'hui, demain.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 13-27 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
After a review of worldwide trends in demographic aging, the author studies the cases of France and Quebec in some detail. Consideration is given to differences between developed and developing countries. Predicted age structures and fertility trends are given to the year 2025.
Correspondence: A. Parant, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30571 Pelletier, Louis. Growing old in an institution or at home? Factors influencing the lodging of the elderly. [Vieillir en institution ou a domicile? Les facteurs associes a l'hebergement des personnes agees.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 71-86 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Projected changes in the demographic characteristics of the elderly in Canada are described, and the effect of these shifts on the residence choices of the aged is assessed. "Different demographic and socioeconomic factors influence the risk of institutionalization: age, sex, marital status and family income. A poor health inevitably increases that risk. A high level of education doesn't assure home independence but at least it permits a delay [in] the use of [an] institution."
Correspondence: L. Pelletier, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30572 Philipps, David R. Ageing in East and South-East Asia. ISBN 0-340-54367-1. 1992. xi, 252 pp. Edward Arnold: London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of articles by various authors examining "the provision of social care, housing, medical and health services for elderly people across a wide range of [east and southeast Asian] countries in the region. Those more advanced in ageing--Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore--have sought a variety of ways of dealing with changing circumstances. At present, China has enormous numbers of elderly people who will in future be supported by fewer of their children. In some countries in the region, the tenets of Islam reinforce traditional attitudes favouring family support of elderly people. What will the options be in countries that are facing ageing but with relatively fewer resources than other countries? This book provides structured case studies of ageing and services, welfare and housing consequences. It also has two chapters which provide overviews of the region, one specifically on research and the applications of research findings."
Correspondence: Edward Arnold, Mill Road, Dunton Green, Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 2YA, England. Location: New York Public Library.

58:30573 Rodriguez Rodriguez, Vicente; Rojo Perez, Fermina. The characteristics of the demographic aging of the Spanish population (1900-1986). [Tipologia del envejecimiento de la poblacion espanola (1900-1986).] Departamento de Geografia Humana y Regional Documentos de Trabajo, No. 2, Jun 1989. 27 pp. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas [CSIC], Instituto de Economia y Geografia Aplicadas: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Trends in demographic aging by sex in Spain up to 1986 are analyzed, with a focus on the specific aspects of the process that are particular to Spain and on regional differences. Data are from official sources, including the census.
Correspondence: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto de Economia y Geografia Aplicadas, Departamento de Geografia Humana y Regional, Pinar 25, Madrid 28006, Spain. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

58:30574 Rogers, Richard G.; Belanger, Alain; Rogers, Andrei. Active, dependent, and institutionalized life among the elderly in the United States. Population Program Working Paper, No. WP-91-6, Aug 1991. 16, [6] pp. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program: Boulder, Colorado. In Eng.
"This article combines newly-released data from the Longitudinal Study of Aging with multistate life table methods to examine active life among the elderly in the United States. We focus on those elderly who are independent (i.e., active), dependent (defined by their activities of daily living), or institutionalized. Moreover, we report on their transitions between these three states during the years 1986 and 1988, and provide the first empirical estimates of life expectancies and transitions for the U.S. institutionalized population."
Correspondence: University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30575 Sauvy, Alfred. Young ideas and old people, or "Europe besieged" [Idees jeunes et personnes agees ou bien "l'Europe assiegee"] In: Essays on population economics in memory of Alfred Sauvy, edited by Giuseppe Gaburro and Dudley L. Poston. 1991. 1-10 pp. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani [CEDAM]: Padua, Italy. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes trends in demographic aging and their consequences in Europe over the past century. An age pyramid for Italy as of January 1987 is also presented as an example of what is occurring.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30576 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean; Ghekiere, Jean-Francois. Demographic aging: an unstable phenomenon at the local level. [Le vieillissement demographique: un phenomene instable a l'echelon local.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 105-15 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Population ageing is a stable and increasing phenomenon in the long term. But during a short period and for small geographical areas, the situation is different. From the example of the Lille urban area, [France,] the authors demonstrate that at the micro-urban scale, ageing seems to be a discontinuous phenomenon in space and time....That could explain why people are becoming aware of ageing and its consequences so slowly."
