Volume 57 - Number 4 - Winter 1991

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

57:40428 Bejin, Andre. Migration and fertility according to Arsene Dumont. [Migrations et fecondite selon Arsene Dumont.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 75-83 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Theories concerning migration developed by the French nineteenth-century scholar, Arsene Dumont, are summarized. Separate consideration is given to internal migration in France, the emigration of the French, and foreign immigration to France. Dumont's theories on how such migrations affected fertility are discussed.
Correspondence: A. Bejin, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 15 quai Anatole France, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40429 Berman, Yitzhak. The Arab uprising and Jewish migration patterns in Judea, Samaria and Gaza. Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 28, No. 102, Jun 1991. 181-90 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The current study analyzes Jewish migration patterns in Judea, Samaria and Gaza in relation to issues identified by previous studies to be related to migration in general and to Jewish migration specifically, namely, economic, physical security and ideological-religious factors." The focus is on the impact of the Arab uprising, or intifada, that has occurred since 1987. The author concludes that economic factors tending to encourage Jews to leave the occupied territories are balanced by political factors influencing Jews to move to those areas.
Correspondence: Y. Berman, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Department of Planning and Social Analysis, 10 Yad Haruzim Street, Box 1260, 91000 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40430 Chapman, Murray. Pacific Island movement and socioeconomic change: metaphors of misunderstanding. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 2, Jun 1991. 263-92, 373, 375 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author critically evaluates contemporary thought concerning population movement among the Pacific Islands. "Three case studies--of movement internal to Viti Levu in Fiji; mobility and socioeconomic change for Manihiki atoll in the Cook Islands; and the constitutional guarantee of free movement in Solomon Islands--demonstrate that metaphors like 'rural-urban drift' and 'circulation,' or technical terms like 'emigration' and 'depopulation,' convey neither the contemporary ebb and flow of Pacific Island movement nor its...character....More attention should be paid to the dynamism of time, culture, and local environment interacting with the social processes of island movement, [and] to incorporating the ambiguity and paradox that lie at the heart of island behavior...."
Correspondence: M. Chapman, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2444 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40431 Courgeau, Daniel. New approaches to measuring the internal spatial mobility of the population. [Nuevos enfoques para medir la movilidad espacial interna de la poblacion.] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 18, No. 50, Aug 1990. 55-74 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author proposes a "comprehensive approach to the study of the spatial mobility of populations in which it is treated as an aspect of the whole complex of human relationships. This approach requires new data collection and analysis methods in which cross-sectional models are replaced by longitudinal ones; and in which migration is considered as an aspect of spatial mobility. Retrospective and prospective surveys provide useful empirical evidence but they are not without their limitations. Parametric, nonparametric, and semiparametric statistical techniques have been developed which are useful in understanding the interrelationships among family, work and migration histories." The method has been applied to both developed and developing countries.
Correspondence: D. Courgeau, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40432 Findley, Sally E.; Williams, Lindy. Women who go and women who stay: reflections of family migration processes in a changing world. Population and Labour Policies Programme Working Paper, No. 176, ISBN 92-2-107997-X. May 1991. v, 95 pp. International Labour Office [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"This report summarises the results of an extensive literature review of developing country research pertaining to both aspects of migration, women who go and women who stay." The authors examine the similarities and differences between male and female migrants, with a focus on socioeconomic characteristics. Attention is also paid to the problems experienced by women left behind as a result of their husband's migration. The report concludes with some recommendations that could create more options for women, whether they migrate or stay behind.
Correspondence: International Labour Office Publications, 4 Route de Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40433 Galle, Omer R.; Burr, Jeffrey A.; Potter, Lloyd. Rethinking measures of migration: a research note on the decomposition of net migration. Texas Population Research Center Paper, No. 12.14, 1990-1991. 13, [7] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to 'resurrect' the measure of net migration and defend its continued use under specific research circumstances....We employ data from the 1980 [U.S.] Census of Population to compare five measures of migration, including net migration rates, in- and out-migration rates, migration efficiency ratios and migration turnover rates. We demonstrate the additivity of in- and out-migration rates with net migration rates and migration turnover rates. Finally, a simple multivariate model is estimated to show how regression coefficients from in- and out-migration rate models are related to net migration and migration turnover rates."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1987 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see population Index, Vol. 53, No. 3, Fall 1990, p. 432).
Correspondence: University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center, Main 1800, Austin, TX 78712. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40434 Greenwood, Michael J.; Hunt, Gary L.; Rickman, Dan S.; Treyz, George I. Migration, regional equilibrium, and the estimation of compensating differentials. American Economic Review, Vol. 81, No. 5, Dec 1991. 1,382-90 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"In this study, we have developed an improved model of net migration that encompasses both equilibrium and disequilibrium components. Instrumental-variables fixed-effects estimates of the model with time-series data for 51 areas [in the United States] over the period 1971-1988 support the importance of both equilibrium and disequilibrium factors in migration."
Correspondence: M. J. Greenwood, University of Colorado, Department of Economics, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40435 Grundman, Zigfrid. Migration and way of life. [Migratsiya i nachin na zhivot.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 13-26 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Migration patterns and their relationship to life-style in Bulgaria are discussed, with a focus on demographic characteristics of migrants and the influence of migration on living conditions.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40436 Grundmann, Siegfried. External and internal migration in the German Democratic Republic, 1989: attempt at an assessment. [Aussen- und Binnenmigration der DDR 1989: Versuch einer Bilanz.] Deutschland Archiv, Vol. 23, No. 9, Sep 1990. 1,422-32 pp. Cologne, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Trends in external and internal migration in East Germany in 1989 are reviewed, with special reference to the massive flight to West Germany. Regional differences are examined, and the causes of migration losses and gains are analyzed.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40437 Houston, R. A.; Withers, C. W. J. Population mobility in Scotland and Europe, 1600-1900: a comparative perspective. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 285-308 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors summarize recent literature on migration in Scotland from 1600 to 1900 and discuss this migration within a socioeconomic context. "Despite its small area, Scotland showed considerable variation in economic structures, social relations, language and geography, notably between the increasingly urbanised and industrialised Lowlands and the more agricultural Highlands. This article stresses the importance of regional variations in mobility structures and changes, and of gender-specific differences, relating its findings to literature on western Europe in order to uncover common and distinctive features."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40438 Kitts, Arno. A hazard model analysis examining inferential evidence of migration from the Port-city of Viana do Castelo, Minho, 1834-1931. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 7, No. 2, Jun 1991. 113-28 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper is an attempt to analyse the determinants of out-migration of the elite from the Portuguese city of Viana do Castelo [from 1834-1931]. The data used are derived from a reconstruction of this electorate using record linkage methods. Indirect evidence of emigration is available from passport books, and evidence of death is available with cemetery lists. The paper discusses methodological issues in the estimation of hazard models of duration spent under observation in the elite. The analysis suggests that, while out-migration was not significantly dependent on age, or marital status, there were large occupational differentials, and significant period effects."
Correspondence: A. Kitts, Independent Order of Foresters, 36-38 Peckham Road, London SE5 8QR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40439 Latten, Jan. Demographic changes in the cities. [Demografische veranderingen in de stad.] In: De stad van de toekomst: tussen crisis en renaissance, edited by Nico Nelissen. 1988. 68-89 pp. Kerckebosch BV: Zeist, Netherlands. In Dut.
Present trends in internal migration in the Netherlands are first reviewed, concentrating on the impact of this migration on population size and structure in the three major urban areas of the country. The author then describes international migration trends and changing attitudes toward such migration. The study concludes with an examination of the demographic situation in 1987 and possible scenarios for the year 2000.
Location: Harvard University Library, Cambridge, MA.

