Volume 57 - Number 4 - Winter 1991

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

57:40529 Armelagos, George J.; Goodman, Alan H.; Jacobs, Kenneth H. The origins of agriculture: population growth during a period of declining health. Population and Environment, Vol. 13, No. 1, Fall 1991. 9-22 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine the effects of mortality from disease and poor nutrition on the growth of prehistoric populations. "The increase in the Neolithic human population following the development of agriculture has been assumed to result from improvements in health and nutrition. Recent research demonstrates that this assumption is incorrect. With the development of sedentism and the intensification of agriculture, there is an increase in infectious disease and nutritional deficiencies particularly affecting infants and children. Declining health probably increased mortality among infants, children and oldest adults. However, the productive and reproductive core would have been able to respond to this increase in mortality by reducing birth spacing. That is, agricultural populations increased in size, despite higher mortality, because intervals between births became shorter."
Correspondence: G. J. Armelagos, University of Florida, Department of Anthropology, Gainesville, FL 32611. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40530 Bessmertny, Youri. European demographic history: the current state of research in the USSR. [La demographie historique de l'Europe: l'etat des recherches en U.R.S.S.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 411-22 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Current Soviet research on the historical demography of Russia and the USSR is reviewed in this paper, which is translated from the original Russian by Colette Stoianov.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40531 Decker, Jody F. Depopulation of the Northern Plains natives. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1991. 381-93 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Nine major epidemics of acute infectious diseases swept the Northern Plains of the Western Interior of Canada between 1774 and 1839. The Blackfeet, Plains Cree and Assiniboin, Atsina and Saulteaux who exploited the Plains were differentially exposed to these epidemics of smallpox, measles, whooping cough and influenza. Mortality estimates from these epidemics were used in assessing the degree to which a series of epidemics contributed to depopulation of the Plains Natives. A criteria was established to determine an epidemic from a depopulation epidemic, which involved among other factors, the determination of age-selective mortality. The analysis concludes that despite the fact [that] several Native groups exploited, and in some cases co-resided in a similar ecological area, they suffered differential mortality and depopulation rates."
Correspondence: J. F. Decker, Queen's University, Department of Geography, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40532 Fauve-Chamoux, Antoinette. The status of the elderly in the Pyrenean family during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [Starosc w rodach pirenejskich w XVIII i XIX wieku.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 149-63 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the status of the elderly in the Pyrenees region of France in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It is noted that despite the effects of demographic aging, the civil code, and rural migration on the systems of inheritance and the customs of family life, family elders maintained a high sociocultural status.
Correspondence: A. Fauve-Chamoux, 2 rue Emile Faguet, 75014 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40533 Ferrer Alos, Llorenc. Family, church, and marriage in the prosperous rural areas of Catalonia (eighteenth and nineteenth centuries). [Familia, iglesia y matrimonio en el campesinado acomodado catalan (siglos XVIII-XIX).] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1991. 27-64 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
An analysis of the relationships among family, the Catholic church, and marriage in Catalonia, Spain, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is presented. The data concern the region of Artes and the prosperous family of Vila de Soler.
Correspondence: L. Ferrer Alos, Universidad de Barcelona, Gran Via de Las Cortes Catalanes 585, 08007 Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40534 Gadoury, Lorraine. Demographic behavior and marriages of the nobility of New France. [Comportements demographiques et alliances de la noblesse de Nouvelle-France.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 259-83 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic behavior, including marriage patterns, among the French nobility in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Quebec, Canada, is examined. Data are from a reconstruction of noble families from the vital statistics of French Canada up to 1765. Distinct patterns of demographic behavior are identified that distinguish this population from the population of Quebec as a whole and that are similar to demographic behavior of the nobility in Europe at that time.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40535 Gomez-Cabrero Ortiz, Angel; Fernandez de la Iglesia, Maria S. Family and fertility in Mocejon (1660-1719). A reconstitution of families. [Familia y fecundidad en Mocejon (1660-1719). Una reconstruccion de familias.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1991. 65-88 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The authors examine nuptiality, family characteristics, and fertility in the central Spanish village of Mocejon in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40536 Gorny, Marek. Parish registers of Szaradowo in the eighteenth century. [Rejestracja metrykalna parafii Szaradowo z XVIII wieku.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 117-37 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes data from the parish registers of Szaradowo, Poland, for the period 1720 to 1800. Attention is given to the reconstruction of family relationships as well as to the size and characteristics of the population as a whole. The author also evaluates the quality and the completeness of the data available from such registers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40537 Horska, Pavla. Historical demography. [Historicka demografie.] No. 14, 1990. 218 pp. Historicky Ustav CSAV: Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng; Fre.
