Volume 58 - Number 1 - Spring 1992

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

58:10539 Bouvier, Leon F.; De Vita, Carol J. The baby-boom--entering midlife. Population Bulletin, Vol. 46, No. 3, Nov 1991. 34 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors examine the U.S. baby-boom generation, defined as those born between 1946 and 1964, as it enters middle age. "The authors show that the baby boom is not a single, unified group, but a collection of individuals whose experiences and expectations vary widely. The leading-edge baby boomers, for example, delayed marriage and childbearing and precipitated the baby bust. The trailing-edge baby boomers are now reproducing themselves and creating a baby-boom echo. Leading-edge baby boomers fought hard for an ambitious agenda of social change; trailing-edge baby boomers have been criticized for their cynicism and apathy toward the political system. African-American baby boomers registered real gains in educational achievement, but continue to trail behind their white counterparts. Baby-boom women despite successful inroads into the traditionally male-dominated job market, report lower incomes than baby-boom men." Educational and employment status, labor and housing markets, government programs, retirement patterns, the social security system, and health care issues are also discussed.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10540 Dunn, William. Hanging out with American youth. American Demographics, Vol. 14, No. 2, Feb 1992. 24-35 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
Current trends in population distribution, size, growth, and characteristics of young adults and adolescents in the United States are discussed. Data are from the 1980 and 1990 U.S. censuses and are presented for proportions of the population aged 14-17 and 18-24 by county and metropolitan area. The primary focus is on the implications of these trends for business and marketing.
Correspondence: W. Dunn, American Demographics, 127 W. State Street, Ithaca, NY 14850. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10541 George, M. V.; Nault, F.; Romaniuc, A. Effects of fertility and international migration on changing age composition in Canada. Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1991. 13-24 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper analyses the prospects for age distribution in Canada through 2036, based on today's age structure and expected trends in fertility and international migration. Simulating these two demographic components at extreme levels shows that tomorrow's aging is already built into the current age distribution, which is heavily marked by the post-war baby boom and the following persistent baby bust, and that neither fertility nor immigration can be seen as effective adjustment mechanisms for the changing age composition of Canada. Population projections using the component method are applied along with an age-specific growth-rate analysis."
Correspondence: M. V. George, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10542 Gulati, S. C. Demographic determinants of the aging process: a cross-country analysis. Demography India, Vol. 18, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1989. 211-25 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This study purports to analyse cross-country variations in the incidence of aging at apex in 1985, characterised by the percentage of population age 65 and over. In the process the study intends to highlight threshold levels of fertility and mortality which may initiate the aging process. Thereby, the study attempts to highlight the relative significance of different factors influencing the aging process in the different stages of demographic development. Furthermore, the component and interaction effects of the two basic demographic determinants viz. fertility and mortality, on the aging process are...highlighted. The data base for econometric analysis is primarily drawn from the World Resources [Institute] for...144 countries, inclusive of both developed as well as developing countries...in different stages of demographic development."
Correspondence: S. C. Gulati, Institute of Economic Growth, Population Research Centre, Delhi 110 007, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10543 Hernandez Castellon, Raul; Benitez Perez, Maria E. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of Cuba's aged population. [Algunos aspectos demograficos y socioeconomicos de los senescentes en Cuba.] Jun 1989. 53, [15] pp. Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demograficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
The aging of Cuba's population is considered in light of decreases in both fertility and mortality. Implications for economic, political, and social growth are also discussed, and projections are made to the year 2000.
Correspondence: Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demograficos, Avenida 41, Numero 2003 entre 20 y 22, Playa, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10544 Kardas, Khalina. Aging of population as a joint concern of family and society. [Protsesat na stareene na naselenieto kato savmesten problem na semeistvoto i na obshchestvoto.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1990. 93-8 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Problems associated with demographic aging are considered from the perspectives of society as a whole and of individual families. The focus is on the situation in Eastern Europe.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10545 Klinger, Andras. Demographic characteristics of the very aged in Hungary. [A legidosebbek demografiai jellemzoi.] Demografia, Vol. 33, No. 3-4, 1990. 177-218 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
Characteristics of persons aged 99 and older living in Hungary at the time of the 1990 census are described. Consideration is given to sex factors and distribution, parental length of life, marital status, family size, place of birth, occupation, educational and socioeconomic status, and smoking and alcohol drinking.
