Volume 56 - Number 3 - Fall 1990

D. Trends in Population Growth and Size

Studies on changes over time in population size and the bases of their estimation. Studies that are concerned primarily with the methodology of trends, estimations, and projections are classified under this heading and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models . Studies dealing with two or more of the topics listed in this division are coded under D.2. Current Rates and Estimates and cross-referenced where appropriate.

D.1. Past Trends

Studies of observed data on population growth in the past and its components. Includes studies that are primarily concerned with population trends up to and including World War II.

56:30058 Clark, Peter; Gaskin, Kathy; Wilson, Adrian. Population estimates of English small towns 1550-1851. Centre for Urban History Working Paper, No. 3, ISBN 1-870664-02-7. 1989. vii, 210 pp. University of Leicester, Centre for Urban History: Leicester, England. In Eng.
"This volume...stems from the ongoing research work since 1985 of the Small Towns Project at the Centre for Urban History, Leicester University....The Small Towns Project has three main concerns: 1. the collection of static population data on English small towns from the 16th to the 19th centuries; 2. the collection of aggregative parish register data; 3. the collection of economic, principally occupational material. Data is being stored on the Leicester University main-frame (DEC VAX) computer. From the detailed analysis of this material it is intended to plot national and regional trends in the economic and demographic development of small towns in England before and during the Industrial Revolution. [This volume] is intended as an initial, preliminary listing of data currently held by the project."
Correspondence: University of Leicester, Centre for Urban History, Leicester LE1 7RH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30059 Zhu, Guohong. Modernization and the population of China. Population Research, Vol. 6, No. 4, Dec 1989. 8-25 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author reviews the historical development of China's population growth from 2100 B.C. to 1947. The focus is on the impact of modernization on changes in China's population size, growth, and demographic transition.
Correspondence: G. Zhu, Fudan University, Institute of Population Research, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.2. Current Rates and Estimates

Studies of censal and other estimates based on current data, together with the relevant methodological studies. Includes studies from World War II up to the present day.

56:30060 Chile. Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas [INE] (Santiago, Chile). Chile: population estimates by sex and age. Regions, provinces, and communes, 1989-1990. Under 18 and 18 years and over. [Chile: estimaciones de poblacion, por sexo y edad. Regiones, provincias y comunas, 1989-1990. Menores de 18 y de 18 anos y mas de edad.] Fasciculo E/CHI, No. 1, 1989. 45 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
Population estimates are presented for Chile for 1989-1990 by region, province, and commune. The estimates are presented separately by sex and for the population under age 18 and 18 years and older.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas, Casilla 7597, Correo 3, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30061 Finland. Tilastokeskus (Helsinki, Finland). Population estimates 1987. [Vaestollisia tunnuslukuja 1987.] Vaesto/Befolkning, 1990. 55 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Fin.
Population estimates for Finland for 1987 are presented. Data are included on population density, fertility, and migration.
Correspondence: Tilastokeskus, PL-PB 504, 00101 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30062 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). 1990 census estimates. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 71, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1990. 27-31 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Census estimates for 1990 and population trends since 1790 in the United States are discussed. Tabular data are presented for population increase since 1790 and for resident population and percentage change by age and sex, 1980-1990.
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30063 Peru. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. Direccion General de Demografia. Direccion de Proyecciones e Indicadores de Poblacion (Lima, Peru). Peru: population projections for calendar years, by department, province, and district for the period 1980-1990, realized on July 31, 1989. [Peru: proyecciones de poblacion por anos calendarios segun departamentos, provincias y distritos (periodo 1980-1990), actualizados al 31 de julio de 1989.] Boletin Especial, No. 11, Aug 1989. 99 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa.
Population estimates for Peru are presented for individual years from 1980 to 1990 by department, province, district, and major city. An appendix includes estimates and projections of total population by sex, 1950-2025.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Avenida 28 de Julio No. 1056, Lima 1, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30064 Rowntree, J. A. Population estimates and projections. Population Trends, No. 60, Summer 1990. 33-4 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article describes briefly the different series of official population estimates and projections prepared by [the United Kingdom's Office of Population Censuses and Surveys]....and finally refers to the 'extrapolated estimates' which have recently been introduced."
Correspondence: J. A. Rowntree, Office of Population Censues and Surveys, Population and Hospital Statistics Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30065 Schmid, Josef. Population trends in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Die Bevolkerungsentwicklung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.] Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 18/89, Apr 28, 1989. 3-18 pp. Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Population trends in the Federal Republic of Germany since the 1960s are described, and projections to the year 2030 are outlined. Topics covered include changes in population size, declining fertility, increasing life expectancy, demographic aging, and the socioeconomic implications of these trends.
Location: New York Public Library.

