Volume 57 - Number 3 - Fall 1991

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

57:30479 Bhattacharya, Gautam. Migration under uncertainty about quality of locations. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 14, No. 3-4, Jul-Oct 1990. 721-39 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper develops a search-theoretic framework for analyzing migration decisions of workers who can only observe the quality of a location by migrating to the location after accepting a job there. After learning the location quality, the worker can stay at the current job, search locally at the same location, or search for a job at another location (leading to repeat migration). This paper develops the properties of optimal search, migration, and repeat migration decisions, and finds how revealed location quality influences the tradeoffs between local search and repeat migration. The effects of search costs and better job opportunities on the reservation levels of wages and revealed quality levels are also determined."
Correspondence: G. Bhattacharya, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30480 Chaudhury, Pradipta. Determining factors in internal and international labor migration in the North of India, 1881-1911. [Les determinants des migrations de travail internes et internationales du Nord de l'Inde, 1881-1911.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1991. 97-122 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Factors affecting the internal and international migration of agricultural workers from India are explored for the years from 1881 to 1911. Migrants' socioeconomic characteristics and the effects of migration on the populations left behind are discussed.
Correspondence: P. Chaudhury, University of Hyberabad, Department of Economics, Andhra Pradesh 500 134, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30481 du Toit, Brian M. People on the move. Rural-urban migration with special reference to the third world: theoretical and empirical perspectives. Human Organization, Vol. 49, No. 4, Winter 1990. 305-19 pp. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. In Eng.
"This paper examines migrants and their reasons for migrating and reviews the literature about: who migrates? why do they migrate? and, how do they migrate? A discussion of models of migration is the background for some recommendations for planners needing to influence the movement of people, and to cope with the results of these movements." The geographical focus is on developing countries. Particular attention is given to rural-urban migration.
Correspondence: B. M. du Toit, University of Florida, Department of Anthropology, Gainesville, FL 32611. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30482 Fassmann, Heinz. Migration into, out of, and within Austria-Hungary in 1910. [Einwanderung, Auswanderung und Binnenwanderung in Osterreich-Ungarn um 1910.] Demographische Informationen 1990/91, [1991]. 92-101, 155 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"The article deals with the history and the geography of migration in the Hapsburg Empire in the year 1910. It describes the size, the spatial diffusion, and the demographic and social structure of different types of migration: internal migration, emigration, and immigration."
Correspondence: H. Fassmann, Instituts fur Demographie, Hintere Zollamtsstrasse 2b, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30483 Gauthier, Herve. Migration in Quebec: regional aspects. [Les migrations au Quebec: aspects regionaux.] Statistiques Demographiques, ISBN 2-551-08218-8. 1988. 262 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
This is a regional analysis of migration in the Canadian province of Quebec. It examines not only the volume of migration but also the different types of migration occurring in the regions. It also considers the impact of migration on population characteristics, including cultural and economic features, as well as on population size. The importance of migration's impact on future demographic trends as a consequence of the decline in the rate of natural increase is noted.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 117 rue Saint-Andre, Quebec, Quebec G1K 3Y3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30484 Hofmeyr, B. E. Application of a mathematical model to South African migration data, 1975-1980. Southern African Journal of Demography/Suidelike Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Demografie, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jul 1988. 24-8 pp. Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
The author applies the Rogers and Castro model of migration to data for South African whites. "South African migration patterns of whites for the period 1975-1980, as obtained from census data, correspond in general with those observed in most other developed countries and the mathematical model of Rogers and Castro could thus be applied. Quantitative values have been found for the various parameters defined by Rogers and Castro."
For the article by Rogers and Castro, published in 1981, see 48:20627.
Correspondence: B. E. Hofmeyr, Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30485 Husa, Karl. Who is a migrant? Problems of documenting and defining spatial mobility in developing countries. [Wer ist ein Migrant? Probleme der Dokumentation und Abgrenzung raumlicher Mobilitat in der Dritten Welt.] Demographische Informationen 1990/91, [1991]. 35-47, 153 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Increasingly uneven spatial population distribution, especially in developing countries, has brought about a growing need for better statistical information on the extent of the various forms of spatial mobility during the [1980s] and their determinants and consequences....The main issues discussed in this paper are...the problems of defining and measuring spatial mobility in general as well as [reviewing] the types of mobility-related questions in censuses, their strengths and weaknesses, and the possibilities of evaluation of the collected data. Finally, alternative concepts for measuring spatial mobility are discussed which could help to gather information on non-permanent forms of spatial mobility, an issue of growing importance for the developing world."
Correspondence: K. Husa, Universitat Wien, Institut fur Geographie, Dr Karl Lueger-Ring 1, 1010 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30486 Miles, Robert. Whatever happened to the sociology of migration? Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 4, No. 2, Jun 1990. 281-98 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is a literature review of eight books concerning the sociology of migration. Issues addressed include the relationship of migration to economic factors and systems and to political factors. Consideration is also given to the differences between migrants and refugees.
Correspondence: R. Miles, University of Glasgow, Department of Sociology, Glasgow G12 8RT, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

57:30487 Root, Brenda D.; De Jong, Gordon F. Family migration in a developing country. Population Issues Research Center Working Paper, No. 1990-34, Oct 1990. 28 pp. Pennsylvania State University, Population Issues Research Center: University Park, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"A family model of migration is developed and empirically tested using longitudinal data for respondents living in Ilocos Norte Province of the Philippines. Based on the framework of a family migration system, family migration is hypothesized to depend on the character of linkage to the migration system, family household structure, socioeconomic resources, family pressure to migrate, family/kin ties to place of origin and prior mobility experience of family members....The findings support the importance of linkage to a family migration system via remittances and the prior mobility experience of family members in the prediction of both types of family migration behavior....It is concluded that the framework used and results presented help explain how migration becomes an institutionalized reality of family life in many developing countries."
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University, Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation, Population Issues Research Center, 22 Burrowes Building, University Park, PA 16802. Location: University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center Library.