This volume contains 13 papers by various authors that were presented at a seminar on age and history held in Prague, Czechoslovakia, July 3-7, 1989. The papers, which are in English or French, examine aspects of old age in historical demography, with studies concerning Lithuania, Czechoslovakia, France, Russia, and the Netherlands, as well as Europe as a whole.
For a related volume, edited by Jaroslav Purs and also published in 1989, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Ustav Ceskoslovenskych a Svetovych Dejin CSAV, Komise pro Historicko Demografii, Vysehradska 49, 128 26 Prague 2, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40538 Kedelski, Mieczyslaw. The population of the Ukraine in the second half of the eighteenth century. [Zaludnienie prawobrzeznej Ukrainy w drugiej polowie XVIII wieku.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 53-91 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The population of eastern Poland and the Ukraine during the second half of the eighteenth century is analyzed, with a focus on religion, ethnic affiliation, and nationality.
Correspondence: M. Kedelski, Ul. Przybyszewskiego 43a m 18, 60-356 Poznan, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40539 Klepp, Susan E. "The swift progress of population": a documentary and bibliographic study of Philadelphia's growth, 1642-1859. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 187, ISBN 0-87169-187-6. LC 90-55893. 1991. iii, 344 pp. American Philosophical Society: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
This publication presents the American Philosophical Society's collection of mortality bills of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for the period 1722 to 1859. In addition, it includes a brief history of vital statistics in Philadelphia and an annotated bibliography of sources for the study of the city's population from 1600 to 1860.
Correspondence: American Philosophical Society, 104 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3387. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40540 Kuklo, Cezary. Research problems in European historical demography for the period 1975-1985. [Problematyka badawcza europejskiej demografii historycznej w dziesiecioleciu 1975-1985.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 93-115 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews the published research in historical demography in Europe during the period 1975-1985. Attention is given to the principal areas of study by country, sources of data, and the uses of computers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40541 Landry, Yves. International migration and demographic behavior. The Canadianization of the Filles du roi in the seventeenth century. [Migrations internationales et comportement demographique. La canadianisation des Filles du roi au XVIIe siecle.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 337-44 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the demographic behavior of some 700 women, known as the Filles du roi, who migrated under royal sponsorship from France to Quebec, Canada, from 1663 to 1673. The results show how these women rapidly adapted their demographic behavior to the new social and economic conditions prevailing in the Saint Lawrence valley.
Correspondence: Y. Landry, Universite de Montreal, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40542 Poos, L. R. A rural society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 18, ISBN 0-521-38260-2. LC 90-2692. 1991. xv, 330 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This is a study of rural social structure in the English county of Essex between 1350 and 1525. It seeks to understand how, in the population collapse after the Black Death (1348-1349), a particular economic environment affected ordinary people's lives in the areas of migration, marriage and employment, and also contributed to patterns of religious nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, and even rural housing. The period under scrutiny is often seen as a transitional era between 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, but in the light of recent advances in English historical demography this study suggests that there was more continuity than change in some critically important aspects of social structure in the region in question....[The study utilizes a] wide range of original manuscript records (estate and manorial records, taxation and criminal-court records, royal tenurial records, and the records of church courts, wills etc.) and [applies] current quantitative and comparative demographic methods."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40543 Purs, Jaroslav. Historical demography. [Historicka demografie.] No. 13, 1989. 276 pp. Ustav Ceskoslovenskych a Svetovych Dejin CSAV: Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng; Fre.
