John I.; Curson, Peter; Kayastha, S. L.; Nag, Prithvish.
Population and disaster. Institute of British Geographers
Special Publications Series, No. 22, ISBN 0-631-16682-3. LC 88-35103.
1989. x, 292 pp. Basil Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford,
England; International Geographical Union, Commission on Population
Geography: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
This volume brings together 20 papers by various authors on the demographic impact of both natural and human-caused disasters. These include natural disasters in Japan; earthquakes in Managua, Nicaragua, in 1972, Friuli, Italy, in 1976, and Mexico City in 1985; flooding in Bangladesh; drought and famine in the Sahel, Ethiopia, and the Sudan; the demographic disaster of 1958-1961 in China; epidemics and infectious disease in the industrialized world; disasters and disease in Uganda; Three Mile Island and Chernobyl; the Bhopal disaster; wars, including the Spanish Civil War and the Gaza Strip; forced migration in South Africa; and social disturbances in Japan.
Correspondence: Basil Blackwell, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:40002 Mandal, R.
B.; Uyanga, Joseph; Prasad, Hanuman. Introductory methods
in population analysis. ISBN 81-7022-265-6. 1989. viii, 267 pp.
Concept Publishing: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This book addresses itself to the techniques of population studies and analysis. The introduction analyses the meaning and scope of population studies,...some statistical methods and the role of population planning in controlling growth of population." Chapters are included on theories of population growth, world population growth and distribution, concepts of population pressure, data sources and introductory measurement methods, sex ratio and age distribution, mortality, and fertility. Other topics include population estimates and projections; mapping, symbolizing, and grouping techniques of population data; spatial distribution; population growth; and urban spatial distribution and growth.
Correspondence: Concept Publishing Company, A-15-16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110 059, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Donald J. The unfinished demographic transition: family
planning in the 1990s. In: Essays in human ecology, No. 3, edited
by Donald J. Bogue and David J. Hartmann. 1990. 87-121 pp. Garcia-Bogue
Research and Development: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author reviews the status of the demographic transition in 151 countries. In particular, he criticizes the demographic profession for its lack of concern with the rate of population growth and for its failure to support efforts to reduce fertility rates through family planning programs. Tables are presented on nations ranked by total fertility rate in 1985, with measures of transition and change, 1965-1985; nations ranked by life expectancy at birth in 1980, with measures of transition and change, 1960-1980; growth in the number of women of reproductive age, 1960-1980, with measures of future change; nations ranked by order of growth rate of the working-age population, 1980-1985, and growth of the labor force, 1980-2000; and extent of contraceptive use required to bring third-world fertility to replacement level by the year 2000.
Correspondence: D. J. Bogue, Social Development Center, 1313 East 60th Street, Suite 145, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Maurice. Health is a sustainable state. Lancet, Vol.
336, No. 8716, Sep 15, 1990. 664-7 pp. Baltimore, Maryland/London,
England. In Eng.
The author analyzes the implications of current global population trends. He develops the concept of the demographic trap, where, in the absence of a significant decline in fertility, mortality in a developing society will start to rise again, and high birth and death rates will coincide with increasing pressure on resources and a deteriorating environment. He challenges the assumption that a decline in infant mortality is a necessary precursor to declines in fertility. He concludes that the concept of health for all as a desirable target should be replaced by that of sustainable health and the ability of communities to survive. His solutions involve both the development of radical controls on consumption and recycling in the developed world and the control of fertility in the developing world, with sustainability as the objective of public health efforts. A target of a sustainable global ecosystem by 2100 is proposed.
Correspondence: M. King, University of Leeds, Department of Public Health Medicine, Leeds LS2 9LN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).
56:40005 van Schaik,
Robert J. Mobilizing resources for population activities:
the role of NGOs. Populi, Vol. 17, No. 3, Sep 1990. 22-9 pp. New
York, New York. In Eng.
The author, the permanent representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations, "outlines his country's role in promoting international co-operation in the population field, and suggests ways NGOs [nongovernmental organizations] can work in partnership with governments to support population activities." Consideration is given to the relationships among population, development, and the environment.
Correspondence: R. J. van Schaik, Netherlands Delegation, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Thomas E. Darwinian transitions? A comment.
Population and Development Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, Mar 1990. 107-19,
208, 210 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This note contrasts John Caldwell's wealth flows theory of fertility decline with an alternative approach to explaining the demographic transition advanced by Paul Turke based on the assumptions of work in sociobiology. Caldwell's general theory fits quite well with known empirical patterns, whereas Turke's model is contradicted by empirical studies. Moreover, while sociobiological considerations of demographic transition are valuable in drawing attention to kinship support networks, they are limited by their tendency to define these networks solely in biological terms at the expense of social definitions of proximate interest."
