Jean-Claude. Demography. [La demographie.] Que
Sais-Je?, No. 2546, ISBN 2-13-043328-6. 1990. 127 pp. Presses
Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general introduction to the study of demography. Its purpose is to present the main demographic methods and theories and to introduce the principal political, economic, and ethical demographic issues. The geographical focus is worldwide. Particular reference is made to the demographic differences between the developed and developing world, the likelihood of large-scale migration between the two, and the political, economic, and social consequences of these developments.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert W. New sources and new techniques for the study of
secular trends in nutritional status, health, mortality, and the
process of aging. NBER Working Paper Series on Historical Factors
in Long Run Growth, No. 26, May 1991. 108 pp. National Bureau of
Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to describe...a new...research program that uses new data sources on food consumption, anthropometric measures, genealogies, and life-cycle histories to shed light on secular trends in nutritional status, health, mortality, and the process of aging....The discussion is divided into four parts. Part one deals with sources on food consumption and with method of exploiting these sources that involve the integration of energy cost accounting with techniques for the analysis of income distributions. The second part is concerned with sources of anthropometric information and with techniques that may be utilized to relate such information to the assessment of health and mortality. Part three involves the more complex problem of relating socioeconomic and biomedical stress suffered by individuals early in life to their work levels, health and mortality rates at middle and late ages. The final section discusses the uses of genealogies by themselves and in combination with the preceding data sources." Data are from a variety of sources. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Eduard. Beyond the limits to growth: a report to the Club
of Rome. ISBN 0-87663-698-9. LC 89-4857. 1989. 191 pp. Universe
Books: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the effects of the publication of The Limits to Growth. Originally published as a report to the Club of Rome in 1968, it introduced a world model to examine the relationships among industrialization, population growth, malnutrition, the depletion of nonrenewable resources, and the deteriorating environment. The first part of the present study reexamines The Limits to Growth and presents a new approach to development that is less economic in nature. The second part examines some specific issues of relevance to industrialized countries, including disarmament, the nation state, technology, and energy and the environment.
Correspondence: Universe Books, 381 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016. Location: Rutgers University Library, Camden, NJ.
Vijayendra. Birth, marriage and death: three essays in
demographic economics. Pub. Order No. DA9112611. 1990. 159 pp.
University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This dissertation consists of three distinct essays, which are concerned with dowry and bride-price in rural India and their impact on marriage; the impact of women's status in Brazil and type of marital union on fertility; and an international comparative analysis on the relationship between diet and mortality.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(12).
Roszkiewicz, Malgorzata. Mechanisms of demographic
behavior. [Mechanizm zachowan demograficznych.] Monografie i
Opracowania, No. 334, 1991. 173 pp. Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut
Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The determinants of demographic development are analyzed, considering individual, societal, and external factors. The characteristics of human reproduction and survival in primitive, agrarian, and industrial societies are examined and their relationship to various demographic theories considered. Concentrating on individual behavior as a component of the demographic process, the author analyzes behavior affecting reproduction and mortality. Consideration is given to fertility, mortality, age, and reproductive and health decisions, as well as to environmental and biological factors.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-544 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Graeme. What population studies can do for business.
Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 8, No. 1, May
1991. 1-22 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper discusses the specific skills acquired by demographers and provides examples of how these skills can be very useful and important in planning in both the private and public sectors....The future of demographic training in Australia...[and] the need for developing more teaching in demography at Australian tertiary institutions [is considered]. The role of the [Australian Population Association] in improving the status of demography as an important tool for corporate planning for the future is also emphasized." Emphasis is on the value to businesses of the cohort analysis perspectives that demographers can provide.
Correspondence: G. Hugo, Flinders University of South Australia, School of Social Sciences, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
R. The second demographic transition in Western countries:
an interpretation. IPD Working Paper, No. 1991-2, 1991. 31, 
pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interuniversity Programme in
Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
The author reviews literature concerning demographic shifts in Western developed countries and offers insights into the determinants of these patterns. The focus is on the importance of these trends in the historical context. The author finds that, because of the rise in individual autonomy and the decline in institutional control, "we have had a genuine second demographic transition that is both substantively and formally fully comparable to the demographic transition of the 18th and 19th centuries."
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, IPD, Centrum voor Sociologie, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Prithivish. Contributions of the IGU and ICA commissions
in population studies. Population Geography, Vol. 11, No. 1-2,
Jun-Dec 1989. 86-96 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"This paper sums up the contributions of International Geographical Union (IGU) and International Cartographic Association (ICA) to population studies. It traces the activities of these bodies since [the] early sixties in terms of focal themes and thrust areas in various symposia....Over the years greater attention has been focussed on issues crucial for the developing countries. The promotion of population cartography emerges as an important activity of ICA."
Correspondence: P. Nag, International Cartographic Association, Calcutta, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Hassan-Khieri, Osman A. Interclass economic
transfers in a Malthusian demographic transition: the case of 1800s
England. Pub. Order No. DA9108345. 1990. 104 pp. University
Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Missouri at Columbia.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(11).
Philip. Early modern population theory: a
reassessment. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 2,
Jun 1991. 207-27, 372-4 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in
"This essay reconsiders the role of population in early modern thought about the nature of human society and government....In principle, primary place was given to reproduction as a manifestation of natural and divine order. But in practice much more attention was given to population membership or composition, since it was recognized that the use which could actually be made of natural resources depended on the way societies regulated people's rights and responsibilities. This approach enables us to see not only how population was a central element in the emergence of modern political thought, but the intimate relation between this tradition and the early development of quantitative methods of population inquiry. The reasons for the neglect of this relationship are outlined, and the continuing capacity of the early modern framework to underwrite population theory is noted."