57:30488 Root, Brenda D.; De Jong, Gordon F. Family migration in a developing country. Population Studies, Vol. 45, No. 2, Jul 1991. 221-33 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A family model of migration is developed and empirically tested by using longitudinal data for respondents living in Ilocos Norte Province, Philippines....Family-migration behaviour is specified as migration of some (one or more) family members, or of the entire family. The findings support the importance of linkage to a family-migration system by way of remittances and the previous mobility experience of family members in the prediction of both types of family migration. Migration of some family members is also predicted by fewer parcels of land owned, higher levels of education, larger household size, and an early life-course stage. Family pressure to migrate, indicating the interactional context of the family, is important for the migration of entire families. It is concluded that the framework used and results presented help explain how migration becomes an institutionalized reality of family life in many developing countries."
Correspondence: B. D. Root, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Sociology, University Park, PA 16802. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30489 Shi, Jicai. An analysis of the educational levels of migrants. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1989. 223-34 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The educational level has significant bearings on the migration of population. As one of the factors that can brook no underestimation in the developing commodity economy, it determines, to a certain extent, the size, direction, and occupation or profession of population migration. The Institute of Population at the Academy of Social Sciences of China conducted a sampling survey of the migration of population in 74 cities of 16 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in 1986, and this paper presents a summary analysis of the dynamics of different educational levels of the migrating population surveyed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30490 Stark, Oded. The migration of labor. ISBN 1-55786-030-0. LC 91-30980. 1991. x, 406 pp. Basil Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Models describing labor migration and the decision to migrate in developing countries are presented. The author's approach is based on three premises: "First, although the entities that engage in migration are often individual agents, there is more to labor migration than individualistic behavior. Migration by one person can be undertaken in pursuit of rational optimizing behavior by a group of persons such as the family. Second, there is more to labor migration than a response to wage differentials. Third, a great many migratory phenomena would not have occurred if the set of markets and financial institutions were perfect and complete....[The author discusses] why and when entities such as families may find it optimal to behave strategically, to act simultaneously in, and to distribute their human capital across, several markets, and to sequence their actions in a particular fashion." The focus is on rural-urban migration.
Correspondence: Basil Blackwell, 3 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30491 Vanderkamp, John. Regional adjustment and migration flows in Canada, 1971 to 1981. Papers of the Regional Science Association, Vol. 67, 1989. 103-19 pp. Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"The primary purpose of this paper is to consider and test for various interlinkages between migration flows, and also between migration and employment change. Three types of migration flows are distinguished: domestic in-migration and out-migration, and net international migration. The three migration equations are embedded in a model of regional adjustment that also includes regional employment and wage changes as endogenous variables. The data base utilizes Canadian census statistics for 1971 and 1981 in a cross-section analysis with 183 regions represented by counties, or their equivalents. The empirical performance of the various interlinkages is broadly in line with expectations, but the results raise some important questions about interpretation."
Correspondence: J. Vanderkamp, University of Guelph, College of Social Science, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

57:30492 Aronson, Geoffrey. Soviet Jewish emigration, the United States and the occupied territories. Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 19, No. 4, Summer 1990. 30-45 pp. Berkeley, California. In Eng.
The author analyzes past patterns of Jewish migration from the USSR to Israel and discusses current and future Soviet Jewish migration. The impact of changing political factors in the United States and the USSR on such trends is addressed. Attention is given to the problems concerning the settlement of Soviet migrants in the occupied territories.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

57:30493 Bade, Klaus J. The Federal Republic of Germany as a country of immigration? Problems and prospects. [Einwanderungsland Bundesrepublik? Probleme und Perspektiven.] Universitas, Vol. 45, No. 8, Aug 1990. 755-63 pp. Stuttgart, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Changing immigration trends in West Germany are examined. Attention is given to the children of foreign workers and to the influx of East Germans and ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe. Policy aspects and prospects for the future are discussed.
Correspondence: K. J. Bade, Universitat Osnabruck, Neueste Geschichte, Schlossstrasse 8, 4500 Osnabruck, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30494 Beauge, Gilbert. Migrations in the Arab world: from the colonial to the income model. [Les migrations dans le monde arabe: du modele colonial au modele rentier.] Revue de l'Occident Musulman et de la Mediterranee, No. 43, 1987. 46-52 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
Changes in international migration patterns affecting the Arab world are examined. The author identifies two distinct phases in the period since World War II: the post-colonial period of migration to Europe, particularly France, which ended in the early 1970s; and the subsequent labor migration to the oil-producing countries of the Middle East.
Correspondence: G. Beauge, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur l'Orient Arabe Contemporain, Aix-en-Provence, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