Correspondence: T. E. Fricke, University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1248. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Susan. Toward a political economy of fertility:
anthropological contributions. Population and Development Review,
Vol. 16, No. 1, Mar 1990. 85-106, 207-10 pp. New York, New York. In
Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Three decades ago, there was wide consensus on why fertility falls. Since then, confidence in the classical form of demographic transition theory has eroded under repeated empirical challenges. Given this state of affairs in demography proper, the essay turns attention to another strand of demographic theorizing--what might be called the political economy of fertility--that is developing in cultural anthropology, social history, and historical and macrosociology....This essay highlights the contributions of cultural anthropology to this area of inquiry, stressing conceptual contributions that have been overlooked in the enthusiasm for anthropological methods. It provides a preliminary formulation of the basic precepts of a political economy of fertility, and enumerates some of the obstacles that must be overcome before a genuinely interdisciplinary approach to demographic political economy can take root and flower."
Correspondence: S. Greenhalgh, Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:40008 Kopchak, S.
I.; Kornelyuk, V. P. On differences in the comprehension
of the subject and methods of modern demography. [O razlichiyakh v
ponimanii predmeta i metoda sovremennoi demografii.] Demograficheskie
Issledovaniya, Vol. 13, 1989. 15-30 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum.
"Arguments used by the defenders and enemies of the narrow and broad comprehension of...population reproduction are analyzed....It is shown that the process of...population...renewal due to the birth-rate and death-rate is not identical to the more complex process of population reproduction as a mechanism of preservation of identity of the quantity and quality of the population under study. The internal and external social environment of the population reproduction system as a social process is considered. The role and significance of statistical method in the study of...population reproduction are analyzed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:40009 Malthus, T.
R.; James, Patricia. An essay on the principle of
population. ISBN 0-521-32361-4. LC 87-9372. 1989. xvi, 446; vi,
397 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge,
England. In Eng.
These two volumes present the 1803 version of Malthus's essay on the principle of population, with the variations included from the editions of 1806, 1807, 1817, and 1826.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Sandra. The population mechanism in W. S. Jevons's applied
economics. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, Vol.
58, No. 1, Mar 1990. 32-53 pp. Manchester, England. In Eng.
The status of the population principle in the work of the nineteenth-century economist W. S. Jevons is examined. "A careful reading of Jevons's writings reveals that population growth was not treated as an exogenous variable in the context of growth and poverty issues. The key to his position concerning the population mechanism, is the contention--in line with Marshall and the classics--that population growth is a major determinant of economic welfare, the extent and severity of 'pauperism' being linked to population relative to labour demand growth rates."
Correspondence: S. Peart, University of Toronto, 215 Huron Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
V. P. Some problems of intensification of studies on
population self-reproduction. [Nekotorye problemy uglubleniya
issledovanii samovosproizvedeniya naseleniya.] Demograficheskie
Issledovaniya, Vol. 13, 1989. 3-15 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in
"The paper deals with the most important debatable problems of theoretical demography. It is stated that modern demography is not a harmonious scientific system but a conglomeration of the data on different aspects of the population and its reproduction....A conclusion is made that a number of important problems in modern demography cannot be solved when approaching the given population as [a] human population."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert A. Two-sex population models and classical stable
population theory. In: Convergent issues in genetics and
demography, edited by Julian Adams, David A. Lam, Albert I. Hermalin,
and Peter E. Smouse. 1990. 317-33 pp. Oxford University Press: New
York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author describes classical stable population theory and presents a new model that incorporates both female and male fertility rates and the age and sex composition of the population. This method emphasizes the convergence of genetic and demographic perspectives of fertility.
Correspondence: R. A. Pollak, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Economics, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:40013 Hammel, E.
A. A theory of culture for demography. Program in
Population Research Working Paper, No. 28, Jul 1990. 31 pp. University
of California, Institute of International Studies, Program in
Population Research: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
"In this paper I attempt to sketch out the various senses in which the concept of culture has been and can be understood in anthropology and to discuss its utility for the study of demographic behavior....I seek to justify and rationalize some of the approaches to culture taken by demographers, approaches that I see as important, instructive, often fruitful, but equally often theoretically insufficient or insensitive to recent developments in anthropological theories of culture....Much of my intent is to reduce the apparently antithetical stance of cultural explanation with respect to rational maximization models. I then offer some suggestions on how a cultural approach to demography, or indeed to social analysis in general, might be pursued, both in theoretical and practical terms."
Correspondence: University of California, Graduate Group in Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Albert I.; Coale, Ansley J. Persistent issues in genetics
and demography. In: Convergent issues in genetics and demography,
edited by Julian Adams, David A. Lam, Albert I. Hermalin, and Peter E.
Smouse. 1990. 277-86 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors identify persistent issues and points of convergence between the disciplines of genetics and demography. The issues include the influence of demographic parameters on evolution; effective, optimal, and minimum population sizes; two-sex models; differences in vital rates and their causes; and levels of fertility in traditional societies.
Correspondence: A. I. Hermalin, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Samuel H. Sources of variation in vital rates: an
overview. In: Convergent issues in genetics and demography, edited
by Julian Adams, David A. Lam, Albert I. Hermalin, and Peter E. Smouse.