Correspondence: P. Kreager, Oxford University, Pauling Centre for Human Sciences, University Offices, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Allan M.; Graham, Elspeth. The challenge facing population
geography. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 15, No. 2, Jun 1991.
149-62 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The current status of the study of population geography is examined, with some reference to the situation in the United Kingdom. The authors note that whereas the volume of studies in this area indicates its healthy growth, the subdiscipline has become increasingly distant from mainstream geography and runs the risk of being absorbed into general demography. The authors suggest that "population geographers, while taking a serious interest in the methods and philosophy of the neighbouring discipline of demography, should look elsewhere to find direction for their subdiscipline."
Correspondence: A. M. Findlay, University of Glasgow, Department of Geography, Applied Population Research Unit, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Mingkai. The growth and prospects of population sociology
in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 4,
1989. 371-4 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses the integration of population studies with sociology and recommends the expansion of this discipline in China.
Correspondence: M. Li, Hubei Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Sociology and Population Science, Hubei Province, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Mahmoud F.; Rosenfield, Allan; Indriso, Cynthia. Family
planning. FIGO Manual of Human Reproduction, Vol. 2, ISBN
1-85070-193-8. 1990. 237 pp. Parthenon Publishing Group: Park Ridge,
New Jersey/Carnforth, England. In Eng.
This is a revised edition of one volume in a three-volume teaching manual on human reproduction developed jointly by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics and Columbia University's Center for Population and Family Health. It covers the range of contraceptive methods currently available, including induced abortion. The two other volumes in the series are devoted to reproductive physiology and reproductive health.
Correspondence: Parthenon Publishing Group, Casterton Hall, Carnforth, Lancashire LA6 2LA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Andrew A.; Laing, John E.; Stoeckel, John E.; Townsend, John
W. Handbook for family planning operations research
design. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-87834-059-9. LC 91-6284. 1991. ix, 77 pp.
Population Council: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a revised and expanded edition of a handbook for health and family planning operations research. "It has several objectives. First and foremost, it is specifically designed to help health and family planning researchers develop and write a detailed operations research proposal....It is also intended to help program administrators and managers understand the process of operations research and the uses of research findings for service delivery improvement. Finally...it does provide a review of key concepts and important methods essential to conducting field research studies." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
For the first edition, published in 1983, see 49:40011.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Annie; Vinokur, Annie. Socioeconomic demography.
[Demographie socio-economique.] Mementos Dalloz, ISBN 2-247-01064-4.
1990. 184 pp. Dalloz: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an introductory textbook on demography designed for students in such related disciplines as economics, sociology, social administration, or personnel management. It presents the methods of demographic analysis and the definitions of the main social populations for which data are available. Chapters are included on the temporal location of demographic events; longitudinal and transversal analysis; population characteristics; the labor force, employment, and unemployment; economic activity; mobility and migration; population projection; and the demography of education. The geographical focus is on France.
Correspondence: Dalloz, 11 rue Soufflot, 75240 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Changmao. Characteristics of the population studies in
China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1989.
375-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the development and characteristics of population studies in China since 1978. Consideration is given to the combining of Marxist and Western population theories, qualitative and quantitative research methods, and traditional and modern research techniques.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Joseph A. Population: a lively introduction.
Population Bulletin, Vol. 46, No. 2, Oct 1991. 43 pp. Population
Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This Bulletin presents the basic what, why, and how of the study of demography. It is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject, but provides an overview of demographic processes and the basic measures used to assess them. In addition, it traces population trends in the world and the United States, surveys the demographic differences among population groups, and examines broad social issues linked to population change."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Xun. Population studies should reflect the criterion of
productive forces and the viewpoint of a market-oriented economy.
Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1989. 381-3 pp.
New York, New York. In Eng.
The author points out the need to include market-economy perspectives in population studies in China.
Correspondence: X. Peng, Shandong University, Department of Economics, Jinan, Shandong Province, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Xueyuan. Integrating theory with practice to promote
population science. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1,
No. 4, 1989. 365-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author briefly describes demographic studies in China for the period from 1978 to 1988. Emphasis is given to the quality of surveys that have been conducted. Proposals are made for increased research.
Correspondence: X. Tian, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Population Studies, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
D. I.; Kvasha, A. Ya. Demographic principles. [Osnovy
demografii.] ISBN 5-244-00054-3. 1989. 287 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In
This is a textbook on principles of demography. The primary focus is on the USSR, with some reference to selected other countries. Chapters are included on theoretical principles of demography, natural increase, demographic analysis, sources of data on population, the demographic coefficient method, life tables, indicators of population growth, modeling demographic processes, trends in family development, social-demographic prognoses, population policy, the system of demographic science, population growth in the USSR and foreign countries, and a critical history of views on population growth.
Correspondence: Mysl', Leninskii Pr. 15, B-71, 117071 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jacques. Demography: Deug economic sciences. Mass, the
humanities (sociology, geography, history). [Demographie: Deug
sciences eco. Mass, sciences humaines (sociologie, geographie,
histoire).] Collection Flash U, ISBN 2-200-23040-0. 1991. 128 pp.
Armand Colin: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a condensed textbook on the essentials of demography. The first part introduces the concepts and methods of demography. The second part examines the relations between demography and the other social sciences. The third and final part is concerned with population problems and current demographic trends. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Armand Colin, 103 Boulevard Saint Michel, 75240 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Chuzhu. The necessity of female population studies.
Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1989. 477-82 pp.
New York, New York. In Eng.
The author calls for increased demographic research on the female population in China. "The research in this field by a handful of institutions, and a number of articles about the characteristics of the country's female population and life cycle are far from enough to meet the needs in the development of population science, the women's movement and Chinese society."
Correspondence: C. Zhu, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Institute of Population Science, 26 Xianning Road, Xian 710049, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).