Volume 57 - Number 3 - Fall 1991

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

57:30749 Courgeau, Daniel. An analysis of errors in biographical data. [Analyse des donnees biographiques erronees.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1991. 89-104 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In this paper the author studies the effects of errors in the data on the outcome of different analyses, when data have been collected from each spouse separately, from the spouses jointly, and from population registers. The data relate to events that have occurred in the subjects' life histories and to migration. In spite of the poor reliability of retrospective data--particularly those relating to migration--the results obtained from different sources are virtually the same. The errors do not affect the logical order in which the events occurred. They are rather a form of background noise, but it remains possible to obtain coherent information from all types of [sources]." Data are from the Franco-Belgian 3B survey, which was based on a retrospective survey and Belgian population registers.
Correspondence: D. Courgeau, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30750 Lin, Fude. Demographic sampling method training: a training experience in China's demographic field. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, Mar 1990. 7-15 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author examines the role of sample surveys in monitoring population dynamics in China. The focus is on sampling techniques and the advantages of the method in light of China's population control policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30751 Poulain, Michel; Riandey, Benoit; Firdion, Jean-Marie. Life history surveys and population registers in Belgium: a comparison of data. [Enquete biographique et registre belge de population: une confrontation de donnees.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1991. 65-87 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Demographers tend to use retrospective questionnaires to obtain dates of events in life histories. However, such surveys are subject to significant errors, because of omission and wrong dating of events. This problem, which is not limited to demography, has recently been investigated in...the Franco-Belgian 3B survey, which is based on dual collection of data from a retrospective survey and Belgian population registers. The survey was based on [an] INED study of family, career and migration, but the questionnaire was administered separately to each spouse in a couple, before their answers were compared. The replies were then compared with the Belgian population register. In this paper, the method of the survey is described in detail, and the first results which relate to the demographic events of birth, marriage, and migration are presented."
Correspondence: M. Poulain, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Departement de Demographie, 1 Place Montesquieu, Boite 17, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30752 Rafalimanana, Hanta. Observation errors in censuses: the factors associated and some examples. A case study of the town of Sangmelima (Cameroon). [Erreurs d'observation dans les recensements: facteurs associes et incidences. Une etude de cas de la ville de Sangmelima (Cameroun).] Serie Villes Moyennes, Vol. 1, No. 3, ISBN 2-905327-14-6. Jan 1991. 144 pp. Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques [IFORD]: Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
The author discusses the causes of errors in demographic data collection, with particular reference to Africa. The data studied here are from two censuses conducted over an interval of 10 years in the medium-sized town of Sangmelima, Cameroon. Particular attention is given to age misreporting and to the omission of data on live-born and deceased children and its impact on fertility and mortality estimates. The need to improve the quality of data collection in Africa is stressed.
Correspondence: Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques, Service des Publications, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30753 Zhai, Zhenwu. Age misreporting of the Chinese population and its characteristics. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, Mar 1990. 24-9 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
Age misreporting in China is analyzed. Three population censuses and several sampling surveys were analyzed and age misreporting was found to exist. Age clustering around ages that are important in Chinese culture, misreporting of age zero as age one, and regional variations were found to be Chinese patterns of age misreporting, and these were compared to patterns found in other countries.
Correspondence: Z. Zhai, People's University of China, Institute of Population Research, 39 Haidian Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