Correspondence: A. Klinger, Demografia, Veres Palne u.10, H-1364 Budapest V, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10546 Laurent, Philippe. Europe watches itself growing old. [L'Europe se regarde vieillir.] Etudes, Vol. 373, No. 5, Nov 1990. 463-73 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The demographic aging of the population of France is described and related to the process as it is occurring in the rest of Europe. The social and economic consequences of this trend are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10547 Liu, Changmao. A study on the trend of demographic aging in Zhejiang province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1990. 147-54 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Using data from the 1987 sampling survey of one percent of the population of China, the author examines trends in demographic aging in Zhejiang province. The proportion of adults and the elderly in the population has increased due to the one-child-per-family policy, and there has been an increase in the average life span and a migratory influx of 15-33-year-olds. The aging of the Zhejiang population is expected to accelerate. The author suggests approaches to meet the needs of the increased numbers of elderly residents.
Correspondence: C. Liu, Hangzhou University, Population Research Center, 34 Tian Mu Shan Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10548 Mantra, Ida B. A profile of the population of Indonesia: developing human resources. [Profil penduduk Indonesia menjelang era tinggal landas.] Populasi, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1991. 37-56 pp. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
Population characteristics and their implications for human resource development in Indonesia are analyzed using data from official sources, including the 1990 census. The author concludes that concurrent with some socioeconomic development have been improvements in conditions and characteristics of the population, as seen in the declines in the proportion of the dependent child population and in fertility and mortality rates. An increase in spontaneous internal migration in response to changes in local conditions is also noted.
Correspondence: I. B. Mantra, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan, Bulaksumur Blok G-7, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10549 Marcil-Gratton, Nicole. To grow old as one has lived: the key to understanding old age in the future. [Vieillir comme on a vecu: la cle pour decoder la vieillesse de demain.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 283, [1990]. [10] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
This article is concerned with demographic aging in the province of Quebec, Canada. The author discusses future changes in the age distribution of the population, and examines how the attitude and behavior of the society may have to change with regard to aging and the aged in order to cope with the consequences of this demographic event.
This article was originally published in Revue Internationale d'Action Communautaire/International Review of Community Development (Montreal, Canada), Vol. 23, No. 63, Spring 1990, pp. 57-66.
Correspondence: Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10550 Veneziano, Vincenzo. On the aging of the population in the Italian regions. [Sull'invecchiamento della popolazione nelle regioni italiane.] Rassegna Economica, Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1991. 299-304 pp. Naples, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
Regional trends in demographic aging in Italy are analyzed. The results show that the population in southern Italy has a younger age structure than northern or central Italy. As a consequence, although the birth rate in all regions of the country is below replacement level, the population in the southern regions continues to grow.
Correspondence: V. Veneziano, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Palazzo Ateneo, 70121 Bari, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10551 Vermunt, J. K. Life-style and demographic behavior: an application of latent class analysis. [Leefstijl en demografisch gedrag: een toepassing van latente-klasse-analyse.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 39, No. 11, Nov 1991. 13-25 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The aim of this study is to construct a lifestyle typology which is relevant for demographic behaviour. The concept lifestyle is defined as attitudes towards marriage, family, parenthood and the labour force participation of women. The lifestyle indicators available in the 1988 Netherlands Fertility Survey are used to construct a typology by means of latent-class-models....The lifestyle typology can be used in two ways for projection purposes. Firstly, it can be as an explanatory variable in models for demographic behaviour. This application is demonstrated with a discrete-time hazard model for first births....Secondly, it can be used to identify innovators with respect to demographic behaviour and to quantify alternative hypotheses about the number of followers. This is demonstrated by calculating the future proportion of childlessness."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:10552 Bebbington, A. C. The expectation of life without disability in England and Wales: 1976-88. Population Trends, No. 66, Winter 1991. 26-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author notes that "life expectancy has improved steadily throughout this century [in England and Wales], and death rates continue to decline particularly in middle and early old age. There has been much speculation as to whether this is accompanied by improvements in the amount of healthy life. This article reanalyses health data from the General Household Survey between 1976 and 1988. It shows that there has not been an equivalent improvement in the expected years of life free from health-related limitation." Comparisons are made with the situation in the United States.
