Volume 58 - Number 2 - Summer 1992

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

58:20562 Associacao Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais [ABEP] (Sao Paulo, Brazil); International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP] (Liege, Belgium); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). History and population: studies on Latin America. [Historia e populacao: estudos sobre a America Latina.] CELADE Serie OI, No. 49, ISBN 85-85016-38-8. 1990. x, 308 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
These are the proceedings of a conference on the history of population developments in Latin America, held in Ouro Preto, Brazil, July 2-6, 1989. The 30 papers included are organized under five subject headings: the spatial distribution of historical populations; the components of population growth; comparative aspects of nuptiality, family formation, and fertility; the demographic characteristics of slave populations; and population and the economy.
Correspondence: Associacao Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais, Av. Casper Libero 464, sala 55, 01033 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20563 Del Panta, Lorenzo. Demographic development models for Italy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries: problems and hypotheses for research. [Modelos de desarrollo demografico en Italia entre los siglos XVIII y XIX: problemas e hipotesis de investigacion.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1991. 9-26 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author examines regional differences in demographic conditions in Italy from the mid-eighteenth to the late nineteenth century. He concludes that these dissimilarities are such that only a regional approach, as opposed to a national one, is appropriate for the study of Italy's demographic history.
For a previous version of this article, published in French in 1991, see 58:10529.
Correspondence: L. Del Panta, via Rimolle 5, 50010 Caldine, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20564 Sanchez-Montes Gonzalez, Francisco. The population of Granada in the seventeenth century. [La poblacion granadina en el siglo XVII.] ISBN 84-338-0964-4. 1989. 318 pp. Universidad de Granada, Ayuntamiento de Granada: Granada, Spain. In Spa.
Church baptism, marriage, and burial records are used to describe the population of Granada, Spain, during the seventeenth century. The author enumerates the city's inhabitants by parish, giving special consideration to minorities and to slaves and slavery. He also delineates the three main stages in Granada's development. The first is defined as a period of high values, the second (and longest) as a time of great crisis, and the final stage as one of improvement. An overall population decline for the century is described.
Correspondence: Universidad de Granada, Servicio de Publicaciones, Antiguo Colegio Maximo, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20565 Tsoulouhas, Theofanis C. A new look at demographic and technological changes: England, 1550 to 1839. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 29, No. 2, Apr 1992. 169-203 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
This paper is concerned with the relationship between population growth and technological change in England between 1550 and 1839. "The model developed...endogenizes technological change and urbanization and incorporates both the rural and the urban sectors of the economy. Regression results contrast with the findings of neo-Malthusian approaches. Boserupian causality (demographic change determines technological change) is found to be dominant. Exogenous mortality changes drive the growth of population either directly or via the fertility rate. The growth of population, in turn, drives technological changes that support further demographic changes as a feedback. The implications of the Boserupian causality are found to be different in the two sectors."
Correspondence: T. C. Tsoulouhas, University of Illinois, Department of Economics, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:20566 Wells, Robert V. The population of England's colonies in America: old English or new Americans? Population Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, Mar 1992. 85-102 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In this paper growth rates, marriage patterns, fertility, mortality, population composition and urbanization in England and her American colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are compared. The purpose is to see whether the colonists perpetuated English demographic patterns in the New World, or whether new environments led to new behaviour. The results are derived from numerous local studies, often based on family reconstitution. Taking into account regional variations in America, colonial demographic patterns were quite different from those in the mother country."
Correspondence: R. V. Wells, Union College, Department of History, Schenectady, NY 12308-2365. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

58:20567 Ardit, Manuel. An essay on inverse projection of the population of Valencia (1610-1899). [Un ensayo de proyeccion inversa de la poblacion valenciana (1610-1899).] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1991. 27-47 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author discusses the advantages of using inverse projection methods to reconstruct populations for places where church registers are incomplete. He then applies the method to data for Valencia, Spain, from 1610 to 1899.
Correspondence: M. Ardit, Universitat de Valencia, Nave 2, 46003 Valencia, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20568 Bernat i Marti, Joan S. Report on a project to compile parish registers in Spain and Portugal. [Informe sobre el proyecto de recopilacion de los registros parroquiales en Espana y Portugal.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1991. 109-13 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author presents a progress report on a project, undertaken by the Association of Historical Demography in Madrid, to coordinate historical demographic research for Spain and Portugal. In addition to cataloging all parish registers, completed research projects are being reviewed to ascertain whether all aspects of the demographic histories of these countries are being adequately studied. The project was conceived at a workshop entitled Time Series of Vital Statistics and Historical Demography, held on March 1-2, 1991, in Valencia, Spain.
For the report on the workshop, see 57:40552.
Correspondence: J. S. Bernat i Marti, Colon 31, Borriol (Castellon), Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20569 Livi Bacci, Massimo; Reher, David S. Other routes toward the past: from life series to demographic dynamics in historical populations. [Otras vias hacia el pasado: de series vitales a dinamicas demograficas en poblaciones historicas.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1991. 87-108 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The authors apply various indirect estimation methods to data for New Castile, Spain, from the early 1500s to 1887. They project the size of the population and its levels of fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, then discuss the applicability of the various methods in light of the results obtained.
Correspondence: M. Livi Bacci, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento Statistico, Via Curtatone 1, 50123 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20570 Palsky, Gilles. Statistical mapping of the population in the nineteenth century. [La cartographie statistique de la population au XIXe siecle.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 3, 1991. 451-8 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews the history of the mapping of demographic data in Europe, beginning with the first map to appear, in 1828 in Prussia. The four main types of maps used (choropleth, dot, isopleth, and cartogram) are described, and their contributions to the timely dissemination of population statistics are assessed.
Correspondence: G. Palsky, Universite de Paris XII (Paris-Val-de-Marne), Faculte des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Avenue du General de Gaulle, 94010 Creteil Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20571 Sevin, Andre; Boetsch, Gilles. Genealogical files and the analysis of the genetic structure of non-isolated populations. An application to an agricultural population of the Limousin region. [Fichiers genealogiques et analyse de la structure genetique de populations non isolees. Application a une population agricole du Limousin.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring 1991. 37-50 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This article shows the methodological problems appearing in the production of genealogical files for non-endogamous or 'open' populations. [The authors conclude that] the study area must be extended to a geographic space larger than the one where the [designated] population resides." The authors reconstitute family structures using data from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries for an agricultural community in Limousin, France.
Correspondence: A. Sevin, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Purpan, Toulouse, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20572 Ubelaker, Douglas H. Patterns of demographic change in the Americas. Human Biology, Vol. 64, No. 3, Jun 1992. 361-79 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
The author focuses on scholarly debate about demographic change and its effect on the mortality of native populations in the Americas before and after the year 1492. "Recent research on human skeletal samples and related archeological materials suggests that morbidity and mortality were increasing throughout much of the Western Hemisphere before 1492 in response to increased population density, increased sedentism, and changing subsistence. The evidence suggests that after 1492 population reduction was caused not by continental pandemics but by localized or regional epidemics augmented by social and economic disruption. The twentieth century has witnessed remarkable Native American population recovery, fueled both by improvements in health care and changing definitions of 'being Indian.'"
Correspondence: D. H. Ubelaker, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Anthropology, Washington, D.C. 20560. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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