57:30754 Hungary. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal (Budapest, Hungary). The development of vital statistics in Hungary. II. The development of official vital statistics in Hungary from the introduction of civil registration to the period following World War I (1895-1920). [A nepmozgalmi statisztika fejlodese magyarorszagon. II. A hivatalos nepmozgalmi statisztika fejlodese magyarorszagon az allami anyakonyvezes bevezetesetol az elso vilaghaborut koveto evekig (1895-1920).] ISBN 963-7070-03-6. 1990. 109 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
This volume describes the development of the vital statistics system in Hungary from 1895 to 1920. It discusses the change to a system based on civil registers from one based on parish records, and also covers the four major revisions of the vital statistics forms over the period studied.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U.5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30755 Rosenberg, Harry M. The impact of cause-of-death querying. IIVRS Technical Paper, No. 45, Jun 1991. i, 9 pp. International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics [IIVRS]: Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
This is a report on the results of an April, 1989 survey of the state governments of the United States to determine to what extent they query the certifying physician to improve the quality of cause-of-death data. Consideration is given to directed and random querying, costs, the current extent of the use of querying, and other methods used to improve the data collected.
Correspondence: International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30756 Tolson, George C.; Barnes, Judy M.; Gay, George A.; Kowaleski, Julia L. The 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificates and Reports. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 4: Documents and Committee Reports, No. 28, ISBN 0-8406-0444-0. LC 90-13655. Jun 1991. v, 34 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report examines the procedures followed in the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificates of Live Birth and Death; License and Certificate of Marriage; Certificate of Divorce, Dissolution of Marriage, or Annulment; and Reports of Fetal Death and Induced Termination of Pregnancy. It outlines the history and basic principles of the standard certificates and reports and describes the principal additions, modifications, and deletions of items. In addition, it discusses changes in the format of the standard certificates and reports as well on the implementation of the new certificates and reporting forms."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

57:30757 Canada. Statistics Canada (Ottawa, Canada). Census, 1986. Reference. General review of the 1986 census. Pub. Order No. 99-137E. ISBN 0-660-13331-8. Mar 1990. 233 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
This report, which is also available in French, describes the planning, procedures, and systems used to undertake and complete the 1986 census of Canada. Particular attention is given to changes and improvements in the 1986 census and to special issues addressed in the census.
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 114, Feb 1991.

57:30758 Freedman, David A. Adjusting the 1990 census. Science, Vol. 252, No. 5010, May 31, 1991. 1,233-6 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author outlines the process by which the U.S. Census Bureau counts the country's population. He reviews two current techniques for evaluating or adjusting census results, the use of administrative records to make alternative population estimates and capture-recapture methods using data from an independent sample survey. The author concludes that the census is remarkably accurate, that there is little hard evidence that current adjustment methodologies would improve the accuracy of the census results, and that "the present state of the art probably cannot support adjustment of the 1990 census."
Correspondence: D. A. Freedman, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SQ).

57:30759 Horvath, Robert. From the military census to the universal census: the first census in Hungary (1784-1785). [Du recensement militaire au recensement universel: le premier recensement en Hongrie (1784-1785).] Population, Vol. 46, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1991. 279-98 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author reviews events leading up to the first population census in Hungary in 1784-1785.
Correspondence: R. Horvath, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30760 Hungary. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal (Budapest, Hungary). Preliminary results of the 1990 census of population. [Jelentes az 1990. evi nepszamlalas elozetes eredmenyeirol.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 68, No. 6, Jun 1990. 507-13 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
This article describes how the 1990 census of Hungary was carried out and some of the problems that occurred, including migration, boycotting, and administrative inefficiencies. Summary data are presented on population by sex, county, and size of housing, 1960-1990.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U.5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30761 Marsh, Catherine; Skinner, Chris; Arber, Sara; Penhale, Bruce; Openshaw, Stan; Hobcraft, John; Lievesley, Denise; Walford, Nigel. The case for samples of anonymized records from the 1991 census. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A: Statistics in Society, Vol. 154, No. 2, 1991. 305-40 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The census of population represents a rich source of social data. Other countries have released samples of anonymized records from their censuses to the research community for secondary analysis. So far this has not been done in Britain. The areas of research which might be expected to benefit from such microdata are outlined, and support is drawn from considering experience overseas. However, it is essential to protect the confidentiality of the data. The paper therefore considers the risks, both real and perceived, of identification of individuals from census microdata. The conclusion of the paper is that the potential benefits from census microdata are large and that the risks in terms of disclosure are very small. The authors therefore argue that the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys and the General Register Office of Scotland should release samples of anonymized records from the 1991 census for secondary analysis."
Correspondence: C. Marsh, University of Manchester, Department of Sociology, Manchester M13 9PL, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:30762 Mills, Ian; Teague, Andy. Editing and imputing data for the 1991 census. Population Trends, No. 64, Summer 1991. 30-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The 1991 [England and Wales] Census processing system incorporates editing and imputation procedures designed to spot and remove certain types of errors in raw census data and to replace them with fully consistent values. The processing system also includes new procedures to create data for households where no one is home on census night and no census form can be obtained (absent households). This article describes how the editing and imputation is performed, and the effect on the final statistics. Plans for the evaluation of the editing and imputation systems are also described."
Correspondence: I. Mills, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Census Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30763 Sun, Jingxin. A brief introduction to "Regulations of the Fourth National Population Census" and the working schedule. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, Jun 1990. 38-43 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The regulations governing the 1990 census of China are outlined. The discussion includes methodology, finances, and methods of data collection and tabulation.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

