Volume 58 - Number 1 - Spring 1992

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

58:10040 Borisovna, Ludmila; Velez, Francisco. Some reflections on the spatial distribution of the population. [Reflexiones sobre la distribucion territorial de la poblacion.] Temas de Poblacion, Vol. 1, No. 4, Dec 1991. 17-22 pp. Puebla, Mexico. In Spa.
Trends in the spatial distribution of the population in the Mexican state of Puebla are analyzed based on preliminary data from the 1990 census.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10041 Pannell, Clifton W.; Torguson, Jeffrey S. Interpreting spatial patterns from the 1990 China census. Geographical Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, Jul 1991. 304-17 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Population in China expanded rapidly during the 1980s, despite a modest birthrate and declines in fertility rates and family size. Economic reform led to fast economic growth and increased mobility, which resulted in divergent regional rates of population growth. Southern coastal provinces and the minority regions of Tibet, Xinjiang, and Ningxia have the highest rates. Population is heavily concentrated in eastern China, where densities have increased steadily during the socialist period. Approximately one-quarter of the population lives in urban centers. Despite enforcement of draconian measures to reduce population growth, China will probably have 1.3 billion people by [the year] 2000."
Correspondence: C. W. Pannell, University of Georgia, Department of Geography, Athens, GA 30602. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

58:10042 Boukhemis, Kaddour; Zeghiche, Anissa. Characteristics and patterns of urbanisation in Algeria. Orient, Vol. 32, No. 1, Mar 1991. 45-57 pp. Hamburg, Germany. In Eng.
Trends in recent urbanization in Algeria are reviewed. The authors note that Algeria, which used to lag behind its neighbors, is now more urbanized than either Morocco or Tunisia. The rapid increase in the size of the urban population is recognized as a serious problem, as the rural-urban migration that is the primary cause contributes both to a decline in agricultural output and to the overloading of the employment and residential capacities of the cities.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