Correspondence: P. Thumerelle, Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, U.F.R. de Geographie, 59655 Villeneuve-d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30577 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). How we're changing. Demographic state of the nation: 1992. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 177, Feb 1992. 4 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This is an overview of some major findings from national surveys reported by the [U.S.] Census Bureau since January 1991." Information is provided on the number of households, out-of-wedlock childbearing, the percentage of women who receive the child support due them, age at first marriage, pension plans, median family income, and the ability to buy a home.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30578 Valkovics, Emil. The analysis of aging considering vital rates and the mean age of individuals producing vital events. [Az oregedes elemzese a nyers nepmozgalmi aranyszamok es a nepmozgalmi esemenyeket atelok atlagos eletkoranak fuggvenyeben.] Demografia, Vol. 34, No. 3-4, 1991. 432-60 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
The author examines theoretical aspects of demographic aging and the impact of changing vital rates on aging. The paper concludes with detailed tables showing the changes in selected indicators of demographic aging by sex for Hungary for each year from 1973 to 1989, and projecting the same indicators of aging for each year from 1990 to 2010.
Correspondence: E. Valkovics, Maros-u. 27 V. 2, 1122 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30579 Waldrop, Judith. Secrets of the age pyramids. American Demographics, Vol. 14, No. 8, Aug 1992. 46-52 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the age pyramid and its uses as a research tool. She then compares pyramids from various U.S. cities and concludes that "while America ages slowly in national terms, the pyramids show dramatic differences in various places across the U.S.A. Religious beliefs, labor force characteristics, migration, and other patterns all impact age distribution."
Correspondence: J. Waldrop, American Demographics, 127 West State Street, Ithaca, NY 14850. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30580 Zietsman, H. L.; Van Der Merwe, I. J. Population census atlas of South Africa. [Bevolkingsensusatlas van Suid-Afrika.] Institute for Cartographic Analysis Publication/Instituut vir Kartografiese Analise Publikasie, No. 15, ISBN 0-7972-0069-X. 1986. 212 pp. University of Stellenbosch, Institute for Cartographic Analysis: Stellenbosch, South Africa. In Eng; Afr.
This publication presents 212 color maps developed using data from the 1980 census of South Africa. The maps illustrate aspects of the demographic structure of the population, including ethnic composition, migration, fertility, mortality, age and sex distribution, place of birth, marital status, religion, language, and educational status; socioeconomic structure, including income, occupation, and employment; and housing.
Correspondence: University of Stellenbosch, Institute for Cartographic Analysis, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:30581 Feitosa, M. F.; Krieger, H. Demography of the human sex ratio in some Latin American countries, 1967-1986. Human Biology, Vol. 64, No. 4, Aug 1992. 523-30 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"A sample based on hospital births...was used in the present study to determine sex ratios for live births and for stillbirths. Sixty-four cities and 147 hospitals in 11 [Latin American] countries...were included in the present analyses....The sex ratio as a whole is decreasing with time in a parabolic fashion. Each country in our study behaved differently. Except for Peru and Uruguay, the countries experienced a significant decrease in the sex ratio after 1978 for live births; only Brazil did not show a temporal trend for the sex ratio for stillbirths."
Correspondence: M. F. Feitosa, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Departamento de Genetica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30582 Lin, W.-S.; Chen, A. C. N.; Su, J. Z. X.; Zhu, F.-C.; Xing, W.-H.; Li, J.-Y.; Ye, G.-S. The menarcheal age of Chinese girls. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 19, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1992. 503-12 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The menarcheal age of Chinese girls was analysed based on a national survey in 1985. A total of 162,902 girls, aged 7-22 years, of Han nationality and 34,232 girls, aged 7-18, of 27 minority nationalities were sampled. Data were further subdivided into urban and rural areas." Differences in menarcheal age by ethnic group, rural or urban residence, and selected hereditary, cultural, and economic factors are analyzed.
