Volume 57 - Number 1 - Spring 1991

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

57:10753 Angermann, Oswald. Statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic on the way toward unity. [Statistik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik auf dem Weg zur Einheit.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 8, Aug 1990. 523-8 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This paper examines the comparability of statistics for West and East Germany and outlines the steps being taken to unify the two systems. Sections are included on population and employment statistics.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:10754 Sayed, Hussein A.-A. Preliminary estimates of some demographic measures for Egypt based on recent sources of data. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1989. 1990. 117-44 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author presents demographic measures for Egypt based on various recent data sources. "Some basic demographic indicators concerning fertility, early marriages and child survival were obtained from the returns of the 20% sample of the 1986 census. These were also compared with relevant measures obtained from the EDHS [Egypt Demographic and Health Survey] and other surveys. Significant differences were observed and were difficult to explain without considering the possibility of data collection problems including under reporting, especially for females, and misreporting of ages."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

57:10755 Kielkowski, Danuta; Steinberg, M.; Barron, P. M. Life after death--mortality statistics and the public health. South African Medical Journal/Suid Afrikaanse Mediese Tydskrif, Vol. 76, No. 12, Dec 16, 1989. 672-5 pp. Pinelands, South Africa. In Eng.
"The process by which mortality statistics are compiled in [South Africa] and the potential impact on public health are discussed....The distinction between underlying and direct causes of death in compiling mortality statistics and planning public health intervention is considered. The major part played by medical practitioners in the death certification process is emphasised, and some of the areas in which mortality data could be improved are highlighted."
Correspondence: D. Kielkowski, University of the Witwatersrand, Department of Community Health, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, South Africa. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

57:10756 Rosenberg, Harry M. Death data as input to policymaking. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1991. 29-34 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"United States and international mortality statistics are analyzed for various applications because of their importance for identifying and monitoring health problems, developing programs for disease prevention and health promotion, and for portraying trends and patterns. Since public and corporate policy is significantly affected by vital statistics data, the quality of the information on the death certificate should be as accurate and complete as possible."
Correspondence: H. M. Rosenberg, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Vital Statistics, Mortality Statistics Branch, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

57:10757 Brungardt, Maurice P. Using nineteenth century census results: the Colombian censuses of 1835, 1843, and 1851. Latin American Population History Bulletin, No. 18, Fall 1990. 2-8 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
The author discusses three of the six national censuses taken during the nineteenth century in Colombia--those for 1835, 1843, and 1851. The focus is on the importance of macro patterns generated by the data, the methods recommended to overcome the problems of the censuses, and ways to make the information useful for historical demography.
Correspondence: M. P. Brungardt, Loyola University, Department of History, 6363 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70118. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10758 Fein, David J. The social sources of census omission: racial and ethnic differences in omission rates in recent U.S. censuses. Pub. Order No. DA9002696. 1989. 248 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"I argue that the search for a solution to the [U.S.] census undercount problem should be informed by theoretically-grounded research on the causes of undercount....I [present] an investigation of the social factors causing high minority omission rates....I identify two 'fundamental' causes (poverty and ethnicity) and five 'proximate' social factors (complex living arrangements, respondent inability to report accurately, housing unit characteristics, perceived costs and benefits of reporting) which could explain high minority omission rates."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Princeton University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(8).