This volume contains 11 papers that were presented at a seminar on age and history held in Prague, Czechoslovakia, July 3-7, 1989. The papers are concerned with historical aspects of the age distribution in the territories that form modern Czechoslovakia. Most of the papers are in English, with one paper in French.
For a related volume, edited by Pavla Horska and also published in 1989, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Ustav Ceskoslovenskych a Svetovych Dejin CSAV, Vysehradska 49, 128 26 Prague 2, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40544 Societe Belge de Demographie (Brussels, Belgium). Historians and populations: a book from the friends of Etienne Helin. [Historiens et populations: liber amicorum Etienne Helin.] ISBN 2-87209-127-0. 1991. 836 pp. Academia: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Eng; Fre.
This is a collection of 57 papers by various authors on historical demographic topics prepared in honor of Etienne Helin. The papers are grouped under seven main topics: historical demography, growth, and methodology; natural increase and the demographic transition; migration, founding fathers, and urbanization; regional demography; households; health; and standard of living, culture, and society. The papers are in English or French. The primary geographical focuses are on Europe and North America.
Correspondence: Academia-Erasme, 25/115 Grand'Rue, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40545 Soderberg, Johan; Jonsson, Ulf; Persson, Christer. A stagnating metropolis: the economy and demography of Stockholm, 1750-1850. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 13, ISBN 0-521-39046-X. LC 90-34061. 1991. xii, 234 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This book analyzes a peculiar phase in the history of Stockholm that has not previously been systematically investigated. Between 1750 and 1850 the Swedish capital experienced long-term stagnation, characterized by de-industrialization and slow population growth. Various aspects of the economic and social history of the period are examined in detail, including the decline of manufacturers, the causes of the extremely high rates of mortality and extra-marital fertility, and the distribution of economic resources. Social and spatial patterns of poverty are described and the trends and fluctuations in prices and real wages charted and compared with other European towns and cities."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40546 Underwood, Jane H. Seasonality of vital events in a Pacific island population. Social Biology, Vol. 38, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1991. 113-26 pp. Port Angeles, Washington. In Eng.
"Analyses of vital data derived from a family record register for the native population of Guam reveal significant variations in births, deaths, and marriages over the period 1901-41....Marital patterns exhibit troughs associated respectively with the Lenten period and with Christmas celebrations. Infant and childhood deaths...[exceed] expected values during the rainy season...when conditions are optimal for the spread of communicable and gastrointestinal diseases. Births attain a peak in November, or at the beginning of the more advantageous season for infant health and survival....Comparisons of differences in these patterns among different populations in varied environments provide unique opportunities to evaluate causal models of interactions among biological, sociocultural, and physioenvironmental factors."
Correspondence: J. H. Underwood, University of Arizona, Department of Anthropology, Tucson, AZ 85721. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40547 Veinstein, Gilles. Ottoman census registers: a source for demographic history in the modern era. [Les registres de recensement ottomans: une source pour la demographie historique a l'epoque moderne.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 365-78 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author describes the data available from the census registers of the Ottoman Empire, particularly for the end of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. These data concern regions of Eastern and Southern Europe, Asia Minor, and the Middle East. They include information not only on married and single males, but on ethnicity, religion, social class, and occupation.