Correspondence: W.-S. Lin, Beijing Medical University, Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, Beijing 100083, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30583 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). International longevity comparisons. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 73, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1992. 10-5 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
A comparison of expected length of life at birth among selected industrialized nations is presented, with a focus on the longevity ranking of the United States.
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30584 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). U.S. longevity at a standstill. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 73, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1992. 2-9 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
Trends in life expectancy are reviewed for the United States, with an emphasis on age, sex, and race differentials. "Life expectancy in the United States did not increase during 1991, remaining at the 1990 level of 75.4 years....On the other hand, the infant mortality rate continued downward [to]...8.9 per 1,000 live births. Also encouraging was a marked improvement in longevity among black Americans that significantly narrowed the white-nonwhite differentials."
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30585 Rogot, Eugene; Sorlie, Paul D.; Johnson, Norman J. Life expectancy by employment status, income, and education in the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Public Health Reports, Vol. 107, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1992. 457-61 pp. Rockville, Maryland. In Eng.
"Based on data from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Mortality Study for 1979-85, life expectancies are estimated for white men and white women by education, by family income, and by employment status. Life expectancy varies directly with amount of schooling and with family income."
Correspondence: E. Rogot, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Federal Building, Room 2C08, 7550 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20892. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30586 Song, Jie; Hao, Shouzhong. An analysis of sex ratio of the elderly in Heilongjiang province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1991. 61-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors analyze data concerning the sex ratio among those aged 60 and over living in Heilongjiang province, China. "Data from...three population censuses and the 1987 1% sample survey of Heilongjiang Province both [indicate] that the sex ratio of the elderly population is without exception higher than the sex ratio of the whole population...." Some reasons for this differential are discussed, including migration and excess female mortality.
Correspondence: J. Song, Heilongjiang Party Committee School, Heilongjiang Province, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30587 United States. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS] (Bethesda, Maryland). The longitudinal study of aging: 1984-90. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 1: Programs and Collection Procedures, No. 28, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 92-1304. ISBN 0-8406-0460-9. LC 92-17525. Jul 1992. v, 248 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
This report, which concerns the United States, "includes descriptions of the samples, interviewing and matching procedures, contents of questionnaires and public-use data files, and a discussion of statistical and analytical issues for the Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1984-90, and the public-use data files released through 1991."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

58:30588 Baranzini, Mauro. Rate of population growth and rate of profits in a life-cycle model of income distribution and capital accumulation: some methodological issues. In: Essays on population economics in memory of Alfred Sauvy, edited by Giuseppe Gaburro and Dudley L. Poston. 1991. 281-91 pp. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani [CEDAM]: Padua, Italy. In Eng.
"In this paper we have examined the impact of various degrees of demographic growth and inter-generational wealth transmission on income distribution and capital accumulation in a model including the life-cycle consumption and saving-hypothesis." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: M. Baranzini, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Faculty of Economics, Via dell'Artigliere 8, 37129 Verona, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30589 David, Martin H.; Flory, Thomas S. Change in marital status and short-term income dynamics. In: American Statistical Association, 1988 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. 1988. 97-102 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
Data from the 1984 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) are used to analyze the relationship between change in marital status and short-term income dynamics in the United States.
Correspondence: M. H. David, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30590 Davies, James B.; Wooton, Ian. Income inequality and international migration. Economic Journal, Vol. 102, No. 413, Jul 1992. 789-802 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to analyse the impact of international factor movements on the personal distribution of income. In order to get clearcut results we use a simple model of trade and migration in which there are two traded goods and three factors. For any given country one of the traded goods corresponds to exports and the other to imports. The three factors include capital and two types of labour--skilled and unskilled. We focus mainly on the alternative results of international migration of the two types of labour." The geographical focus is worldwide.