Correspondence: A. C. Bebbington, University of Kent, PSSRU, Canterbury CT2 7NF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10553 Olshansky, S. Jay. Estimating the upper limits to human longevity. Population Today, Vol. 20, No. 1, Jan 1992. 6-8 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
A review of methods for estimating the average human life span is first presented. The author then considers the prospects for increasing the life span and the consequences of greater longevity for health and health services. Data are primarily for the United States.
Correspondence: S. J. Olshansky, University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10554 Ostersehlt, Dorte; Danker-Hopfe, Heidi. Changes in age at menarche in Germany: evidence for a continuing decline. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 3, No. 6, 1991. 647-54 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The results of an analysis of changes in age at menarche in West Germany are presented using data for 1979-1980 and 1989 from Bremerhaven, an urban area in the north. The results indicate a changing pattern toward earlier maturation.
Correspondence: D. Ostersehlt, University of Bremen, Department of Human Biology, W-2800 Bremen 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10555 Rajan, S. Irudaya; Mishra, U. S.; Navaneetham, K. Decline in sex ratio: an alternative explanation? Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 26, No. 51, Dec 21, 1991. 2,963-4 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The authors challenge the hypothesis that economic backwardness is responsible for the decline in the sex ratio in India. They suggest that changes in sex ratio may in large part be due to improvements in data collection concerning females and to a decline in the overenumeration of males.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10556 Rex-Kiss, Bela. Studies of the sex ratio of newborns: a historical survey. [Adatok az ujszulottek nemi aranya kutatasanak tortenetehez.] Demografia, Vol. 33, No. 3-4, 1990. 257-69 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
This is a broad historical review of the literature and data concerning the sex ratio at birth. The objective is to increase understanding of the biological and hereditary causes of sex differentials.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

58:10557 Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo. Minority immigrants in the United States: earnings attributes and economic success. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1991. 42-55 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper, data from the 1980 census of the population of the United States are used to explore variances in earnings attainment among male immigrants from Jamaica, Mexico and China. The results indicate that even though the earnings attainment process differs by nativity, the earnings variances between the immigrant groups can be explained to a large extent by endowment differences. Standardization methodology is used to show that once these earnings-related attributes are controlled, earnings differences between these groups generally disappear, suggesting that any existing hierarchy is more a function of endowments than it is rewards for these endowments."
Correspondence: F. N.-A. Dodoo, Tulane University, Department of Sociology, 220 Newcomb Hall, New Orleans, LA 70118. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10558 Elfindri. The effect of the dependency burden on household savings in parts of central Sumatra. [Pengaruh beban ketergantungan terhadap tabungan rumah tangga pedesaan Sumatera bagian tengah.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 17, No. 33, Jun 1990. 31-47 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
The demographic impact of family size on household savings is examined. Saving is defined as "the difference between income and expenditure. Household size and number of children at school are used as the independent variables....The paper concludes that household size negatively affects household saving." Data are from the 1987 Indonesian census.
Correspondence: Elfindri, Universitas Andalas, Pusat Studi Kependudukan, J1. Perintis Kemerdekaan 77, Padan, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10559 Giarratani, Frank; Rogers, Cynthia. Some spatial aspects of poverty in the U.S.A. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1991. 213-34 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper offers a survey of the spatial aspects of poverty in the U.S.A. and relates the problem of poverty to the forces of change that have contributed to the spatial transformation of the U.S. economy." Factors affecting this transformation are described, with a focus on urbanization, suburbanization, and de-industrialization. Implications for social policies are noted.