57:30495 Borjas, George J.; Bronars, Stephen G. Immigration and the family. NBER Working Paper, No. 3509, Nov 1990. 32 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper studies the role of the family in determining the skill composition and labor market experiences of immigrants in the United States. Our theoretical framework, based on the assumption that family migration decisions maximize household income, shows that the family attenuates the selection characterizing the skills of the immigrant population. The empirical analysis uses the 1970 and 1980 Public Use Samples of the U.S. Census, and reveals that an immigrant's skills and labor market performance are greatly influenced by the composition of the household at the time of migration, and by his placement in the immigration chain."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30496 Bulusu, L. International migration in 1989. Population Trends, No. 63, Spring 1991. 40-3 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This...article presents the latest annual statistics on the flows of international migrants to and from the United Kingdom. In 1989, the total inflow of people intending to stay in the United Kingdom was 250 thousand, 16 per cent higher than in 1988. The outflow of people leaving to live abroad was 205 thousand, 14 per cent lower than the previous year."
Correspondence: L. Bulusu, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population and Hospital Statistics, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30497 Clarke, Colin; Peach, Ceri; Vertovec, Steven. South Asians overseas: migration and ethnicity. Comparative Ethnic and Race Relations, ISBN 0-521-37543-6. LC 89-34308. 1990. xx, 375 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This book is a collection of 15 papers by various authors and is the product of a conference held in Oxford, England, in March, 1987, on topics concerning the international migration of South Asians. The papers are divided into two sections, the first of which examines migration from South Asia in the colonial and post-colonial context; the second discusses contemporary migration in Western and Middle Eastern countries. The overall theme of the papers is the relationship between migration and ethnicity as it relates to South Asian migrants overseas.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30498 Conway, Denis. Emigration to North America: the continuing option for the Caribbean. Caribbean Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1990. 109-19 pp. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. In Eng.
"A commonly held notion among Commonwealth Caribbean commentators on development prospects of the region, holds...that emigration options for the Caribbean are becoming more restrictive, and that traditional receiving countries such as Britain, the United States and Canada, have the will and purpose to restrict entry....Britain's effective immigration policies from 1962 to [the] present appear to amply demonstrate the situation, and exemplify a future restrictive international environment for future generations of Caribbean emigrant hopefuls seeking opportunities 'off the island' in traditional metropoles. This brief commentary argues the contrary."
Correspondence: D. Conway, Indiana University, Department of Geography, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30499 Conway, Dennis; Ellis, Mark; Shiwdhan, Naragandat. Caribbean international circulation: are Puerto Rican women tied-circulators? Geoforum, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1990. 51-66 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This examination of the multiple-movement behaviour of a sample of Puerto Rican women seeks to unravel the relations between their circulation patterns, their family and contextual situations and their declared motives for undertaking international mobility. The leading question asked in this study is whether this international mobility behaviour of Puerto Rican women is autonomous or dependent upon the movement or decision-making of others. Structural theory suggests the latter is most likely, but behavioural divergence occurs in return movement." The focus is on migration to the United States. Data are from a sample of Puerto Rican women residing in Puerto Rico in 1982.
Correspondence: D. Conway, Indiana University, Department of Geography, Bloomington, IN 47401. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30500 Conway, Dennis. Caribbean international mobility traditions. PIRT Working Paper, No. 19, Jun 1989. [31] pp. Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training [PIRT]: Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
"This study examines the development of international mobility traditions throughout the Caribbean, with reference to both macro-structural forces as superordinate determining factors and to individual and household behaviors as micro-level actions responding to and resisting the constraints, pressures and counter-pressures of the world's political economic environment....Seven phases of Caribbean international mobility are depicted. Following this historical treatise, the contemporary situation is analysed. Several propositions are forwarded as appropriate generalizations of Caribbean international circulation as an established form of reciprocal human behavior, where circular rather than linear mobility 'off the island' is the preferred choice of many."
This paper was previously published in Boletin de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (Amsterdam, Netherlands), Vol. 46, Jun 1989, pp. 17-49.
Correspondence: Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30501 Conway, Dennis. Conceptualizing contemporary patterns of Caribbean international mobility. PIRT Working Paper, No. 18, Oct 1988. [19] pp. Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training [PIRT]: Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
"This paper presents a conceptual framework of contemporary international mobility patterns of individuals (and families) from the Commonwealth Caribbean who view North America as part of their world 'off the island'. A schema based on the nature of spatial displacement is used to differentiate international circulation and emigration intentions and ensuing behaviours of international mobility (and immobility). Spatial displacement is interpreted in broad terms, incorporating time, psychological perspectives and information acquisition. The result is a series of generalizable situations presented as a hypothetical set of contemporary Caribbean mobility relations with the dominant United States destination, New York City."
This paper was previously published in Caribbean Geography (Kingston, Jamaica), Vol. 2, No. 3, Oct 1988.
Correspondence: Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30502 Desplanques, Guy; Tabard, Nicole. The distribution of the foreign population. [La localisation de la population entrangere.] Economie et Statistique, No. 242, Apr 1991. 51-62, 99, 102 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The national origins of foreigners living in France are analyzed by province and metropolitan area. Special consideration is given to the distribution of foreigners among neighborhoods in Ile-de-France.
Correspondence: G. Desplanques, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Direction des Statistiques Demographiques et Sociales, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30503 Diaz-Briquets, Sergio; Weintraub, Sidney. Determinants of emigration from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. Series on Development and International Migration in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Basin, No. 1, ISBN 0-8133-8142-8. LC 90-21311. 1991. xix, 356 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is the first in a planned series of six volumes examining the relations among migration, trade, and foreign investment and their impact on economic development in Mexico and the Central American and Caribbean regions. This volume, which contains a selection of papers by various authors, focuses on the determinants of emigration and the identification of the regional and sectoral economic developments that might provide alternatives to emigration.
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301. Location: New York Public Library.