Correspondence: J. B. Davies, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:30591 Kabir, Mohammad; Uddin, M. Mosleh; Bose, Gopal K. Earning and expenditure pattern of rural destitute women: evidence from a micro study. In: Essays on population economics in memory of Alfred Sauvy, edited by Giuseppe Gaburro and Dudley L. Poston. 1991. 211-8 pp. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani [CEDAM]: Padua, Italy. In Eng.
Results from a survey of 1,461 women who were participants in the Rural Maintenance Program (RMP) in Bangladesh in 1986 are presented. "The purpose of this paper is to know the socio-economic condition of the rural destitute women who are involved in the RMP as crew members. The main focus of this paper is to investigate the earnings and expenditures pattern of the destitute women."
Correspondence: M. Kabir, University of Jahangirnagar, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30592 Poston, Dudley L. Patterns of economic attainment of Italian American males and other groups of European American males. In: Essays on population economics in memory of Alfred Sauvy, edited by Giuseppe Gaburro and Dudley L. Poston. 1991. 121-39 pp. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani [CEDAM]: Padua, Italy. In Eng.
"This paper focuses on [foreign- and native-born] Italian American male employed workers in 1980 and examines their patterns of socioeconomic attainment....We...[examine] their patterns of hourly earnings and occupational status,...[and] compare their socioeconomic patterns with those of other European foreign-born and native-born groups." The author concludes that "U.S. male workers born in Italy do not fare well socioeconomically compared to men born in other European countries. On the other hand, men born in the U.S. claiming Italian ancestry fare much better when they are compared with men born in the U.S. claiming other European ancestries."
Correspondence: D. L. Poston, Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30593 von Reichert, Christiane; Rudzitis, Gundars. Multinomial logistic models explaining income changes of migrants to high-amenity counties. Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 22, No. 1, Summer 1992. 25-42 pp. Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"A survey of residents of and migrants to 15 fast-growing wilderness counties [in the United States] showed that only 25 percent of the migrants increased their income, while almost 50 percent accepted income losses upon their moves to high-amenity counties. Concomitantly, amenities and quality of life were more important factors in the migration decision than was employment, for instance. We focused on migrants in the labor force and employed multinomial logistic regression to identify the impact of migrants' characteristics, their satisfaction/dissatisfaction with previous location (push), and the importance of destination features (pull) on income change."
Correspondence: C. von Reichert, University of Idaho, Department of Geography, Moscow, ID 83843. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

58:30594 Biblarz, Timothy J.; Raftery, Adrian E. The effects of divorce on social mobility. Seattle Population Research Center Working Paper, No. 1, Apr 1991. 20, [18] pp. Seattle, Washington. In Eng.
"The prediction that we test empirically...is that associations between socioeconomic and occupational attributes of fathers and sons among sons from intact family contexts will be stronger than associations between attributes of family heads and sons among sons from disrupted or reconstituted family contexts. We also expect family disruption to have a direct negative effect on the destinations of sons, independently of origins." Data are for the United States.
Correspondence: Seattle Population Research Center, c/o University of Washington, Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, Department of Sociology DK-40, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30595 Clark, William A. V. Residential preferences and residential choices in a multiethnic context. Demography, Vol. 29, No. 3, Aug 1992. 451-66 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"A study of the expressed preferences of four different ethnic groups in the Los Angeles [California] metropolitan area shows strong desires for own-race combinations in the ethnicity of neighborhoods that individuals say they would choose when seeking a new residence. The results also show that Anglos are not the only group to practice 'avoidance' of other racial/ethnic neighborhoods, although avoidance behavior by Anglos is the strongest. Because the issues of racial composition are socially sensitive, additional tests examined the relationship of preferences to behavior. Although many behaviors generally follow expressed preferences, members of households who expressed 'no preference' also were found to largely choose own-race neighborhoods. The results of this study suggest that the expressed preference for own race/own ethnicity, in combination with short-distance local moves, is likely to maintain present patterns of separation in U.S. metropolitan areas."
