Volume 56 - Number 3 - Fall 1990

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

56:30039 Japan. Statistics Bureau (Tokyo, Japan). Introduction to "Population Maps of Japan" 1985 population census. Mar 1990. 60 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
"This booklet aims at explaining the regional distribution of population and households, the characteristics of the changes and various attributes of population based on the results of the 1985 Population Census according to the Population Maps of Japan as well as how to produce those maps."
Correspondence: Statistics Bureau, Management and Coordination Agency, 19-1 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30040 Mitchell, Rick. 1986 Census of Canada: Canada's population from ocean to ocean. Focus on Canada, Pub. Order No. 98-120. ISBN 0-660-54012-6. Jan 1989. 31 pp. Statistics Canada, Minister of Supply and Services Canada: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
Data from the 1986 Canadian census are examined. "Our analysis will begin by looking at regional and provincial population distributions and go on to examine subprovincial distributions, the concentration of Canadian population near the United States border, changes in the urban-rural composition of the population and changes in the population of Canada's metropolitan areas and municipalities."
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Publication Sales, Room 1710, Main Building, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30041 Tsuya, Noriko O.; Kuroda, Toshio. Japan: the slowing of urbanization and metropolitan concentration. NUPRI Reprint Series, No. 33, Oct 1989. 38 pp. Nihon University, Population Research Institute: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"We examine in detail patterns of recent population changes in Japan as well as socio-demographic and economic changes associated with the population changes. Specifically, in the next section, we outline the approach for this study of urbanization and counterurbanization in Japan, defining the geographic basis and identifying problems associated with the definition, in addition to discussing the availability of data and major data sources. In the third section, we look at the trend of post-war population changes, focusing upon the patterns of population concentration/deconcentration as well as migration. We then examine socio-demographic and economic characteristics of migrants such as the sex ratio and the age structure in the fourth section. In the fifth section, we investigate possible causes of population movement, touching upon impacts of population redistribution policies in post-war Japan. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the implications of our findings."
Correspondence: Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho 1 chome, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo 101, Japan.

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

56:30042 Balakrishnan, T. R. Class and ethnicity in the internal structure of Canadian cities. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 89-5, Mar 1989. 13, [4] pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
Spatial distribution of urban populations by socioeconomic status and ethnicity within Canadian cities is examined. Theories concerning the relationship between urban spatial distributions, economic factors, and social class in developed countries are also considered.
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, Department of Sociology, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada.

56:30043 Balakrishnan, T. R.; Jarvis, George K. Is the Burgess concentric zonal theory of spatial differentiation still applicable to urban Canada? Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 90-3, Mar 1990. 13, [5] pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
"Using census tract data from the censuses of 1961, 1971 and 1981, this paper examines the durability of concentric zonal patterns in socioeconomic status and family size predicted by Burgess' theory to the fourteen largest metropolitan areas of Canada. Though the character of the zones may have changed over time in modern day Canada, it was found that the gradient pattern itself not only persists but may have intensified as far as socioeconomic status and family size are concerned. Causes for the persistence are attributed to the strong societal norm of owning a single family detached dwelling and the development and maintenance of roadways which still make it worhtwhile to commute to work in Canadian cities."
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, Department of Sociology, London, Ontario N6A 5C2 Canada.

56:30044 Bocharova, L. S. Urbanization and socioeconomic development in Syria from the 1960s through the 1980s. [Urbanizatsiya i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie Sirii v 60-80-e gody.] ISBN 5-211-00247-4. 1989. 181 pp. Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author analyzes the impact of urbanization on socioeconomic development in Syria from the 1960s through the 1980s. Consideration is given to the dynamics of urbanization and the growth of cities from the end of the eighteenth to the first half of the twentieth century; social and occupational structures of the urban population; macroeconomic factors, the labor force, and rural-urban migration; interurban population redistribution; and changes in the social structure of the Syrian population by occupational status.
Correspondence: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, Gertsena ul. 5-7, Moscow 103009, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30045 Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. The urbanization process in Africa. [Processus d'urbanisation en Afrique.] Collection Villes et Entreprises, ISBN 2-7384-0081-7. LC 89-135436. 1988. 134; 168 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
These are the proceedings, published in two volumes, of a two-day conference held at the Universite Paris VII in 1985 on the history of urbanization in Africa. The first volume contains 14 papers by various authors divided into four topics: problems, methodology, the precolonial city, and the dynamics of settlement. The second volume contains 17 papers on the city in the colonial period, and urban development since independence.
Correspondence: Editions l'Harmattan, 5-7 rue de l'Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