56:30066 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). World population monitoring 1989. Special report: the population situation in the least developed countries. Population Studies, No. 113; ST/ESA/SER.A/113, Pub. Order No. E.89.XIII.12. ISBN 92-1-151186-0. 1990. xi, 260 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the sixth in a series of reports designed to monitor world population trends and policies, with a focus on current and future trends in developing countries. "The present report consists of three main parts....Part One presents a special report on population trends and policies in the least developed countries. Part Two...presents the results of the monitoring of population trends and policies in population growth and structure, fertility, mortality, population distribution and international migration. In Part Three, the larger context of current social and economic conditions relevant to population trends and policies is summarized."
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30067 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Estimates of the population of the United States to June 1, 1990. Current Population Reports, Series P-25: Population Estimates and Projections, No. 1062, Aug 1990. [2] pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Population estimates for the United States are presented. "This report presents estimates for months back to April 1, 1980, of the (1) total population including Armed Forces overseas, (2) resident population, and (3) civilian population. The estimates are based on data from the [1980] decennial census...." Other official sources are also used.
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30068 Urban, Francis; Rose, Philip. World population by country and region, 1950-86, and projections to 2050. Agriculture and Trade Analysis Division Staff Report, No. AGES880308, Apr 1988. vi, 31 pp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agriculture and Trade Analysis Division: Washington, D.C. Distributed by National Technical Information Service, Springfield VA. In Eng.
"This report contains estimates of world population for 1950 to the mid-1980's, depending on the latest country census, and projections to the year 2050. The data show the world population expanding from an estimated 5.1 billion in 1988 to 6.2 billion in the year 2000 and 10.8 billion in 2050. The information is provided for 204 countries, grouped into 14 geographic regions."
Correspondence: National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.3. Projections and Predictions

Studies of both long-term and short-term future trends and studies on the appropriate methodology.