57:40440 Meyering, Anne C. Migration to nineteenth-century Montlucon. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 105-40 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Migration patterns affecting the French city of Montlucon in the mid-nineteenth century are described. "The nominal censuses of 1825 and 1856, combined with the marriage records, make it possible to determine the role of migration during this period of rapid industrialisation and highlight the characteristics and the originality of the migratory flows compared to those of other towns...and how they were transformed under the influence of industrialization."
Correspondence: A. C. Meyering, Michigan State University, Department of History, East Lansing, MI 48824. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40441 Mollett, J. A. Migrants in agricultural development: a study of intrarural migration. ISBN 0-333-53291-0. 1991. xvii, 252 pp. Macmillan: Basingstoke, England. In Eng.
"Rural migration involving land settlement is often a positive force in agricultural development. This book examines its impact in nine case-studies covering a wide time-span in Australia, England, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Latin America, Tanzania, United States and Zambia. Migrants never operate in a vacuum and this study shows how they attempt to cope with new restraints and opportunities. The enquiry has important implications for policy makers especially in dealing with refugees and land settlement. It underlines the important role of the agricultural entrepreneur in economic development and the wide range of national policies for the settlement of rural migrants."
Correspondence: Macmillan, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 2XS, England. Location: New York Public Library.

57:40442 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Division de la Population (Rabat, Morocco). National Demographic Survey, 1986-88: migration in Morocco. [Enquete Demographique Nationale, 1986-88: deplacements et mouvements migratoires de la population du Maroc.] [1991?]. 133 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
Trends in migration in Morocco are analyzed using data from the National Demographic Survey of 1986-1988. Chapters are included on migrant characteristics, international migration, and migration rates. The survey, which consisted of several rounds, also examines internal and rural-urban migration, and provides information on regional differences.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Division de la Population, B.P. 178, Charii Maa El Ainain, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40443 Robinson, David J. Migration in colonial Spanish America. Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography, No. 16, ISBN 0-521-36281-4. LC 89-1042. 1990. xvii, 399 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays by various authors analyzing migration in colonial Spanish America. "Covering places as varied as Bolivia and Costa Rica, and ranging in time from the sixteenth through the mid-nineteenth century, the studies...provide conclusive evidence of the ubiquity of migration in the early modern period, challenging views of immobile peasants held in the grip of static colonialism. They show that to migrate was one of the most important means of coping with Spanish colonialism. The essays are written from a multi-disciplinary perspective and thus provide data and interpretations that are novel and represent important new contributions to colonial Latin American studies. They address the basic questions of who migrated, why did they migrate, how can one interpret migration fields, what role did economic opportunity or ecological conditions play, and not least, what was the impact of migrants on non-migrant communities in both rural and urban areas."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40444 Stark, Oded; Taylor, J. Edward. Migration incentives, migration types: the role of relative deprivation. Economic Journal, Vol. 101, No. 408, Sep 1991. 1,163-78 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors explore the role of relative deprivation versus absolute income as an incentive for migration in developing countries. "In Section I of this paper we outline the relative deprivation model of migration and present an illustration of the divergent policy implications of a relative deprivation model versus an absolute income model. An attempt is made to identify distinct empirical implications of relative and absolute income motives for migrating. In Section II a migration decision model is estimated and is used to explore absolute and relative income motives for internal and international migration in a sample of rural Mexican households, as well as to test the extent to which discontinuity in labour markets shapes the choice of migrant destination. In Section III we present our conclusions."
Correspondence: O. Stark, Harvard University, Migration and Development Program, Center for Population Studies, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40445 Stillwell, John; Congdon, Peter. Migration models: macro and micro approaches. ISBN 1-85293-148-5. LC 91-14335. 1991. xiii, 329 pp. Belhaven Press: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This book consists of 15 chapters by various authors introducing and illustrating a range of recently developed quantitative models concerned with migration. A wide diversity of approaches to modeling both aggregate and individual behavior is presented. "The contributors have constructed their chapters with the common aims of identifying the reasons for adopting a particular model or modelling style, of explaining the theoretical basis of their chosen methodology, and of providing a detailed outline and description of the model structure and calibration procedure in each case." The book is intended both as an advanced text for students of demography, planning, geography, economics, and regional science and as a reference manual for researchers in these fields. The geographical focus is primarily on developed countries.
Correspondence: Belhaven Press, 25 Floral Street, London WC2E 9DS, England. Location: New York Public Library.

57:40446 Wilson-Figueroa, Maria E. The relationship between migration behavior and poverty status of Hispanic youth. Pub. Order No. DA9034099. 1990. 159 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study concerns the United States. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Utah State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(7).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

57:40447 Agarwal, V. B.; Huang, W. C. Cross sectional analysis of indirect professional immigration to the United States, 1964-1974. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 3, Sep 1991. 445-61 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This paper concerns legal immigration to the United States, with a focus on new admissions and adjustments of status. The authors develop a model of indirect professional immigration through adjustments of migrant status for the period 1964-1974 to show how changes in migration legislation have a significant effect.
Correspondence: V. B. Agarwal, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40448 Agostinelli, Gianni. Migration-development interrelationships: the case of the Philippines. CMS Occasional Papers and Documentation, ISBN 0-934733-59-7. 1991. 33 pp. Center for Migration Studies: Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to assess the effectiveness and direction of the socioeconomic consequences of labor migration from the Philippines to the Middle East and the United States. The analysis is based primarily on the role played by...three critical variables...: the impact of migration on unemployment rates; the effect of remittances; and, especially, the pattern of skill formation....Emigration as an outcome of the internal sociodemographic and economic situation of the Philippines is analyzed....The selection of Filipinos in the Middle East and in the United States as the unit of analysis is motivated by two basic reasons: first, these two regions represent the place of residence of the majority of Filipino migrants; second, they connote two specific and different types of Filipino migration--the temporary and more recent (Middle East) and the permanent and settled one (United States)." Data are primarily from the 1980 U.S. census and the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration Office.
Correspondence: Center for Migration Studies, 209 Flagg Place, Staten Island, NY 10304. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40449 Ardittis, S. Targeted reintegration of expatriate brains into developing countries of origin: the EEC-IOM experience in Central America. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 3, Sep 1991. 371-88 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The present article...reviews the major findings of the end-evaluation of the EEC-IOM project in Central America, the Dominican Republic and Panama, a five-year scheme funded by the Commission of the European Communities (EEC) and implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), to promote a selective and development-oriented return of Latin American professionals to Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama....The core objectives of this evaluation, undertaken in September-December 1989, were to assess the project's contribution to local socioeconomic, scientific and technological development through the selective supply of expatriate professionals to developing institutions operating in so-defined priority areas; to identify the returnees' personal reintegration patterns at the professional, socioeconomic and family-related levels; and to measure the project's cost effectiveness."
Correspondence: S. Ardittis, European Center for Work and Society, Hoogbrugstraat 43, 6202 NB Maastricht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40450 Baines, Dudley. Emigration from Europe, 1815-1930. Studies in Economic History and Social History, ISBN 0-333-52087-4. 1991. 89 pp. Macmillan Education: Basingstoke, England. In Eng.
This book is one in a series designed for the nonspecialist reader interested in economic and social history. In it, the author examines why approximately 60 million people left Europe during the years 1815-1930. The study, based on published research concerning more than 12 European countries, suggests that the socioeconomic characteristics of the regions of migrant origin do not explain the levels of emigration from those areas. The author also considers the importance of return migration and whether that return was due to migrant success or failure. The relationship between economic growth and emigration in Europe, as well as the economic effect of immigration on receiving countries and its social impact on the migrants, are examined.
Correspondence: Macmillan Education, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 2XS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40451 Blot, Daniel. The demographics of migration. OECD Observer, No. 163, Apr-May 1990. 21-5 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
The author discusses policies of encouraging immigration as a means to counteract demographic aging in developed countries. Consideration is given to policy development and the effects of migration on age distribution.
Correspondence: D. Blot, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Directorate for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40452 Carrilho, Maria J. International migration from Portugal: factors that determine regional disparities. [Portugal--movimentos migratorios internacionais: factores determinantes das disparidades regionais.] Revista do Centro de Estudos Demograficos, No. 29, 1987-1988. 37-139 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author discusses regional motivation factors for emigration from Portugal. Unemployment at home coupled with perceived prospects for a better quality of life in the receiving country are cited as prime reasons for relocation. The focus is on differences in emigration rates among the various regions of Portugal.
Correspondence: M. J. Carrilho, Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, Centro de Estudos Demograficos, Avenida Antonio Jose de Almeida 5, P-1078 Lisbon Codex, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40453 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. Immigrants: the stampede to the West. [Immigres: la ruee vers l'Ouest.] Politique Internationale, No. 51, Spring 1991. 371-85 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The implications of the two main migration pressures on Western Europe are examined. The author suggests that as more available resources are diverted to cope with the consequences of migration from Eastern Europe and the USSR, problems associated with migration from the South or developing countries will become more pressing.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: New York Public Library.