Correspondence: F. Giarratani, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10560 Horioka, Charles Y. The determinants of Japan's saving rate: the impact of the age structure of the population and other factors. Economic Studies Quarterly, Vol. 42, No. 3, Sep 1991. 237-53 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"In this paper, I analyze the determinants of saving in Japan using national income accounts data for the 1955-87 period. My results suggest that the age structure of the population is the primary determinant of both trends over time in Japan's saving rate and the high level thereof relative to the other developed countries and that Japan's saving rate can be expected to decline sharply due to the rapid increase in the ratio of the aged population to the working-age population. The level and rate of growth of income, wealth, (in the case of private and national saving) the unemployment rate, and (in the case of household saving) inflation are also found to influence the level of saving in Japan...."
Correspondence: C. Y. Horioka, Osaka University, Institute of Social and Economic Research, 6-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10561 Mitchell, Olivia S. Social security reforms and poverty among older dual-earner couples. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1991. 281-93 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
The author analyzes factors affecting the retirement decisions of couples in which both spouses work. She "develops a framework for assessing how several past and prospective Social Security reforms might be expected to affect older working couples' retirement ages and retirement incomes. Two questions are addressed in some detail: (1) What are the likely effects of various changes in Social Security rules on the retirement decisions of older working women and their husbands? and (2) How might these changes alter the incidence of poverty among retired dual-earner couples? Empirical evidence from the United States suggests that many benefit reforms currently being discussed in policy circles will enhance Social Security system revenues, but will also worsen the economic status of an important segment of dual-earner couples."
Correspondence: O. S. Mitchell, Cornell University, Department of Labor Economics, NYSSILR, 266 Ives Hall, Ithaca, NY 14851-0952. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10562 Roloff, Juliane. Problems and causes of wage differentials between men and women in the former German Democratic Republic. [Probleme und Ursachen der Einkommensunterschiede zwischen mannlichen und weiblichen Erwerbstatigen in der ehemaligen DDR.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1991. 135-47 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author analyzes data concerning female labor force participation in the German Democratic Republic, with a focus on the sociopolitical implications of the inequalities revealed by the data. Consideration is given to wage differentials by sex, proportions of men and women in selected occupations, the effects of the country's wage system, and the distribution of women within socioeconomic sectors. Some comparative data are offered for the year 1882. The author concludes that the underpayment of women's labor was a long-standing condition not rectified but continued by the Socialist government.
Correspondence: J. Roloff, Puschkinallee 4a, 0-1193 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10563 Schoeni, Robert F. The earnings effects of marital status: results for twelve countries. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-172, Mar 1990. [38] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the impact of marital status on the earnings of males 25 to 64 years of age across twelve countries using the Luxembourg Income Study data base. The coefficients on marital status are found to be statistically significant in all countries and quite large in most. Controlling for age, and, when available, education, full/part-time work, and location, marriage premiums in annual earnings in favor of currently married males range from 3 percent to 31 percent in the twelve countries. It is also found that the magnitude of the marriage effect on male earnings varies considerably with age....The twelve countries analyzed here are Australia, Canada, France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States....The data are from 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, or 1986, depending on the country."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10564 Tienda, Marta; Borjas, George J.; Cordero-Guzman, Hector; Neuman, Kristin; Romero, Manuela. The demography of legalization: insights from administrative records of legalized aliens. Population Research Center Discussion Paper Series, No. OSC (PRC 91-4), Oct 1991. ii, 59, [26] pp. University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center [NORC], Population Research Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The characteristics of recently legalized U.S. immigrants are compared with a sample of the foreign-born population taken from the Current Population Surveys of 1983, 1986, and 1988. Data for the newer immigrants are from the Legalization Application Processing System file, an administrative file based on records of amnesty applicants. "Following a brief profile of the demographic characteristics of the legalized population, we compare the employment status, occupational profiles and wage rates of legalized immigrants by region of origin, gender, and period of arrival. A decomposition of wage gaps between documented and undocumented migrants is buttressed by an assessment of age-earnings profiles according to lawful status."