1990. 335-50 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford,
England. In Eng.
This is an overview of the sources of variation in vital rates observed by demographers. The author emphasizes the importance of including genetic change in demographic studies.
Correspondence: S. H. Preston, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Burton. The interface between genetics, demography, and
epidemiology: examples and future directions. In: Convergent
issues in genetics and demography, edited by Julian Adams, David A.
Lam, Albert I. Hermalin, and Peter E. Smouse. 1990. 257-74 pp. Oxford
University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this chapter is to present some problems from the field of tropical public health that exemplify the integration of ideas and methods from genetics, demography and epidemiology. As part of a detailed discussion of special problems, a diverse array of related public health problems will be indicated that require a close interface between these fields for their solution. The primary focus will be malaria...." The geographical focus is on Africa.
Correspondence: B. Singer, Yale University, Department of Biostatistics, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06510. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Peter E.; Teitelbaum, Michael S. Genetics, demography, and
epidemiology. In: Convergent issues in genetics and demography,
edited by Julian Adams, David A. Lam, Albert I. Hermalin, and Peter E.
Smouse. 1990. 209-17 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors consider the interrelationships among genetics, demography, and epidemiology. They present overviews of studies that have been carried out linking these three disciplines.
Correspondence: P. E. Smouse, University of Michigan, Department of Human Genetics, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Alfred; Lamy-Festy, Marlene. Practical examples of
demographic analysis. [Travaux pratiques d'analyse demographique.]
1989. 223 pp. Masson: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a demographic textbook. Separate chapters are included on mortality, nuptiality and dissolution of unions, fertility, structures and dynamics, and applications.
Correspondence: Masson, 120 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75280 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.
Martin; Pavlik, Zdenek. The geographic and demographic
aspects of the study of population and some prospects for
development. [Les aspectes geographiques et demographiques de
l'etude et des perspectives du developpement de la population.] Acta
Universitatis Carolinae: Geographica, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1988. 7-16 pp.
Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Fre. with sum. in Cze.
This is a general review of demography and the study of population.
Correspondence: Z. Pavlik, V. Holesovickach 40, 180 00 Prague 8, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
G. S.; Kozlova, L. L.; Anan'eva, S. P.; Kharchenko, L. P.; Karmanov, M.
V.; Kuzin, S. I.; Romanchuk, M. N. Population statistics
and the fundamentals of demography. [Statistika naseleniya s
osnovami demografii.] ISBN 5-279-00305-0. 1990. 312 pp. Finansy i
Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a basic textbook on population studies and demography for undergraduate and graduate students in statistics. Chapters are included on methodology, censuses, population size and characteristics, natural increase and vital statistics, statistical study of birth and death rates, life tables, marriage and divorce, migration, population growth, population projections, and population theory.
Correspondence: Finansy i Statistika, ul. Chernyshevskogo 7, 101000 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
56:40021 Saxena, P.
C. Teaching and research in demography. In:
Population transition in India, Volume 2, edited by S. N. Singh, M. K.
Premi, P. S. Bhatia, and Ashish Bose. 1989. 25-35 pp. B. R. Publishing:
Delhi, India. In Eng.
Teaching and research in demography in India are discussed, with a focus on institutes, population research centers, universities, and organizations that have programs in population-related fields.
Correspondence: P. C. Saxena, International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Bombay 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
[ECLAC] (Santiago, Chile); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de
Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile); Programa Latinoamericano de
Actividades en Poblacion [PROLAP] (Buenos Aires, Argentina); Canadian
International Development Agency [CIDA] (Ottawa, Canada).
Teaching population in Latin America. [Docencia en poblacion
en America Latina.] CELADE Serie E, No. 34; LC/DEM/G.76, Jul 1989. 234
pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This is a report on teaching programs and activities focusing on the study of population in Latin America. It is the result of a seminar organized in Costa Rica in 1986 by the Programa Latinoamericano de Actividades en Poblacion (PROLAP) and the U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia (CELADE). Chapters are included on the evaluation of the situation concerning the study of population in Latin America; a synthesis of reports on population studies and the need for qualified personnel; and conclusions and recommendations.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jan. Selected methods of classical demographic analysis
and measures of social policy. [Wybrane metody klasycznego pomiaru
demograficznego jako instrumenty polityki spolecznej.] ISBN
83-04-02989-8. 1988. 115 pp. Polska Akademia Nauk, Oddzial w
Katowicach, Komisja Nauk Demograficznych i Gospodarki Regionalnej:
Katowice, Poland; Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo
Polskiej Akademii Nauk: Wroclaw, Poland. In Pol.
The author describes some elementary methods for the analysis of demographic phenomena and introduces basic techniques for calculating parameters of the life table. Interpretation and discussion of shifts over time in the values of these parameters are presented. Recommendations for social policy resulting from values of life table parameters are formulated. The geographical focus is on Poland.
Correspondence: Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 9 Ryek, 50-106 Wroclaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).