57:40454 Cobb Clark, Deborah A. Immigrant selectivity: the roles of household structure and U.S. immigration policy. Pub. Order No. DA9034405. 1990. 143 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(7).

57:40455 De Mas, Paolo. Moroccan migration to the Netherlands: the perspective from the regions of origin. [Marokkaanse migratie naar Nederland: perspectief vanuit de herkomstgebieden.] Internationale Spectator, Vol. 45, No. 3, Mar 1991. 110-7, 192 pp. The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author "presents an analysis of factors explaining Moroccan labour migration to the Netherlands since the 1960s, focusing on the history, ethnology, economy and socio-political structure of the Moroccan Rif....The Rifians of Northern Morocco make up some 70 [percent of the] 150,000 Moroccans who have settled in the Netherlands. Labour migration to Western Europe evolved from a traditional pattern of circular migration within North Africa. Since the 1970s settlement in and migration to the Netherlands have become permanent features [in the] changing character of the region of origin. Traditional perceptions of push and pull factors no longer apply. The region has become dependent on migration and is not integrated into the Moroccan economy as a whole."
Correspondence: P. De Mas, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Instituut voor Sociale Geografie, Spui 21, 1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40456 Dubet, Francois. Immigration: what do we know about it? An overview of current knowledge. [Immigrations: qu'en savons-nous? Un bilan des connaissances.] Notes et Etudes Documentaires, No. 4887, 1989. 144 pp. Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews the literature concerning recent research on immigration in France. He examines three main topics: integration, which concerns social and economic aspects; assimilation, which focuses on cultural aspects; and national identity, which includes the choice of nationality, political participation, and collective action.
Correspondence: Documentation Francaise, 124 rue Henri-Barbusse, 93308 Aubervilliers Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40457 Emke-Poulopoulos, Ira; Gozalves Perez, Vicente; Lecchini, Laura; Barsotti, Odo. International migration to northern Mediterranean countries: the cases of Greece, Spain and Italy. Dipartimento di Statistica e Matematica Applicata all'Economia Report, No. 38, 1991. 94 pp. Universita di Pisa, Dipartimento di Statistica e Matematica Applicata all'Economia: Pisa, Italy. In Eng; Fre.
This publication consists of three case studies of international migration to selected countries in southern Europe. These countries were primarily ones of emigration, but are now experiencing considerable levels of immigration from developing countries. The first paper reviews data sources and the research literature on immigration to Greece, and then examines reasons given by both migrants and refugees for their entry. The second paper, which is in French, examines movement to Spain, focusing on migrant characteristics, locations, and occupations. The third paper looks at Italy, focusing on the employment characteristics of immigrants.
Correspondence: Universita di Pisa, Dipartimento di Statistica e Matematica Applicata all'Economia, Via Ridolfi 10, 56124 Pisa, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40458 Entzinger, H. B. International migration in the context of the Netherlands. [Internationale migratie in een Nederlandse context.] Internationale Spectator, Vol. 44, Sep 1990. 509-21 pp. The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews the literature on international migration concerning the Netherlands. Aspects of the Dutch situation are discussed, including the relatively low percentage of resident foreigners, their significant contribution to the country's population growth, and their relatively low level of employment. "The author favours immigration of highly qualified individuals for social, economic and psychological reasons, more economic cooperation with countries of origin, as well as a more stringent policy of integration, in the context of a more active and well considered immigration policy."
Correspondence: H. B. Entzinger, Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 8, POB 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40459 Green, Nancy L. Immigration in France and the United States: comparative historiography. [L'immigration en France et aux Etats-Unis: historiographie comparee.] Vingtieme Siecle, No. 29, Jan-Mar 1991. 67-82 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The French and U.S. experiences concerning immigration are compared. The author suggests that the French, although generally open to the idea of immigration from a legal standpoint, do not see France as a country of immigrants. Americans, on the other hand, do see their country that way, while exercising strict controls over who may enter the country. The extent to which the historians of each of the two countries have looked at the experience of the other to refine their attitude toward migration is explored.
Correspondence: N. L. Green, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 44 rue de la Tour, 75116 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40460 Greenwood, Michael J.; McDowell, John M. Differential economic opportunity, transferability of skills, and immigration to the United States and Canada. Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 73, No. 4, Nov 1991. 612-23 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Studies concerned with U.S. and Canadian immigration after World War II have been based on cross-sectional data or on limited time series data and have stressed the importance of differential economic opportunity as a cause of migration. In this study, four vectors of variables are used to explain annual immigration to both the United States and Canada, 1962-1984, from a number of specific source countries--economic opportunities, transferability of skills, level of economic development and political conditions, and institutional controls that reflect the immigration policies of the two nations. Wage differentials, several measures of skill transferability, political conditions in source countries, and the policy variables prove to be important determinants of U.S. and Canadian immigration."
Correspondence: M. J. Greenwood, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0484. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40461 Grundmann, Siegfried; Schmidt, Ines. Emigration from the German Democratic Republic: balance and prospects. [Aussenwanderung aus der DDR: Bilanz und Perspektiven.] Zeitschrift fur den Erdkundeunterricht, Vol. 42, No. 8-9, 1990. 281-8 pp. Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Ger.
The massive emigration from East Germany in 1989 is examined. Future migration prospects resulting from German unification and the integration of a united Germany into the European community are also discussed.
Location: New York Public Library.

57:40462 Haines, Robin; Shlomowitz, Ralph. Nineteenth century government-assisted and total immigration from the United Kingdom to Australia: quinquennial estimates by colony. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 8, No. 1, May 1991. 50-61 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper provides the first comprehensive estimates of total and government-assisted [non-convict] United Kingdom immigration to Australia in the nineteenth century using the vast array of primary source material published in British and colonial parliamentary papers. It concludes that about 47 per cent of United Kingdom immigrants were government-assisted."
Correspondence: R. Haines, Flinders University of South Australia, School of Social Sciences, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40463 Hamilton, Kimberly A.; Holder, Kate. International migration and foreign policy: a survey of the literature. Washington Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 2, Spring 1991. 195-211 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This survey of recent literature explores the issues of international migration currently facing the international policy community. Following an overview of the new dimensions in the migration literature, the survey covers three key questions that are receiving increasing attention in the industrialized countries, including Europe, North America, and Japan: (1) whether the 'graying of the North' will require certain unavoidable immigration-related economic policies; (2) whether mass exoduses from the South are likely to cause social transformation and ethnic conflict in the North; and (3) whether foreign assistance in the field of economic development can hope to bring any stability to the issue. The survey then turns to an evaluation of current policy attempts and prospects, including development aid and multilateral cooperation."
Correspondence: K. A. Hamilton, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1800 K Street NW, Suite 400, Washington, D.C. 20006. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