57:30504 Fassmann, Heinz; Munz, Rainer. Austria as a target of immigration? [Einwanderungsland Osterreich?] Demographische Informationen 1990/91, [1991]. 85-91, 155 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
This is an overview of the history of migration to and from Austria in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. "The article describes the discrepancy between the demographic history of Austria as a country of immigration and the prevailing collective consciousness defining mass migration as historical exception. The authors conclude: What the country needs is a coherent and transparent migration policy."
Correspondence: H. Fassmann, Instituts fur Demographie, Hintere Zollamtsstrasse 2b, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30505 Feiler, Gil. Migration and recession: Arab labor mobility in the Middle East, 1982-89. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, Mar 1991. 134-55, 202, 204 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article examines trends in Arab labor mobility in the Middle East during the economic recession of 1982-89. Political factors are seen as at least as important as economic considerations in determining the volume and direction of migration in the region. A number of countries in the Middle East remain heavily dependent on Arab foreign workers, who fill essential positions in the fields of education, health, industry, and construction." The impact of return migration on the sending countries is also addressed.
Correspondence: G. Feiler, Haifa University, Department of Middle Eastern History, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30506 Findley, Sally E. Choosing between African and French destinations; the role of family and community factors in migration from the Senegal River Valley. Working Paper du CERPOD, No. 5, Dec 1990. 36 pp. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur la Population pour le Developpement [CERPOD]: Bamako, Mali. In Eng.
"In this paper, the men who migrate [from the Senegal River Valley in Senegal and Mali] to France are contrasted with those who go to African destinations. The analysis concentrates on the differences in the families and communities involved in the alternative migrant circuits, consistent with earlier analyses of migration patterns, especially international migration patterns, that family and community factors determine the patterns of migration adopted by members of the impoverished peasantry....By studying the differences between these two groups of migrants we hope to be able to identify the ways that changes in the development process, either actual or planned, are likely to affect subsequent migration patterns."
Correspondence: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur la Population pour le Developpement, INSAH, B.P. 1530 Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30507 Guilmoto, Christophe. The Tamil migratory cycle, 1830-1950. [Le cycle migratoire tamoul, 1830-1950.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1991. 123-50 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author examines international migration from the Indian State of Tamil Nadu during the period 1830-1950. "An attempt is made to interpret migration processes in terms of [the] migratory cycle. The cycle of migration streams is divided into three phases: perfect regulation, growing independence, government-controlled termination. These stages of the cycle correspond to the progressive constitution of a permanent migrant community in receiving countries. Such a pattern can help analyse other examples of international labour migration in the contemporary situation."
Correspondence: C. Guilmoto, ORSTOM, B.P. 1386, Dakar, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30508 Humphrey, Michael. The changing role of Asian labour migration in the Middle East. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1991. 45-63 pp. Poitiers, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The paper explores the changing role and origins of foreign labour in two labour importing states, Kuwait and Jordan....Because Asian labour is cheaper, politically quiescent and more readily reexportable than Arab labour migrants it has become an increasingly important element of these labour forces....The paper argues that the strategy of dependent development based on the state's import of large amounts of capital, labour and technology has emphasised specific national identities over a regional pan-Arab one."
Correspondence: M. Humphrey, University of New South Wales, Sociology Department, P.O. Box 1, Kensington NSW 2033, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30509 International Organization for Migration [IOM] (Geneva, Switzerland). Ninth IOM seminar on migration: south-north migration. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 2, Jun 1991. 153-368 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This special issue contains ten papers and the opening addresses presented at an international seminar on south-north migration, held in December, 1990, in Geneva, Switzerland. Papers are included on the Asia-Pacific region, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Argentina, and Europe, as well as on east-west migration. Both push and pull factors are considered. A common theme emerging from the papers is the unprecedented magnitude of potential emigration from developing to developed countries if living conditions in the former continue to deteriorate.
Correspondence: International Organization for Migration, P.O. Box 71, 1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30510 Kaspi, Andre. The United States in 1990: the debate over immigration. [Etats-Unis 1990: le debat sur l'immigration.] Politique Etrangere, Vol. 55, No. 3, Aug 1990. 651-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Trends in migration to the United States are reviewed, with a focus on migration policy and changes in migration legislation in recent years. The author evaluates the U.S. policy of selective immigration based on migrants' professional qualifications or socioeconomic status.
Correspondence: A. Kaspi, Universite de Paris I, 12 place du Pantheon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30511 Khadria, Binod. Contemporary Indian immigration to the United States--is the brain drain over? Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1991. 65-96 pp. Poitiers, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The post-mid-1970's picture of international migration from India...gives the impression that its 'brain drain' to the developed countries of the West, particularly the U.S.A. declined....The impression was also consolidated by changes in the American Immigration Law wherein the emphasis had seemingly shifted from the 'occupational usefulness' of the immigrants in the American labour market to their 'family reunification.'....The paper argues that human capital transfers through migration from India [have] not abated simply because of immigration under the 'occupational preference' categories. Rather what happened is that the brain drain has continued through alternative channels...."
Correspondence: B. Khadria, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, New Delhi 110 067, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30512 Labat, Jean-Claude. The foreign presence in metropolitan France. [La presence etrangere en France metropolitaine.] Economie et Statistique, No. 242, Apr 1991. 7-15, 99, 101 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Data on the number of foreigners living in France are examined. The author notes that their number has stabilized since 1982 and that "this stabilization is accompanied by an extensive renewal of the foreign population....The proportion of residents of European nationality continues to shrink while that of people of more remote origins (i.e. the Maghreb, and particularly black Africa and Asia) rises."
Correspondence: J.-C. Labat, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Direction des Statistiques Demographiques et Sociales, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30513 Labib, Ali. Immigration in the Gulf countries: some specific aspects. [L'immigration dans les pays du Golfe: quelques aspects specifiques.] Revue de l'Occident Musulman et de la Mediterranee, No. 43, 1987. 53-60 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
Trends in international labor migration to the oil-producing Gulf countries are analyzed. The author notes a decline in this migration since the early 1980s and a general tendency of these countries to substitute capital expenditure for immigration. The risks posed to the labor-importing countries by the unstable and precarious conditions of migrants are noted.
Correspondence: A. Labib, Ecole Normale Superieure, Sousse, Tunisia. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

57:30514 Lam, Danny K.-K. Hongkong Chinese emigration and investment patterns in response to the 1997 problem. Journal of Northeast Asian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 1990. 60-79 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The transfer of Hongkong from British to PRC [Chinese] sovereignty has resulted in an apparently large outflow of Hongkong Chinese emigrants and investments abroad. The outflow is motivated by a variety of causes: Political fear, uncertainty, and economic considerations. These motivations in turn are mediated by the socio-economic position of potential migrants, their preference for developed, Western, liberal, English-speaking countries and the interplay of these factors with the international institutional system of legal migration."
Correspondence: D. K.-K. Lam, Seton Hall University, W. Paul Stillman School of Business, Department of Management, South Orange, NJ 07079. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

57:30515 Majava, Altti. Towards an equitable sharing of the benefits of international migration. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 29, 1991. 93-9 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
The author describes "the main types of proposals given in order to grant compensations to the countries of origin for their losses of productive human resources due to emigration." The encouragement of migrant savings and investments, opportunities for repatriation, and administrative and political requirements to carry out the proposal are discussed.
Correspondence: A. Majava, University of Helsinki, Department of Sociology, Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30516 Marchand, Olivier. There were as many employed foreign workers in 1990 as in 1980. [Autant d'actifs entrangers en 1990 qu'en 1980.] Economie et Statistique, No. 242, Apr 1991. 31-8, 99, 101 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Labor force participation of foreigners living in France is analyzed, using census data from 1980 and 1990. It is noted that the number of foreign workers has not increased significantly since 1980 and that the unemployment rate among foreigners is twice that of French citizens.
Correspondence: O. Marchand, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30517 Maurin, Eric. Foreigners: a different type of labor? [Les etrangers: une main-d'oeuvre a part?] Economie et Statistique, No. 242, Apr 1991. 39-50, 99, 101 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Difficulties encountered by foreign workers living in France are described. Consideration is given to the higher rate of unemployment among foreigners, the effect of the drop in industrial employment that occurred between 1983 and 1989, and the predominance of foreigners working in lower-paying service jobs. Social discrimination as a determinant of these differentials is discussed.
Correspondence: E. Maurin, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30518 Model, Suzanne. Caribbean immigrants: a black success story? International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, Summer 1991. 248-76 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines the 1980 earnings and earnings attainment process of Afro-Caribbean immigrants [to the United States] relative to Afro-Americans, native-born whites and foreign-born whites. Controlling for gender, the comparisons consider Caribbean Islanders as a whole and disaggregated by nation of origin. The results indicate that, in 1980 at least, fact did not justify the opinion that any West Indian subgroup had higher gross or net earnings than native-born blacks. Rather, a few non-English speaking subgroups fared worse. In addition, regardless of national background, Caribbean-born men experienced vast earnings disparities relative to white men. This was not the case for West Indian women, whose net earnings were, at minimum, equivalent to those of white women. Further analysis suggests that, for most Caribbean groups, West Indian background adds little to an understanding of the earnings attainment process that cannot be obtained from other measurable characteristics."
Correspondence: S. Model, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30519 Palazon Ferrando, Salvador. The Spanish population of Latin America. The result of emigration. [La poblacion espanola en America Latina. El resultado de una emigracion.] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 50, No. 197, 1989. 699-707 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Trends in the numbers and spatial distribution of Spanish natives who have migrated to Latin America are examined. The author discusses the migrants' age structure and occupational status. Data are from CELADE and cover the 1980s.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:30520 Pascual de Sans, Angels; Cardelus, Jordi. Aspects of the study of migration of those with professional qualifications. [Elements per a l'estudi de la mobilitat de personal qualificat.] Quaderns de Treball de l'IUEE, No. 5, Apr 1991. 69 pp. Institut Universitari d'Estudis Europeus [IUEE]: Barcelona, Spain. In Cat. with sum. in Eng.
This is a general review of published research on the migration of professionals. The impact on such migration of the growing internationalization of companies, the development of the European Community, and the political changes occurring in Eastern Europe is noted. The need for the development of standards concerning categories and types of migration by professionals in order to facilitate comparisons among studies and to develop theories that encompass such migrations is emphasized.
Correspondence: Institut Universitari d'Estudis Europeus, Edifici B, 08193 Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30521 Picouet, Michel; Niedworok, Nelly; Pellegrino, Adela. International migration concerning Uruguay: a methodological experiment and a proposal for a general plan of observation. [Movilidad internacional del Uruguay: ensayo metodologico y propuesta de un esquema general de observacion.] Jun 1989. 84 pp. Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos: Montevideo, Uruguay; U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This document makes proposals to improve the study of migration in Uruguay, with the emphasis on international movement. Recent trends in international migration are first described. The ability of current sources to provide the data necessary to successfully analyze those trends is then assessed. The document concludes with recommendations designed to improve the current system of data collection and to develop the tools for its analysis.
If requesting this document from CELADE, specify DOCPAL NO. 14129.00.
Correspondence: Direccion General de Estadistica y Censo, Cuareim 2052, Montevideo, Uruguay. Location: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Santiago, Chile.