57:30764 Amavi, T. Ayikoe; Figah, C. Ayaovi. A review of the data collected during the Survey of Infant and Child Mortality in Lome (EMIJUL). [Bilan de la collecte de l'Enquete sur la Mortalite Infantile et Juvenile a Lome (EMIJUL).] Les Enquetes sur la Mortalite Infantile et Juvenile, Vol. 2, No. 2, ISBN 2-905327-04-9. Dec 1987. 152 pp. Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques [IFORD]: Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
This report describes the methodology used in a survey of infant and child mortality which was carried out in Lome, Togo, in 1979. The focus is on the collection of data, the problems encountered, and the evaluation of data quality.
Correspondence: Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30765 Bakyono, Anne-Marie. A review of the data collection in the Survey on Infant and Child Mortality in Ouagadougou (EMIJO). [Bilan de la collecte de l'Enquete sur la Mortalite Infantile et Juvenile a Ouagadougou (EMIJO).] Enquetes sur la Mortalite Infantile et Juvenile, Vol. 2, No. 3, Dec 1988. 67 pp. Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques [IFORD]: Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
The author reviews the process by which data were collected in a survey of infant and child mortality conducted in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, between 1978 and 1981. The report considers the methodology used in the survey, how it was carried out, the selection of the sample, cost, and the quality of the data collected.
Correspondence: Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques, Service des Publications, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30766 Barnes, Bob. Social Survey Division in the 1980s. Population Trends, No. 64, Summer 1991. 9-18 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The Social Survey began in 1941 [in England and Wales] and has now been engaged in survey research for an uninterrupted period of fifty years. This article reviews the most recent decade of that period and describes important changes that have taken place in the administration of the organisation, some of the main pieces of social research carried out, and a number of developments in the methods used for survey investigations. During the 1980s better business practices and survey techniques enabled Social Survey to expand its range of activities and generally to improve the quality of its services and the efficiency of its operations."
Correspondence: B. Barnes, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Social Survey Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30767 Institute for Resource Development/Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Columbia, Maryland). Interviewer's manual for use with model "A" questionnaire for high contraceptive prevalence countries. DHS-II Basic Documentation, No. 3, Dec 1990. v, 147 pp. Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
This is an instruction manual for training Demographic and Health Survey interviewers using the Model "A" questionnaire for developing countries with high contraceptive prevalence. Sections are included on techniques for conducting interviews, field procedures, and procedures for completing the questionnaire.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30768 Institute for Resource Development/Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Columbia, Maryland). Interviewer's manual for use with model "B" questionnaire for low contraceptive prevalence countries. DHS-II Basic Documentation, No. 4, Dec 1990. v, 119 pp. Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
This is an instruction manual for training Demographic and Health Survey interviewers in developing countries with low contraceptive prevalence, using the Model "B" questionnaire. Field procedures, interviewing techniques, and completing the questionnaire are discussed.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demogaphic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30769 Institute for Resource Development/Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Columbia, Maryland). Model "A" questionnaire with commentary for high contraceptive prevalence countries. DHS-II Basic Documentation, No. 1, Dec 1990. vii, 77 pp. Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The questionnaire developed for the second round of the Demographic and Health Surveys Program is presented. This is a revision of the DHS-1 questionnaire, Model A, designed for developing countries with high contraceptive prevalence rates. The questionnaire includes "a five-to-six year monthly calendar to record fertility, contraceptive, postpartum, marriage, migration and employment histories....[It also has] questions on exposure to mass media, whether family planning messages have been heard on the radio, attitude toward the radio carrying such messages and pill brand identification." Expanded coverage of maternal and child health is also incorporated.