57:40464 Heisbourg, Francois. Population movements in post-Cold War Europe. Survival, Vol. 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1991. 31-43 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This article is concerned with the implications for international migration in Europe of the end of the Cold War. It "will (i) briefly describe the evolution of population movements during the post-war period; (ii) analyse some of the forces which will shape population movements in the future; and (iii) underscore some of the questions which the European states and institutions may have to confront in the coming years. Tentative recommendations will focus on a European approach (within the EC [European Community] framework and, within its sphere of competence, by the Council of Europe) to these issues, integrating the various types of economically and politically motivated migration."
Correspondence: F. Heisbourg, International Institute of Strategic Studies, 23 Tavistock Street, London WC2E 7NQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40465 Husbands, Christopher T. The mainstream right and the politics of immigration in France: major developments in the 1980s. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr 1991. 170-98 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article describes a typology of international migrants, particularly as applies to the situation in western Europe since World War II, and it discusses the applicability of the various types of migrant categories thus identified for the analysis of immigration policy in France during the 1980s. Approaches and criteria in the political analysis of immigration policy are discussed. The subsequent presentation focuses especially on the orientations about immigration of the country's mainstream right-wing parties, while in and out of government. In conclusion, the article addresses likely future concerns of the politics of immigration in France, especially in the light of an increasing nervousness that Islamic fundamentalism in former north-African colonies in the French sphere of influence will lead to greater ethno-religious tensions in mainland France."
Correspondence: C. T. Husbands, University of London, London School of Economics and Social Science, Department of Sociology, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40466 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel). Immigration to Israel, I-VI 1990. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 41, No. 10, Suppl., Oct 1990. 19-34 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
Data are presented on immigration to Israel in the fist half of 1990. During this period, there were some 58,000 immigrants, of which 87 percent were from the USSR.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office, P.O.B. 13015, Jerusalem 911 30, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40467 Jayasuriya, Laksiri; Sang, David. Asian immigration to Australia: past and current trends. Population Review, Vol. 35, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1991. 35-56 pp. La Jolla, California. In Eng.
The authors discuss recent debates concerning alleged high levels of Asian immigration to Australia. They focus on "two kinds of questions. The first relates to questions about immigration...i.e., the nature and extent of Asian migrant intake to Australia; and the second, concerns aspects of the settlement and adaptation of these migrants." The extent of migrant assimilation and the impact on Australian society are considered. The authors conclude that the inconsistency in dealing with recruitment and settlement policy as two separate issues "has been largely responsible for the distortions and confusions surrounding the current debate."
Correspondence: L. Jayasuriya, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40468 Jones, Ronald W.; Easton, Stephen T. Foreign investment and migration: analytics and extensions of the basic model. Keio Economic Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1990. 1-20 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"This paper provides a unified approach to the basic model of international factor mobility. The use of new graphical techniques complements the algebraic exposition to underscore the persistence of the Ramaswami effect which pushes an active, home country toward a near 'buy-out' of the foreign country's internationally mobile factors of production. By generalizing the Ramaswami function, which identifies the gains associated with moving to near buy-out, we are able to explore the forces at work that mitigate such a strategy and lead to situations in which only a partial buy-out, or even no acquisition of foreign factors is optimal. These features are developed in a context in which (i) technologies differ between countries or (ii) there exists a third, immobile factor of production."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40469 Kolodziej, Edward. Emigration from Poland and Poles living abroad 1871-1939: size and location. [Emigracja z ziem polskich i Polonia 1871-1939: liczebnosc i rozmieszczenie.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 18, 1991. 13-51 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes emigration from Poland for the period 1871-1939. Consideration is given to the size and timing of the migration flows, migration patterns, region of origin, destination countries, characteristics of the migrants, and the size of Polish populations abroad. The political and economic causes of migration are discussed, including the effects of the partitions and of World War I.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40470 Korner, Heiko. Future trends in international migration. Intereconomics, Vol. 26, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1991. 41-4 pp. Hamburg, Germany. In Eng.
The author evaluates projections by the World Bank that show a significant decline in international migration over the next decade. "This projection not only assumes a narrowing of the welfare gap between industrialised and developing countries. It also sets out from the premise that potential migrants react to changes in the economic and social conditions in their home countries with more or less constant (negative) migration elasticities. The following article shows that there is reason to question the validity of this assumption."
Correspondence: H. Korner, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Karolinenplatz 5, 6100 Darmstadt, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40471 Liu, John M.; Ong, Paul M.; Rosenstein, Carolyn. Dual chain migration: post-1965 Filipino immigration to the United States. International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 3, Fall 1991. 487-513 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
In analyzing Filipino migration to the United States since 1965, the authors identify two distinct chains of immigrants. One derives from the Filipinos who entered the country prior to 1965; the other comes from the flow of highly trained professionals who immigrated during the late 1960s and early 1970s. "To establish the historical basis for the two patterns of immigration that unfolded in the post-1965 period, the article begins with a brief examination of Filipino immigration to the United States. An analysis of the modes of entry used in both chains follows this overview. The study concludes with a discussion of the degree of convergence in these two chains and the consequences of each for contemporary Filipino-American community development." Data are from published U.S. census material and from Immigration and Naturalization Service reports and tapes dating from 1972 to 1985.
Correspondence: J. M. Liu, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40472 Lundborg, Per. An interpretation of the effects of age on migration: Nordic migrants' choice of settlement in Sweden. Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 58, No. 2, Oct 1991. 392-405 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
A model of the relationship between age and migration is developed and applied to data concerning migrants from other Scandinavian countries who settled in Sweden between 1968 and 1985. The author shows "how changes in Sweden's domestic economic conditions and distance determine the probability for settlement in any of its 24 provinces for migrants of different ages. The results show that in the integrated Nordic labor market, wages at destination do not explain differences in migrants' settlement behavior across ages. Instead they suggest that the major factors to explain the differences are the labor market situation for the different age groups and distance."
Correspondence: P. Lundborg, Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research, Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40473 Maccotta, Walter; Perotti, Antonio; Thebaut, France; Cristofanelli, Luigi; Pittau, Franco; Sergi, Nino; Pittau, Lidia; Morelli, Anne; Morsella, Margherita; Grinover, Ada P. Migration. [Migrazioni.] Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1990. 3-117 pp. Milan, Italy. In Fre; Ita.
This is a collection of 11 individual articles on aspects of current migration problems affecting developed countries. The geographical focus is on immigration in Europe, with particular reference to Italy, although one paper is concerned with Quebec. The topical focus is on the social problems associated with immigration. The articles are in Italian, with one exception, which is in French.
Location: New York Public Library.

57:40474 Marshall, Oliver. European immigration and ethnicity in Latin America: a bibliography. ISBN 0-901145-72-6. 1991. xiii, 165 pp. University of London, Institute of Latin American Studies: London, England. In Eng.
The primary focus of this bibliography is on works published since 1960 in European languages on European immigrants and ethnicity in Latin America since 1800. The bibliography, which is unannotated, is organized by nation and ethnic group. The 1,450 publications listed include books, articles in books and journals, working papers, and conference proceedings. An author index is provided.
Correspondence: University of London, Institute of Latin American Studies, 31 Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9HA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40475 Michalowski, Margaret; Fortier, Celine. Two neglected categories of immigrants to Canada: temporary immigrants and returning Canadians. Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1990. 175-204 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
Results are presented from an attempt to improve Canadian statistics on international migration to comply with U.N. guidelines by including data on long-term residents with temporary status and Canadian citizens and permanent residents returning from abroad. "The estimation procedures involve extensive operations on three Canadian administrative data systems: the Visitors Immigration Data System of Employment and Immigration Canada; the Family Allowances Files of Health and Welfare Canada; and the Customs and Excise Files of Revenue Canada. These data are used to produce the number of immigrants in both of the neglected categories, as well as to calculate the geographic (origin and destination) and demographic (sex, age, marital status) structures of these groups. Results of the analysis of estimates for the period 1982-1988 show that, due to their size and characteristics, both of these neglected categories of immigrants constitute a significant part of immigration to Canada, and their importance has and will continue to increase over time."
Correspondence: M. Michalowski, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Population Estimates Section, Ottawa K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

57:40476 O'Rourke, Kevin. Rural depopulation in a small open economy: Ireland 1856-1876. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 28, No. 4, Oct 1991. 409-32 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
"The paper asks whether Irish emigration between 1856 and 1876 was due to labor being pulled out of Ireland by higher wages abroad, or to labor being pushed off the land as a result of price shocks in international commodity markets favoring pasture over tillage. A computational general equilibrium model of the Irish agricultural sector is constructed and subjected to the wage and price shocks experienced by the economy over the period. The model suggests that all the rural depopulation occurring during this period was due to wage shocks (i.e., foreign labor demand), and none to commodity price shocks."
Correspondence: K. O'Rourke, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40477 Ortoli, Philippe. Illegal immigration in French Guiana. [L'immigration clandestine en Guyane Francaise.] Afrique et l'Asie Modernes, No. 167, Winter 1990-1991. 90-106 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Trends in and determinants of international migration to French Guiana are analyzed. The author notes that large-scale immigration is associated with the development of the European space program located in French Guiana, and speculates that the number of immigrants may currently exceed the native population.
Location: New York Public Library.