57:10759 Krishnaraj, Maithreyi. Women's work in Indian census: beginnings of change. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 48-49, Dec 1-8, 1990. 2,663-72 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
This article examines India's efforts to develop reliable statistics concerning women's work. It "documents the details of a Unifem project which has made a small beginning in the data collection format for the Census, 1991. It also discusses the main problems that [have] dogged the census and the many previous efforts made by researchers and data users to draw attention to the problem and the implications of whatever change has taken place."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:10760 Livshits, F. D. The 1937 population census. [Perepis' naseleniya 1937 goda.] In: Demograficheskie protsessy v SSSR, edited by A. G. Volkov. 1990. 174-203, 212 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
"[The] 1937 population census of the USSR soon after its completion was declared as being conducted with serious violations of statistical methods and principles, [and] its results were announced as defective and its organizers were repressed. The reason for such reaction was allegedly large underenumeration. [This] article which was written in 1972 and is being published for the first time considers in detail the peculiarities of this Census. The author criticizes the official USSR population estimates published in the early 30s. After the scrupulous analysis of existing data the author demonstrates that despite certain methodological and organizational shortcomings the actual underenumeration of this Census did not exceed 450,000 persons or about one third [of one] per cent of [the] total population."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10761 Papps, Terence; Campbell, John. Age reporting in the New Zealand census of population and dwellings, 1976-1986. In: Demographic trends, 1989. 1990. 19-41 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The primary objective of this study is to use data from the New Zealand census to examine which question format produces better data on age: asking respondents to state their age or asking for date of birth. "This study consists of three main parts. Initially, the enumerated population age distribution from the 1901 Census is used to highlight the phenomenon of age misreporting. Next, population age distributions from the 1976, 1981 and 1986 Censuses are studied for the size and patterns of digital preference and for the measurement of age data reliability. Finally, the relative impact of non-response rates to the 'age' or 'date of birth' questions at these three Censuses are considered."
Correspondence: T. Papps, Department of Statistics, Population Census Division, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10762 Polyakov, Yu. A.; Zhiromskaya, V. B.; Kiselev, I. N. Half a century of silence (the all-Union population census for 1937). [Polveka molchaniya (vsesoyuznaya perepis' naseleniya 1937 g.).] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 6, 1990. 3-25 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The history of the 1937 Soviet census is reviewed. The authors describe how, when the census failed to show the population increase that Stalin desired, he had O. A. Kritkin, the head of the census office, and I.A. Kraval, head of the Central Office of Statistics, put to death. The census was proclaimed defective and the results became secret documents that were concealed until the late 1980s. Data from this census are provided, including population by sex and republic for 1926 and 1937, some of which are published for the first time here.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10763 Polyakov, Yu. A.; Zhiromskaya, V. B.; Kiselev, I. N. Half a century of silence (the all-Union population census for 1937). [Polveka molchaniya (vsesoyuznaya perepis' naseleniya 1937 g.).] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 8, 1990. 30-52 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a continuation of an article on the results of the 1937 Soviet census, which were kept secret until recently. In the present article, the authors describe the aspects of the census that were designed to produce restricted and confidential data. These data were of two kinds: the Ministry of Defense counted all military personnel; the NKVD counted all KGB personnel, all convicted prisoners and suspects under arrest, and all personnel located in the militia barracks, fire departments, and prisons and camps. These data were collected in both 1937 and 1939. The authors analyze and compare the data from the two rounds of data collection.
For a related article by the same authors, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10764 Rosenwaike, Ira; Hempstead, Katherine; Rogers, Richard G. Using surname data in U.S. Puerto Rican mortality analysis. Demography, Vol. 28, No. 1, Feb 1991. 175-80 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Evidence suggests that among mainland-born decedents, Hispanic (particularly Puerto Rican) origin may have been underreported in states that have added an ancestry item to their death certificates. This study uses the 1980 [U.S.] Census Bureau Spanish-surname list to code surnames on New York City death certificates. By examining the correspondence between surname type and the response to the ancestry item, we identify potential underreporting of Hispanic ethnicity for Spanish-surnamed decedents. A surname-based method then is used to adjust mortality data for mainland-born Puerto Rican decedents."
Correspondence: I. Rosenwaike, University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Social Work, 3701 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10765 Thomas, Frank. Digital boundaries for the 1991 census of population in Scotland. Statistical News, No. 91, Winter 1990. 91.18-21 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This article describes the process of digitizing boundaries of unit postcodes in Scotland that was carried out in preparation for output areas for small-area statistics for the 1991 census.
Correspondence: F. Thomas, General Register Office for Scotland, Ladywell House, Ladywell Road, Edinburgh EH12 7TF, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10766 Tien, H. Yuan. The new census of China. Population Today, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan 1991. 6-8 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This article presents a brief introduction to the 1990 census of China and some provisional results. Particular attention is given to the implications of the results for Chinese population policy.
Correspondence: H. Y. Tien, Ohio State University, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10767 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Birthplace, citizenship, year of entry, and language. 1990 Census of Population and Housing: Content Determination Report, No. 1990 CDR-7, Oct 1990. 27 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report documents the items on place of birth, citizenship, year of entry, and language included in the 1990 [U.S.] Census of Population and Housing. The questions pertaining to these topics appear on the 1990 sample questionnaire." Specific items include place of birth, citizenship, year of entry, and language. Facsimiles of the 1990 census sample questionnaire pages are included.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10768 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Federal legislative uses of decennial census data. 1990 Census of Population and Housing: Content Determination Report, No. 1990 CDR-14, Oct 1990. 66 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents an inventory of [U.S.] Federal legislative uses of decennial census data. The materials were published previously in the 13 individual issues of the Content Determination Reports and are being assembled here for the convenience of the user." Facsimiles of the 1990 census sample questionnaire pages are included.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10769 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Housing: financial characteristics. 1990 Census of Population and Housing: Content Determination Report, No. 1990 CDR-13, May 1990. 44 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report documents the items on financial characteristics appearing in the housing sections of the 1990 [U.S.] Census of Population and Housing questionnaires." Questions concern housing costs, such as rent or mortgage payments; utility and fuel costs; property taxes; flood, fire, and hazard insurance; and property value. Facsimiles of the 1990 census sample questionnaire pages are included.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10770 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Housing: occupancy and structural characteristics. 1990 Census of Population and Housing: Content Determination Report, No. 1990 CDR-11, Apr 1990. 57 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report documents the items on housing occupancy and structural characteristics included in the 1990 [U.S.] Census of Population and Housing. For the 1990 census, a housing unit is defined as: 'A house, an apartment, a group of rooms, or a single room that is occupied as a separate living quarters or, if vacant, intended for occupancy as a separate living quarters.' The housing census is concerned not only with the physical characteristics of housing units but also with those aspects directly related to the people who occupy it." Facsimiles of the 1990 census sample questionnaire pages are included.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10771 Volkov, A. From the history of the 1937 census of population. [Iz istorii perepisi naseleniya 1937 goda.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 8, 1990. 45-56 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a history of the 1937 census of the USSR, the results of which were suppressed because of an alleged massive undercount. The author attempts to determine whether there was in fact an undercount in this census, and if so how significant it was. He concludes that those responsible were not guilty of producing a significant undercount, and in fact employed the methods required to keep the undercount to a bare minimum.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10772 Volkov, A. G. A step toward the truth (on the article by F. D. Livshits). [Shag k pravde (o stat'e F. D. Livshitsa).] In: Demograficheskie protsessy v SSSR, edited by A. G. Volkov. 1990. 167-74, 211 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The history of the 1937 census carried out in the Soviet Union is presented in the form of an introduction to a previously unpublished article by F. D. Livshits. Additional information is provided on the suppression of the census results and on the censure of those responsible for carrying out the census because the results did not reflect the wishes of the country's leadership under Stalin.
For the article by Livshits, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