Correspondence: W. A. V. Clark, University of California, Department of Geography, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1524. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30596 Misztal, Barbara A. Migrant women in Australia. Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1991. 15-34 pp. Victoria, Australia. In Eng.
The author compares the status of non-English speaking (NES) migrant women with that of their native-born counterparts in Australia. She concludes that "Australian born women and migrant women have certain experiences in common; low economic position, being the target of discriminatory practices in education and in work, and their overall marginality in the power structure. In addition their jobs have much in common: for all women are disadvantaged compared with men in terms of earnings, occupational status, and job mobility. However,...NES migrant women tend to be employed in much lower-level, lower-status, and lower-paying occupations than Australian born women....They face circumstances unique to their ethnic groups which they share with the men of their ethnic groups. Migrant women, even more than indigenous working class women see the family as a site of solidarity and supportive alliance against a hostile or new environment...."
Correspondence: B. A. Misztal, Griffith University, Division of Humanities, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30597 Rosenbaum, Emily. Race and ethnicity in housing: turnover in New York City, 1978-1987. Demography, Vol. 29, No. 3, Aug 1992. 467-86 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study examines the patterns and predictors of housing turnovers among non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Puerto Ricans, and other Hispanics in New York City during 1978-1987 to assess whether access to housing is distributed differentially by race and ethnicity. The data are taken from the triennial New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey. After controlling for household preferences, purchasing power, and quality characteristics of the housing unit, multinomial logistic regression results show the most consistent and significant predictors of turnover to be geographic and market-sector attributes. The findings suggest the presence of structural constraints in the housing market which effectively channel racial/ethnic groups to separate neighborhoods."
Correspondence: E. Rosenbaum, Columbia University, Department of Psychiatry, 722 West 168th Street, Box 20, New York, NY 10032. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30598 Sarrible Pedroni, Graciela. Population and social inequalities. [Poblacion y desigualdad social.] Coleccion Monografias, No. 117, ISBN 84-7476-152-2. 1991. xii, 177 pp. Centro de Investigaciones Sociologicas: Madrid, Spain; Siglo Veintiuno de Espana Editores: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a demographic analysis of social inequalities in contemporary Spain. Using an interdisciplinary approach involving sociological as well as demographic methods, the author analyzes social class differences in nuptiality, fertility, and mortality. She also examines changes in demographic behavior between generations. A final chapter looks at trends in illegitimate births and violent deaths. Data are primarily from official sources.
Correspondence: Siglo Veintiuno de Espana Editores, Montalban 8, 28014 Madrid, Spain. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

58:30599 Tan, Lin. Analysis of fuzzy classification of women's status in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1991. 69-73 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
In order to clarify the concept and definition of women's status, the author "proposes a method of analysis for the fuzzy definition of women's status...and makes an analysis of the fuzzy classification of women's status in 29 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China in 1987...."
Correspondence: L. Tan, University of Communications, Population Research Institute of Xi'an, Xian, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30600 Torrado, Susana. The social structure of Argentina, 1945-1983. [Estructura social de la Argentina, 1945-1983.] ISBN 950-515-364-3. 1992. 556 pp. Ediciones de la Flor: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
This study examines changes in social class structure in Argentina during the period 1945-1983 in the context of evolving development strategies. A chapter on demographic trends during this period looks at the changing size and composition of the labor force, age and sex distribution, spatial distribution, population growth, and internal and international migration.
