Volume 57 - Number 1 - Spring 1991

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

57:10470 Baccaini, Brigitte. Migration distances and the life cycle. [Distances de migration et cycle de vie.] Espace Geographique, Vol. 18, No. 1, Jul-Sep 1989. 235-38 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reports on work in progress on the relationship between the length of the migrations that occur in France and the various stages in individual and family life cycles. The data concern the life histories of 4,602 individuals, which were collected during the course of an INED survey in 1981 and enable the changes in this relationship to be studied over time.
Correspondence: B. Baccaini, Universite de Paris I, 12 place du Pantheon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10471 Baranovskii, N. Migration as an object of statistical analysis. [Migratsiya naseleniya kak ob"ekt statisticheskogo nablyudeniya.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 10, 1990. 10-2 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The impact of migration on population characteristics and on socioeconomic conditions in the USSR is stressed. Shortcomings in the registration of migration data are noted, and suggestions are made to improve the system of collecting such data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10472 Buttner, Thomas; Prinz, Christopher. Structure and impact of German east-west migration. In: Future demographic trends in Europe and North America: what can we assume today? edited by Wolfgang Lutz. 1991. 379-98 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
Migration flows to and within Germany and the political factors affecting these patterns are the focus of this paper. "In the first section of this chapter we discuss in some detail the migration from 1950 until 1989, between and from outside East and West Germany. [Next] we use the historical data on migration and natural population change in West and East Germany as parts of scenarios for a unified Germany in the next decades. There are two main categories of scenarios. First we make a set of pure migration scenarios; then we combine a likely migration scenario with two assumptions for fertility in the context of unification."
Correspondence: T. Buttner, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Population Program, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10473 Chen, Chaonan. Selectivity and differentials by type of move in Taiwan. Journal of Population Studies, No. 13, Aug 1990. 43-57 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
Factors that influence migration among the Taiwanese population are examined. Consideration is given to age, sex, marital status, occupational status, educational status, and migration distance.
Correspondence: C. Chen, Academia Sinica, Institute of Economics, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10474 Hersak, Emil; Mesic, Milan. The migration world of Yugoslavia: a history of Yugoslav migration. [L'espace migratoire de Yougoslavie: historique des migrations yougoslaves.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 27-64 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors survey the migration history of the territories that make up modern Yugoslavia. The discussion includes migration patterns into and out of Yugoslavia and their socioeconomic and political determinants. The authors analyze reasons for migration to specific countries and conclude with a discussion of current Yugoslav migration policy.
Correspondence: E. Hersak, University of Zagreb, Institute of Migration and Nationalities, Trnjanska bb, pp 88, 4100 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10475 Judson, D. H. Human migration decision making: a formal model. Behavioral Science, Vol. 35, No. 4, Oct 1990. 281-9 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"This article represents an attempt to develop a formal theory of decision making in human migration. Other examinations of the decision process have had several shortcomings, such as examining residential preferences without reference to other constraints acting on the migration decision, which are addressed in this paper. Further, the link between migration decision-making and aggregate rates of migration have been left unspecified or it has been assumed that detailed microdata are needed to apply decision-making frameworks to migration data. This paper aims to reexamine these issues within migration decision theory, and presents conclusions which suggest that decision theory has a much broader application to migration data than previously specified."
Correspondence: D. H. Judson, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

57:10476 Kuijper, H.; Noordam, R. In 1989 1.65 million persons moved within the Netherlands. [In 1989 verhuisden binnen Nederland 1,65 miljoen personen.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 38, No. 12, Dec 1990. 14-9 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
International and internal migration patterns in the Netherlands are examined for 1989. Regional variations in migration and the resulting population changes are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10477 Kuznetsov, L. R. Interrelations between migration and nuptiality. [Vzaimosvyaz' migratsii i brachnosti.] In: Demograficheskie protsessy v SSSR, edited by A. G. Volkov. 1990. 58-77, 209-10 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between migration and nuptiality in the USSR is analyzed, based on the results of a 1985 sample population survey. Special attention is paid to matrimonial migration and its relative frequency among different age, sex, and ethnic groups.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10478 Lipshitz, Gabriel. Immigration and internal migration as mechanism of polarization and dispersion of population and development: the Israeli case. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 39, No. 2, Jan 1991. 391-408 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
Using data from various official Israeli sources for the period 1950-1985, the author analyzes trends in immigration and internal migration and their impact on spatial distribution, stressing their effects on economic development. "The research presents the spatial results of external Jewish migration to Israel from 1882 to 1985 and internal Jewish migration in the period from 1961 to 1983. It also shows that the spatial results, according to the new definitions, are not static and that they vary dramatically over a period of time."
Correspondence: G. Lipshitz, Bar-Ilan University, 52 100 Ramat-Gan, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

57:10479 MacQueen, Kathleen M. Migration in Saba Island: an historical demographic analysis of a multigenerational process. Pub. Order No. DA8926264. 1989. 316 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The history of migration in Saba Island, Netherlands Antilles, is examined for the period 1900-1985. The author focuses on the demographic aspects of multigenerational migration and the impact of the social and economic development of the community on migration processes. Data are from government sources.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the State University of New York at Binghamton.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(8).

57:10480 Marios, Claude. Migration in Canada and Quebec. [La situation migratoire au Canada et au Quebec.] Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 113, No. 2, 1989. 139-48 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
This study provides a summary of migration trends in Quebec province and in Canada as a whole, with specific attention given to the cultural and linguistic implications of such trends. Data are from various sources, including the 1986 Canadian census.
Correspondence: C. Marios, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Geographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3JN, Canada. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10481 Pizzorusso, Giovanni; Sanfilippo, Matteo. A historical review of long-distance migration in Italy from the low Middle Ages to the period following World War II. [Rassegna storiografica sui fenomeni migratori a lungo raggio in Italia dal basso medioevo al secondo dopoguerra.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 13, 1990. 181 pp. Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES]: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The authors review the literature concerning long-distance migration both to and from the Italian peninsula from the Middle Ages to the modern era. The first two parts describe migration trends over time. The third part examines changes in migration patterns in three specific regions: Piedmont-Liguria, the Veneto, and Sicily.
Correspondence: Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10482 Serow, William J.; Sly, David F. Geographic mobility of the elderly in industrialized societies. In: Future demographic trends in Europe and North America: what can we assume today? edited by Wolfgang Lutz. 1991. 399-419 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
The authors examine the geographic relocation of the elderly in developed countries as a factor in the growth of population in subnational areas. "It is the purpose of this chapter to review this aspect of population redistribution and determine the extent to which cross-national regularities exist. More specifically, we review the findings from a recently completed cross-national study on the migration of older persons, as well as other relevant studies, to determine the state of our knowledge regarding the magnitude of, and differences in the geographic mobility of the older population...." Consideration is given to the influence of such variables as age, sex, marital status, motivation, and geographic distances.
Correspondence: W. J. Serow, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10483 Shrestha, Nanda R. Landlessness and migration in Nepal. Westview Special Studies in Social, Political, and Economic Development, ISBN 0-8133-7677-7. LC 88-20831. 1990. xx, 284 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The present study examines frontier migration in Nepal and its social, political, and geographic consequences in relation to the country's land politics and development policies, stressing the social and economic origins of land colonization and how frontier migration has helped to propagate landlessness, nearlandlessness, and spontaneous settlement at the frontier and consequently undermine local as well as national development." The focus is on the problems of rapid population growth and limited land supply, coupled with "a growing political restlessness, worsening economic situation, environmental degradation, and perhaps too much well-intentioned but thoughtlessly planned development...."
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10484 Smith, M. T.; Sherren, S. J. The one-dimensional stepping stone model of migration: an application to British coastal populations. Collegium Antropologicum, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jun 1989. 97-104 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Eng. with sum. in Scr.
"The application of the one-dimensional stepping-stone model to an empirical situation is presented. The model is evaluated by comparison of demographic raw data with those required by the constraints of the model and of the kinship values obtained with those predicted by other methods." The data concern a series of parishes on the North Yorkshire coast of England and are from census enumerator's books for the period 1851-1881.
Correspondence: M. T. Smith, University of Durham, Department of Anthropology, 43 Old Elvet, Durham DH1 3HN, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