58:10043 Costa, Frank J.; Dutt, Ashok K.; Ma, Laurence J. C.; Noble, Allen G. Asian urbanization: problems and processes. Urbanization of the Earth/Urbanisierung der Erde, No. 5, ISBN 3-443-37007-1. 1988. xi, 165 pp. Gebruder Borntraeger: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
This is one in a series of studies on worldwide urbanization resulting from the First International Conference on Asian Urbanization, held in Akron, Ohio, in April 1985. This publication contains 13 chapters by various authors on aspects of urbanization in Asia.
Correspondence: Gebruder Borntraeger, Johannesstrasse 3A, 7000 Stuttgart 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10044 Darwin, Muhadjir; Tukiran. The use of census data to estimate levels of urbanization. [Penggunaan hasil sensus untuk estimasi urbanisasi.] Populasi, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1991. 65-80 pp. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
Problems concerning changes in the definition of urbanization for demographic analysis are examined. "This article attempts to examine the problem by clarifying the definition of the concept and indicators of urban and urbanization and by making a longitudinal analysis of urbanization using the Indonesian 1920-1990 Census data."
Correspondence: M. Darwin, Universitas Gadja Mada, Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan, Bulaksumur Blok G-7, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10045 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. Municipalities and the population exodus (1960-1970). [Os municipios e o exodo populacional (1960-1970).] IBAMCO Serie Estudos Migratorios, No. 2, 1990. 14 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
The author studies urban areas in Brazil that lost population between 1960 and 1970. Aspects considered include reasons for the population loss, implications for the municipalities concerned, and what steps the federal government can take to reduce or eliminate population decrease.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Adminstracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10046 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. The estimated population in 1990 of cities and towns that had between 10,000 and 20,000 inhabitants in 1980. [Populacao estimada para 1990 das cidades e vilas que possuiam entre 10 mil e 20 mil habitantes em 1980.] IBAMCO Serie Estimativas, No. 2, 1990. 24 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
Estimates of the population of small towns in Brazil are presented for 1970, 1980, and 1990. The focus is on towns that have grown to over 20,000 inhabitants, a total that requires them to create an urban development plan.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10047 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. The estimated population in 1990 of the major urban agglomerations in Brazil. [Populacao estimada para 1990 das principais aglomeracoes urbanas brasileiras.] IBAMCO Serie Estimativas, No. 3, 1990. 30 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
This paper lists alphabetically by state the urban agglomerations, cities, and towns in Brazil with a population over 20,000, together with their estimated population size in 1990.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10048 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. The loss of population from municipalities (1960-1970). [A perda de populacao pelos municipios (1960-1970).] IBAMCO Serie Estudos Migratorios, No. 1, 1990. 11 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
The author examines urban areas of Brazil whose population decreased between 1960 and 1970. Data are from the censuses of 1960 and 1970.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10049 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. The municipality and migration (1970-1980). [O municipio e as migracoes (1970-1980).] IBAMCO Serie Estudos Migratorios, No. 3, 1990. 16 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
Brazilian census data are employed to analyze the process whereby the population is becoming concentrated in a few major urban areas. The period studied is 1970-1980. The author considers what can be done by the municipalities losing population to reduce levels of out-migration.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10050 de Bremaeker, Francois E. J. Urbanization in Latin America and Brazil (1950-2000). [Urbanizacao na America Latina e no Brasil (1950-2000).] IBAMCO Serie Estudos Internacionais, No. 2, 1990. 21 pp. Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Urbanas, Banco de Dados Municipais: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
The author reviews probable trends in urban population growth in Brazil and Latin America up to the year 2000, using published data from U.N. and official Brazilian sources.
Correspondence: Instituto Brasileiro de Administracao Municipal, Largo IBAM No. 1, Humaita, 22282 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10051 Dubly, Alain. The towns of Ecuador: a geographical study. [Los poblados del Ecuador: estudio geografico.] Biblioteca de Ciencias Sociales, Vol. 26, ISBN 9978-84-028-1. 1990. 402 pp. Corporacion Editora Nacional: Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
The settlement and growth of the villages and towns of Ecuador are described. The effects of transportation in the form of rivers, railroads, and roads on choice of settlement site, and of geographical factors on community growth, are studied from a historical perspective. Consideration is given to the morphology of present-day towns and to urbanization trends and changes in spatial distribution as they affect residents. Some projections for the future, including a utopian vision of ideal growth, are included.
Correspondence: Corporacion Editora Nacional, Veintemilla y 12 de Octubre, Edif. Quito 12 El Giron W of. 51, Apartado Postal 886-12, Quito, Ecuador. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10052 Dwyer, Denis. Urbanization. In: South East Asian development: geographical perspectives, edited by Denis Dwyer. ISBN 0-582-30149-1. LC 89-13809. 1990. 278-308 pp. Longman Scientific and Technical: Harlow, England. In Eng.
Urbanization trends in Southeast Asia are reviewed, with a focus on the urbanization characteristics that are specific to the region. The author first looks at historical trends and then discusses the characteristics of contemporary urbanization. He also considers problems of migrant absorption, including housing and employment. A final section examines urbanization under Communism.