56:30069 Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (Buenos Aires, Argentina); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Population estimates and projections, 1950-2025 (revised version). [Estimaciones y proyecciones de poblacion, 1950-2025 (version revisada).] Estudios INDEC, No. 15, 1989. 94 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
This is a revised version of the 1982 publication of population projections for Argentina covering the period 1950-2025. The present publication is based on the results of the 1980 population census and on other available data for the period 1970-1980. Estimates for the period 1950-1980 and projections for 1980-2025 include data on the population by sex, calendar year, and age group; the school-age population; summary demographic indicators; sex ratio by age group; and fertility. Some alternative projections for the period 1970-2000 are also provided, including data on the rural and urban population and the economically active population.
For the earlier version, published in 1982, see 50:40083.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos, Direccion de Difusion Estadistica, Oficina de Distribucion y Venta, Alsina 1924, C.P. 1090 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30070 Bush, Virgilio P. The application of Markov chains to demographic projections in smaller geopolitical areas. [Aplicacion de cadenas de Markov para proyecciones demograficas en areas geopoliticas menores.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1989. 549-71, 627 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This article deals with the use of Markov chains to project population in smaller geopolitical areas. The method consists of projecting only the relative distribution which, applied to a previous demographic projection, gives figures for the population by subregion. An algorithm is worked out, allowing for an estimate to be made of the transitional probabilities of the chain based on easily available data: the total population residing in two or more regions or states in only two specific moments. Once those probabilities have been determined, the projection of the probabilities and of the relative distribution is direct. This method is applied to the metropolitan zone of Mexico City, for which population and territorial extension are projected."
Correspondence: V. P. Bush, El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Camino Al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30071 Chile. Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas [INE] (Santiago, Chile); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Chile: population projections and estimates by sex and age. National and regional totals: 1980-2000. Urban and rural. [Chile: proyecciones y estimaciones de poblacion, por sexo y edad. Total pais y regiones: 1980-2000. Urbano-rural.] Fasciculo F/CHI, No. 6, 1989. 180 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
Population estimates and projections are provided for Chile for the whole country and for regions by sex, five-year age groups, and rural or urban residence for the period 1980-2000. Also included are the assumptions concerning future trends in mortality, fertility, and migration on which the projections are based, together with a description of the methodology employed.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas, Casilla 7597, Correo 3, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30072 Costa Rica. Ministerio de Planificacion Nacional y Politica Economica (San Jose, Costa Rica); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (San Jose, Costa Rica); Costa Rica. Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos (San Jose, Costa Rica). Costa Rica: regional estimates and projections of population (by sex and age group), 1975-2000. [Costa Rica: estimaciones y proyecciones regionales de poblacion (por sexo y grupos de edades) 1975-2000.] Fasciculo F./CR.4, Aug 1988. 119 pp. San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
This publication provides regional estimates and projections of the population of Costa Rica by sex and five-year age group for the period 1975-2000. The first part contains analyses of levels and trends in regional demographic components during the period 1963-1984. The second part presents estimates for 1975-1985 as well as projections for 1985-2000. Appendixes include information on methodology and abbreviated life tables by region, sex, and age group.
Correspondence: Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos, Apartado 10216, San Jose, Costa Rica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30073 de Beer, J. Predictability of international migration. [Voorspelbaarheid van de buitenlandse migratie.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 38, No. 5, May 1990. 14-25 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Population forecasts concerning international migration for the Netherlands are evaluated. "In the Dutch Population Forecasts from 1975 onwards, the uncertainty of the [international] migration projections has been underestimated. The interval between the low and high variants covered only a quarter of the subsequent observations. The...model...[utilized is] appropriate for determining the width of the forecast interval. Average migration in a number of years can be forecast considerably more accurately than migration in separate years."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30074 Denton, Frank T.; Feaver, Christine H.; Spencer, Byron G. MEDS--Models of the Economic-Demographic System: a report on the project and some preliminary analysis. QSEP Research Report, No. 246, 1989. 177 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"MEDS consists of a set of five integrated models for long-term projections of the Canadian population, economy, and related variables....The models, which are user-friendly and fully documented, run on IBM or IBM-compatible personal computers. They have been designed to facilitate the exploration of the demographic and macroeconomic implications associated with population change as it might unfold in Canada over the next several decades. To this end the models can accommodate a wide range of alternative specifications about the ways in which various components of the economic-demographic system interact. This report describes the MEDS project and illustrates uses of the models."
For a description of the machine-readable data file, see 56:20768.
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4 Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30075 Holzer, Jerzy Z. Polish demographic perspectives to the year 2030: projections--methodological assumptions, numerical results. [Perspektywy demograficzne Polski do roku 2030: projekcje studialne--zalozenia, wyniki liczbowe, wnioski.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 300, 1990. 159 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Population projections for Poland to the year 2030 are presented. Separate sections consider methodological assumptions; five different projections of demographic processes, including fertility decline, population replacement, fertility increase, and mortality decrease; evaluation of projections; and numerical results. Some data for 1985 and 1986 are provided.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodlegosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30076 Priest, Gordon. The demographic future. Canadian Social Trends, No. 17, Summer 1990. 5-8 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
Demographic trends for the next century in Canada are projected. Consideration is given to the increase in life expectancy, decrease in fertility, demographic aging, and immigration. "These demographic facts give rise to four issues of policy concern: the needs of the elderly population; the education of smaller cohorts of children and future labour force participants; the survival of the French language and culture in Canada; and the integration into Canadian society of people with diverse ethnic and linguistic backgrounds."
Correspondence: G. Priest, Statistics Canada, Housing, Family and Social Statistics Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:30077 Sadik, Nafis. The 1990s: the decade of decision. Populi, Vol. 17, No. 2, Jun 1990. 4-22 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author projects world population trends for the 1990s and beyond. Consideration is given to population growth, global warming and environmental concerns, needed improvements in health and education, family planning, political and community factors, funding, and possible responses to long-term trends.
Correspondence: N. Sadik, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30078 Smith, Stanley K.; Sincich, Terry. The relationship between the length of the base period and population forecast errors. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 85, No. 410, Jun 1990. 367-75 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The base period of a population forecast is the time period from which historical data are collected for the purpose of forecasting future population values. The length of the base period is one of the fundamental decisions made in preparing population forecasts, yet very few studies have investigated the effects of this decision on population forecast errors. In this article the relationship between the length of the base period and population forecast errors is analyzed, using three simple forecasting techniques and data from 1900 to 1980 for states in the United States. It is found that increasing the length of the base period up to 10 years improves forecast accuracy, but that further increases generally have little additional effect. The only exception to this finding is long-range forecasts of rapidly growing states, in which a longer base period substantially improves forecast accuracy for two of the forecasting techniques."
Correspondence: S. K. Smith, University of Florida, Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Gainesville, FL 32611. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