57:10485 Tremblay, Marc. Some developments in applying the probability of survival method in estimating net migration. [Quelques developpements dans l'application de la methode des probabilites de survie pour l'estimation de la migration nette.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 1990. 113-21 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Methods based on survival probabilities are often used for estimating net migration by age over a given period, and the bias introduced by these methods [has] been discussed by many authors. This note shows that the results obtained in this respect by Wunsch and Termote (and used by Courgeau as well) under the hypothesis of an even distribution of migrants over the period, are actually valid for another assumption."
For the study by Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote, published in 1978, see 44:3040.
Correspondence: M. Tremblay, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, Caise Postale 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

57:10486 Ardittis, Solon. Labour migration and the single European market: a synthetic and prospective note. International Sociology, Vol. 5, No. 4, Dec 1990. 461-74 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The present paper is an attempt to analyse and forecast the following major issues relating to migration in Europe after 1992: (i) the evolution and structure of intra-European flows in the forthcoming single European market; (ii) the integration, after 1992, of established immigrant communities, including ethnic minorities and second generation groups; (iii) future immigration from non-EC member states....The article explains that, in addition to policy-related mutations inherent in the completion of the internal market, other factors (demographic changes and insufficient enrolment of national graduate students in key disciplines) and issues (emergence of atypical groups such as second generation and Eastern European migrants), are due to generate new patterns and modified interests in European labour migration after 1992."
Correspondence: S. Ardittis, 57 rue Francois Gay, B-1150 Brussels, Belgium. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10487 Ardittis, Solon. The brain drain, internal migration, and management of human resources in China. [Exode des competences, migrations internes et gestion des resources humaines en Chine populaire.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 27, No. 98, Jun 1990. 277-89 pp. Rome, Italy. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"A major impediment to Third World development, the brain drain in the People's Republic of China originates from a variety of factors which, to a notable extent, differ from more traditional causes identified in most other developing countries. In addition to political management of human resources, the organization itself of the educational system and the regularisation of internal migration are basic causes of China's massive brain emigration. Through various relations maintained by the Chinese Government with its expatriate communities, and in order to promote (and finance) the economic and technological process engaged in the early 1980s, a number of measures and incentives to integrate more rationally the resident professionals and to promote the return of expatriate brains have been adopted....Uncertainties today impede any clear assessment of the...viability of China's official policy of recognition and integration of national professionals."
Correspondence: S. Ardittis, European Center for Work and Society, Hoogbrugstraat 43, 6202 NB Maastricht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10488 Balan, Jorge. Household economy and gender differences in international migration: a case study of Bolivians in Argentina. [La economia domestica y las diferencias entre los sexos en las migraciones internacionales: un estudio sobre el caso de los Bolivianos en la Argentina.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 5, No. 15-16, Aug-Dec 1990. 269-94 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes household economy and sex differentials among Bolivian immigrants in Argentina. "While male Bolivian (mainly from Cochabamba) immigrants come to Argentina in search of better job opportunities, female immigration does not result generally from an individual decision, but from the adjustment to family, implying a loss in status and independence as compared to their place of origin. Job opportunities for Bolivian female workers are reduced mainly on account of their poor literacy levels; thus they often work for very low wages, deprived of any social benefits."
Correspondence: J. Balan, Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad, Pueyrredon 510, Piso 7, 1032 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10489 Banovic, Branimir. A history of Yugoslav emigration to America and the Pacific. [Histoire de l'emigration yougoslave vers l'Amerique et le Pacifique.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 85-96 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Patterns of international migration from Yugoslavia to the Americas and Oceania are discussed, with a focus on changes in migration destinations over time. The study covers the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Correspondence: B. Banovic, University of Zagreb, Institute of Migration and Nationalities, Trnjanska bb, pp 88, 4100 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10490 Bartel, Ann P. Where do the new U.S. immigrants live? Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 7, No. 4, Oct 1989. 371-91 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Analyzing the location choices of the post-1964 U.S. immigrants results in three main findings: (1) these immigrants are more geographically concentrated than natives of the same age and ethnicity and reside in cities with large ethnic populations; (2) education plays a key role in location choice, reducing geographic concentration and the likelihood of being in cities with a high concentration of fellow countrymen and increasing the probability of changing locations after arrival in the United States; (3) internal migration within the United States occurs more frequently among immigrants than natives and facilitates the process of assimilation for the more educated individuals."
Correspondence: A. P. Bartel, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