57:30522 Salvetti, Patrizia. Italian immigration in Nicaragua (1880-1950). [L'emigrazione italiana in Nicaragua (1880-1950).] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 28, No. 101, Mar 1991. 2-26 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The author examines the history of the wealthy Italian colony of Nicaragua, compared with the other ethnic groups which had migrated there from Europe, and Northern and Southern America. The paper highlights the peculiar aspects of this settlement, the characteristics of the integration and what still remains of the Italian identity. The main sources for this research in Nicaragua come both from local documents and publications and the interviews [of] relatives of Italian immigrants...."
Correspondence: P. Salvetti, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Citta Universitaria, 00100 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30523 Schaeffer, Peter V. Guests who stay. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 23, No. 3, Jul 1991. 247-60 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
"This paper presents a model of legal international labor migration, particularly temporary migration. It explores the likelihood of voluntary return of a majority of foreign workers to their home countries. The approach chosen is that of deterministic simulation. The results of the simulation suggest that a relatively quick labor turnover as required for a true guestworker system is unlikely under most conditions."
Correspondence: P. Schaeffer, University of Colorado, Urban and Regional Planning Program, Denver, CO 80202. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:30524 Simon, Julian L. The case for greatly increased immigration. Public Interest, No. 102, Winter 1991. 89-103 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Possible demographic and economic benefits of an increase in the migration of skilled workers to the United States are explored. The author proposes relaxing immigration restrictions to achieve these positive effects.
Correspondence: J. L. Simon, University of Maryland, College of Business and Management, 110 Primrose, Chevy Chase, MD 20215. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30525 Tribalat, Michele. How many French residents have a foreign origin? [Combien sont les Francais d'origine etrangere?] Economie et Statistique, No. 242, Apr 1991. 17-29, 99, 101 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author estimates the size of the population of foreign origin living in France, which here includes those French nationals who have at least one parent or grandparent of foreign birth.
Correspondence: M. Tribalat, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30526 Voisard, Jacques; Ducastelle, Christiane. The immigration question in France today. [La question immigree dans la France d'aujourd'hui.] ISBN 2-7021-1633-7. 1988. 151 pp. Calmann-Levy: Paris, France. In Fre.
The current situation of the immigrant population in France is reviewed. Immigration trends since 1945 are first summarized. The authors then analyze the place of the immigrant population in French social and economic life. They conclude that voluntary repatriation is not viable and that the focus of policy should be to facilitate the process of integration into French society. The need for a coherent policy, rather than ad-hoc measures adopted as a consequence of specific events, is stressed. Development of information on which such a policy should be based is noted as a primary requirement.
Correspondence: Editions Calmann-Levy, 3 rue Auber, 75009 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

57:30527 Cebula, Richard J. A brief note on welfare benefits and human migration. Public Choice, Vol. 69, No. 3, Mar 1991. 345-9 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author investigates the impact of welfare benefit differentials on migration to Wisconsin during the period 1987-1989. "Newly available data...indicate...the number of newly opened AFDC cases in Wisconsin involving people who never before lived in the state and who, regardless of their race, prior poverty-status, or prior welfare-recipient status, migrated to Wisconsin and subsequently became welfare recipients. Thus, these migration data are not flawed by selectivity bias attributable to race, poverty (income status), or welfare-recipient status."
Correspondence: R. J. Cebula, Emory University, Department of Economics, Atlanta, GA 30322. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30528 Chun, Jin-Suk. Interregional migration and regional development. Pub. Order No. DA9030593. 1990. 238 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work concerns the relationship between internal migration and employment in the United States for the period 1965-1988 and was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Texas at Dallas.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(6).

57:30529 Colberg, Edli E. Migration patterns and returns to migration among female-headed families. Pub. Order No. DA9027202. 1990. 182 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study, which concerns Texas, was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Texas A and M University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(5).