56:30079 Vig, O. P. Emerging issues in population stabilisation in India. In: Population transition in India, Volume 1, edited by S. N. Singh, M. K. Premi, P. S. Bhatia, and Ashish Bose. 1989. 243-50 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
"In this paper an attempt has been made to discuss whether the goal of zero population growth rate [by the year 2050 in India] is feasible and can be realised by the stipulated time. The inferences drawn are based on the secondary data brought out by various agencies."
Correspondence: O. P. Vig, Office of the Registrar General, West Block No. 1, R. K. Puram, New Delhi 110 022, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30080 Zeng, Yi. Ageing of the Chinese population and policy issues: lessons from a rural-urban dynamic projection model. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population, New Delhi, September/septembre 20-27, 1989. Vol. 3, 1989. 81-101 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The focus of this paper is on the aging of the Chinese population, related policy issues, and the differentials between rural and urban areas. The author presents a rural-urban population projection model using data derived from a sample survey conducted in 1987. The future trends and demographic sources of population aging in China under different assumptions of future rural-urban fertility, mortality, and migration are considered.
Correspondence: Y. Zeng, Peking University, Institute of Population Research, Hai Dian, Beijing 100871, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.4. Population Size and Growth

Studies on changes in population between two specific points in time. Includes studies on negative growth, natural increase, zero population growth, and population reproduction.