57:10773 Livengood, John R.; Jacques, Claude-Harry; Vogel, Abel; Roberts, Jacquelin M.; Breman, Joel G. Estimation of vital statistics in rural northern Haiti using a simplified sampling method. [Estimacion de estadisticas vitales en zonas rurales del norte de Haiti mediante un muestreo simplificado.] Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Vol. 109, No. 4, Oct 1990. 317-23 pp. Washington, D.C. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"In September 1983, we selected 30 villages in four rural counties of northern Haiti for a partial census and malaria prevalence survey. A cohort of 1,577 persons was enumerated in this census. Survey teams revisited the same houses in these villages in September 1984 and updated the previous census, inquiring about all listed family members. We administered an additional questionnaire to each household concerning the occurrence over the past year of deaths, births, pregnancies, and migration." The author conclude that "although small sample surveys are subject to limitations of precision dependent on sample size, they can be a simple method by which researchers may estimate vital statistics for rural areas of less-developed countries."
Correspondence: J. R. Livengood, Columbia University School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, 600 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10774 Population Council (New York, New York). Egypt 1988: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 21, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1990. 347-51 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Results from Egypt's 1988 Demographic and Health Survey are presented. Tabular data are included on population characteristics, fertility trends, ideal family size, contraceptive use, knowledge of contraception, nuptiality, infant mortality, and child health and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10775 Ulusoy, Mahir. Measurement of the duration of interviews and data entry of the 1988 Turkish Population and Health Survey questionnaires. Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 12, 1990. 93-100 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng. with sum. in Tur.
The author measures the duration of interviews and data entry for the 1988 Turkish Population and Health Survey questionnaires. The information is used for planning survey budgets, questionnaire design, and time allotments.
Correspondence: M. Ulusoy, Hacettepe University, Institute of Population Studies, Hacettepe Parki, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.