Correspondence: D. Dwyer, University of Keele, Department of Geography, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10053 Gans, Paul. Population change in the suburbanized areas of the Federal Republic of Germany with special reference to Hamburg (1970-1987). Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1991. 293-307 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper we have shown that the suburbanization process [in the Federal Republic of Germany] has on the whole slackened since the beginning of the 1970s, despite cycles of intensification, and that it simultaneously spread further within the regions. We can also record that during the 1980s suburbanization decreased less in intensity in the southern regions with large metropolitan areas than in the northern agglomerations, which had a comparatively unfavorable economic development in the 1980s." Consideration is given to economic factors; interregional migration, with a focus on the city of Hamburg; migration (especially from the German Democratic Republic); and the aging of the suburban population. Data are from the censuses of 1970 and 1987 and the housing surveys for 1968 and 1987.
Correspondence: P. Gans, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat zu Kiel, Geographisches Institut, Ludwig-Meyn-Strasse 14, D-2300 Kiel, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10054 Goldstein, Sidney; Goldstein, Alice. Town and city: new directions in Chinese urbanization. PSTC Reprint Series, No. 91-01, Mar 1991. [28] pp. Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center [PSTC]: Providence, Rhode Island. In Eng.
"This chapter explores urbanization in China, beginning with a brief discussion of the situation as revealed by the 1982 census, and then turning to an assessment of policies introduced in the 1980s to affect urbanization levels and to transform the economic structure of the countryside. Particular attention is given to the position of small towns in these developments, but these need to be seen within the broader context of the positions of cities of various size classes. Integral to these analyses is the role of various forms of population mobility and the transformation of the population from agricultural to nonagricultural workers." Some growth projections for China's towns and cities are included, and the consequences of that growth are discussed.
This article is reprinted from Chinese Urban Reform: What Model Now? Armonk, New York, M. E. Sharpe, 1990, pp. 17-44.
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10055 Gong, Yusong. A study on the urbanization of population in modern China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1990. 125-37 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Historical trends in urbanization in China are reviewed, and the causes of urbanization are examined. The characteristics of contemporary urbanization in China are then discussed, including the slow pace of urbanization, regional imbalances, urban demographic structures, seasonal migration, and the instability of urbanization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10056 Lombardi, Mario; Veiga, Danilo. Cities in conflict: a Latin American perspective. [Las ciudades en conflicto: una perspectiva latinoamericana.] 1989. 311 pp. Centro de Informaciones y Estudios del Uruguay [CIESU]: Montevideo, Uruguay; Ediciones de la Banda Oriental: Montevideo, Uruguay. In Spa.
This volume contains papers by various authors that were presented at a seminar entitled The Urban Crisis in the South Core: Patterns and Approaches, held in November 1988 in Montevideo, Uruguay. Aspects of the urbanization and growth of cities in Latin America, with a focus on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, are described, as are related problems that have arisen during recent decades. Some possible solutions are proposed.
Correspondence: Centro de Informaciones y Estudios del Uruguay, Juan Paullier 1174, Montevideo, Uruguay. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10057 Lowry, Ira S. World urbanization in perspective. In: Resources, environment, and population: present knowledge, future options, edited by Kingsley Davis and Mikhail S. Bernstam. 1991. 148-76 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England; Population Council: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author argues that "most of the ills that are blamed on urbanization can be more accurately attributed to population growth, industrialization, and prosperity....Following [the] introduction, I offer a brief history of world urbanization since 1850....The third section of the essay reviews the demographic processes entailed in urbanization and urban growth--mainly natural increase and rural-to-urban migration....The fourth section of the essay investigates the factors affecting the distribution of population between rural and urban residence: the 'degree of urbanization' or the 'urban/rural balance'....The fifth section considers the prospects of very large cities....The last section explores the factual and logical connections between urbanization and (a) energy consumption and (b) environmental degradation."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10058 Malaysia. Jabatan Perangkaan (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). The components of urban growth in Peninsular Malaysia, 1970-1980. [Komponen-komponen bagi pertumbuhan bandar di Semenanjung Malaysia, 1970-1980.] Kajian Mengenai Subjek Demografi dan Penduduk/Studies on Demographic and Population Subjects, No. 4, ISBN 967-99995-5-6. Mar 1988. 61 pp. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In Eng; Mal.
This is an analysis of trends in urbanization in Malaysia between 1970 and 1980. The results show that the main component of growth was natural increase. Rural-urban migration was relatively unimportant, although it was the major component of growth in areas newly reclassified as urban. The report examines differences in urbanization by ethnic group and by state.
Correspondence: Jabatan Perangkaan, Wisma Statistik, Jalan Cenderasari, 50514 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10059 Pol'skij, Spartak A. Geographical and demographic aspects of the urbanization process in the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. [Geographische und demographische Aspekte der Urbanisierung in der Belorussischen SSR.] Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, Vol. 135, No. 3, 1991. 187-93 pp. Gotha, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Geographical and demographic facets of urbanization in Belarus are discussed, with a focus on the rapidly growing capital city of Minsk. Factors considered include rural-urban migration, urban population growth, and trends in urban spatial distribution for cities throughout the country. For Minsk, the dynamics of and limitations to its rapid growth are assessed.
Correspondence: S. A. Pol'skij, Lehrstuhl fur Okonomische Geographie, Padagogisches Institut A. M. Gorki, ul. Sowjetskaja 18, 220809 Minsk, Belarus. Location: Princeton University Library (SG).

