Volume 57 - Number 3 - Fall 1991

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

57:30001 Aaseng, Nathan. Overpopulation: crisis or challenge? A Science/Technology/Society Book, ISBN 0-531-11006-0. LC 90-13121. 1991. 160 pp. Franklin Watts: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
In this book, intended for a general audience, the author discusses the economic, moral, and political aspects of global overpopulation. Family planning, birth control, and population policies are considered. Particular attention is given to various viewpoints on the environmental effects of overpopulation.
Correspondence: Franklin Watts, 387 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

57:30002 Fornos, Werner. Population politics. Technology Review, No. 94, Feb-Mar 1991. 42-51 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author asserts that the need to stabilize global population is the most urgent problem in the contemporary world. He suggests that the knowledge and technology to achieve this goal exist but that the political will to tackle the problem is lacking. The focus is on action the U.S. government needs to take to avert the coming overpopulation crisis.
Correspondence: W. Fornos, Population Institute, 110 Maryland Avenue NE, Washington, D.C. 20002. Location: Princeton University Library (ST).

57:30003 Kasun, Jacqueline. Too many people? The myth of excess population. Economic Affairs, Vol. 9, No. 5, Jun-Jul 1989. 15-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author critically examines "the myth of [global] overpopulation and argues that population growth can be better regulated by individual decision rather than state control."
Correspondence: J. Kasun, Humboldt State University, Department of Economics, Arcata, CA 95521. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30004 Livi Bacci, Massimo. 361 million problems. [361 millones de problemas.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1990. 7-19 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is the address given by the President of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population at the closing session of the IUSSP International Population Conference held in New Delhi, India, September 20-27, 1989. It consists of a general discourse on current and future problems concerning global population trends.
Correspondence: M. Livi Bacci, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento Statistico, Via Curtatone 1, 50123 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30005 Mackensen, Rainer. August Losch--a German demographer, 1932-1945. [August Losch--ein deutscher Bevolkerungswissenschaftler 1932-1945.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 16, No. 3-4, 1990. 415-33 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author assesses the demographic writings of a German whose works were published in the 1930s and early 1940s. "It...is shown that Losch's unconventional argumentation yielded results which contradicted the then prevailing demographic mainstream: he therefore was not accepted...."
Correspondence: R. Mackensen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Institut fur Soziologie, Dovestrasse 1/715, 1000 Berlin 10, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30006 Merrick, Thomas W. America in the 21st century: a global perspective. Oct 1989. 28 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report is part of a series...[highlighting] the importance of demographic change in shaping our local communities and world environment as we enter the 21st century. This report looks at demographic trends that are occurring around the world and provides a framework for understanding the newly emerging global economy, the movement for sustainable development, and other changes that are creating a realignment of international interests." The geographical scope is worldwide, with a focus on the position of the United States in relation to the global community.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, Circulation Department, P.O. Box 96152, Washington, D.C. 20090-6152. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30007 Sadik, Nafis. World population continues to rise. Futurist, Vol. 25, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1991. 9-14 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
The author outlines current world population trends and suggests strategies for curbing population growth rates.
Correspondence: N. Sadik, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30008 Tabah, Leon. Ten population problems in perspective. Homage to Jean Bourgeois-Pichat and Alfred Sauvy. [Dix problemes de population en perspective. Hommage a Jean Bourgeois-Pichat et a Alfred Sauvy.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 16, ISBN 2-87762-018-2. May 1991. 31 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The world population is experiencing a diverging evolution between the North, characterized by an increasing [uniformity] and the South, where situations are more and more differentiated. In this context, ten major population problems threaten the coming years: [increasing] mortality, the AIDS epidemic, the degradation of the environment...unrestrained urbanization...international [migration] pressure, human rights, women's status, new technologies of human reproduction, population policies and the problem of the future size of the world population." Homages to Jean Bourgeois-Pichat and Alfred Sauvy are included in this issue.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30009 United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). UNFPA 1990 report. Pub. Order No. 91/32001/E/10000. ISBN 0-89714-092-3. 1990. 82 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report describes the work of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1990. It contains a review of population activities by developing region, focusing on UNFPA's contribution. A review of activities by sector follows, including family planning; information, education, and communication; data collection; the utilization of data and research for policy development; and women and development. A further section concentrates on other aspects of UNFPA's program.
For a previous report concerning 1989, see 56:30006.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