57:40478 Pozzetta, George E. Immigrant family patterns: demography, fertility, housing, kinship, and urban life. American Immigration and Ethnicity, Vol. 11, ISBN 0-8240-7411-4. LC 90-48321. 1991. xiv, 384 pp. Garland Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This collection of papers by various authors, all of which have previously been published elsewhere during the 1970s and 1980s, is one in a series on aspects of immigration and ethnicity in the United States and Canada. This volume contains 20 papers that examine family patterns among various immigrant groups.
Correspondence: Garland Publishing, 717 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2500, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40479 Rauch, James E. Reconciling the pattern of trade with the pattern of migration. American Economic Review, Vol. 81, No. 4, Sep 1991. 775-96 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
Aspects of the brain drain are considered in a theoretical context. The emphasis is on the migration of those with managerial skills between countries with abundant skilled labor and those with abundant unskilled labor. The results indicate that "countries with abundant skilled labor therefore export managers (e.g., through multinational subsidiaries) and skilled-labor-intensive goods yet import skilled employees (the 'brain drain')."
Correspondence: J. E. Rauch, University of California at San Diego, Department of Economics, La Jolla, CA 92093. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40480 Selman Fernandez, Ana F.; Tavarez Maria, Glenes; Puello Nina, Rafael. Illegal migration from the Dominican Republic to Puerto Rico. [La emigracion ilegal de los dominicanos hacia Puerto Rico.] Caribe Contemporaneo, No. 20, Jan-Jun 1990. 91-100 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Recent trends in illegal migration from the Dominican Republic to Puerto Rico are analyzed. The authors suggest that this migration is predominantly driven by economic factors, and that chain migration is a frequent occurrence.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40481 Serow, William J.; Nam, Charles B.; Sly, David F.; Weller, Robert H. Handbook on international migration. ISBN 0-313-26117-2. LC 90-2709. 1990. xi, 385 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
This book, which is a collection of papers by various authors, provides a country-by-country review of international migration issues. Chapters are included on Australia, Botswana, Canada, the Federal Republic of Germany, the French West Indies, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Mexico, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The chapters follow a standard outline covering migration policy, types and quality of data, major international migrations, the demographic effects of international migration, social and economic effects of international migration, and public policy issues.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40482 Shah, Nasra M.; Al-Qudsi, Sulayman S.; Shah, Makhdoom A. Asian women workers in Kuwait. International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 3, Fall 1991. 464-86 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine trends in the roles of immigrant Asian women workers in Kuwait, using data from published censuses and reports and from three national-level surveys conducted in 1977-1979, 1983, and 1986-1987. "The study deals separately with the two major types of migrants: the domestic servants and the clerical and professional (or semiprofessional) workers....The policies of sending countries and of Kuwait are discussed to reach some conclusions about the likely future patterns of migration of Asian women workers to Kuwait."
Correspondence: N. M. Shah, Kuwait University, Faculty of Medicine, POB 5969, Safat, Kuwait. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40483 Taamallah, Khemaies. Emigration from North Africa to Italy. [L'emigration maghrebine en Italie.] Revue Tunisienne de Sciences Sociales, Vol. 27, No. 101, 1990. 11-23 pp. Tunis, Tunisia. In Fre.
Trends in migration from Northern Africa to Europe are analyzed, with particular reference to migration to Italy. The author first considers the causes and consequences of this migration in general. A more detailed analysis of Tunisian emigration to Italy is then presented.
Correspondence: K. Taamallah, Universite de Tunis I, 29 rue Asdrubal, Lafayette, 1002 Tunis, Tunisia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40484 Tribalat, Michele; Garson, Jean-Pierre; Moulier-Boutang, Yann; Silberman, Roxane. One hundred years of immigration, foreigners yesterday French today: the demographic contribution, family dynamics, and economic impact of immigration. [Cent ans d'immigration, etrangers d'hier francais d'aujourd'hui: apport demographique, dynamique familiale et economique de l'immigration etrangere.] Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 131, ISBN 2-7332-0131-X. 1991. xiv, 301 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study is concerned with the contribution of immigration to the demographic development of France over the past 100 years. It includes chapters on the quantitative demographic impact of immigration over a 100-year period; the migration cycle and its effect on family behavior and assimilation; and the impact of immigration on the labor force, including the dependence of the labor supply on foreign workers despite continuing unemployment.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, Departement des Revues, 14 Avenue du Bois-de-l'Epine, B.P. 90, 91003 Evry Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40485 Tu, Pierre N. V. Migration: gains or losses? Economic Record, Vol. 67, Jun 1991. 153-7 pp. Sydney, Australia. In Eng.
The author examines the question of who gains and who loses from international migration. He attempts to show that "on the basis of generally accepted assumptions, some definite propositions concerning international migration can be rigorously and unambiguously established for the countries of origin and destination as well as for both countries taken together and hence...for the world as a whole." In general economic terms, the author concludes that both sending and receiving countries benefit from such migration.
Correspondence: P. N. V. Tu, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40486 Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine. Immigrants and politics: changes over 150 years. [Les immigres et la politique: cent cinquante ans d'evolution.] ISBN 2-7246-0552-7. 1988. 393 pp. Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques: Paris, France. In Fre.
The political implications of immigration to France over the past 150 years are analyzed. The author also describes changes in immigration policies over the same period.
Correspondence: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 27 rue Saint-Guillaume, 75341 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40487 Woodrow, Karen A. Using census and survey data to measure undocumented immigration and emigration for the United States. Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1990. 241-51 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The estimation of emigration and undocumented immigration rates for the United States is discussed. "A residual methodology compares census or survey data on the resident foreign-born population with an independently derived estimate of the legally resident foreign-born population. The difference is the estimated undocumented population which may be compared for alternative dates to derive measures of change. In 1988, this difference was 1.9 million, similar to the 1980 estimate of 2.1 million....Measurement of emigration...has recently relied on resident reports of immediate relatives who have emigrated. Controlling for multiple reporting of the same emigrants, the direct estimate of the emigrant population from the United States is about 1.2 million. Allowing for undercoverage of the emigrant population due to nonresident relatives, there could be 2.0 million or more emigrants."
Correspondence: K. A. Woodrow, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40488 Yans-McLaughlin, Virginia. Immigration reconsidered: history, sociology, and politics. ISBN 0-19-505510-1. LC 89-22923. 1990. viii, 342 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This book of essays by various authors is the product of a conference held at the New York Public Library, October 24-25, 1986. Although some of the essays are concerned with international migration in general, the primary focus is on migration to the United States. The approach is interdisciplinary, with particular attention given to the issues of ethnicity, the methodologies of studying migration, and political factors. Some general themes arising from the essays include "the international ecology of migration; a questioning of the classical assimilation model, which proposes a linear progression of immigrant culture toward a dominant American national character; and, through references to other national experiences in Asia and Latin America, a denial of American exceptionalism."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40489 Zemskov, V. N. The birth of the second emigration, 1944-1952. [Rozhdenie "vtoroi emigratsii" 1944-1952.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 4, 1991. 3-24 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This article is concerned with the forced repatriation of Soviet citizens who found themselves outside the boundaries of the USSR at the end of World War II. The author states that there were about 5 million Soviet citizens in this category at the time, made up of prisoners of war, forced laborers, those in concentration camps, and Nazi collaborators. The case is made that forced repatriation to the USSR was justified, particularly of Nazi collaborators, and that the vast majority of Soviet citizens located abroad wanted to return to the Soviet Union. Data are from the documents of the department set up by the Soviet authorities to organize this repatriation.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

57:40490 Achanfuo-Yeboah, David J. Internal migration, population redistribution and urbanisation in Ghana. 1990. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Alberta, Canada.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(7).