57:30530 Das, Manoshi; Trovato, Frank. Migration to Quebec: a census analysis of British and French Canadians, 1966-71 and 1976-81. Population Research Laboratory Discussion Paper, No. 76, Feb 1991. 38 pp. University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper examines the migration of the British and the French ethnic groups to Quebec from the rest of Canada during the census periods 1966 to 1971 and 1976 to 1981. Migration rates and two groups of variables were examined: migrant characteristics (social demographic, ethnic, and minority group status) and origin-destination conditions (economic and subcultural). The migration rates indicate that there was a difference in favor of the French group during both census periods....The results foster support for the federal policy of bilingualism and biculturalism in the rest of the country...and suggest that a conceptual framework in which both migrant characteristics and area conditions are considered is of theoretical value."
Correspondence: University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30531 Das, Pulak. Job search and internal migration. Indian Economic Journal, Vol. 37, Oct-Dec 1989. 65-8 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The relationship between employment, wages, and internal migration is examined using data for India.
Correspondence: P. Das, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Department of Economics, Pilani, Rajasthan 333 031, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:30532 Dziewonski, Kazimierz. Population migration in Poland. Structural changes, 1975-1985. [Migracje ludnosci w Polsce. Zmiany strukturalne w latach 1975-1985.] Przeglad Geograficzny, Vol. 61, No. 3, 1989. 199-220 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Internal migration trends in Poland over the period 1975-1985 are analyzed. The author notes that the level of migration has declined by some 30 percent over this period. The analysis distinguishes regional variations as well as differences in types of migration.
Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

57:30533 Flowerdew, Robin; Amrhein, Carl. Poisson regression models of Canadian census division migration flows. Papers of the Regional Science Association, Vol. 67, 1989. 89-102 pp. Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper examines the amount, spatial pattern, and correlates of migration in Canada at the census division scale. The effects of distance, economic prosperity, social and cultural conditions, community size, and the housing market are investigated....Poisson regression techniques were used to avoid the estimation problems frequently encountered in log-normal regression."
Correspondence: R. Flowerdew, University of Lancaster, Department of Geography, Lancaster LA1 4YB, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30534 Garcia Estrada, Norma G. Internal migration in Guatemala. [Les migrations internes au Guatemala.] Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 112, No. 41, 1988. 169-75 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
Recent trends in internal migration in Guatemala are reviewed. The author notes that inequalities in land distribution are as great as anywhere else in Latin America and are a major cause of migration. The pressures caused by population increase and the mechanization of large landholdings with a consequent decline in the demand for labor are seen as the cause of both social conflict and migration.
Correspondence: N. G. Garcia Estrada, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 50 avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:30535 Gruidl, John S.; Pulver, Glen C. A dynamic analysis of net migration and state employment change. Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring 1991. 21-38 pp. Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"The dynamic relationship of net migration and employment change is examined for ten selected states of the U.S. using a multivariate time series approach--a vector autoregression (VAR) model. Granger causality tests and dynamic multipliers provide information on the dynamic process. The results suggest a state-level process in which employment change occurs first, and net migration follows with a lag. The procedure appears promising in investigating the timing of net migration and regional employment change."
Correspondence: J. S. Gruidl, Western Illinois University, Institute for Rural Affairs, Macomb, IL 61455. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:30536 Grundmann, Siegfried; Schmidt, Ines. Internal migration in the German Democratic Republic. [Zur Binnenwanderung in der DDR.] Zeitschrift fur den Erdkundeunterricht, Vol. 42, No. 7, 1990. 235-41 pp. Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Ger.
The impact of internal migration on regional population structure in East Germany is examined, and the interrelationships between internal migration and out-migration to West Germany are discussed. Possible effects of the transition to a market economy are also considered.
Location: New York Public Library.

57:30537 Harkman, Anders. Migration behaviour among the unemployed and the role of unemployment benefits. Papers of the Regional Science Association, Vol. 66, 1989. 143-50 pp. Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"In this paper the migration behaviour of young unemployed people in Sweden is analysed. The migration stream is divided into labour market migration and migration motivated by other reasons. The results show that a larger part of total migration is motivated by reasons other than pure labour market considerations. Explanatory factors have different effects on the two streams. Labour market motivated migration is sensitive to local labour market conditions while migration motivated by other reasons is not. Those who are receiving unemployment benefits are less willing to migrate than those who are not receiving such benefits."
Correspondence: A. Harkman, Office of Regional Planning and Urban Transportation, Box 12557, S-102 29 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30538 Korcelli, Piotr. Migration trends and regional labour market change in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 5-17 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author examines internal migration and its relation to economic conditions in Poland during the period since World War II. The "basic facets of internal migration in Poland, as they prevailed over the last decades, will be summarized in Section 2 and [compared] with the most recent mobility trends. Section 3 will focus on migration flows within and among 49 regions over the 1975-1983 period while taking account of changing industrial employment levels in individual regions. Alternative interpretations of observed migration patterns will be sought in Section 4. Preliminary conclusions and some further questions will be listed in Section 5."
Correspondence: P. Korcelli, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30539 Langer-Redei, Maria. Regularities and idiosyncrasies in Hungarian cohort-specific migration rates. [Szabalyszerusegek es specialitasok a magyar kohorszspecifikus vandorlasi aranyszamok alakulasaban.] Demografia, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, 1989. 49-77 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Trends in internal migration in Hungary since World War II are examined. The results indicate "that the decrease in the number of migrations can be ascribed not only to the widening of the possibilities of regional realization but also to the decline in the willingness to migrate. On [the] basis of...cohort-specific data it was proved that the generations...after World War II showed a smaller and smaller migration intensity in the same period of their life." The effects of changes in the population's age and sex structure are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30540 Mabogunje, Akin L. Agrarian responses to outmigration in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Rural development and population: institutions and policy, edited by Geoffrey McNicoll and Mead Cain. 1990. 324-42 pp. Population Council: New York, New York; Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author explores the economic and institutional consequences of labor out-migration in Sub-Saharan Africa. The first section of the article "describes the changing nature of the factors encouraging massive outmigration from rural areas...and examines the changing destinations of the migrants. The second section considers the agrarian responses to these movements, especially as they relate to the restructuring of the labor supply system for meeting the needs of the local economy. The third examines labor demand adjustments, especially as they have been conducive to rural class formation. The fourth considers other consequential changes in rural labor relations, with special reference to the role and status of women. The fifth section examines the role of the state in mediating these diverse responses and in guiding them in directions compatible with the overriding capitalist objectives of colonial and post-colonial economies of these countries. A concluding section evaluates the implications of these various changes for population processes and rural development in sub-Saharan Africa."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30541 Matsukawa, I. Interregional gross migration and structural changes in local industries. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 23, No. 5, May 1991. 745-56 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In this paper the impacts of structural changes in local industries on interregional gross migration in Japan for 1974-85 are empirically examined. Structural changes in local industries, which are represented by a simple index of local employment growth dispersion across sectors, induce interregional migration, as well as intraregional migration. The estimation results with pooled data support this hypothesis. The impacts of structural changes in local industries are different across gross migration flows (rural-urban, urban-rural, urban-urban, and rural-rural migration), as are the impacts of other determinants of migration such as earnings differentials, aggregate employment growth, national unemployment, distance, and age structure."
Correspondence: I. Matsukawa, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1-6-1 Ohtemachi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:30542 Oran, Ahmad F. O. Recent versus lifetime intermetropolitan Brazilian migration: estimates of a multinomial logistic model. Pub. Order No. DA9026288. 1990. 106 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(4).