57:10491 Bedford, Richard. Ethnicity, birthplace and nationality: dimensions of cultural diversity. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, Nov 1990. 34-55 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author examines the increasing cultural diversity in two urban areas of New Zealand, Auckland and Wellington, in the 1980s. He addresses the changing composition of the internal and international migrant streams, increased urbanization, and prospects for dealing with a growing Asian population.
Correspondence: R. Bedford, University of Waikato, Department of Geography, Private Bag, Hamilton, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10492 Bedford, Richard. Out of Fiji...a perspective on migration after the coups. Pacific Viewpoint, Vol. 30, No. 2, Oct 1989. 142-53 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The impact of the military coup d'etat that occurred in Fiji in May 1987 on emigration, particularly of the population of Indian origin, is examined. "The review commences with a brief statement about the magnitude of net migration losses of Fiji's population since the early 1960s. This is followed by a closer examination of the age, sex and occupational composition of flows of Fiji citizens to New Zealand with particular reference to the late 1980s."
Correspondence: R. Bedford, University of Waikato, Department of Geography, Private Bag, Hamilton, New Zealand. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10493 Bovenkerk, Frank; Miles, Robert; Verbunt, Gilles. Racism, migration and the state in Western Europe: a case for comparative analysis. International Sociology, Vol. 5, No. 4, Dec 1990. 475-90 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This paper offers a framework for the comparative analysis of international migration into Western Europe since 1945. It identifies "the migration of four analytically distinct categories of person which highlights the role of the state in the reproduction of the imagined community of nations. That role is carried out in the context of a more general process of the regulation of scarcity, in the course of which people are simultaneously included in and excluded from the hierarchy of economic, political and ideological positions in the nation-state. Of special interest is the content of the processes of signification and categorisation that are generated in the inclusionary and exclusionary processes. The countries selected for analysis are France, the Netherlands and Britain."
Correspondence: F. Bovenkerk, Willem Pompe Institut, State University of Utrecht, Janskerkhof 16, 3512 BM Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10494 Cacic-Kumpes, Jadranka; Kumpes, Josip. A socio-historical approach to Yugoslav immigration in France. [Approche socio-historique des migrations yougoslaves en France.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 65-84 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Scr.
Migration patterns from Yugoslavia to France are examined from a historical perspective. The impact of France's migration policy and of social, economic, and political factors on Yugoslavian migration is discussed. The authors also consider aspects of return migration.
Correspondence: J. Cacic-Kumpes, University of Zagreb, Institute of Migration and Nationalities, Trnjanska bb, pp 88, 4100 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10495 Cacopardo, Maria C.; Moreno, Jose L. Migration from Southern Italy to Argentina: Calabrians and Sicilians (1880-1930). [La emigracion italiana meridional a la Argentina: calabreses y sicilianos (1880-1930).] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 27, No. 98, Jun 1990. 231-53 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The study analyzes Italian emigration to Argentina from Sicily and Calabria between 1880-1930, compared with out-migration flows from Piedmont. The concepts of cultural patrimony and of migratory strategy are used to measure the different potentials and job opportunities in the Argentinean labor market as well as in the Italian context for those returning home. Considering the high proportion of returnees, a positive or negative correlation between region of origin and of destination can be proposed. Southern Italians indicate a more permanent settlement. The authors conclude that the Argentinean society in its Italian component is the result of Southern rather than Northern influences."
Correspondence: M. C. Cacopardo, Universidad Nacional de Lujan, CC 221, 6700 Lujan, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10496 Campus, Aurora; Perrone, Luigi. Senegalese and Moroccans: introduction into the labor market and migration intentions compared. [Senegalesi e marocchini: inserimento nel mercato del lavoro e progetti migratori a confronto.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 27, No. 98, Jun 1990. 191-220 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The study compares two surveys carried out in 1987 and 1990 on two different immigrant groups coming from Morocco and Senegal and working in Lombardy and the Salento area [of Italy]. Economic and employment differences between the two groups are emphasized, taking into consideration not only the two different geographical areas but also the diverse migratory projects of the two communities."
Correspondence: A. Campus, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10497 Charbonneau, Hubert. The French character of the pioneers of the Saint Lawrence valley. [Le caractere francais des pionniers de la vallee laurentienne.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 1990. 49-62 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The origin of migrants to the Saint Lawrence valley in Canada prior to 1765 is explored. The author presents data concerning the sex and language distribution of the migrant population. "Immigrants who settled in the Saint Lawrence valley before 1765 were [primarily of] French origin. Many came from provinces where, at least in the rural areas, French was still not the dominant language. Pioneer families who arrived before 1680 had a relatively large linguistic homogeneity. Close to 40% originated from large or medium sized cities, and this proportion is close to 50% in the case of women."
Correspondence: H. Charbonneau, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique, Caisse Postale 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10498 Chiswick, Carmel U. The impact of immigration on the human capital of natives. Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 7, No. 4, Oct 1989. 464-86 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Implications of the quantity (number) and quality (skill) of immigration on the destination economy are analyzed, including impacts on value added, wages, quasi rents, rates of return, and the skill distribution of the native labor force. Quantity-quality trade-offs are considered for both immigrant and native workers. Medium- and long-run labor-supply responses by natives to immigrant-induced changes in wage rates are shown to have second-order effects which substantively affect the impacts of immigrants. The impact of immigration policy depends on the quality as well as quantity of immigrants, the time horizon, and the speed of factor market adjustment."
Correspondence: C. U. Chiswick, University of Illinois, 5801 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

57:10499 Conway, Dennis; Ellis, Mark; Shiwdhan, Naragandat. Caribbean international circulation: are Puerto Rican women tied-circulators? Geoforum, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1990. 51-66 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Aspects of migration between Puerto Rico and the United States are explored. "This examination of the multiple-movement behaviour of a sample of Puerto Rican women seeks to unravel the relations between their circulation patterns, their family and contextual situations and their declared motives for undertaking international mobility. The leading question asked in this study is whether this international mobility behaviour of Puerto Rican women is autonomous or dependent upon the movement or decision-making of others. Structural theory suggests the latter is most likely, but behavioural divergence occurs in return movement."
Correspondence: D. Conway, Indiana University, Department of Geography, Bloomington, IN 47401. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10500 Darvish-Lecker, Tikva. Externalities in migration. Economics Letters, Vol. 33, No. 2, Jun 1990. 185-91 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The paper presents a model which shows that the probability of migrants being mobile after migration depends on the number of previous waves. The model concludes that low order waves provide positive externalities to higher order waves. This conclusion is empirically tested by comparing the interindustry mobility of two sequential waves of political migrants to Israel."
Correspondence: T. Darvish-Lecker, Bar Ilan University, Rmat Gan 52900, Israel. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10501 Dassetto, Felice. Integration policy and Islam in Belgium. [Politique d'integration et Islam en Belgique.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 107-22 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
Problems concerning the integration of the immigrant population in Belgium are reviewed. The focus is on the factors affecting the integration of the Islamic population and on the development of anti-immigrant political forces at the communal level.
Correspondence: F. Dassetto, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Groupe d'Etudes des Migrations et des Relations Interethniques, Place Montesquieu, 1 Bis, 21 B 1348 Louvain, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10502 Donato, Katharine M. The feminization of immigration: variability in the sex composition of U.S. immigrants. Pub. Order No. DA8917440. 1988. 276 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation reports the results of research aimed at understanding why some countries send mostly women as immigrants to the United States while other countries send mostly men. Using both country case studies and multivariate analyses, I examined how conditions in countries themselves affect the emigration of women or men and the extent to which these processes are universal across national origins....Contrary to the usual way of understanding international migrants, i.e. that men are temporary labor migrants or that they migrate first and women follow, women cross international borders from countries where there is relative equality between the sexes, salaried employment opportunities, and rather weak family ties."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(7).