57:40491 Bandiyono, Suko. Migration patterns in the provinces of Eastern Indonesia. [Migrasi penduduk antar propinsi di Indonesia Timur.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 18, No. 35, Jun 1991. 85-108 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
"The objective of this study is to explore migration patterns in the Eastern Part of Indonesia. Based on the 1985 intercensal survey, the study concludes that inter-provincial migration tends to flow to the Eastern Part of Indonesia. This is due to a strong influence of the intervention of transmigration programmes. Among the volume of inter-provincial migration in East Indonesia, the movement of people from the Southern Part of Sulawesi has dominated. Migration is selective of the higher educated segment of the population."
Correspondence: S. Bandiyono, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kependudukan dan Ketenagakerjaan, PPPT-LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40492 Bideau, A.; Brunet, G.; Plauchu, H.; Wehrlen, M. Short-distance and long-distance migration from the Valserine valley at the beginning of the twentieth century. [L'emigration a court et moyen rayon a partir de la vallee de la Valserine au debut du XXe siecle.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1990. 85-103 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Trends in early twentieth-century migration from the Valserine valley, a mountain region in eastern France, are analyzed. Data are primarily from the 1906 census. Two main types of migration are identified: "short distances for either farming or marriage reasons, and migratory movements of 20 to 30 kilometers towards local expanding industrial sites."
Correspondence: A. Bideau, Universite Lyon II, Centre Pierre Leon, U.A. CNRS 223, 86 rue Pasteur, 69365 Lyon Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40493 Bis, Klara. Dynamics of migratory behavior among the population of Hungary. [Dinamika na migratsionnoto povedenie na naselenieto v Ungariya.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 27-34 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Internal migration trends in Hungary and the factors affecting such migration are analyzed. Consideration is given to industrialization, natural resource distribution, and labor force trends.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40494 Boden, Peter; Stillwell, John. Internal migration projection in England: the OPCS/DOE model examined. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 539, [1990?]. 46 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
A net migration model used by Great Britain's Office of Population Censuses and Surveys to project migration and population trends is discussed. "This paper sets out the equations relating to each stage of the modelling framework and examines three particular features of the model using data [for England] from the National Health Service Central Register. The results indicate the need for a systematic specification of broad age group boundaries and a mechanism for updating assignment probabilities. A different methodology to that used by OPCS for grouping local authority areas is also proposed."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40495 Borisov, Zdravko. Geographic features of migration among the rural population of Bulgaria. [Geografski osobenosti na migratsiite na selskoto naselenie v Balgariya.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 49-58 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Regional variations in internal migration among rural populations in Bulgaria are described. Consideration is given to length of time of settlement, geographic factors, and size and socioeconomic status of settlements.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40496 Buschenfeld, Herbert. Population migration within Yugoslavia. [Binnenwanderung in Jugoslawien.] Geographische Rundschau, Vol. 42, No. 11, Nov 1990. 576-82 pp. Brunswick, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Trends in internal migration in Yugoslavia are analyzed. The author notes that spatial mobility is high and that over 50 percent of the population have migrated since 1948. The data are presented separately by region. In general, the movement is from rural to urban areas, from mountain regions to lower-lying country, and away from ethnically-mixed areas.
Correspondence: H. Buschenfeld, Universitat Munster, Institut fur Didaktik der Geographie, Fliednerstrasse 21, 4400 Munster, Germany. Location: New York Public Library.

57:40497 Cackley, Alicia P. Female migration in Brazil: the role of marital status in the migration decisions and wages of women. Pub. Order No. DA9116137. 1990. 131 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(1).

57:40498 Cook, John T. The influence of sectoral composition of employment on internal migration in Ecuador. Pub. Order No. DA9034687. 1990. 297 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(7).

57:40499 Firman, Tommy. Population mobility in Java: in search of theoretical explanation. Sojourn, Vol. 6, No. 1, Feb 1991. 71-105 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
"Given the current status of studies of population mobility in Java, this paper will attempt to construct a framework of analysis that can capture the interaction between macro socio-economic process and population mobility in Java. This paper thus first examines the theoretical approaches to population mobility in general. Second, it critically reviews the history of the movement of people in Java. A considerable literature on Indonesia makes it possible to reconstruct the broad socio-economic processes that have been associated with Javanese mobility since colonial times. Third,...this paper attempts to demonstrate the utility of such a framework of analysis through an examination of the links between rural households, labour flows, and the housing construction industry in Bandung, West Java."
Correspondence: T. Firman, Bandung Institute of Technology, Department of Regional and City Planning, Jalan Tamansari 64, Bandung 40132, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40500 Fukurai, Hiroshi. Japanese migration in contemporary Japan: economic segmentation and interprefectural migration. Social Biology, Vol. 38, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1991. 28-50 pp. Port Angeles, Washington. In Eng.
Two theories of regional migration are compared using data for Japan for 1985-1986. The author then selects the economic segmentation model to explain the migration patterns observed. The results suggest that the growth of the labor market played a key role in influencing internal migration trends. The impact of educational status on migration is noted. The author also shows the need to include data on land values, commuting, and regional cultures and traditions in the analysis of internal migration in Japan.
Correspondence: H. Fukurai, University of California, Board of Studies in Sociology, Santa Cruz, CA 95064. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40501 Gawryszewski, Andrzej. Spatial mobility in Poland, 1952-1985. [Przestrzenna ruchliwosc ludnosci Polski, 1952-1985.] ISBN 83-04-03378-X. 1989. 370 pp. Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania: Warsaw, Poland; Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk: Wroclaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The first part of this study examines permanent internal migration in Poland. The second part examines commuting to work, and the third section looks at movement for education, recreation and tourism, and religious pilgrimages. Data are primarily from official Polish sources, including the census and population register, and concern the period 1952-1985. One purpose of the study was to test the validity of the Zelinsky mobility transition hypothesis. The author examines changing patterns of migration over time in relation to socioeconomic changes, and attempts to develop a hierarchical regionalization based on movement among provinces.
Correspondence: Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Rynek 9, 50-106 Wroclaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40502 Gibson, James R. Interregional migration in the U.S.S.R., 1981-1985 and 1971-1975. Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 35, No. 2, Summer 1991. 143-55 pp. Calgary, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The publication in 1987 of a Soviet compendium of population statistics has made possible the calculation of net migration balances for the U.S.S.R.'s 20 large economic planning regions....This paper compares the results for 1981-1985 and 1971-1975 and finds that Siberia has changed from a net loser to a net gainer of migrants, that the shift of population to the southern regions has been reversed, and that the traditional rural outflow from central-eastern European Russia has diminished. Nevertheless, the acclimatization of newcomers in the eastern regions, the stabilization of rural dwellers in the central regions, and the mobility of rural residents in Central Asia and the Transcaucasus all remain insufficient to overcome regional imbalances in labour."
Correspondence: J. R. Gibson, York University, Department of Geography, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40503 Inoue, Takashi. Regional differences of age-specific migration rates in Japan. Tsukuba Daigaku Jinbun Chirigaku Kenkyu/Tsukuba Studies in Human Geography, Vol. 15, No. 3, Mar 1991. 223-50 pp. Tsukuba, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
Changing patterns of age-specific migration rates for the 47 prefectures of Japan are compared for the period 1975-1980 using data from the 1980 census and the migration schedule model developed by Andrei Rogers. "The following four sets of migration rates by five-year age group were handled as observed values: male out-migration, male in-migration, female out-migration, [and] female in-migration."
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