57:30543 Pernia, Ernesto M. Migration, development and employment in East and Southeast Asia: patterns and implications. Philippine Review of Economics and Business, Vol. 24, No. 3-4, Sep-Dec 1987. 387-412 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"The paper first reviews some of the major studies on internal migration in East and Southeast Asian countries, highlighting its relationship to development, particularly to the role of policies in the evolution of migration patterns....The paper also focuses on intersectoral labor migration in the context of structural transition and employment. The character of economic growth and of policies also influences the effects of migration in terms of the rate of departure of labour migrants from agriculture, their entry into industry relative to the service sector, as well as their consequent absorption in those sectors. Finally, important implications for policy and research are outlined in the conclusion."
Correspondence: E. M. Pernia, Asian Development Bank, P.O.B. 789, Manila 2800, Philippines. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30544 Pessino, Carola. Sequential migration theory and evidence from Peru. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 36, No. 1, Jul 1991. 55-87 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The standard human capital model of labor migration has been successful in explaining several empirical regularities of the migration process. However, there are a number of empirical facts that have not yet been explained or empirically tested; among them, that migrants usually perform more than one move in their lifetime; return migration accounts for a very important share of total migration rates; and there is a high positive correlation between in- and out-migration rates in the more advantageous regions. This paper presents both a simple model explaining these facts and an empirical analysis using data from Peru."
Correspondence: C. Pessino, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

57:30545 Potrykowska, Alina. Age patterns and model migration schedules in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 63-80 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author examines migration patterns by age and sex for the 13 regions of Poland, applying synthetic models of hypothetical migration schedules to official data for the period 1977-1981.
Correspondence: A. Potrykowska, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30546 Rybakovskii, L. L.; Tarasova, N. V. Migration processes in the USSR: new phenomena. Soviet Sociology, Vol. 30, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 6-22 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
Migration patterns in the USSR since 1970 are examined, with emphasis on reasons for migrating and demographic characteristics of migrants. The movement of surplus workers from the Central Asian republics to the Russian Federation is noted, and current data on migration are assessed and compared to those from the pre-Revolutionary era. International migration to other countries is analyzed by ethnic groups. The effect of perestroika on internal and international migration is also discussed. Data are from official sources, including the 1989 census.
This is a translation of the Russian article published in 1990 and cited in 57:10548.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30547 Rykiel, Zbigniew. Migrations among Polish urban agglomerations. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 101-7 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author examines migration patterns among the nine major metropolitan areas of Poland for 1978. Emphasis is on the educational level of migrants. He concludes that such urban centers form the nuclei of regional settlement systems rather than shaping a national urban settlement system.
Correspondence: Z. Rykiel, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30548 Rykiel, Zbigniew. Spatial barriers: concepts, use and an application to intra-regional migration. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 33-41 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author describes the development, uses, and limitations of a model using spatial barriers in the analysis of internal migration. He then uses such a model to analyze the impact of spatial barriers on interurban migration in the Katowice region of Poland, using data for 1978.
Correspondence: Z. Rykiel, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30549 Rykiel, Zbigniew. The mechanism for migration in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 19-31 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author reviews neoclassical theories and models of migration. The mobility theory, which concerns the impact of local labor markets on migration, is discussed in the Polish context. A general model of the regional labor market and a multicausal model are developed to explain the patterns of internal migration. The period of a managed economy (1949-1980) is contrasted with the period since the implementation of a new economic system in 1983.
Correspondence: Z. Rykiel, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30550 Sandefur, Gary D.; Jeon, Jiwon. Migration, race and ethnicity, 1960-1980. International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, Summer 1991. 392-407 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article compares racial and ethnic patterns in interstate and interregional migration in the years 1960 to 1980....This research looks at geographical assimilation--the extent to which patterns of migration and regional distribution of minority groups resemble those of whites. Attention is directed to United States-born Asian Americans, blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans and whites, and attempts to answer the following questions: 1) To what extent do the patterns of interstate migration of these groups resemble one another? 2) To what extent do the regional distributions and patterns of net regional migration of these groups resemble one another?"
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 54, No. 3, Fall 1988, p. 495).
Correspondence: G. D. Sandefur, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30551 Spain. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica [INE] (Madrid, Spain). A survey of the economically active population: migration survey, 1989. [Encuesta de poblacion activa: encuesta de migraciones, 1989.] ISBN 84-260-2112-3. 1991. viii, [9], 108 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
These are the results of a survey on internal migration in Spain in 1989. Information is included on migrant characteristics, occupations, and place of residence, as well as on regional patterns of migration.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Paseo de la Castellana 183, 28071 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30552 Yadava, K. N. S.; Raju, K. N. M.; Yadava, G. S. On the distribution of distance associated with marriage migration in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh, India. Rural Demography, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, 1988. 7-18 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
"This paper examines the relationship between marriage and migration distance through a probabilistic model with two parameters. The suitability of the present model is tested with several sets of observed data collected from the rural areas in 1978 in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India; and it is found that the model fits the observed data reasonably well."
Correspondence: K. N. S. Yadava, Australian National University, Department of Demography, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30553 Zhang, Shanyu. Great changes in interprovincial migration of population in China. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, Jun 1990. 1-11 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
Internal migration among provinces in China is examined for the period 1982-1987. The author compares migration rates with population size in each province and discusses Chinese policy on internal migration. Data are from the 1987 one percent sampling survey.
Correspondence: S. Zhang, Huadong Teachers University, Population Research Institute, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

57:30554 Ennab, Wa'el Rif'at M. A. Population geography of the refugee camps in the West Bank. Pub. Order No. BRD-89389. 1989. 379 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Durham (United Kingdom).
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(4).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