56:30046 Forbes, Dean. Urbanisation and urban growth in Vietnam, 1979-1989. International Population Dynamics Program Research Note, No. 111, Jun 14, 1990. 10 pp. Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Department of Demography: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"The release of the first results of Vietnam's 1989 Population Census has made it possible to consider the main trends in urbanisation and urban growth since formal reunification of the country in 1976. Vietnam is a particularly interesting case study of urban growth in that, like other socialist states, it has tried to control urbanisation, and in particular, contain the growth of the larger cities....This Research Note is in three parts. The first describes the available data sources; elements of the pattern of urbanisation and urban growth between 1979 and 1989 are examined in the second; the third briefly compares urbanisation trends with Vietnam's urban strategy objectives."
Correspondence: Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Department of Demography, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30047 Frey, William H. Metropolitan America: beyond the transition. Population Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 2, Jul 1990. 51 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Changes in the growth and structure of metropolitan areas in the United States are discussed. "This Bulletin analyzes the trends of the 1970s, the so-called 'transition decade,' the shifting patterns of the 1980s, and likely prospects for future growth in metropolitan areas." Consideration is also given to factors affecting nonmetropolitan growth patterns, including the demand for retirement and recreation spots, the entrance of the baby boom cohort into the labor force, and economic conditions. The distribution of minority groups among metropolitan populations is examined.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 777 14th Street NW, Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20005. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30048 Lawton, Richard; Lee, Robert. Urban population development in Western Europe from the late-eighteenth to the early-twentieth centry. ISBN 0-85323-425-6. 1989. xvi, 288 pp. Liverpool University Press: Liverpool, England. In Eng.
"This book is based on the proceedings of the Institute of European Population Studies' first International Seminar. It offers an up-to-date review of key aspects of urban population change in several Western European countries, together with an introductory chapter on nineteenth-century urbanization and its significance for demographic change in modern Europe. In addition to its value as a source of comparative information on the nature and course of urban population development in Britain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Prussia, Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Spain and Italy, the several contributors offer different perspectives on patterns of urban growth, the role of natural increase and mobility in urban populations, the nature and impact of the migration process, and the impact of rapid growth on the population structure of cities and their role in national growth. A large number of statistical tables and specially-drawn maps of features of population change are included."
Correspondence: Liverpool University Press, PO Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30049 Medvedkov, Olga. Soviet urbanization. ISBN 0-415-03869-3. LC 89-33998. 1990. xii, 168 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author assesses urban systems in the USSR. "Chapter 1 starts by examining the hierarchy of the Soviet urban system....[and comparing it] with other national urban networks within the family of Warsaw Pact states....Chapter 2 presents functional profiles of all major Soviet cities....[and assesses] the imprint of industrialization on Soviet urban life...[using] detailed data from the 1970 Soviet Census of Population....I test a hypothesis about the most likely forces of growth in the cities during 1970-86....Chapter 3 compares two processes of growth and development in 221 major Soviet cities....In Chapter 4 the structural properties of the Soviet urban network are compared with the views of most theorists who have advanced fundamental proposals about better organized growth of the network."
Correspondence: Routledge, 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30050 Mills, Edwin S. Do metropolitan areas mean anything? A research note. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 30, No. 3, Aug 1990. 415-9 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"In this brief study, I ask the most elementary question about the coherence of [U.S.] central cities and suburbs: are their population changes correlated in any simple way?...Specifically, I ask the following question: suppose one knows the national population growth rate, whether an SMSA component is the central city (cities) or suburbs, and the region in which the SMSA is located, then would the ability to explain the component's population growth rate be improved by knowing which SMSA the component is in?...The conclusion is that there appears to be an SMSA effect on population growth."
Correspondence: E. S. Mills, Northwestern University, J. L. Kellogg Graduate School, Center for Real Estate Research, Evanston, IL 60201. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

