Volume 57 - Number 2 - Summer 1991

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

57:20001 Guerrand, Roger-Henri; Ronsin, Francis. The taming of sex: Jeanne Humbert and the struggle for birth control. [Le sexe apprivoise: Jeanne Humbert et la lutte pour le controle des naissances.] Textes a l'Appui/Serie Histoire Contemporaine, ISBN 2-7071-1941-5. 1990. 191 pp. Editions La Decouverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors describe the life and work of Jeanne Humbert, a French pioneer of sexual liberation and of women's right to control their fertility, over the course of the twentieth century.
Correspondence: Editions la Decouverte, 1 place Paul-Painleve, Paris 75005, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20002 Sharma, A. K. Issues in social demography. ISBN 81-7099-093-9. LC 89-906036. 1989. xii, 190 pp. Mittal Publications: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is an attempt to define and develop the concepts of social demography, chiefly in the Indian context. The study combines both quantitative and qualitative methods in order to tackle substantive issues, theoretical perspectives, and research methodologies from a sociological perspective. Chapters are included on a comparative study of the work of Donald J. Bogue and P. A. Sorokin in social demography, methods of social demography, the structure and features of population in India, poverty and population, social issues in population management, and urbanization and migration.
Correspondence: Mittal Publications, 4528/12 Jaimata Market, Trinagar, Delhi 110 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

57:20003 Jacquard, Albert. This is the time of the finished world. [Voici le temps du monde fini.] Etudes, Vol. 372, No. 5, May 1990. 637-48 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author develops the argument that humanity has now completed the process of populating the earth, and that this achievement involves a radical rethinking of our economic and cultural values. He suggests that the lack of space for further growth necessitates the adoption of economic and cultural objectives that emphasize the preservation of a steady state on a planet with finite room and resources.
Correspondence: A. Jacquard, Universite de Geneve, 3 place de l'Universite, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland. Location: New York Public Library.

57:20004 Khalatbari, P. Population growth, problems in developing countries and throughout the world. [Rost naseleniya, problemy razvivayushchikhsya stran i tselostnogo mira.] Ekonomicheskie Nauki, No. 2, 1990. 68-75 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Problems of population growth are examined from the perspective of population as a global issue rather than one specific to developing countries. The author states that given the limited resources of the planet, the problem can be resolved only through a rapid stabilization of population numbers in the context of successful socioeconomic development. The data for the study are from published U.N. sources.
Correspondence: P. Khalatbari, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Sektion Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Spandauer Strasse 1, Berlin 102, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:20005 Minkov, Minko. Demographic development and way of life in the countries of Eastern Europe against the background of modern world developments. [Demografsko razvitie i nachin na zhivot v iztochnoevropeiskite strani na fona na savremenniya svyat.] Naselenie, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1989. 3-13 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The demographic transition in Eastern Europe is analyzed. Results indicate that while developing countries go through the same stages as developed countries, the process is accomplished in a much shorter time period.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

57:20006 Daly, Herman E. Population and economics: a bioeconomic analysis. Population and Environment, Vol. 12, No. 3, Spring 1991. 257-63 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The notion of optimal population is recast as a problem of optimal scale (population times per capita resource use). Bioeconomic limits to scale are considered, drawing on concepts from A. J. Lotka and N. Georgescu-Roegen. The ethical choice between many people at low resource use per capita versus fewer people at higher resource per capita transcends bioeconomics, but is unavoidable and highlights the issue of sufficiency as well as efficiency. A policy of increasing resource severance taxes and lowering income taxes, especially on lower incomes, is suggested as a way of serving both efficiency and sufficiency."
Correspondence: H. E. Daly, World Bank, Environmental Department, Room S-3053, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20007 Kopchak, S. I.; Piskunov, V. P. Population reproduction as a subject of demography. [O vosproizvodstve naseleniya kak predmete demografii.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 14, 1990. 3-19 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng; Ukr.
"Two standpoints on...population reproduction as...a subject of demography are considered. According to the first one reproduction is identified with natural movement, according to the second one, natural movement of the population forms an abstract component [of] reproduction."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20008 Kornienko, V. P. The law of common wealth reproduction and the law of general reproduction. [Zakon vosproizvodstva obshchebogatstva i zakon samovosproizvedeniya narodonaseleniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 14, 1990. 20-34 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng; Ukr.
"A correlation between the fundamental economic law of socialism and fundamental law of population is established. The common wealth is the main economic category of socialism....The fundamental economic law of socialism consists in retention and reproduction of the common wealth--multiplication of the social wealth and expansion of the people's power to dispose of the growing wealth. The law of population in socialism is the law of general self-reproduction."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20009 Piche, Victor; Poirier, Jean. Theories of demographic transition: toward a certain convergence? [Les theories de la transition demographique: vers une certaine convergence?] Sociologie et Societes, Vol. 22, No. 1, Apr 1990. 179-92 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The aim of this paper is to present, in their points of convergence and opposition, the main theoretical currents which have arisen around the concept of demographic transition in its application to Third World countries. Four currents are identified: structural functionalism, culturalism, Marxism and feminism. The authors identify two main trends in recent debates surrounding the question of transition in demography: on the one hand, convergence of macro-structural approaches and, on the other, greater opposition between the latter and those which favor cultural factors."
Correspondence: V. Piche, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: New York Public Library.