56:30081 Ebanks, G. Edward. Stable population size: Montserrat. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1989. 217-36 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper examines the population situation in Montserrat, a small Caribbean island, for the period 1871 to 1986 with major attention being given to the period since 1960. During this period, Montserrat has been consistently placed among the less developed areas. Consequently, one would expect its population size to be increasing....But this has not been the case for Montserrat. In spite of fluctuations in the size of the population, there has been a very strong tendency to vary within a narrow range, achieving a great measure of stability. Why is this the case? What have been the consequences? Answers to these questions are sought in this paper."
Correspondence: G. E. Ebanks, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30082 Ghosh, A. A systems approach to population projection models. In: Population transition in India, Volume 1, edited by S. N. Singh, M. K. Premi, P. S. Bhatia, and Ashish Bose. 1989. 499-506 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author reformulates the traditional population growth model by modifying the role played by consumption to respond not only to income but also to population. "The demographic behaviour in the model is now subsumed in the economic behaviour as determined by per capita income involving both income and population and is used as a portfolio variable for the social and economic process of evolution of the population in the long run....The complete model...has been worked out in a tentative way for [the United States] and Japan as it is generally believed that the population levels in these countries have come nearer to stabilisation point."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30083 Hadzivukovic, Stevan. The Yugoslav population: structure, development, and perspectives. [La population de la Yougoslavie: structure, developpement et perspective.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1989. 1,189-212 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This study deals with population structure and trends in Yugoslavia, its republics and two autonomous provinces, during the period which followed its creation at the end of World War I, as well as with perspectives until the year 2000. Population growth after World War II changed significantly following intensive socio-economic development. The demographic transition accelerated, rural population fell sharply, internal and external migration increased. The heterogeneous demographic and economic structure of the Yugoslav population also resulted in some specific problems. Certain regions became overpopulated..., others underpopulated...and this made it necessary to pursue different demographic policies simultaneously to achieve a more balanced demographic development."
Correspondence: S. Hadzivukovic, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, 21000 Novi Sad, Veljka Vlahovica 3, Post. fah 7, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30084 Hall, Ray. World population trends. Update, ISBN 0-251-35780-2. LC 89-464. 1989. v, 74 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
Trends in world population size and growth are reviewed. Separate chapters consider distribution and regional growth rates, fertility, mortality, migration, population structure, population projections, and population policies.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30085 Jones, Clare; Armitage, Bob. Population change within area types: England and Wales, 1971-1988. Population Trends, No. 60, Summer 1990. 25-32 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Population change and spatial distribution in England and Wales are analyzed according to socioeconomic factors for the period 1971-1988. Findings reveal that nationally, population was stable, but "at a local level however, rates of growth were more highly differential, due predominantly to migration between the area types. In particular, the populations of the new towns, and also the rural districts, and, most recently, the resort, port, and retirement areas, have increased in size at the expense of Greater London, the metropolitan districts, and the smaller cities. Such migration affects the age distributions in different types of areas...producing a unique demography within many area types."
Correspondence: C. Jones, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population and Hospital Statistics Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30086 Kuropka, Ireneusz; Radzikowska, Barbara. Demographic development of selected European countries. [Rozwoj demograficzny wybranych krajow europejskich.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 2/96, 1989. 51-64 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Trends in demographic development in 16 European countries are compared. Countries are categorized into homogeneous groups according to similarities in their development structures.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30087 Podrazka, Anna. Types of demographic transition in the countries of Europe. [Typy przejscia demograficznego w krajach europejskich.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 4/98, 1989. 49-73 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Utilizing crude birth and death rates, the author analyzes and compares demographic transitions in European countries. Different types of transitions are described according to time factors and rates of population change.
Correspondence: A. Podrazka, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Wydzial Nauk Ekonomicznych, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26-28, 00-325 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30088 Rakowski, Witold; Rakowska, Agnieszka. Typology of towns and gminas of Suwalskie voivodship from the perspective of population changes during the years 1976-1986. [Typologia miast i gmin wojewodztwa suwalskiego z punktu widzenia zmian ludnosci w latach 1976-1986.] Biuletyn IGS, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1987. 71-86, 266, 278-9 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Population change within Suwalskie voivodship, Poland, for the periods 1976-1980, 1981-1985, and 1986 is analyzed. The focus is on natural growth, migration, and the differences between urban and rural areas.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30089 Zwidrinsz, Peter. The dynamics of population reproduction in the Baltic region. [Proces reprodukcji ludnosci w regionie morza baltyckiego.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 2/96, 1989. 35-50 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author analyzes and compares post-World War II changes in birth rate, death rate, natural increase, and life expectancy in Poland, the Federal Republic of Germany, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, the German Democratic Republic, and the Baltic republics of the USSR.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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