56:30051 National Institute of Urban Affairs (New Delhi, India). State of India's urbanisation. LC 88-904501. 1988. vii, 103 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This publication provides a comprehensive assessment of the urbanisation process in India, by examining especially its scale, the growth behaviour, the components of growth, the share of migration, the pattern of urban spread, the contributions of urbanisation to the Indian economy, and...its consequences."
Correspondence: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 11 Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30052 National Institute of Urban Affairs (New Delhi, India). Urban studies in India: a bibliography. LC 88-904946. 1988. 706; 1,304; 1,843 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This three-volume bibliography "contains 24,923 entries that include titles of books, articles in journals and dissertations (published and unpublished) relating to urban topics. Interdisciplinary in content, the entries are organized in twelve major sections." They include urbanization and urban structure, demography, economics, sociology, environment, industry and labor, housing, and education. The section on demography covers census publications, population characteristics, family planning, and migration; the sociology section includes employment among castes and women's status. Entries are arranged by subject and author for India as a whole and for individual states.
Correspondence: National Institute of Urban Affairs, 11 Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30053 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD]. Group on Urban Affairs (Paris, France). Urban statistics in OECD countries. 1988. 111 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
This report presents updated urban statistics from the OECD Urban Affairs Division's database, developed from member countries' replies to a detailed questionnaire. The database "contains information on 160 major urban areas, located in 21 countries, together with separate data on over 200 urban centres....The present document summarises the major findings....Section I covers general trends in urban populations at the national level; Sections II, III and IV cover population, housing and employment trends in urban areas, respectively; Section V covers local government finance; and Section VI presents related information on social indicators concerning urban areas. Each section begins with a brief commentary on the tables which points out general trends and the most noticeable exceptions." The publication is also available in French.
Correspondence: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30054 Poston, Dudley L.; Tian, Yong; Jia, Zhongke. The urban hierarchy of China. Population and Development Program Working Paper Series, No. 1.13, 1989. 38 pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper we have examined the patterns of dominance and subdominance of the 295 cities of China. Within a human ecologial perspective, the territorial division of labor of these cities was studied. The cities were analyzed in terms of the organization of their hinterlands and their levels of metropolitan dominance and control. This investigation of the urban hierarchy of China has permitted us to delineate the spheres of ecological influence and control of the cities that transcend political, i.e., provincial and county boundaries." Factors affecting urban dominance include the number and value of industrial output and the organization of transportation and communication facilities.
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801.

56:30055 Roberts, Bryan R. Urbanization, migration, and development. Sociological Forum, Vol. 4, No. 4, Dec 1989. 665-91 pp. New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"This paper looks at the effect of the new international division of labor on urbanization in developing countries. Previous histories, particularly of insertion into the world economy, affect responses to the new order. Also, previous phases in the organization of the world economy, particularly those associated with import-substitution industrialization, have shaped the urban systems and urban social organization of developing countries in particular ways. By comparing the tendencies of the import-substituting period with those of the new international division of labor, contrasts are brought out in the patterns of migration, the shape of the urban system, labor markets, and in urban social organization. The overall change is likely to be an increasing divergence, both within developing countries and between them, in their urban organization." The focus is on Latin America from the 1930s to the 1970s.
Correspondence: B. R. Roberts, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1088. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:30056 Saha, Tulshi. Factors of urbanization in Bangladesh. PSTC Working Paper Series, No. 89-01, Feb 1989. 24 pp. Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center: Providence, Rhode Island. In Eng.
"The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the role of industrialization, migration and other socio-economic development in determining the level of urbanization in Bangladesh. Cross-sectional analysis has been done for 1981 period and a longitudinal analysis has also been done to provide a temporal dimension of urbanization from 1961 to 1981. To test the degree of influence that each variable has on urbanization, multivariate regression and panel analyses have been undertaken. The results show that urbanization in Bangladesh increased with an increase in industrialization. Industrialization also had a positive impact over time on urbanization....The same causal relationship was also found between socio-economic development and urbanization."
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:30057 Schteingart, Martha. Population dynamics, urban structure, and production of living space in the metropolitan zone of Mexico City. [Dinamica poblacional, estructura urbana y produccion del espacio habitacional en la zona metropolitana de la ciudad de Mexico.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1989. 521-48, 626 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"In this article, an attempt is made to account for certain trends in the growth and distribution of the population, and in the structuring of living space in the metropolitan zone of Mexico City....Among the important conclusions of this essay are those having to do with the huge growth of some political-administrative units and the relation of this phenomenon to the practices followed by private realtors, often articulated with the policies and programs set by the State's housing agencies, as well as those that associate urban growth and expansion with the development of habitational spaces within the so-called 'formal' and 'informal' housing sectors." Data are from Mexican censuses and other official sources.
Correspondence: M. Schteingart, El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y Desarrollo Urbano, Camino Al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

No citations in this issue.


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