Correspondence: University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, Il 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10565 Wang, Shuxin. Analysis of the income of the elderly in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1990. 155-62 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Income levels among the elderly in China are analyzed. The sources of their income are described and the reasons for their generally low level of income are discussed. Ways to resolve the resulting problems are considered, including utilization of the healthy elderly in the labor force.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10566 Wright, Robert E. Cohort size and earnings in Great Britain. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1991. 295-305 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper examines empirically the relationship between cohort size and male earnings in Great Britain. The data used is a time-series of cross-sections (1973-1982) constructed from the General Household Survey. Some support for the hypothesis that large cohorts have depressed earnings is found. However, this effect does not persist as the cohort ages."
Correspondence: R. E. Wright, University of Glasgow, Department of Political Economy, Adam Smith Building, Glasgow G12 8RT, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10567 Zhao, Xiyan. Demographic change and economic status of women in rural China. Pub. Order No. DA9132753. 1991. 323 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Johns Hopkins University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(6).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

58:10568 Beller, Andrea H.; Chung, Seung Sin. Family structure and educational attainment of children: effects of remarriage. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1992. 39-59 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This study explores how remarriage alters the effect of living in a female-headed family on children's educational attainment. The analysis is based upon data from a mother/child extract taken from the 1984 March/April Match file of the [U.S.] Current Population Survey. Ordinary least squares regression analysis and logit analysis are used. The results are mixed. While remarriage mitigates the negative effects of single-parent family living on years of school completed and the probability of high school graduation, it exacerbates these effects on the probability of entering college by ages 18-20 years, especially for boys. Thus, while remarriage increases income and reduces time pressures compared to single-parent family living, the presence of a stepfather appears to complicate the college entrance decision."
Correspondence: A. H. Beller, University of Illinois, School of Human Resources and Family Studies, Division of Consumer Sciences, 274 Bevier Hall, 905 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, Il 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10569 Blossfeld, Hans-Peter; Jaenichen, Ursula. Educational expansion and family building: what will the effect of higher women's educational status be on their attitudes toward marriage and children? [Bildungsexpansion und Familienbildung: wie wirkt sich die Hoherqualifikation der Frauen auf ihre Neigung zu heiraten und Kinder zu bekommen aus?] Soziale Welt, Vol. 41, No. 4, 1990. 454-76 pp. Gottingen, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"This article assesses empirically the question of whether women's growing economic independence, resulting from better education, is one of the major factors in the rise in delayed marriage and motherhood in the Federal Republic of Germany. Using retrospective data from the Socioeconomic Panel, we describe women's long-term educational attainment and women's ages at entry into marriage and motherhood across cohorts." The authors conclude that although women's greater participation in higher education clearly affects the timing of first marriage and first birth, it seems to have little long-term effect. Therefore, there seems to be no inherent conflict between women's growing economic independence and their traditional family roles.
Correspondence: H.-P. Blossfeld, European University Institute, Department of Political and Social Sciences, Badia Fiesolana, Via dei Roccettini 5, I-50016 San Domenico di Fiesole, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10570 Peach, Ceri. The Muslim population of Great Britain. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3, Jul 1990. 414-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1987 Labour Force Survey and other official sources to estimate the size of the Islamic population in the United Kingdom. It is argued that a figure between 550,000 and 750,000 is most likely.
Correspondence: C. Peach, St. Catherine's College, Oxford OX1 3UJ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10571 Sobek, Matthew. Class analysis and the U.S. census public use samples. Historical Methods, Vol. 24, No. 4, Fall 1991. 171-81 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this article, I will examine the possibilities for a Marxist analysis of class through the use of the information available in the various U.S. census public use samples....The public use samples are machine-readable individual- and household-level microdata samples entered from the original census manuscripts....Public use samples of varying densities exist for 1880, 1900, 1910, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980." The author concludes that the census data are useful, but that "the social scientific mapping of classes explains nothing until we can make connections to the other levels of class formation. The public use samples need to be used to help us understand the historical context within which the process of class formation has taken place. By applying the public use samples, we can attempt to compare the relative influences of class, gender, and race over time."