57:40504 Kawabe, Hiroshi; Hirosima, Kiyosi; Inoue, Takashi; Hayase, Yasuko; Sato, Katsuhiko; Aihara, Yoshie; Ishizaki, Eriko. Migration rates by age group and migration patterns: application of Rogers' migration schedule model to Japan, the Republic of Korea and Thailand. IDE Statistical Data Series, No. 54, Mar 1990. vi, 188 pp. Institute of Developing Economies [IDE], Statistical Research Department: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
The migration schedule model developed by Andrei Rogers is applied to the analysis of interregional internal migration by age and sex in Japan, South Korea, and Thailand.
Correspondence: Institute of Developing Economies, Statistical Research Department, 42 Ichigayag-Hommura-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40505 Li, Li. An analysis of the migration of the Tibetan population in 1986 and 1987. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1990. 35-42 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author analyzes data on migration in Tibet for the years 1986 and 1987. The importance of migration to the area's development and the problems concerning mandatory migration from elsewhere in China to Tibet are discussed. The author argues against the continuation of government-encouraged, large-scale migration to Tibet in the future.
Correspondence: L. Li, Beijing University, Institute of Sociology, Hai Dian, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40506 Liaw, Kao-Lee; Otomo, Atsushi. Interprefectural migration patterns of young adults in Japan: an explanation using a nested logit model. QSEP Research Report, No. 273, Feb 1991. [v], 32 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
The authors use a nested logit model to explain departure and destination choice patterns among prefectures for adults aged 15-39 living in Japan during the period 1979-1980. "Our major findings are as follows. First, besides being subject to the strong negative effect of physical distance, the destination choice propensities are strongly enhanced by contiguity and linguistic similarity. Second, housing variables are less important than other types of variables....Third, within the Tokyo and Osaka metropolitan areas, the attractiveness of suburban prefectures is significantly enhanced by the high level of commuting....Furthermore,...both destination choice and departure processes are strongly affected by government redistribution policy through the unequal grants to local governments."
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40507 Ma, Rong. Major factors and conditions for migration: survey in Chifeng, Nei Mongol Autonomous Region. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1990. 9-23 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author analyzes results from a 1985 survey by the Institute of Sociology of Beijing University that examined rural-rural migration of household heads in the Chifeng region of China. "The key issues addressed by the survey included the number of immigrants in the current rural population in Chifeng; the immigrant's date of arrival; the factors that led them to leave their native places and choose Chifeng to settle down [in] and the conditions encountered in the process of their migration and settlement." More than 2,000 families were included in the survey.
Correspondence: R. Ma, Peking University, Institute of Sociology, Beijing 100811, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40508 Mulder, Clara H. Dynamics in short and long distance migration: age-specific motives. PDOD Paper, No. 2, Mar 1991. 19 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
Age-specific motives for migration within the Netherlands during the period 1981 to 1985 are analyzed. The study is restricted to persons 18 to 40 years old. Data are from the Netherlands' Housing Needs Surveys of 1981 and 1985. Results show that at younger ages, short-distance migration is mainly for marriage or cohabitation, longer distances are for education or work. At older ages, short-distance moves are principally for housing, while longer moves are for work reasons. Substantial differences were found between the sexes, and were mainly ascribed to age differences between partners.
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Jodenbreestraat 23, 1011 NH Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40509 Ngwe, Emmanuel. Socioeconomic marginalization: an endogenous factor in rural out-migration? The case of West and Far-North Cameroon. [Marginalisation socio-economique: facteur endogene de l'emigration rurale? Le cas de l'Ouest et de l'Extreme-Nord du Cameroun.] Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jun 1989. 7-18 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
Trends in rural out-migration from two provinces of Cameroon are analyzed and compared. Data are from the 1976 census and a 1983 survey. The results show a far higher rate of out-migration from the relatively prosperous West province than from the economically poorer Far-North province. Reasons for this apparent contradiction are sought in the characteristics of the migration from the provinces concerned and in their previous migration histories.
Correspondence: E. Ngwe, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40510 Otomo, Atsushi; Liaw, Kao-Lee; Abe, Takashi. Departure and destination choice processes in Japanese interprefectural migration: a characterization of overall and age-specific patterns. QSEP Research Report, No. 272, Feb 1991. [v], 49 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper characterizes the departure and destination choice processes of the 1979-80 overall and age-specific interprefectural migration patterns in Japan, based on the data from the 1980 census." Results show that departure choices and patterns depend on economic and housing opportunities, place of birth, age factors, and rural or urban location. Findings concerning destination choices reveal that they vary with age, with the younger groups being drawn almost exclusively to large metropolitan areas, especially Tokyo and Osaka. Older migrants are observed to choose destinations near their place of birth as well as regional centers of growth.
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40511 Rees, P.; Boden, P.; Stillwell, J. Migration trends for the North: brief light before the gloom? School of Geography Working Paper, No. 545, Feb 1991. 25 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"The pattern of population movement in the three northern-most regions in England...is studied in this paper. The analysis draws on population estimates, vital statistics and the NHS [National Health Service] Central Register migration data over the 1980s to paint a picture of migration patterns and shifts in those patterns at region, county, FPC [Family Practitioner Committee] and district scales."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40512 Robinson, Vaughan. Goodbye Yellow Brick Road: the spatial mobility and immobility of Britain's ethnic population, 1971-81. New Community, Vol. 17, No. 3, Apr 1991. 313-30 pp. Coventry, England. In Eng.
Data from the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys Longitudinal Study are used to chart the broad outlines of interregional migration in the United Kingdom. The study concerns the movements of West Indians and Asians between 1971 and 1981. These migration patterns are compared with those of Vietnamese refugees, whose distribution was deliberately shaped by government intervention. The factors determining the migration patterns identified are assessed.
Correspondence: V. Robinson, University College of Swansea, Department of Geography, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales. Location: New York Public Library.

57:40513 Rodgers, William M. The significance of access to land as a determinant of Kenya's interregional migration. World Development, Vol. 19, No. 7, Jul 1991. 921-6 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This study applies a polytomous logistic model to aggregate published census data from Kenya to test whether measures of access to land provide a better representation of income opportunities and lead to results consistent with underlying migration theory. [The author finds] that as an origin province's quality of agricultural land rises, the likelihood of migration declines. Accompanying these results is a brief historical description of Kenya's land tenure system."
Correspondence: W. M. Rodgers, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40514 Rosenbaum, Margaret; Bailey, Jonathan. Movement within England and Wales during the 1980s, as measured by the NHS Central Register. Population Trends, No. 65, Autumn 1991. 24-34 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The amount of movement within England and Wales was fairly stable during the first half of the 1980s with just over one and a half million moves per year. 1985 saw the start of a migration 'boom' which peaked in 1987/88 at nearly two million moves. By the end of 1989 migration had fallen again to the earlier levels. Young adults are a distinctive group who not only move at a far higher rate than other people, but also tend to differ in terms of the areas they are attracted to. Prime examples of this are the South East, which gains young adults but loses in all other age-groups, and Wales, which experiences the completely opposite effects."
Correspondence: M. Rosenbaum, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population and Hospital Statistics Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40515 Rybakovskiy, L. L.; Tarasova, N. V. Contemporary problems of migration of the population of the USSR. Soviet Geography, Vol. 32, No. 7, Sep 1991. 458-73 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"The authors...discuss--on the basis of census statistics and poll results--the three basic trends of Soviet migrational processes (movement to the eastern and northern regions of new development from the country's densely settled regions, mainly central European Russia; constant and sizable rural-to-urban movement; and heavy movement into the country's largest cities and republic and oblast centers), as well as the three main migrational problems (stabilization of the rural population of central European Russia; acclimatization of new settlers in the eastern regions; and activization of the native inhabitants of Central Asia)."
This work was translated by James R. Gibson from the Russian article in Istoriya SSSR, No. 2, 1989, pp. 68-81.
Correspondence: L. L. Rybakovskiy, Institute of Sociology, ul. Krzhizhanovskogo 24/35 korpus 5, 117259 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40516 Stillwell, John C. H. Migration analysis based on National Health Service Central Register data: trends and models. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 537, Jun 1990. 35 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
Internal migration trends in Great Britain are analyzed using data from the National Health Service Central Register (NHSCR). "This paper seeks to demonstrate the value of the continuous time series movement data provided by the NHSCR for identifying changes taking place between Censuses, and in particular, for updating the picture of internal migration provided by the last Census at the beginning of the 1980s....Changes in the volume, spatial distribution and age structure of migration over time are examined, and...two examples of model-based research using the NHSCR data are presented. The empirical and modelling sections of the paper follow a short review of the characteristics of the data and an assessment of its reliability based on a comparison with data from the 1981 Census."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40517 Targino, Ivan; Monte, Francisco F. R. Recent trends in the spatial mobility of the population of Paraiba. [Evolucao recente da mobilidade espacial da populacao paraibana.] Revista Economica do Nordeste, Vol. 20, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1989. 379-408 pp. Fortaleza, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
Recent trends in migration affecting the Brazilian state of Paraiba are analyzed. "Three dimensions of the state's migrations are analysed here: inter-state mobility, the growth of urban population, and the rural exodus. The central thesis of this study is that the migration of Paraiba's population is an element which is determined by and at the same time determines the process of production and the conformity of space to the logic of profit at the present stage of Brazilian capitalist development. The intensity of emigration from Paraiba cannot be understood when it is divorced from the process of the organization of the socio-economic space of the nation. The greater the imbalance between the economy of the state and that of Brazil's metropolises, the more frequent are the fluxes of migrants. On the [other] hand conservative modernization of agriculture has largely contributed to strengthen the causes of the ousting of peasants inherent to the state's economic framework."
Location: Princeton University library (FST).