57:10503 Elliott, David L. International migration and population homeostasis: an historical study. Garland Studies in Historical Demography, ISBN 0-8240-5092-4. LC 89-77118. 1989. 347 pp. Garland Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"This study focuses on underlying demographic, environmental, and socio-economic factors which encourage international migration as an institution. By 'migration' I refer to the movement of human beings from one place of residence to another. But I am also speaking of migration as an institutionalized phenomenon characterized by social patterns of occurrence, not simply a random movement of individuals across territorial space. By 'social patterns' I am speaking especially of migration streams, an assemblage of migrants having, over a period of time, common origins and destinations." The focus is on historical migrations from the fourteenth century in Europe through to transatlantic labor migration from the seventeenth century onward.
Correspondence: Garland Publishing, 136 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10504 Espenshade, Thomas J.; White, Michael J.; Bean, Frank D. Patterns of recent illegal migration to the United States. In: Future demographic trends in Europe and North America: what can we assume today? edited by Wolfgang Lutz. 1991. 301-36 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
"This chapter addresses an important demographic research and policy topic by discussing patterns and trends in recent illegal immigration to the United States. It begins with a brief historical background followed by two sections that describe and analyze time-series data on the number of apprehensions of illegal migrants along the U.S.-Mexican border between 1977 and 1988, a period when average yearly apprehensions of illegal aliens exceeded one million. The chapter concludes with some speculations on the future of illegal immigration to the United States and on the future likely effectiveness of recent reforms to control it."
Correspondence: T. J. Espenshade, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10505 Formica, Rino. Immigration of non-Community countries: problems, measures and prospectives. Journal of Regional Policy, Vol. 8, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1988. 491-500 pp. Naples, Italy. In Eng.
Problems facing Italy as the country changes from being a country of emigration to one of immigration are discussed from a ministerial level. The focus is on the rapid increase in immigration, both illegal and legal, from third-world countries.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10506 Hassan, M. K. The theoretical and empirical evaluation of the third world brain drain to the United States: 1972-1987. Indian Journal of Economics, Vol. 70, Pt. 3, No. 278, Jan 1990. 251-76 pp. Allahabad, India. In Eng.
"This paper is divided into four sections. Section I deals with theoretical issues behind labor migration in general with emphasis on 'brain drain'. Section II is concerned with an empirical analysis of third world professional immigration into the U.S. for the time period 1972-1987. Section III discusses policy implications to deal with [the] 'brain drain' problem."
Correspondence: M. K. Hassan, University of Nebraska, College of Business Administration, Lincoln, NE 68588-0490. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10507 Heer, David M. Undocumented Mexicans in the United States. Arnold and Caroline Rose Monograph Series of the American Sociological Association, ISBN 0-521-38247-5. LC 89-49074. 1990. x, 232 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"In this book the author analyzes the results of a unique survey conducted in Los Angeles County, where an estimated 44 percent of the undocumented Mexican population lives. The survey allows the author to make explicit comparisons among the groups of undocumented and legal Mexican immigrants and to study the effects of legal status on their living conditions. The author also examines the findings of a number of other social scientists, providing a comprehensive summary of the present data on undocumented Mexicans in the United States. In his conclusion, he turns to an evaluation of policy options for incorporating this group into the U.S. population and for controlling the future flow of such immigrants."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10508 Hettlage, Robert. Research on migration in West Germany: at the crossing of the ways (1984-1989). [La recherche sur les migrations en R.F.A.: a la croisee des chemins (1984-1989).] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 153-71 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
The author reviews recent trends in migration research in West Germany. The focus is on questions concerning the presence of large groups of foreign migrants who have difficulty assimilating into German society, and on the presence of large numbers of refugees. The importance of political factors and their effects on research is noted.
Correspondence: R. Hettlage, Regensburg University, Sociology Institute, Universitatsstrasse 31, 8400 Regensburg, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10509 Hungary. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal (Budapest, Hungary). Main data on persons who went abroad illegally. [Az illegalisan kulfoldre tavozott szemelyek fobb adatai.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 68, No. 12, Dec 1990. 986-1,003 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This is a selection from the text of a confidential document prepared in 1957 and not previously published, which attempts to assess the extent of emigration from Hungary that occurred after the 1956 uprising. The total number of emigrants was estimated as about 152,000, of whom the majority were male, aged under 25, and from Budapest.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U. 5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10510 Lattes, Alfredo E. Trying to seize the unseizable: the dimensions of immigration in Argentina since 1945. [Tratando de asir lo inasible: las dimensiones de la inmigracion en la Argentina entre 1945 y el presente.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 5, No. 15-16, Aug-Dec 1990. 295-310 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Preliminary results of a current project on migration in Argentina 1945-1988 are presented here, in four series: legal residents...(including those who obtained permanent residence through amnesty); net immigration...on the basis of census information on alien residents (1947-1980) less the deceased in the period; balance of entries and departures...of aliens (where every incoming alien is an immigrant and every outgoing alien is an emigrant); finally, net migration...on the basis of census data for 1945 and 1980 is estimated. The figures obtained are evaluated. This set of series is of variable consistency, mainly due to the progressive loss of quality in the basic data towards the end of the period considered."
Correspondence: A. E. Lattes, Centro de Estudios de Poblacion, Casilla 4397, Correo Central, 1000 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10511 Lebon, Andre. A review of immigration and the foreign presence in France, 1989/1990. [Regard sur l'immigration et la presence etrangere en France, 1989/1990.] Documents Affaires Sociales, ISBN 2-11-002491-7. Oct 1990. 119 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de la Solidarite, Direction de la Population et des Migrations: Paris, France; Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the third edition of this work, in which the author presents a comprehensive summary of the available information on immigration and the resident foreign population in France. This edition covers the year 1989 and the first six months of 1990. The first two chapters provide data on international migration and the dynamics of the total and working resident foreign population. The third chapter summarizes legislation adopted during the period that affects the entry, length of stay, employment, and integration of foreigners in France. A comprehensive selection of retrospective data is included.
For a previous report, published in 1989, see 55:40455.
Correspondence: Documentation Francaise, 29-31 quai Voltaire, 75340 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10512 Macioti, Maria-Immacolata. A review of research on migration in Italy. [Un apercu des recherches sur les migrations en Italie.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 173-7 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
The author provides a brief review of research on international migration in Italy.
Correspondence: M.-I. Macioti, Universita degli Studi di Roma, Dipartimento di Sociologia, via Salaria 113, 00198 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10513 Maletta, Hector; Lepore, Silvia. The Japanese community in Argentina. [La colectividad japonesa en la Argentina.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 5, No. 15-16, Aug-Dec 1990. 425-521 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Based on original survey data and census materials, the authors estimate the Japanese community in Argentina comprises about 10,000 native Japanese and some 40,000 ethnic Japanese born in Argentina. A complete picture is given of this community, including its evolution since the early arrivals around 1900. Data cover several aspects: demographic traits, socio-economic origin of immigrants, present employment structure, education, level of living, degree of acculturation in Argentina, intensity of connections with Japan, membership and participation in community organisations."
Correspondence: S. Lepore, Centro de Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Calle Necochea 330, 1158 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10514 Marcade, Jacques. Portuguese emigration (a brief historical note). [L'emigration portugaise (breves notes d'historie).] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 133-45 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
This is a brief historical summary of international migration from Portugal. The review covers the period from the sixteenth century to the present day.
Correspondence: J. Marcade, Universite de Poitiers, Facultes des Sciences Humaines, 8 rue Rene Descartes, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10515 Massey, Douglas S. The social and economic origins of immigration. In: World population: approaching the year 2000, edited by Samuel H. Preston. Jul 1990. 60-72 pp. Sage Publications: Newbury Park, California/London, England. In Eng.
The author investigates the social and economic origins of immigration throughout the world. "The large-scale movement of immigrants from developing to developed regions has both economic and social foundations. Economically, immigration originates not from simple wage differentials between poor and rich countries but from the spread of economic development to rapidly growing Third World populations and from a persistent demand for low-wage workers in developed nations. Immigration has many social foundations, but the formation of migrant networks is probably the most important. Networks build into the migration process a self-perpetuating momentum that leads to its growth over time, in spite of fluctuating wage differentials, recessions, and increasingly restrictive immigration policies in developed countries."
Correspondence: D. S. Massey, University of Chicago, Department of Sociology, 1126 East 59th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10516 Mauri, Arnaldo. The demographic imbalance and immigration: the case of Italy. [Squilibri demografici ed immigrazione: il caso dell'Italia.] Studi Economici e Sociali, Vol. 24, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1989. 39-54 pp. Pisa, Italy. In Ita.
The author analyzes Italy's role in the current changing scenario of international migration. He notes that Italy holds a key position with regard to the increasing migration pressure on the European Community from the underdeveloped countries surrounding the Mediterranean. He suggests that while closing the frontiers to immigration would be impractical, an alternative policy encouraging the entry of migrants with selected characteristics could help alleviate labor supply problems inherent in current Italian demographic trends.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10517 Messina, Antony M. Political impediments to the resumption of labour migration to Western Europe. West European Politics, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jan 1990. 31-46 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article argues that traditional, labour migration flows to Western Europe are unlikely to resume in the near future and the commitment of the European Community to the free movement of labour is likely to erode as a consequence of anti-immigrant illiberalism in Western Europe. Anti-immigrant illiberalism in several, major labour-importing states is evident in: the semi-permanent politicisation of state immigration policy; increasing popular support for xenophobic political forces; the appropriation of anti-immigrant votes by established political parties of the right; and the abandonment by left-wing parties of liberal immigration and immigrant-welfare policies."
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