57:30555 Bigsten, Arne. A note on the modelling of circular smallholder migration. Economics Letters, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1988. 87-91 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"It is argued that circular migration [in Africa] should be seen as an optimization problem, where the household allocates its labour resources across activities, including work which requires migration, so as to maximize the joint family utility function. The migration problem is illustrated in a simple diagram, which makes it possible to analyse economic aspects of migration."
Correspondence: A. Bigsten, Gothenburg School of Economics, S-411 25 Gothenburg, Sweden. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30556 Gocal, Teresa; Rakowski, Witold. Delimitation of regions and subregions in the field of commuting. [Delimitacja regionow i subregionow migracyjnych w zakresie dojazdow do pracy.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 332, 1991. 162 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The influence of commuter towns and villages on surrounding areas is examined for commuter centers in Poland. Selected demographic characteristics of commuters are also presented.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodlegosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

57:30557 Ahmad, Supian B. Rural-urban migration and regional policy in Peninsular Malaysia: a case study of Klang Valley region. Pub. Order No. BRDX89233. 1986. 638 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Sheffield (United Kingdom).
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(3).

57:30558 Berry, Brian J. L. How "sticky" is urbanward migration? Evidence for the United States, 1850-1980. Urban Geography, Vol. 12, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 283-90 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Estimates of what the urban growth rate would have been if labor had been perfectly mobile and responsive to differences in the growth rates of urban and rural opportunity enable the 'stickiness' of urbanward migration to be measured....In this research note I make normative use of an urban growth model...to derive estimates of expected migration flows [in the United States]. Thus, by comparison with observed migration, I am able to measure the shortfalls in urbanward migration due to stickiness. Urbanward migration in the U.S. between 1850 and 1980 is the case selected for examination because free-market conditions are more likely to have obtained in the United States than elsewhere."
Correspondence: B. J. L. Berry, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Social Sciences, Richardson, TX 75083-0688. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:30559 Biggs, Brian; Bollman, Ray. Urbanization in Canada. Canadian Social Trends, No. 21, Summer 1991. 22-7 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
"Urbanization has been a persistent feature of Canada's demographic history since Confederation, it can be viewed as both a cause and an effect of socioeconomic change. Migration from rural to urban areas has occurred largely in response to perceived greater economic opportunities in cities....The changing distribution of population growth between rural and urban Canada is central to concerns about the viability of rural areas, and the magnification of social problems associated with urban size."
Correspondence: B. Biggs, Statistics Canada, Agriculture Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30560 Choi, Jung Whan. Migration and economic development in less-developed countries. Pub. Order No. DA9023527. 1990. 197 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines rural-urban migration in the Republic of Korea. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(4).

57:30561 Gawryszewski, Andrzej; Potrykowska, Alina. Rural depopulation areas in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 54, 1988. 81-99 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The authors examine the socioeconomic causes and demographic results of out-migration from rural areas in Poland for the period 1946-1983. The focus is on regional differences in rural depopulation. The impact of changing policies on such trends is addressed.
Correspondence: A. Gawryszewski, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30562 Ingene, Charles A.; Yu, Eden S. H. Urban-rural migration: uncertainty and the effect of a change in the minimum wage. Papers of the Regional Science Association, Vol. 67, 1989. 135-45 pp. Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper extends the neoclassical, Harris-Todaro model of urban-rural migration to the case of production uncertainty in the agricultural sector. A unique feature of the Harris-Todaro model is an exogenously determined minimum wage in the urban sector that exceeds the rural wage. Migration occurs until the rural wage equals the expected urban wage ('expected' due to employment uncertainty). The effects of a change in the minimum wage upon regional outputs, resource allocation, factor rewards, expected profits, and expected national income are explored, and the influence of production uncertainty upon the obtained results are delineated." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: C. A. Ingene, University of Washington, School of Business Adminstration, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:30563 Ma, Shuluan. An analysis of characteristics of population migration and flow in small cities and towns. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 4, Dec 1990. 9-18 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author analyzes migration to small cities and towns in Jiangsu province, China, in 1986. The focus on the extent to which population growth is affected by natural increase, net in-migration, changes in administrative area divisions, and newly instituted towns. Aspects considered include migrants' place of origin, reasons for migration, and the impact of movements of the rural labor force to small cities and towns.
Correspondence: S. Ma, Nanjing University, Population Research Institute, 11 Hankou Road, Nanjing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30564 Ma, Xia. Contemporary rural-urban migration of the Chinese population. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1989. 51-66 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author examines rural-urban migration in China. "The present article provides an estimate of the volume of this population flow since 1949, based on a survey of population flow statistics from 74 cities, and discusses the theories and policies on migration."
Correspondence: X. Ma, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Population Studies, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing 100732, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30565 Visaria, Pravin; Gumber, Anil. Internal migration in India: a review of the National Sample Survey data. Gujarat Institute of Area Planning Working Paper, No. 32, Aug 1990. 54 pp. Gujarat Institute of Area Planning: Ahmedabad, India. In Eng.
The impact of internal migration, specifically rural-urban migration, on economic development in India is analyzed. "Depending on the size of the territorial unit under study and its location, relative to neighbouring territories, the quantum of total migration significantly exceeds the net redistribution of population. These processes, their correlates, and the costs and benefits [are the purpose of this] study. [The goal is to] help the planning authorities concerned with social and economic development to assess and evaluate the need and scope for influencing or guiding the volume and direction of migration." Data are from various rounds of the National Sample Survey.
Correspondence: Gujarat Institute of Area Planning, Near Gota Char Rasta, Gota, Ahmedabad 382 481, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30566 Withers, Charles W. J.; Watson, Alexandra J. Stepwise migration and Highland migration to Glasgow, 1852-1898. Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 17, No. 1, Jan 1991. 35-55 pp. New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"Permanent and temporary movement of population from the rural Highlands to the urban Lowlands was a major element in the demographic modernisation of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Scotland. Most studies of Highland-Lowland migration have considered movement between birthplace and place of enumeration as the result of single direct moves. Little attention has been paid to the 'steps' by which migrants actually moved. This paper examines sources which allow reconstruction of stepwise migration patterns of a sample of Highland migrants to late-nineteenth-century Glasgow. The source is critically assessed in relation to other work both on stepwise migration and on Highland-Lowland migration in Scotland."
Correspondence: C. W. J. Withers, Cheltenham and Gloucester, College of Higher Education, The Park, Cheltenham GL50 3QQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


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