Correspondence: Ediciones de la Flor, Anchoris 27, 1280 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30601 Torrents, Angels. Public attitudes, private attitudes, 1610-1935. [Actitudes publicas, actitudes privadas, 1610-1935.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1992. 7-29 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author examines marital and baptismal records for a parish in Barcelona, Spain, from 1610 to 1935 to determine the effects of the Catholic church's religious calendar on public life and on couples' private lives, as indicated by seasonal variations in marriages and births. He finds that during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, just four percent of all marriages took place during Lent, with this figure rising to nine percent by the twentieth century. Conceptions appear to have been affected by both the agricultural and the Catholic calendars, with the periods just before Lent and after Easter showing higher fertility rates. A lessening of these effects during the early 1900s is noted.
Correspondence: A. Torrents, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Centre d'Estudis Demografics, 08193 Bellatierra, Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30602 Weiss, Volkmar. The social and demographic origins of the proletariat. [Les origines sociales et demographiques du proletariat.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1991. 277-93 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Social mobility from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century and the evolution of the proletariat in Saxony, Germany, are discussed. Data are from genealogical files that cover 11,000 married couples and show that "up to 1840 rural and urban proletarians...are the socially downward mobile sons and daughters and grandchildren of peasants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

58:30603 Ansari, S. A. Manipur: tribal demography and socio-economic development. ISBN 81-7035-100-6. 1991. x, 259 pp. Daya Publishing House: Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This work deals with the scheduled tribes of Manipur [India], their demography, economy, social set-up and development." Data are primarily from the Indian census.
Correspondence: Daya Publishing House, 1302 Vaid Wada, Nai Sarak, Delhi 110 006, India. Location: New York Public Library.

58:30604 Apraku, Kofi K. African emigres in the United States: a missing link in Africa's social and economic development. ISBN 0-275-93799-2. LC 90-24130. 1991. xxiv, 162 pp. Praeger: New York, New York. In Eng.
"The principal objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive study of African emigrants in the United States. The aims are: to demonstrate that Africa has welltrained, experienced, and productive personnel in the United States and to demonstrate that these emigrants are eager to return to Africa to contribute to its development, if only African leaders are willing to undertake the necessary economic and political reforms that allow for personal freedoms, civil liberties, and political and economic pluralism." The data concern a sample of 250 African professionals residing in the United States in 1989.
Correspondence: Praeger Publishers, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30605 Elekes, Dezso. The problems of the terminology and recording of the minorities. Review of Historical Demography/Historisch-Demographische Mitteilungen, No. 7, 1992. 30-58 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Eng.
The author reviews problems in formulating scientific or official terms to describe minority populations. Examples of questions on race and ethnicity from censuses around the world are used as illustrations. The concepts of nationality, the nation, and the state are also discussed.
Correspondence: D. Elekes, Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U.5-7, 1525 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30606 Farley, Reynolds; Neidert, Lisa J. Analyzing the characteristics of blacks: a comparison of data from SIPP and CPS. In: American Statistical Association, 1988 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. 1988. 103-8 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors attempt to determine whether data available from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) are adequate to permit a detailed analysis of racial differences in the United States. The data are compared with data from the 1985 Current Population Survey. The authors conclude that the SIPP sample sizes are large enough to permit such analyses.
Correspondence: R. Farley, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30607 Klinger, Andras. The Germans in Hungary, 1941-1980. [Die Deutschen von Ungarn, 1941-1980.] Review of Historical Demography/Historisch-Demographische Mitteilungen, No. 7, 1992. 1-29 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Data on the ethnic German population of Hungary for the period 1941-1980 are presented and analyzed. Data are provided by age, sex, educational level, and occupation. It is noted that in 1941, 302,000 persons of German nationality lived in Hungary; by 1980 that number had dropped to 31,000. Reasons for this significant decrease are discussed.
Correspondence: A. Klinger, Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U.5-7, 1525 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30608 Krotki, Karol J.; Odynak, Dave. The emergence of multiethnicities in the eighties. Population Reprints, No. 106, 1992. [26] pp. University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
The impact of changes made to questions about ethnicity in the 1986 Canadian census is described, with a focus on the implications for research. "The purpose of this chapter is to report what use the 24 million Canadian respondents made of the new freedom to report their ethnicities and to attempt to develop analytic means of drawing conclusions from the reported multiethnicities."