57:10518 Miles, Robert. Nationality, citizenship, and migration to Britain, 1945-1951. Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 16, No. 4, Winter 1989. 426-42 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author focuses on the efforts made by the Labour government in the United Kingdom to meet the labor shortage that occurred following World War II by encouraging immigration. In particular, he considers the paradox in which the efforts to attract immigrants were directed toward Europe, although changes were being made at the same time to the British nationality law to ensure that the populations of British colonies and Commonwealth countries remained British citizens. "In the first section of the paper, I provide an overview of the legal framework determining inward migration flows and of the migration flows themselves. Thereafter, I analyse the main determinants of the migrations and the main themes that ran through the political debate about immigration during the late 1940s as a basis for confronting the previously identified paradox."
Correspondence: R. Miles, University of Glasgow, Department of Sociology, Research Unit on Migration and Reform, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10519 Pinto, Diana. Immigration: the ambiguities of the American model. [Immigration: l'ambiguite de la reference americaine.] Pouvoirs, No. 47, 1988. 93-101 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author questions whether the distinction between the American model of immigration, involving a pluralist approach with the coexistence of a multitude of distinct ethnic groups, and the French model, in which immigrants are expected to assimilate into the French norm, remains valid. She argues that the trend in France is away from integrationist concepts and toward the recognition of distinct cultural and ethnic groups within French society.
Location: Columbia University Library, New York, NY.

57:10520 Poot, Jacques; Nana, Ganesh; Philpott, Bryan. International migration and the New Zealand economy: a long-run perspective. ISBN 0-86473-115-9. 1988. iv, 217 pp. Victoria University Press: Wellington, New Zealand; Victoria University, Institute of Policy Studies: Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
This study focuses on the macroeconomic, sectoral, and labor market consequences of international migration in New Zealand, with particular emphasis on the relationship between migration and long-term economic trends. The Joanna model of the New Zealand economy is used to estimate the effects of changes in net migration on prices, quantities, and macroeconomic aggregates, such as gross domestic product, after markets have had time to adjust, up to the year 2001. The authors conclude that the liberalization of the immigration laws in 1987, and the consequent increase in immigration, will probably accelerate the rate of economic growth.
Correspondence: Victoria University Press, Victoria University of Wellington, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10521 Richards, Donald G. Gender related differences in Paraguayan migration to Buenos Aires, Argentina. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 71, No. 3, Sep 1990. 628-38 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"This study empirically examines gender-related differences in the decision to migrate internationally. A single-equation logit model is specified to distinguish movers from nonmovers where the explanatory variables include demographic and occupationally related measures. The model is tested with survey data collected on 1,303 Paraguayan families, half of whom reside in Buenos Aires, Argentina. One of the important results suggests that occupationally related variables are more important in explaining male migration decisions than those made by females."
Correspondence: D. G. Richards, Indiana State University, Department of Economics, Terre Haute, IN 47809. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10522 Russell, Sharon S.; Jacobsen, Karen; Stanley, William D. International migration and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Volume I: overview. World Bank Discussion Paper, No. 101, ISBN 0-8213-1642-7. LC 90-12936. 1990. [14], 168 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the first in a two-volume work on international migration and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. "The first volume provides an overview of migration scale, trends, and characteristics, and the relationship of migration to development issues in selected sectors. That volume also reviews Sub-Saharan African countries' policies toward international migration." The data are from a review of the available literature.
For Volume II, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10523 Russell, Sharon S.; Jacobsen, Karen; Stanley, William D. International migration and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Volume II: country analyses. World Bank Discussion Paper, No. 102, ISBN 0-8213-1643-5. LC 90-12936. 1990. [9], 156 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the second in a two-volume work on international migration and development in Sub-Saharan Africa. "The second volume summarizes, by country, demographics and migration patterns, migration policies, and selected migration and sectoral relationships for 42 Sub-Saharan African countries." The data are from a review of the available literature.
For Volume I, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10524 Salt, J.; Kitching, R. T. Labour migration and the work permit system in the United Kingdom. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sep 1990. 267-94 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The aim of this paper is to examine the effects of the work permit today [in the United Kingdom], using official data. It first reviews the operation of the [labor migration] system and describes the main schemes incorporated. Then, it uses data for 1984-88 to describe the general characteristics of labor immigration through the schemes. Finally, by means of a small random sample of applications and issues, it presents details on particular aspects of the immigration. It demonstrates that current labour immigration through the system is selective: most of those entering with long-term permits are highly skilled, well paid, and moving within the internal labor markets of large transnational corporations."
Correspondence: J. Salt, University College, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10525 Satzewich, V. Rethinking post-1945 migration to Canada: towards a political economy of labour migration. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sep 1990. 327-46 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This study examines the impact of race and ethnic group on the integration of immigrants into the labor force in Canada. A distinction is made between migrants who are free to change jobs at will and those bound by legal and other constraints from so doing. The examples of agricultural and domestic workers are chosen to illustrate how the different types of migrants are incorporated into the country's production relations.
Correspondence: V. Satzewich, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 0W0, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10526 Sell, Ralph R. International migration among Egyptian elites: where they've been; where they're going? Journal of Arab Affairs, Vol. 9, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 147-76 pp. Fresno, California. In Eng.
Aspects of the international migration of Egypt's urban educated elite are examined using data from a 1987 survey of 874 Egyptian university students. "Specific questions considered are: What has been the migration experience of these elites? In what ways has this experience changed over time and what changes are likely to occur in the future? What are some of the characteristics of the potential participants in these changes? How do answers to these questions vary among different segments of this elite and what can be inferred about the class nature of Egyptian migration processes?"
Correspondence: R. R. Sell, Demographic and Data Base Consulting, 323 Aldine Street, Rochester, NY 14619. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

57:10527 Sen, Kasturi. Migrants from the Indian sub-continent and the Kuwait labour market: economic, political and social determinants. Pub. Order No. BRDX85406. 1986. 516 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author presents an analysis of international migrants to Kuwait according to their origin and ethnic composition. Their impact on the Kuwaiti labor force and on its economic, social, and political systems is discussed.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Exeter, England.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(3).

57:10528 Simon, Gildas. The North African diasporas and the construction of Europe. [Les diasporas maghrebines et la construction europeenne.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1990. 97-105 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The term 'diaspora' evokes both the idea of dispersal and the idea of solidarity between immigrants, or, in other words, their continued attachment to their country of origin. The case of North Africans in Western Europe illustrates the role of these new 'diasporas'. Their role is vital, though as yet unrecognised, and consists in furthering the development of relations between the host country and their country of origin. However, in the immediate future, a problem will become apparent in the EEC [European Economic Community], as there will undoubtedly be repercussions for immigrants from outside of the EEC when the principle of free movement between member countries comes into force in 1993."
Correspondence: G. Simon, Universite de Poitiers, Departement de Geographie, 95 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10529 Stahl, Charles W.; Farooq-i-Azam. Counting Pakistanis in the Middle East: problems and policy implications. Asian and Pacific Population Forum, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer 1990. 1-10, 24-8 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"Using Pakistan as a case study, this article focuses on the difficulties of measuring both the outflow of workers over time and the stock abroad at any particular time. The various estimates of the number of Pakistanis in the Middle East are evaluated and an alternative estimate is provided based on hitherto unused data from two major surveys of returning workers. The alternative estimate differs substantially from the others, the difference being attributed principally to clandestine worker immigration. The concluding section discusses the policy implications of inaccurate information about the numbers of workers abroad and the likely effects of the current Persian Gulf crisis on Pakistan's economy."
Correspondence: C. W. Stahl, University of Newcastle, Department of Economics, Newcastle NSW 2308, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10530 Steinmann, Gunter. Immigration as a remedy for birth dearth: the case of West Germany. In: Future demographic trends in Europe and North America: what can we assume today? edited by Wolfgang Lutz. 1991. 337-57 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
The author explores the extent to which migration to developed countries can compensate for below-replacement fertility levels. He considers the numbers and age of migrants needed to raise fertility as well as the impact of migrants on the social, economic, and political conditions of West Germany and other selected European countries.
Correspondence: G. Steinmann, University of Paderborn, Department of Economics, P.O. Box 1621, D-4790 Paderborn, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10531 Tassello, Graziano. The National Conference on Immigration: Rome, June 4-6 1990. [La Conferenza Nazionale dell'Immigrazione (Roma, 4-6 giugno 1990).] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 27, No. 98, Jun 1990. 146-50 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This is a report concerning a conference on immigration in Italy, held in Rome in June 1990.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10532 Wils, Anne B. Survey of immigration trends and assumptions about future migration. In: Future demographic trends in Europe and North America: what can we assume today? edited by Wolfgang Lutz. 1991. 281-99 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
International migration to and from developed countries is examined for the period 1950-1985. Migration is projected to the year 2020, and the impact of migration on the natural increase of the receiving countries is discussed.
Correspondence: A. B. Wils, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Population Program, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