Correspondence: M. Sobek, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Social History Research Laboratory, 628 Social Science Tower, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

58:10572 Angel, Jacqueline L.; Hogan, Dennis P. The demography of minority aging populations. Journal of Family History, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1992. 95-115 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"This article examines historical and demographic trends in the ethnic and racial composition of older cohorts in the United States and their impact on family structure; identifies the demographic causes of these changes and projects future trends in the relative size and proportion of different racial and ethnic populations; and discusses the important policy implications of such compositional shifts for social policy and for the welfare of the minority elderly in the next century."
Correspondence: J. L. Angel, Pennsylvania State University, Population Issues Research Center, Demography of Aging Program, University Park, PA 16802. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10573 Bachu, Amara. Profile of the foreign-born population in the United States. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 176, Oct 1991. 19-73 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report profiles the growth of the foreign-born population in the United States during the 1980s. The socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of this changing population and the fertility differences found among the various immigrant groups are highlighted. This paper will also show the similarities and differences between the foreign-born and native-born population for various demographic and economic indicators....The data presented here are from the 1980 census and the April 1983, June 1986, and June 1988 Current Population Surveys (CPS). Detailed tabulations are shown for five major regions contributing most of the immigrants to the United States--Asia, Latin America, Europe, Northern America, and the Soviet Union."
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10574 Berquo, Elza. The demography of inequality: some considerations concerning blacks in Brazil. [Demografia da desigualdade: algumas consideracoes sobre os negros no Brasil.] Novos Estudos CEBRAP, No. 21, Jul 1988. 74-84 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
The demographic characteristics of the black population of Brazil are analyzed using official data. Among the features noted are higher mortality; lower rates of marriage, particularly among women; an increase in interracial marriages; and a decline in fertility. The consequences include a decline in the size of the black population in relation to the population as a whole.
Correspondence: E. Berquo, Centro Brasileiro de Analise e Planejamento, 615 rua Morgado de Mateus, CEP 04015, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10575 Bhatia, P. S. Population growth of various communities in India--myth and reality. Demography India, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1990. 121-9 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This paper examines levels of population growth of various [religious] communities [in India] and factors associated with such growth, namely nuptiality patterns, levels and trends in fertility, practice of family planning, and incidence of childlessness [due to sterility,] particularly in the context of two major communities, i.e., Hindus and Muslims." The author concludes that there is no validity in the argument that differential fertility patterns will eventually lead to a Muslim majority population in India.
Correspondence: P. S. Bhatia, Mode Research, 25 B, C Block, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi 100 057, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10576 Centro Studi Emigrazione (Rome, Italy). Religion and ethnicity in North America. [Religione e gruppi etnici in Nord America.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 28, No. 103, Sep 1991. 287-467 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng; Ita.
This special issue contains papers presented at a seminar held in Rome, Italy, March 7-9, 1991, on the topic of religion and ethnicity in the United States and Canada. There are 12 papers, 11 in English and 1 in Italian; they concern various aspects of the immigrant experience in North America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Correspondence: Centro Studi Emigrazione, Via Dandolo 58, 00153 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10577 Chapin, Mac. The Indian population of El Salvador. [La poblacion indigena de El Salvador.] Mesoamerica, Vol. 12, No. 21, Jun 1991. 1-40 pp. South Woodstock, Vermont/Antigua, Guatemala. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
This article discusses the history of El Salvador's Indian population, who make up approximately 10 percent of the country's 5 million inhabitants. The author notes that the numbers of this underprivileged group are increasing. Their current situation and future prospects are examined.