This paper is reprinted from "Ethnic Demography: Canadian Immigrant, Racial, and Cultural Variations," pp. 415-37, Ottawa, Canada, Carleton University Press, 1990.
Correspondence: University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30609 Limouzin, Pierre. The foreign population in Ticino canton, Switzerland. [La population etrangere dans le canton du Tessin (Suisse).] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1992. 227-36 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Characteristics of the foreign population living in Ticino canton in southern Switzerland are analyzed. It is noted that Ticino is heavily dependent on foreign labor, primarily from Italy. Four categories of foreign workers are distinguished, ranging from long-term residents to daily commuters.
Correspondence: P. Limouzin, Universite de Picardie, Faculte d'Histoire et de Geogaphie, Avenue Solomon Mahlangu, 80025 Amiens Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30610 McArthur, Edith K. Characteristics of persons in the United States by language spoken: 1979 and 1989. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 238-43 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper uses data from the November 1979 CPS [U.S. Current Population Survey] and the November 1989 CPS to look at changes in the numbers, proportions, and characteristics of persons who speak languages other than English at home....In 1979, 18 million persons 5 years old and over, or about 9 percent of the United States population, were reported speaking a language other than English at home....By 1989, the number of persons who reported speaking a language other than English at home had increased by about 40 percent (about 7 million persons) to 25 million." Demographic characteristics of this group are also described.
Correspondence: E. K. McArthur, U.S. Department of Education, NCES, 555 New Jersey Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20208-5650. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30611 Mizov, Boiko. Bulgaria's ethnodemographic policy. [Za etnodemografskata politika na Balgariya.] Naselenie, No. 1, 1992. 31-42 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The status of Bulgaria's various ethnic and religious groups and the state policies that affect them are reviewed. "The author suggests some major principles of ethnodemographic policy that should be implemented in this country...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30612 Pool, Ian. Te iwi Maori: a New Zealand population past, present and projected. ISBN 1-86940-049-6. 1991. xvi, 271 pp. Auckland University Press: Auckland, New Zealand. In Eng.
"This book...traces [New Zealand's] Maori population history from the arrival of the canoes until Cook's voyages, through rapid nineteenth-century depopulation and gradual twentieth-century recuperation until 1945. From there it analyses the period of accelerated growth until the 1960s, as death rates dropped radically, and also reviews the subsequent decelerated mortality declines. It then studies the decrease in fertility in the 1970s, one of the most rapid anywhere. This history ends with an outline of the emerging patterns of fertility, as Maori and Pakeha family formation strategies converge. The final substantive chapters review contemporary and future patterns and trends. The conclusion provides an overview, but also critically examines some popular stereotypes relating both to patterns of Maori population size and growth and to their determinants."
Correspondence: Auckland University Press, Private Bag, Auckland, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30613 Prins, C. J. M. Regional distribution of Dutch nationals with a nonnative background, January 1, 1990. [Regionale spreiding van Nederlanders met een allochtone achtergrond, 1 januari 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 5, May 1992. 23-30 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Results are presented from a partial enumeration as of January 1, 1990, of the residents of the Netherlands who have at least one nonnative parent. Consideration is given to parental place of birth by sex and municipality. The author finds that "the numbers of Dutch nationals born from mixed relationships...are substantially higher in municipalities near the Belgian or German border....People born in Surinam mostly live in the three biggest municipalities [while]...people born in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba are not clustered that much...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30614 Zhao, Y. Chinese in the Netherlands, January 1, 1990. [Chinezen in Nederland, 1 januari 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 6, Jun 1992. 17-23 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the characteristics of the population of Chinese origin living in the Netherlands as of January 1, 1990. The size of this population is estimated at about 39,000.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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