57:10533 Barff, R. The migration response to the economic turnaround in New England. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 22, No. 11, Nov 1990. 1,497-516 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper is an investigation of the dynamics of interstate migration flows to and from New England since 1975. The main goal of the research is to study the timing and volume of the lagged migration adjustment to the regional economic turnaround and the temporal stability of patterns of regional inflows and outflows. The paper is an examination of the responsiveness of interstate migration to changing regional economic conditions based on annual interstate migration data and a set of cross-sectional destination-specific Poisson regression models." The data are from a series developed by the Bureau of the Census based on Federal income tax returns.
Correspondence: R. Barff, Dartmouth College, Department of Geography, Hanover, NH 03755. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:10534 Cadwallader, Martin. A synthesis of macro and micro approaches to explaining migration: evidence from inter-state migration in the United States. Geografiska Annaler, Series B: Human Geography, Vol. 71B, No. 2, 1989. 85-94 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
The interrelationships between macro and micro factors in the analysis of interstate migration in the United States are explored. A synthesis between these factors is attempted "by combining objectively calibrated characteristics of states with their subjectively measured counterparts....First, the relationships between the objective variables and their subjective counterparts are analyzed. Second, both sets of variables are used to explain residential preferences and migration. Third, a series of path models are constructed to indicate how the subjective variables act as intervening variables between their objective counterparts and migration."
Correspondence: M. Cadwallader, University of Wisconsin, Department of Geography, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10535 Clark, Rebecca L. The effect of welfare on the outmigration of low-income populations. Pub. Order No. DA9002213. 1989. 256 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation is an investigation of the effect of welfare on the outmigration of three [U.S.] low-income populations, mothers with minor children and no resident husband (solo mothers), single men and women without children, and married couples with children, using data from the 1984 Panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)....The indirect effects of welfare recipiency on migration through its effects on labor force status, living arrangements, and marital status change are also examined."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Brown University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(8).

57:10536 Cushing, Brian. Interstate migration of black persons, 1965-70 and 1975-80: evidence for the relevance of race relations. Population Program Working Paper, No. WP-90-6, Jun 1990. 28 pp. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program: Boulder, Colorado. In Eng.
Changes in the internal migration patterns of blacks in the United States are examined. "The primary hypotheses of this paper are that: 1) racial factors, such as legal, political, and social institutions that supported racial discrimination, are important in explaining differences in the migration patterns of blacks and whites; and 2) changes in these racial factors since the mid-1950s, especially changes in Southern legal, political, and social institutions, are important in explaining the changing migration patterns of blacks and the convergence of migration patterns of blacks and whites since about 1970. These hypotheses are tested in this paper using an empirical model of interstate migration for the 1965-70 and 1975-80 time periods."
Correspondence: University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10537 Grimmeau, Jean-Pierre. Analysis of migrations by age in Belgium 1971-1981. Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 113, No. 2, 1989. 45-58 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper analyses the migration balances by age of the Belgian communes between the 1970 and 1981 censuses. Migration balances by age are estimated by comparing observed and expected age structures in 1981. The expected figures are computed from figures compiled in 1970 and adequate mortality tables, under the hypothesis of a closed population. People born after the 1970 census are disregarded." The results emphasize the differences between the migration behavior of natives and foreigners.
Correspondence: J.-P. Grimmeau, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Geographie Humaine, 50 avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10538 Gruidl, John J. A dynamic analysis of migration and employment change in selected states of the U.S.; 1951-85. Pub. Order No. DA8915538. 1989. 238 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Regional shifts in net migration and employment have been occurring in the United States, particularly in the 1970's. This research examines how net migration and regional employment relate and influence one another over time....A conceptual framework of regional labor market adjustment outlines possible interactions among net migration, employment and real wages and also motivates hypotheses....The hypotheses are tested by describing the process of net migration and employment change in ten selected states of the U.S. with annual data from 1951-85."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(9).

57:10539 Hope, Kempe R. Internal migration and urbanization in the Caribbean. Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies/Revue Canadienne des Etudes Latino-Americaines et Caraibes, Vol. 14, No. 27, 1989. 5-21 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Internal migration continues to be a major contributor to the rapid growth of the cities of the less developed countries. However, comparative studies of the factors influencing the volume of internal migration are not abundant. This paper examines and analyzes the nature and impact of internal migration and urbanization in the Caribbean as a whole with a comparative synthesis of the four more developed Caribbean nations--Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, [and] Trinidad and Tobago. The paper also provides policy recommendations."
Correspondence: K. R. Hope, H and H Economics, Weston, Ontario M9N 3P7, Canada. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10540 Langer-Redei, Maria. On modeling migrations. [A migracios aramlasok modellkiserleteirol.] Foldrajzi Ertesito, Vol. 38, No. 1-2, 1989. 69-90 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
An effort to model recent trends in internal migration in Hungary is described. The model takes into account age factors as well as spatial inequalities. The importance of such modeling efforts in light of the relative continuity of recent migration patterns in Hungary is stressed.
Location: University of Minnesota Library.

57:10541 Makannah, Toma J. Remittances and rural development in Sierra Leone. Peasant Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, Fall 1988. 53-62 pp. Salt Lake City, Utah. In Eng.
"This paper explores the role of remittances--sent by rural outmigrants--in rural development in Sierra Leone by examining their uses and income distribution consequences. Data from the rural component of a 1981-82 national survey of internal migration, remittances and development, involving approximately 1,500 households were used...."
Correspondence: T. J. Makannah, U.N. Economic Commission for Africa, Population Division, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10542 Morrison, Peter A. Demographic factors reshaping ties to family and place. Research on Aging, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1990. 399-408 pp. Newbury Park, California. In Eng.
"This article explores the broad topic of how the selective character of human migration and changing family circumstances may shape the intensity of local need among the future elderly. At origin, it is the healthier, better educated, and more affluent elderly who venture to migrate; and although people migrate from a broad spectrum of origins, they flow selectively to a narrow spectrum of destinations. At the same time, contemporary changes in family makeup and internal division of labor alter their capacity to care for elderly members....With 1990 [U.S.] census data, it will be possible to extend certain findings and consider their implications for how future aging and dependency may express themselves locally."
Correspondence: P. A. Morrison, Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10543 Mpando, Ladislas R. S. Patterns and determinants of interdistrict lifetime migration in Malawi, 1977. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1989. 1990. 773-803 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The present study has attempted to examine the patterns and levels of interdistrict migration in Malawi using the 1966 and 1977 censuses...." Migration patterns by sex and age are presented, and demographic, geographic, and socioeconomic determinants are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10544 Namakando, Charles M. Linkage structures in internal migration and regional development in Zambia, 1980. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1989. 1990. 741-72 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The objective of the study is to investigate the structural links between internal migration patterns and regional development in Zambia." The author relates economic and social development to various types of migration according to geographic region.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10545 Pumain, Denise; Saint-Julien, Therese. Migration and urban change in France, 1975-1982. [Migration et changement urbain en France 1975-82.] Revue d'Economie Regionale et Urbaine, No. 3, 1989. 509-30 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The migration flows observed during the 1975-82 period between all urban agglomerations with 50,000 inhabitants and more [in France] are analyzed under both quantitative and qualitative aspects. The objective is to study the role of the migrations in the process of change in the urban system. The quantity of migrants is well predicted by a gravity model and the analysis of the residuals shows interesting effects of geographical selection. The composition of the flows reveals that the cities do more [to] filter the populations according to their age than following their socio-professional groups. In both cases, there is little correspondence between the effect of net migration and the total change observed in the agglomerations during the same period."
Correspondence: D. Pumain, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: University of Florida Libraries.