57:30010 Hodgson, Dennis. The ideological origins of the Population Association of America. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, Mar 1991. 1-34, 200-3 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The list of persons invited to the founding session of the Population Association of America in 1931 is used to define the field of population studies in the United States from 1900 to 1930. Four factions are identified: immigration restrictionists, eugenicists, birth controllers, and population scientists. The history and ideological orientation of each group is outlined."
Correspondence: D. Hodgson, Fairfield University, Department of Sociology, Fairfield, CT 06430. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30011 Khalatbari, Parviz. Thomas Robert Malthus in conflict with the sciences. [Thomas Robert Malthus im Widerstreit der Wissenschaften.] Zu Problemen der Demographie, 1991. 165 pp. Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Institut fur Demographie: Berlin, Germany. In Eng; Ger.
This work contains eight papers presented at the Ninth International Demographic Seminar, held in Berlin on October 4, 1990. The papers, two of which are in English and the rest in German, focus on Malthus, his theories, and conflicts over those theories. Included are discussions of current economic demography, population forecasting models, and the influence of Malthusian theory on other demographers.
Correspondence: Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Institut fur Demographie, Spandauer Strasse 1, 0-1020 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30012 Meillassoux, Claude. The ghosts of Malthus: demography and modes of production. Journal of Social Studies, No. 50, Oct 1990. 46-61 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The author examines productivity and population dynamics in the context of Malthus's Essay on the Principle of Population.
Correspondence: C. Meillassoux, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 54 Boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30013 Pinn, Irmgard; Nebelung, Michael. Concepts of man in population theories and population policies. German traditions from "classical" racism to present theories. [Das Menschenbild der Bevolkerungstheorie und Bevolkerungspolitik. Deutsche Traditionslinien vom "klassischen" Rassismus bis zur Gegenwart.] Peripherie, No. 37, 1989. 21-50 pp. Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The authors argue against development theories that view overpopulation as a threat to the entire world. They contend that such theories are based on ethnocentric and racially stereotyped concepts. Examples discussed include colonial racism, anti-Semitism, and eugenics. The work of various German authors is examined.
Correspondence: I. Pinn, Institut fur Soziologie RWTH Aachen, Karmanforum, 5100 Aachen, Germany. Location: Georgetown University Library, Washington, D.C.

57:30014 Romaniuc, Anatole. Reflections on the demographic future of advanced societies: a Canadian perspective. [Reflexions sur le devenir demographique des societes avancees: un regard sur le Canada.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 179-96 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The demographic future of advanced societies is debated from three different theoretical perspectives. According to the first one, a quasi-unavoidable condition of any advanced society, the present-day below replacement fertility is viewed as an outcome of a long-term social evolution. It calls for social and institutional adaptations to demographic stagnation and aging. The second perspective, inspired by a liberal philosophy of non-intervention in matters of procreation, postulates the idea of a self-regulating social process. Finally, the third perspective, akin to a voluntaristic philosophy, poses demographic problems in forms of public choice."
Correspondence: A. Romaniuc, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

57:30015 Birg, Herwig. On the way toward a philosophical demography. [Unterwegs zu einer philosophischen Demographie.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 16, No. 3-4, 1990. 327-40 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author presents an argument for a system of demographic research that incorporates philosophy. "Philosophical questions are of direct importance for a theory-guided demography, especially for the formulation of theories on human reproduction....Even purely methodological problems are directly connected to fundamental philosophical questions. A philosophical demography...is also important for a satisfactory justification of governmental interventions into the population process."
Correspondence: H. Birg, Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik, Postfach 86 40, 4800 Bielefeld 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30016 Morrison, Peter A. Looking in from outside: enhancing demographic perspectives on business concerns. RAND Paper, No. P-7712, Apr 1991. iii, 21 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
Practical guidelines for strengthening the effectiveness of demographers' advisory contributions to the business arena are presented. These include clarifying relevant business concerns, setting out objectives, ensuring that the demographic information provided is relevant, and developing an appropriate procedural strategy.
This paper was presented at the 1991 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30017 Noin, Daniel. Where is population geography going? [Ou va la geographie de la population?] 1991. 44 pp. International Geographical Union, Commission on Population Geography: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
This is a collection of brief essays by various authors suggesting research directions in population geography. Recommendations include increasing the focus on political factors, spatial demography, and such theoretical issues as the relationship between population and space.
Correspondence: D. Noin, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

57:30018 Lecaillon, Jean-Didier. Economic demography: observation, interpretation, analysis. [Demographie economique: observation, interpretation, analyse.] ISBN 2-7111-1000-1. 1990. 269 pp. Libraire de la Cour de Cassation: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an introductory textbook on the methodology of economic demography. The author introduces students to the basics of data collection and usage. Interpretation of research results is then discussed. Finally, these concepts are used to evaluate the economic consequences of population change.
Correspondence: Libraire de la Cour de Cassation, 27 place Dauphine, 75001 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

57:30019 Pollard, A. H.; Yusuf, Farhat; Pollard, G. N. Demographic techniques. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-08-040065-5. 1990. ix, 185 pp. Pergamon Press: Elmsford, New York/Rushcutters Bay, Australia. In Eng.
This book is intended as an introduction to demographic techniques for students who have a general interest in population. It is a revised edition of a work originally published in 1974. Chapters are included on sources of demographic statistics, basic demographic measures, life tables, applications of stationary population models, mortality, fertility, stable populations and population models, population estimates and projections, demographic sample surveys, multiple-decrement tables, testing the accuracy of demographic data, and estimating demographic measures from incomplete data. The geographical focus is worldwide, with particular emphasis on Australia.
Correspondence: Pergamon Press (Australia), 19a Boundary Street, Ruschutters Bay, NSW 2011, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30020 Witherick, M. E. Population geography. Longman Modular Geography Series, ISBN 0-582-35586-9. 1990. 177 pp. Longman: Harlow, England. In Eng.
This is a textbook on population geography designed for college-bound high school students in the United Kingdom. Topics considered include fertility and mortality, the demographic transition, migration, population structures, food supply, and population distribution. A final chapter on the global outlook provides population projections and discusses related environmental issues.
Correspondence: Longman Group, Longman House, Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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