58:10528 Cornell, L.
L. Gender, risk, and security in old age. PIRT
Working Paper, No. 28, Aug 1990. 49 pp. Indiana University, Population
Institute for Research and Training [PIRT]: Bloomington, Indiana. In
"The statement that persons in preindustrial and developing societies bear children for security in old age is a common one, but establishing this relationship has proven...difficult. This paper uses population register data to examine whether the preconditions for the hypothesis--that old age exists, that it be a time of risk, and that the risk be perceived--exist for an historical society, early modern Japan (1600-1868). Using a new method for assessing the size of the risk and the magnitude of the gender differential, it emphasizes the gender division of labor as a source of risk and outlines the different strategies men and women employ to manage it. Nonetheless, despite the existence of risk the old age security and fertility hypothesis is unlikely to provide a strong basis for population policy."
Correspondence: Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:10529 Del Panta,
Lorenzo. Regional differences in demographic events in
Italy: some problems and hypotheses of a historical synthesis.
[Diversites territoriales dans les evenements demographiques italiens:
problemes et hypotheses de synthese historique.] Bollettino di
Demografia Storica, No. 14, 1991. 35-50 pp. Pisa, Italy. In Fre.
The author examines regional differences in demographic conditions that existed in Italy in the period preceding the demographic transition, with a focus on dissimilarities, both among and within the major regions. The author concludes that these differences are such that only a regional approach, as opposed to a national approach, is appropriate for the study of Italian historical demography in the period from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century.
Correspondence: L. Del Panta, via Rimolle 5, 50010 Caldine, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Andre. The demographic transition and traditional ways in
the western Pyrenees. [Transition demographique et systeme
coutumier dans les Pyrenees occidentales.] Travaux et Documents Cahier,
No. 129, ISBN 2-7332-0129-8. 1991. x, 260, 23 pp. Institut National
d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires
de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the traditional demographic system that existed in a mountainous region of the western Pyrenees of France up to recent times. In this system, family structures, inheritance patterns, community organization, and social rules concerning living space combined to control population replacement and to protect the society from outside pressures. The study covers the period from the French Revolution of 1789 to the 1960s and is based on data from local departmental records.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, Departement des Revues, 14 Avenue du Bois-de-l'Epine, BP 90, 91003, Evry Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Timothy. Economics, history, and the path of demographic
adjustment: Ireland after the famine. Research in Economic
History, Vol. 13, 1991. 147-98 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"During the second half of the nineteenth century, a demographic regime emerged in Ireland which combined heavy rates of outmigration with high marital fertility and a low propensity to marry....Previous interpretations of these developments have stressed a Malthusian process of adjustment to population pressure. This essay uses new sources and methods to show that the Malthusian interpretation does not square with the evidence....This alternative explanation...lays the basis for a more complete appreciation of the role of household behavior in historical economic development." The author concludes that "the Famine did not directly cause the rise in proportions never married, by shifting the weights in the Irish population, but shaped Ireland's demographic adjustment by changing the incentives to marry and to migrate facing subsequent generations of young adults." Data are drawn from census and tax records.
Correspondence: T. Guinnane, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia. Torteneti Demografiai Albizottsaga
(Budapest, Hungary); Hungary. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal. Lakossagi
Adatgyujtesek Foosztalya (Budapest, Hungary). Historical
statistical gazetteer of Hungarian counties. 2. Veszprem county.
[Magyarorszag torteneti statisztikai helysegnevtara. 2. Veszprem
megye.] ISBN 963-7070-14-10. 1991. 295, [v] pp. Budapest, Hungary. In
This is the second in a planned series that will list place-names in Hungary and any changes that have occurred in them since the eighteenth century. Each volume concerns one of the 19 counties; this volume is for Veszprem county. Data are included on the population of each community by language and nationality where available. Information is also provided on sources of demographic data, including both church records and state sources. An English description of the contents is available separately.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly, U.5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:10533 Jones, Anne
M. Exploiting a marginal European environment: population
control and resource management under the ancien regime. Journal
of Family History, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1991. 363-79 pp. Greenwich,
Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"The essay uses evidence from a French pre-alpine community in 1613-1792 to test the formalized models of Malthus as presented by Wrigley and Schofield. It finds a demographic regime characterized by early marriage, low marital fertility and fecundity, and low infant mortality. Such a system does not fit neatly into any of the models presented by Wrigley and Schofield for the balance of population and resources. The essay concludes with the proposition that greater attention needs to be given to the role of seasonal and temporary labour migration after marriage as a means of regulating people and resources in a marginal environment."
Correspondence: A. M. Jones, Polytechnic of Huddersfield, Department of Geographical Sciences, Queensgate, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire HD1 3DH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
David I.; Hogan, Dennis P. Family, political economy, and
demographic change: the transformation of life in Casalecchio, Italy,
1861-1921. Life Course Studies, ISBN 0-299-12190-9. LC 89-40259.
1989. xvii, 270 pp. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, Wisconsin.
The authors take an interdisciplinary approach to the study of modernization and demographic transition in nineteenth-century Italy, using the case of Casalecchio di Reno, a town on the outskirts of Bologna. They "examine changes in family life and demographic behavior by relating changing economic and political arrangements to the actions of individuals and to the changing uses made of family arrangements." The authors employ a data base that contains information on 19,000 individuals who lived in Casalecchio from 1865 to 1921, compiled from a variety of sources including the population register, church and civil vital event registers, manuscript censuses, annual household tax registers, and state conscription registers.
Correspondence: University of Wisconsin Press, 114 North Murray Street, Madison, WI 53715. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Yves. A current bibliography on the history of Canadian
population and historical demography in Canada, 1990.
[Bibliographie courante sur l'histoire de la population canadienne et
la demographie historique au Canada, 1990.] Histoire Sociale/Social
History, Vol. 24, No. 48, Nov 1991. 361-70 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng;
This is a continuation of a series of unannotated bibliographies on Canadian historical demography and consists primarily of materials published in 1990. The citations are in English or French.
For the 1989 edition, see 57:20569.
Correspondence: Y. Landry, Universite de Montreal, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Zdenek. Long-term demographic trends in Eastern
Europe. [Les tendances demographiques longues en Europe de l'Est.]
Population, Vol. 46, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 463-78 pp. Paris, France. In
Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The characteristics of the demographic transition in Eastern Europe are examined. "The demographic transition in Eastern Europe did not begin until the second half of the nineteenth century: about 1870 in the Czech lands and Eastern Germany, 1900 in Slovakia, between 1910 and 1920 in Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania, and 1960 in Albania. In this paper, the conditions which were associated with the demographic transition in these countries were discussed."
Correspondence: Z. Pavlik, Univerzita Karlova, Ovocny trh 5, 116 36 Prague 1, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:10537 de Neeve,
P. W. Problems in the study of the demography of the
ancient world. [Problemen van de demografie van de Oudheid.]
Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, 1991. 43-53 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut.
with sum. in Eng.
The author describes problems encountered in the study of historical demography. Consideration is given to difficulties with data and analysis. Some recommendations for improvements in methodologies are offered.
Correspondence: P. W. de Neeve, Vrije Universiteit, Faculteit der Letteren, Vakgroep Geschiedenis, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Porras, Agustin. A summary bibliography of the historical
demography of Mexico. [Breve ensayo bibliografico acerca de la
demografia historica de Mexico.] Temas de Poblacion, Vol. 1, No. 2, Jun
1991. 2-14 pp. Puebla, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reviews developments in the study of Mexico's demographic history since World War II. The main topics that have attracted attention are described, and an unannotated bibliography is included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).