57:10546 Rahman, M. Mizanur. An improvement of the national growth rate method for estimation of internal migration. Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2, Jun 1987. 113-9 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The author utilizes the national growth rate method of indirect estimation to calculate internal migration rates for Bangladesh for the period 1961-1981.
Correspondence: M. M. Rahman, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, E-17 Agargaon, Sher-E Bangla Nagar, G.P.O. Box No. 3854,, Dhaka-7, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10547 Rowland, Richard H. Economic region net migration patterns in the USSR: 1979-89. Soviet Geography, Vol. 31, No. 9, Nov 1990. 657-78 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"This article investigates economic region net migration patterns in the USSR during the 1979-89 intercensal period. Net in-migration and net migration rate increases (compared to 1970-79) occurred in both the western and eastern portions of the Northern USSR region, while net out-migration and rate declines occurred throughout the Southern USSR. Net in-migration again occurred to Siberia, especially Tyumen' Oblast, and there was a reduced rate of net out-migration from the Nonchernozem Zone and Central Chernozem Region of European RSFSR."
Correspondence: R. H. Rowland, California State University, 5500 University Parkway, San Bernardino, CA 92407. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10548 Rybakovskii, L. L.; Tarasova, N. V. Migration processes in the USSR: new phenomena. [Migratsionnye protsessy v SSSR: novye yavleniya.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1990. 32-42 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Internal migration trends in the USSR since 1970 are reviewed. The authors note that the Russian Republic has had a positive migration balance since 1976, after losing population over the previous 20 years, and that all the Central Asian and Caucasian republics have shown a negative migration balance since 1976. They also point out that from 1976 to 1988, not only was data on internal migration not published, but research and scholarly dialogue on the topic were discouraged; analysis of those migration trends await the publication of the relevant data. The article concludes with a brief review of a new phenomenon, emigration from the USSR, which has reached significant levels since 1973.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10549 Salvo, J. J.; Banks, L. E.; Mann, E. S. Reconceptualizing migration as a household phenomenon: outmigration from New York City by race and Hispanic origin. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sep 1990. 311-25 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper proposes a conceptual framework for analyzing migration as a household event and presents two public use microdata applications of this approach for out-migrants from New York City. The distribution of single- and multi-origin households by race and Hispanic origin permits a more rigorous analysis of household migration differentials....and the disaggregation of household members by migration status provides insight into the household outcomes of the migration process...."
Correspondence: J. J. Salvo, New York City Department of City Planning, Population Division, New York, NY. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10550 Shields, Gail M.; Shields, Michael P. The emergence of migration theory and a suggested new direction. Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1989. 277-304 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The literature on internal labour migration is surveyed using a four-fold taxonomic scheme. The potential migrant, as presented in the existing literature, can be viewed as a supplier of labour, an investor in human capital and a consumer of regional amenities such as public goods. The paper develops a fourth approach which treats the household, rather than the individual, as the migrating unit and which views the potential migrant as a producer of home produced commodities. The continuities as well as the contrasts between the four approaches are discussed in the paper."
Correspondence: G. M. Shields, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:10551 Sinha, S. K. Census of India 1981. Internal migration in India: 1961-1981. An analysis. Census Monograph, No. 2, [1988]. v, 172 pp. Office of the Registrar General: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
Internal migration patterns in India over the period 1961-1981 are analyzed using data from the 1981 census. The publication includes chapters on sources of data on migration, the growth and distribution of the migrant population, migrant characteristics, and reasons for migration. The analysis indicates that for men, the major cause of migration is employment, while for women it is marriage; family reasons for migration are important for both sexes.
Correspondence: Office of the Registrar General, Ministry of Home Affairs, 2/A Mansingh Road, New Delhi 110 011, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10552 Spain. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica [INE] (Madrid, Spain). Internal migration: Spain, 1971-1980. [Migraciones interiores: Espana, 1971-1980.] ISBN 84-260-1787-8. 1988. 92 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Data on internal migration in Spain during the period 1971-1980 are presented. The statistics are from official sources, including the 1981 census. The data are presented separately for the autonomous regions and for the provinces.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Paseo de la Castellana 183, Madrid 16, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10553 Tobey, Ronald; Wetherell, Charles; Brigham, Jay. Moving out and settling in: residential mobility, home owning, and the public enframing of citizenship, 1921-1950. American Historical Review, Vol. 95, No. 5, Dec 1990. 1,395-422 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors analyze the factors affecting residential mobility in the United States during the period 1921-1950. Using data from electrical utility billing records for the city of Riverside, California, they show that the drop in the rate of mobility following World War II was sudden and dramatic. "They argue that government-insured long-term mortgages caused the change and that President Roosevelt designed his New Deal housing policies to achieve this swift transformation of a central feature of the American historical experience."
Correspondence: R. Tobey, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

57:10554 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Internal migration in Argentina, 1975-1980. [La migracion interna en la Argentina, periodo 1975-1980.] CELADE Serie A, No. 209, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM.G.95. Oct 1990. 109 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
Internal migration trends in Argentina are analyzed based primarily on data from the 1980 census. The first chapter contains an analysis of interprovincial migration over the period 1975-1980. The second chapter focuses on migration within provinces, with emphasis on rural-urban migration. The third chapter examines the characteristics of migrants.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10555 Watkins, John F. Appalachian elderly migration: patterns and implications. Research on Aging, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1990. 409-29 pp. Newbury Park, California. In Eng.
"This article seeks to explore the patterns of population aging and the elderly migration in Appalachia, with a focus on two distinct and different subregions: eastern Kentucky and western North Carolina. Although the framework of the study is demographic, the foundation is more related to overarching concerns of the implications of migration, particularly with respect to local economies and services, and the potential use of elderly migration as a development strategy."
Correspondence: J. F. Watkins, University of Kentucky, Department of Geography, Lexington, KY 40506-0034. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