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

57:20010 Gray, Ronald H. Epidemiologic methods and case-control studies of mortality and morbidity. In: Measurement and analysis of mortality: new approaches, edited by Jacques Vallin, Stan D'Souza, and Alberto Palloni. 1990. 64-83 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This brief review has presented arguments for the integration of epidemiologic case-control studies into demographic research on mortality." The focus is on "studies of infant and childhood mortality or morbidity in developing countries, since this is the area in which an integration of disciplinary approaches may be most productive....The case-control approach offers some unique advantages, and suffers disadvantages analogous to other non-experimental research methods. Although scepticism of the case-control method persists, the widespread use of this approach in epidemiologic research and the confirmation of case-control findings by subsequent cohort or experimental studies supports the validity of this method...."
Correspondence: R. H. Gray, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20011 Uche, Chukwudum. Anthropological approaches for the study of mortality and morbidity. In: Measurement and analysis of mortality: new approaches, edited by Jacques Vallin, Stan D'Souza, and Alberto Palloni. 1990. 84-98 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter reviews recent work by medical anthropologists and medical sociologists in the area of mortality and morbidity. The chapter is not exhaustive but attempts to maximize coverage of studies by non-demographers with the aim of highlighting significant methodologies and findings that may be of interest to demographers....Section 1 is a critical review of anthropological methodology in this field. Section 2 discusses the classification of diseases, while Section 3 is on the types of therapy available. Section 4 deals with the determinants of so-called 'help seeking' behaviour. Section 5 considers the environment of high morbidity and mortality, and Section 6 is concerned with multi-disciplinary aspects of morbidity and mortality." The focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: C. Uche, University of Benin, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Benin City, Nigeria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20012 Zubrow, Ezra. The depopulation of native America. Antiquity, Vol. 64, No. 245, Dec 1990. 754-65 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
Some issues concerning the depopulation of native North America that occurred following the European contact and subsequent settlement are considered. The author suggests that "the replacement, for the most part, of native American populations by immigrants in the centuries after 1492 is one of the great demographic shifts of the modern world. It is fundamental for American archaeology, of course, and makes the background for acute moral and ethical issues, which will become more visible as the 500th anniversary of the Columbus landfall nears."
Correspondence: E. Zubrow, State University of New York, Department of Anthropology, 380 MFAC, Buffalo, NY 14261. Location: Princeton University Library (SA).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

57:20013 Di Comite, Luigi; Chiassino, Giuseppe. The elements of demography. [Elementi di demografia.] 1990. 184 pp. Cacucci Editore: Bari, Italy. In Ita.
This is a basic introductory textbook to the study of demography based on courses that the authors give at the University of Bari. Chapters are included on the definition of a Lexis diagram, demographic data, population characteristics, mortality, life tables, fertility, infant mortality, nuptiality, migration, population theories, stationary and stable population concepts, and projections and forecasts. The primary emphasis is on the demography of Italy.
Correspondence: Cacucci Editore, Via Cairoli 140, 70122 Bari, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20014 Franck Cadier, Christiane. Demography. Volume 1: demographic phenomena. [Demographie. Tome 1: les phenomenes demographiques.] Collection Exercices et Cas, No. 7, ISBN 2-7178-1783-2. 1990. 292 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the first volume of a two-volume work presenting 42 exercises in demography for students in sociology or economics. The first volume is concerned with demographic variables. Methods of analysis, including Lexis diagrams, tables, and rates, are introduced and applied to the study of mortality and fertility in both developed and developing countries. The emphasis is on the transformation of data into indicators, the interpretation of results, and the relationship between demographic and economic factors.
For Volume 2, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Hericart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20015 Franck Cadier, Christiane. Demography. Volume 2: population. [Demographie. Tome 2: la population.] Collection Exercices et Cas, No. 8, ISBN 2-7178-1840-5. 1990. 168 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the second volume of a two-volume work presenting 42 exercises in demography for students in sociology or economics. The second volume is concerned with population characteristics, such as age and sex distribution, and population dynamics in both developed and developing countries. The tools of analysis, such as age pyramids, dependency ratios, sex ratios, and growth rates, are illustrated with examples from both young and aging populations. Aspects considered include how the structure of a population affects the development of its characteristics, the process of demographic transition, and the linkage between demographic and economic factors. Particular attention is given to the economically active population.
For Volume 1, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Hericart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20016 Henderson, Euan; Kinzett, Steve; Lockwood, Fred. Developing POPTRAN, a population modelling package. British Journal of Educational Technology, Vol. 19, No. 3, Oct 1988. 184-92 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Collaboration between subject matter specialists, computer programmers and educational technologists has resulted in the reproduction of POPTRAN, a computer assisted learning package designed to teach the basic concepts of population studies. Its evaluation in developing countries, with both naive and specialist users, and subsequent revision, has produced a package of both academic quality and teaching effectiveness."
Correspondence: E. Henderson, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA Buckinghamshire, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

57:20017 Namboodiri, Krishnan. Demographic analysis: a stochastic approach. ISBN 0-12-513830-X. LC 90-742. 1991. xii, 370 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England. In Eng.
"This book is a [textbook concerned with] the descriptive and explanatory analyses of the everchanging size and makeup of populations....A general introduction to the use of rates in demographic analysis is given in Chapter 2. Single- and multiple-decrement life tables are dealt with in Chapters 3 and 4, respectively. One chapter (5) is devoted to Markov processes and the movements of people among a multitude of states (e.g., single, married, divorced, widowed, dead). A number of specific models, including the stable population model, are discussed in Chapter 6. Chapter 7 is devoted to compositional analysis....The subject matter of Chapter 8 [is bioecological and geographical approaches to spatial distributions]. Chapter 9 is devoted to the recent literature on heterogeneity and provides a historical background for the discussion. Each chapter ends with 'problems and complements' and bibliographic notes." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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