57:40518 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Interregional migration patterns in Chile: analysis of selected cases. [Patrones migratorios interregionales en Chile: analisis de casos seleccionados.] CELADE Serie A, No. 212, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/G.100. Nov 1990. iv, 103 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
Migration among Chile's 13 regions is described for the periods 1965-1970 and 1977-1982 using census and economic data. The first part of the study presents an analysis of that migration, while the second part seeks to explain it in terms of socioeconomic and political factors. Statistical models are analyzed to determine the effect occupational and political factors have had on migration among Chile's regions, as well as the effects of the redistribution of the population on fertility, mortality, spatial distribution, and urbanization.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40519 Wilson-Figueroa, Maria; Berry, E. Helen; Toney, Michael B. Migration of Hispanic youth and poverty status: a logit analysis. Rural Sociology, Vol. 56, No. 2, Summer 1991. 189-203 pp. Bozeman, Montana. In Eng.
"This research focuses on the relationship between poverty and the migration of Hispanic youth [within the United States]. Individual- and county-level variables are incorporated into a logit analysis. An important finding is that Hispanic youth who are poor have higher ratios of migration than nonpoor Hispanic youth. Also, Hispanic youth residing in counties with higher rates of poverty are more likely to migrate than those living in more prosperous counties. However, these relationships change when multilevel interactions between individual and contextual variables are considered."
Correspondence: M. Wilson-Figueroa, Portland State University, Center for Population Research and Census, Portland, OR 97207-0761. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

57:40520 Aubertin, Catherine. Population movements and economic change in Central Western Brazil. [Mouvements de populations et changements economiques dans le Centre-Ouest bresilien.] Cahiers des Sciences Humaines, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1990. 327-42, 489 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the consequences of Brazilian policy designed to encourage the development of frontier regions. Incentives include the provision of free land to the poor and credits to the land-owning class for the development of modern crops. She considers not only the consequences for migration flows but also the social changes inherent in implementing such policies. Data are from fieldwork and from the 1970 and 1980 censuses.
Correspondence: C. Aubertin, Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation, 72 route d'Aulnay, 93143 Bondy Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40521 Corruccini, Robert S.; Kaul, Samvit S. Halla: demographic consequences of the partition of the Punjab, 1947. ISBN 0-8191-7849-7. LC 90-12725. 1990. iv, 115 pp. University Press of America: Lanham, Maryland/London, England. In Eng.
The authors attempt to estimate the demographic consequences of the Halla, or forced migration of some 12 million individuals following the partition of the Punjab between West Pakistan and India in 1947. The data are from interviews with some 100 survivors of the migration from Pakistan to India who now reside in Indian Punjab. The study was undertaken in 1983 and, including interviewees' relatives, resulted in a total database of about 5,000 persons. Chapters are included on the age structure, fertility, mortality, and sex ratio, and on the social, biological, and genetic impact of the migration.
Correspondence: University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

57:40522 Cleveland, David A. Migration in West Africa: a savanna village perspective. Africa, Vol. 61, No. 2, 1991. 222-46 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author describes the determinants and impact of temporary labor migration from northern Ghana, an area dependent on subsistence agriculture, to the south, where employment opportunities in mining, commercial agriculture, and the public sector are relatively abundant and higher-paying. The effects on social organization, agriculture, and population dynamics are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

57:40523 Belen'kii, V. R. Potential remigrants of Russia. [Potentsial'nye remigranty Rossii.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 4, 1991. 53-7 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author argues that the only practical solution to Russia's chronic shortage of agricultural manpower is the promotion of reverse migration, or migration from the cities to rural areas. Data are from a 1989-1990 survey of 1,645 urban residents in the Kursk, Orel, Vologda, and Kostroma regions, including former migrants from rural areas. Potential remigrant characteristics identified by the author include age under 30, being without a family, low income, and unmet expectations after moving to the city. Such individuals might be encouraged to move back to rural areas by improved rural living conditions, technological progress, better infrastructure in rural areas, and increased pay.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40524 Cichon, Janusz. Depopulation of rural regions and the development of private farms between 1978 and 1987. [Wyludnianie sie obszarow wiejskich a rozwoj rolnictwa indywidualnego w latach 1978-1987 (przyklad woj. bialostockiego).] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 335, 1991. 204 pp. Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The population decline in the rural areas of Bialystok voivodship in the northeast border region of Poland from 1978 to 1987 and its effects on the local agricultural economy are analyzed. The emphasis is on the impact of rural-urban migration.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-544 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40525 Kwon, Tai-Hwan; Jun, Kwang Hee. Rural-urban migration and the social mobility of individuals in the Republic of Korea: an analysis of life history data. Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol. 19, No. 2, Dec 1990. 113-34 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper explores the impact of rural-urban migration on the social mobility of individuals, comparing rural-urban migrants with rural and urban natives. Using life history data from the 1983 Korean National Migration Survey, we examine the pattern of migrant adjustment by estimating the first difference form of the autoregressive equation. We find a disruptive effect of rural-urban migration that disappears gradually after migration. This study provides strong evidence that most rural-urban migrants successfully adapt to urban life through upward occupational mobility relative to both rural and urban natives. This finding sharply contrasts with previous studies on the urban informal sector, which emphasize selective rural-urban migration or [the] inability of migrating individuals to adapt to city life. Moreover, this study shows that a principal cause of the rapid expansion of Seoul is that migrants are more likely to be upwardly mobile when they are destined for Seoul rather than other cities."
Correspondence: T.-H. Kwon, Seoul National University, Department of Sociology, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40526 Marcoux, Richard. Village characteristics and population retention: the case of the Senegal River Valley. [Caracteristiques villageoises et retention des populations: le cas de la vallee du fleuve Senegal.] Labour, Capital and Society/Travail, Capital et Societe, Vol. 23, No. 1, Apr 1990. 100-33 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
This study is concerned with rural depopulation in Africa and the effectiveness of rural development efforts designed to decrease the outflow of population, using the example of the Senegal River Valley. "On the basis of the results of a study on population mobility of a hundred villages in the region, we analyse the relations between the characteristics of the villages and the retention of their populations. As well, a statistical analysis allows us to question certain assumptions about the capacity of development projects to slow down the population drain from the countryside." Data concern Senegal, Mali, and Mauritania.
Correspondence: R. Marcoux, Universite de Montreal, CP6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

57:40527 Woortmann, Klaas. Migration and the rural family. [Migracao, familia e campesinato.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1990. 35-53 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The author bases this study on fieldwork done in the state of Sergipe, in northeastern Brazil. In it, he analyzes the social significance of peasant migration to urban areas, with a focus on its relation to the hierarchy of the family.
Correspondence: K. Woortmann, Universidade de Brasilia, Departamento de Antropologia, Agencia Postal 15, 70910 Brasilia, DF, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40528 Zlatanova, Valentina. Internal migration in Bulgaria and its impact on demographic development in rural areas (1956-1985). [Vatreshnata migratsiya v Balgariya i neinoto vliyanie varkhu demografskoto razvitie na selskite raioni (1956-1985).] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 35-48 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The determinants and impact of rural-urban migration in Bulgaria are explored for the period from 1956 to 1985, with a focus on the effects of industrialization and changes in agricultural technology on the rural labor force and life-style.
Correspondence: V. Zlatanova, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Sociology, 7 Noemvri 1, 1040 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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