57:10556 Fasbender, Karl. Selected articles on transmigration, 1987. Supplementary volume to Report No. 4: transmigration in East Kalimantan. Wirkungen der Transmigration, LC 89-171829. 1988. x, 208 pp. Universitat Bielefeld, Fakultat fur Soziologie, Forschungsschwerpunkt Entwicklungssoziologie: Bielefeld, Germany, Federal Republic of; Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung, Abteilung Entwicklungslander: Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng; Ger; Ind.
This is a selection of articles in English, German, or Indonesian on aspects of the transmigration program in Indonesia, which is designed to help Indonesians from Java, Madura, and Bali resettle in the country's more sparsely populated islands.
Correspondence: Universitat Bielefeld, Fakultat fur Soziologie, Forschungschwerpunkt Entwicklungssoziologie, Bielefeld, Germany. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10557 Khasiani, S. A. Refugee research in Africa: problems and possibilities. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sep 1990. 369-77 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author discusses the magnitude of the refugee problem in selected countries of Africa, with a focus on the "conceptual, methodological and practical problems faced by refugee researchers in Africa."
Correspondence: S. A. Khasiani, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10558 Levang, P.; Sevin, O. Eighty years of transmigration in Indonesia (1905-1985). [80 ans de transmigration en Indonesie (1905-1985).] Annales de Geographie, No. 549, 1989. 538-66 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The Indonesian transmigration program over the period 1905-1985 is reviewed. An evolution is noted from a policy to alleviate Javanese poverty implemented in colonial times by sending Javanese as agricultural colonists to the outer islands, to a policy where such transmigration is an integral part of regional planning. The authors conclude that despite many problems that are well-known, the program has had some real level of success.
Correspondence: P. Levang, Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation, 24 Rue Bayard, 75008 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10559 Neuwirth, Gertrud. Refugee resettlement. Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 36, No. 2, Summer 1988. 27-41, 108-9 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
This is a general review of research on the settlement of refugees around the world, with the focus on refugees in developed countries.
Correspondence: G. Neuwirth, Carleton University, Center for Immigration and Ethno-Cultural Studies, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10560 Schmelz, Uziel O. Jewish refugee immigration to Israel, 1932-1980. Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics Occasional Paper, No. 1989-08, 1989. 34 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
Trends in the migration of Jewish refugees to Palestine and Israel are examined for the period 1932-1980. Data on the number of migrants by year and country of origin are presented, and the determinants of Jewish migration are discussed, with a focus on the effects of immigration policies, the Holocaust and the Arab-Israeli conflict, other political factors, and social discrimination.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10561 Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto. Transmigration policy and national development plans in Indonesia (1969-88). National Centre for Development Studies Working Paper, No. 90/10, ISBN 0-7315-0924-2. 1990. 30 pp. Australian National University, Research School of Pacific Studies, National Centre for Development Studies: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
An attempt is made to analyze transmigration in Indonesia from an interdisciplinary perspective in order to assess its positive as well as its negative aspects. "Among the revealing findings is the notion that transmigration is essentially a policy which serves the interests of various groups within the ruling elites. The numerous and ambiguously stated goals of transmigration reinforce this notion and show the complex role of transmigration within Indonesia's development process."
Correspondence: Australian National University, Research School of Pacific Studies, National Centre for Development Studies, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

57:10562 Longino, Charles F.; Marshall, Victor W. North American research on seasonal migration. Ageing and Society, Vol. 10, No. 2, Jun 1990. 229-35 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The authors attempt to summarize U.S. research on elderly seasonal migration in the context of a recent study on the seasonal migration of elderly Canadian winter residents in Florida.
Correspondence: C. F. Longino, University of Miami, Center on Adult Development and Aging, Coral Gables, FL 33124. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:10563 Muschkin, Clara G. Consequences of return migration to Puerto Rico: 1965-1980. Pub. Order No. DA9001067. 1989. 290 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study examines the consequences of return migration from the mainland United States to Puerto Rico during the period 1965-1980. The focus is on work-related outcomes of the return move for individual migrants, as well as for groups of persons who share similar migration experiences....All of the empirical analyses are based on data from the Public Use Microdata Files for the 1970 and 1980 censuses of Puerto Rico. The findings indicate that return migration is, in general, associated with negative employment outcomes in Puerto Rico. There also is some evidence for considering migration status a source of wage inequality in both census years."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Duke University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(8).

57:10564 Pascual de Sans, Angels; Cardelus, Jordi. Migration and personal history: an investigation of migration from the perspective of the return. [Migracio i historia personal: investigacio sobre la mobilitat des de la perspectiva del retorn.] Publicacions d'Antropologia Cultural, No. 6, ISBN 84-7488-799-2. 1990. 389 pp. Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Servei de Publicacions: Ballaterra, Spain. In Cat.
This is a study of return migration, based on data from three groups of migrants returning to the region of Barcelona, Spain. Chapters are included on the personal factors affecting migration, employment and occupations, and social factors associated with emigration and return migration.
Correspondence: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Servei de Publicacions, Apartat postal 20, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10565 Rogers, Andrei. Return migration to region of birth among retirement-age persons in the United States. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 45, No. 3, 1990. S128-34 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study addresses some the methodological difficulties one encounters in assessing the question of whether older persons display an increasing tendency to return to their state of birth after reaching retirement age. It reanalyzes previously studied data on the question and concludes that there is no indication that elderly people are more prone than non-elderly people to 'return home' to their native state."
Correspondence: A. Rogers, University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Boulder, CO 80309-0484. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

57:10566 de la Cadena, Marisol. Communes in Huancayo: peasant migration to highland towns. [Comuneros en Huancayo: migracion campesina a ciudades serranas.] IEP Documento de Trabajo, No. 26, 1988. 52 pp. Instituto de Estudios Peruanos [IEP]: Lima, Peru. In Spa.
The author investigates the migration of peasants to urban areas in Peru, using data on migration from communities in the Mantaro region to the highland city of Huancayo. The general characteristics of the migration process and of the insertion in Huancayo of rural migrant families are examined, with a focus on the impact of type of agriculture and productivity levels in the community of origin, as well as on migrants' tendencies to maintain ties with their areas of origin. The importance of the continuing relationship with the rural community is noted.
Correspondence: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Horacio Urteaga 694, Lima 11, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10567 McDaniel, Antonio. The social context of rural to urban labor migration decisions in developing countries: the case of Malaysian women. 1989. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This research seeks to explain rural-to-urban migration within developing countries....The findings of this research support the argument that individual and family characteristics are important in understanding the determinants of migration decisions. There is a significant improvement in our analysis if family structure is seen as an important variable in predicting migration. By looking at Malaysian women the family context of migration decisions is exemplified. The hazard rates of migration differ substantially for individuals by their area of origin, education, and ethnicity, and family factors, such as marital status, residential status, particularly home ownership, and family wealth."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Chicago.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(7).

57:10568 Singh, Ram N. Impact of out migration on socio-economic conditions: a case study of Khutouna block. ISBN 81-85061-86-6. LC 89-905749. 1989. ix, 173 pp. Amar Prakashan: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This study concerns out-migration from a rural area of India located in the fertile north Ganga plain of Bihar, and employs data from a variety of sources. The changing population characteristics of the study area over time are described, as well as changes in the destination of migrants and the impact of out-migration on local economic and social conditions.
Correspondence: Amar Prakashan, A1/139-B Lawrence Road, Delhi 110 035, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10569 Witkowski, Janusz. Selected problems of rural population migration in Poland. [Wybrane problemy migracji ludnosci wiejskiej w Polsce.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 309, 1990. 284 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This is a selection of papers by various authors on aspects of internal migration among the rural population of Poland. The first part examines out-migration from rural areas and its impact on peasant households, using data from a 1984 survey involving some 19,700 rural families. The second part considers the relationship between natural increase and migration in rural areas over the period 1976-1987. The third part examines the migration intentions of young people living in rural areas, using data from a 1987 survey. The fourth part is concerned with migration back to rural areas from the cities, using data from a 1983 survey.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodlegosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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