Correspondence: M. Chapin, Cultural Survival Inc., Programs for Central America, 53A Church Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10578 Courbage, Youssef. Demographic transition among Muslims in Eastern Europe. [Les transitions demographiques des musulmans en Europe orientale.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 651-77 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author analyzes the effects of the demographic transition on the Muslim population of Eastern Europe, including Yugoslavia and Albania. The difficulties in obtaining demographic data on this scattered population are first described. The author concludes that this population has retained its demographic distinctness, particularly in regard to its continuing high levels of fertility, despite the socioeconomic changes associated with the establishment of Communist regimes. An alternative hypothesis concerning Muslim fertility is proposed that takes into account minority status.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10579 Garcia, Jesus M.; Montgomery, Patricia A. The Hispanic population in the United States: March 1991. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 455, Oct 1991. iii, 43 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the Hispanic origin population in the United States." The data were collected as a supplement to the Current Population Survey and do not reflect data from the 1991 census. Comparisons are made with data collected in 1983.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10580 Harmsen, C. N.; Prins, C. J. M. Residents originating from one of the E.C. member states, January 1, 1990. [Personen afkomstig uit een van de EG-lidstaten, 1 januari 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 2, Feb 1992. 19-30 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Results are presented and analyzed from a partial enumeration conducted by the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics from computerized population registers. The aim was to determine what percent of the resident population is from a member state of the European Community other than the Netherlands. Consideration is given to native residents, defined as nationals born in the Netherlands whose parents were also born there; non-natives; and labor migration. A historical overview of migration to the Netherlands, with a focus on country of origin, is also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10581 Jasso, Guillermina; Rosenzweig, Mark R. The new chosen people: immigrants in the United States. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, ISBN 0-87154-404-0. LC 90-38766. 1990. xxxv, 460 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study, conducted for the National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census, is one in a series presenting analyses of data from the 1980 U.S. census. "The focus of this study is on the foreign-born population resident in the United States in the last two decades, 1960-1980....This group [is also compared] with the foreign-born population in 1900 and 1910, when immigration was at its highest levels in this century, and with the native-born population in both time periods....We focus on...emigration, naturalization, language, and the role of immigration laws in determining the number and type of immigrants. In addition, we compare the characteristics and behaviors of the foreign-born, such as their earnings, participation in the labor market, schooling, and fertility, with those of the native-born....We emphasize the important role of immigration 'selectivity' in shaping the characteristics and behavior of the foreign-born population." Data are from U.S. censuses and from administrative records on legal immigrants.
Correspondence: Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10582 Krishnan, Parameswara. Linguistic demography of India. Demography India, Vol. 18, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1989. 227-35 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author attempts to discover a pattern of relationship between language diversity and demographic behavior. "The influence of culture (or subculture) on fertility and mortality has been noted in many case studies in India. In the empirical analyses, it was found that the role of the language factor in influencing either inter-state fertility or mortality differentials is rather insignificant."
Correspondence: P. Krishnan, University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Edmonton T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10583 Robitaille, Norbert; Choiniere, Robert. The Inuit population of Canada: present situation, future trends. Collection de Tires a Part, No. 270, [1987]. [12] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Eng.
"In the 1981 [Canadian] Census, 25,390 people reported themselves to be of Inuit origin. This communication investigates the demographic future of this group until 2001. After presenting the geographic distribution, the recent evolution and the age structure, hypotheses about fertility, mortality and migration are stated. Then, the main results of the projection are presented."
This article was originally published in Acta Borealia, Vol. 4, Nos. 1-2, 1987, pp. 25-36.
Correspondence: Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10584 Shoemaker, Nancy. The American Indian recovery: demography and the family, 1900-1980. Pub. Order No. DA9127755. 1991. 323 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study concerns the United States and was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Minnesota.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(4).

58:10585 Youssef, Nadia H. The demographics of immigration: a socio-demographic profile of the foreign-born population in New York State. ISBN 0-934733-60-0. LC 91-28754. 1992. xvi, 182 pp. Center for Migration Studies: Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"Based on aggregate macro-level data on all reported foreign-born persons, [this book] highlights shifts in the character of immigration into New York State since 1965; draws a demographic and socio-economic profile of its foreign-born residents; compares and contrasts distinguishing characteristics among this population in relation to birthplace; and develops a typology of immigrant-supplier countries based on the human capital resources these export to New York."
Correspondence: Center for Migration Studies, 209 Flagg Place, Staten Island, NY 10304-1199. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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