58:10060 Rolnik, Raquel; Kowarik, Lucio; Somekh, Nadia. Sao Paulo: crisis and change. [Sao Paulo: crise e mudanca.] 2nd ed. ISBN 85-11-08070-8. [1991?]. 215 pp. Editora Brasiliense: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
The effects of the lack of economic development in the greater Sao Paulo area over the last decade are explored, with primary reference to the implications for urban planning. The first part of the report includes an analysis of demographic trends from 1940 and demographic prospects up to the year 2000. Determinants of natural growth, demographic aging, and differentials in urban growth are considered.
Correspondence: Editora Brasiliense, Rua da Consolacao 2697, Centro, 01416 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10061 Tanigawa, Kanae. Urbanization and quality of life in Asia. Pub. Order No. DA9124118. 1991. 262 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(3).

58:10062 Tomlinson, Richard. Urbanization in post-apartheid South Africa. ISBN 0-04-445794-4. LC 90-35926. 1990. xiv, 239 pp. Unwin Hyman: Cambridge, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the development of an appropriate urbanization policy in a democratic South Africa following the end of apartheid. The main issues considered include the housing shortage, the need to divert economic and population growth away from the Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging region, and the fostering of rural development to reduce rural-urban migration pressures.
Correspondence: Unwin Hyman, 15/17 Broadwick Street, London W1V 1FP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10063 Universite des Sciences et Techniques de Lille-Flandres-Artois (Villeneuve d'Ascq, France). Peri-urban fringes. [Les franges periurbaines.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1991. 247-408 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng; Fre.
This is a collection of 12 articles by various authors on aspects of peri-urban populations, defined as the population of those areas adjoining urban areas in developed countries. The articles are in English or French.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Universite des Sciences et Techniques de Lille-Flandres-Artois, U.F.R. de Geographie, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10064 Van der Haegen, H. The peri-urban fringes in Belgium: research on their definition, population, and social characteristics. [Les franges periurbaines en Belgique: quelques elements de recherche concernant leur delimitation, leur population et leurs caracteristiques sociales.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1991. 259-69 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author studies the growing suburbs of Belgium's cities. Consideration is given to migration into and out of these areas and to quality of housing, family characteristics, age distribution, and social class of residents.
Correspondence: H. Van der Haegen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Instituut voor Sociale en Economische Geografie, 42 W. de Croylaan, B-3001 Heverle, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10065 Vranjes-Soljan, Bozena. Population of towns in Croatia at the turn of the century (socioeconomic structure and social groups, 1890-1914). [Stanovnistvo gradova Banske Hrvatske na prijelazu stoljeca (socijalno-ekonomski sastav i vodeci slojevi 1890-1914).] Biblioteka Povijesna Istrazivanja, ISBN 86-03-00078-6. 1991. 298 pp. Skolska Knjiga: Zagreb, Yugoslavia; Stvarnost: Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
This is an analysis of the urban population of Croatia at the turn of the century, based on data from official sources in Zagreb and Vienna. It includes information on the demographic and economic characteristics of the population.
Correspondence: Skolska Knjiga, Masarykova 28, p.p. 1039, 41000 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

58:10066 Keddie, Philip D.; Joseph, Alun E. The turnaround of the turnaround? Rural population change in Canada, 1976 to 1986. Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 35, No. 4, Winter 1991. 367-79 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors provide an updated analysis of rural population growth rates in Canada for the periods 1976-1981 and 1981-1986 by region and area type based on proximity to urban centers. The results indicate that rural population turnaround was confined to Quebec province in the earlier period; in the more recent period, an urban-dominated growth scenario is evident.
For a related article by Joseph et al., published in 1988, see 54:30065.
Correspondence: P. D. Keddie, University of Guelph, Department of Geography, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.