Correspondence: G. Veinstein, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40548 Wachowiak, Bogdan. The peasant family in Western Pomerania in the middle of the eighteenth century. [Rodzina chlopska na Pomorzu Zachodnim w polowie XVIII wieku.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 139-48 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
Data from the mill tables of the Bytow domains concerning 333 households of the Pomeranian region of Poland in 1747 and 1748 are analyzed. Consideration is given to sex and age distributions, household composition, family size and structure, occupations, and social status.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40549 Whitmore, Thomas M. The sixteenth century Amerindian population collapse in the Basin of Mexico: a systems dynamics examination. Pub. Order No. DA9107996. 1990. 352 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(10).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

57:40550 Amorim, Norberta S. B. A method of reconstituting parishes based on Portuguese registers. [Uma metodologia de reconstituicao de paroquias desenvolvida sobre registros portugueses.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1991. 7-25 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Por.
The author describes a method of family reconstitution using available parish registers for Portugal for the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Correspondence: N. S. B. Amorim, Rua Paul Brandao 333, 4800 Guimaraes, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40551 Augustini, Muriel. Tax lists and family records compared: the value of data linkage. An example from a rural parish in Auvergne. [Roles de taille et fiches de famille: interet d'un couplage des donnees. L'exemple d'une paroisse rurale auvergnate.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 173-98 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The value of tax lists in supplementing data from parish records in the study of historical demography is discussed and illustrated using eighteenth-century data from the Auvergne region of France. Tax records are shown to be particularly useful in the study of single persons and migrants, and in studies involving demographic differentials by income.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40552 Bernat i Marti, Joan S. Time series of vital statistics and historical demography. [Las series de los hechos vitales y la demografia historica.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1991. 123-30 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a report of a workshop held in Valencia, Spain, on March 1-2, 1991, concerning problems in using time series data on baptisms, marriages, and burials for the study of historical demography. The focus was on the records available for Spain and Portugal.
Correspondence: J. S. Bernat i Marti, Colon 31, Borriol (Castellon), Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40553 Dobyns, Henry F. More methodological perspectives on historical demography. Ethnohistory, Vol. 36, No. 3, Summer 1989. 285-307 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The author contributes to the debate on the demographic impact of the European exploration of the Americas in the fifteenth century. In particular, he presents a critique of work by Dean R. Snow and Kim M. Lanphear on the world influenza epidemic of the mid-sixteenth century and its effect on mortality in North America. A response by Snow and Lanphear is included (pp. 299-307). The focus is on the appropriate methodology to be used for such studies.
For the article by Snow and Lanphear, published in 1988, see 54:30070.
Correspondence: H. F. Dobyns, Newberry Library, 60 West Walton Street, Chicago, IL 60610. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40554 Jonas, Raymond A. Visualizing population in history: the example of population and rural industry in Southeastern France. Historical Methods, Vol. 24, No. 3, Summer 1991. 101-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author describes the use of computer map-making programs to develop contour maps illustrating demographic and economic data. Data concerning rural industrialization and the population shifts that occurred with the expansion of the silk industry in the French province of Isere in the late nineteenth century are used to demonstrate the process. Some of the values and limitations of computer mapping are considered; and suggestions for other applications are included.
Correspondence: R. A. Jonas, University of Washington, Department of History, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40555 McCarthy, Justin. Factors in the analysis of the population of Anatolia, 1800-1878. Asian and African Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, Mar 1987. 33-63 pp. Haifa, Israel. In Eng.
The author describes problems in analyzing data concerning the population of Anatolia, Turkey, before 1878. Ottoman and European data sources are discussed and examined for population totals, disease and epidemics, general and war-related mortality, and migration, particularly of ethnic and religious groups.
Correspondence: J. McCarthy, University of Louisville, 2301 South 3rd Street, Louisville, KY 40292. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

57:40556 Poulard, S.; Heyer, E.; Guillemette, A.; Brunet, G. SYGAP: software for population management and analysis. ["SYGAP": un logiciel de gestion et d'analyse de population.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 455-67 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors describe a software program developed at the University of Montreal for the management and analysis of data from population registers. "Designed for IBM compatible equipment, it is used in conjunction with dBase III and requires relatively little space to operate (2.8 Mo for 8,500 individuals)."
Correspondence: S. Poulard, Universite de Montreal, Services Informatiques, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.