For the Model "B" questionnaire, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30770 Institute for Resource Development/Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Columbia, Maryland). Model "B" questionnaire with commentary for low contraceptive prevalence countries. DHS-II Basic Documentation, No. 2, Dec 1990. vii, 65 pp. Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The questionnaire developed for the second round of the Demographic and Health Surveys Program is presented. This is a revision of the DHS-1 questionnaire, Model B, designed for developing countries with low contraceptive prevalence rates. It incorporates expanded coverage of maternal and child health.
For the Model "A" questionnaire, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30771 Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Columbia, Maryland). An assessment of DHS-I data quality. DHS Methodological Report, No. 1, 1990. ix, 143 pp. Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report deals with issues of data quality in the DHS surveys. The major objective of this report is to provide data users with a global assessment of the quality of DHS data. A secondary objective is to examine particular problems of data quality and to suggest reasons for their occurrence....The results of the data quality assessment are presented in four papers, each reporting on a particular type of data....The first paper evaluates the age and residence data....The second paper reviews data on three aspects of the early stages of the reproductive period--age at first sexual intercourse, age at first union, and age at first birth....The third and fourth papers examine the birth history data from the individual questionnaire and the impact of data error on the estimation of fertility rates and infant and child mortality rates." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems, DHS Program, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30772 Molnar, Edit S.; Pataki, Judit. Public opinion surveys on population questions--1987. [Kozvelemenykutatas nepesdesi kerdesekrol--1987.] Demografia, Vol. 31, No. 2-4, 1988. 226-50 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The authors present the principal results of two public opinion surveys carried out in Hungary in 1987 relating to population issues. The first survey concerned ideal family size; the second dealt with public awareness of recent changes in laws relating to marriage and divorce as well as a new health program.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30773 Norway. Statistisk Sentralbyra (Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway). Family and Occupation Survey, 1988. [Familie- og Yrkesundersokelsen 1988.] Norges Offisielle Statistikk, No. B 959, ISBN 82-537-3040-3. 1991. 187 pp. Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Eng; Nor.
"This publication presents findings from the [Norwegian] Family and Occupation Survey 1988. The publication gives a general overview of the development of fertility and cohabitation with special emphasis on recent trends." It includes tables and charts on fertility desires, pregnancy outcomes, abortion, contraceptive use, birth spacing, and attitudes toward family life. Data are also presented concerning marriage and cohabitation patterns and the timing of life course events.
Correspondence: Statistisk Sentralbyra, P.B. 8131 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30774 Population Council (New York, New York). Togo 1988: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 22, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1991. 124-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1988 Togo Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 3,432 households and 3,360 women aged 15-49. Tables and charts provide data on population characteristics, fertility trends, contraceptive use, nuptiality, infant mortality, and child health and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30775 Population Council (New York, New York). Uganda 1988/89: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 22, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 198-202 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the Uganda 1988/1989 Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 5,101 households and 4,730 women aged 15-49. Tables and charts provide data on population characteristics, fertility trends and preferences, contraceptive use, nuptiality, infant mortality, and child health and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.