56:30001 Borisov, V.
A. World population: demographic reference book.
[Naselenie mira: demograficheskii spravochnik.] ISBN 5-244-00293-7.
1989. 478 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This reference book contains population statistics for the USSR and selected other countries throughout the world. Information is included on mortality, fertility, marriage, age and sex distribution, life expectancy, family characteristics, population policy, religion, ethnic groups, language, and nationality.
Correspondence: Mysl', Leninskii Prospekt 15, 117071 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Roy A. The peopling of planet Earth: human population
growth through the ages. ISBN 0-02-735772-4. LC 89-34575. 1990. x,
163 pp. Macmillan: New York, New York; Collier Macmillan: London,
England. In Eng.
This is an overview of the history of world population growth, beginning with an examination of theories and myths of how and where human life began. The author then examines migration patterns, agricultural development, and urbanization. He discusses the interrelationships among population growth, food and energy supplies, the environment, and quality of life. The book is designed for the general reader.
Correspondence: Macmillan Publishing, 866 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Pierre. Humans on the earth. Changing geography.
[Les hommes sur la terre. La geographie en mouvement.] ISBN
2-232-10147-9. 1989. 222 pp. Editions Seghers: Paris, France. In Fre.
This work is concerned with world geography and with the impact of current and future population growth. It includes chapters on regional differences in rates of population growth, regional differences in physical geography and their demographic consequences, inequalities in development, migration, environmental issues, and the contribution of geography to the study of such issues.
Correspondence: Editions Seghers, 6 place Saint-Sulpice, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.
Geoffrey. Concepts and frameworks needed for a better
understanding of socio-demographic processes. In: International
Population Conference/Congres International de la Population, New
Delhi, September/septembre 20-27, 1989. Vol. 3, 1989. 423-36 pp.
International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]:
Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author argues that the current dissatisfaction with the field of demography "is a consequence of not thinking through what demography ought now to be doing, and with what tools. I begin with a brief backward look at the development of demography and at the forces that have buffeted and shaped it along the way, and speculate on what may be the problem-context in which demography will find itself over the near- and medium-term future. The broad premises thus established serve to frame and organise some thoughts on how the discipline might better contribute to understanding sociodemographic processes."
Correspondence: G. McNicoll, Australian National University, Research School of Social Science, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Krishnan. Distributions and other vector variables in
demographic research. In: International Population
Conference/Congres International de la Population, New Delhi,
September/septembre 20-27, 1989. Vol. 3, 1989. 451-63 pp. International
Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium.
A case is made for the increased investment of investigative energy in the study of demographic vector variables and the relationships involving them. The author encourages the use of vector variables, such as income distribution, industrial composition of the gross domestic product, and national budget makeup, in empirical, theoretical, and cross-national analyses.
Correspondence: K. Namboodiri, Ohio State University, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). 1989
report by the Executive Director of the United Nations Population
Fund. Pub. Order No. 90/32001/E/8500. ISBN 0-89714-081-8. 1989. 78
pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report on the work of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) contains a review by the Executive Director of the state of world population. The review for 1989 focuses on issues concerning improvement in the status of women, family planning programs, development programs, youth, aging, and AIDS.
For a previous report concerning 1987, see 54:30001.
Correspondence: UNFPA, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Andre. Arsene Dumont and social capillarity. [Arsene
Dumont et la capillarite sociale.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 6, Nov-Dec
1989. 1,009-28 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The work of Arsene Dumont (1849-1902) and his term 'social capillarity' which refers to the strong desire--reinforced by the very principles of democracy--which induces couples to restrict the number of their children is well known. The present article shows that Dumont also associated the drop in the birth rate with other motives: a selfish desire for security and leisure, individualism and, finally, the desire to adopt the behaviour of a class which individuals were trying to join. The paper also examines Dumont's reasons for opposing the traditional explanations of the fall in the French birth rate, which he considered to have been either mistaken or insufficient, as well as his views on the psychological and sociological effects of an ageing population."
Correspondence: A. Bejin, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 26 rue Boyer, F-75971 Paris Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James R. Americans versus Malthus: the population debate
in the early republic, 1790-1840. Garland Studies in Historical
Demography, ISBN 0-8240-3360-4. LC 89-35581. 1989. 481 pp. Garland
Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author describes the political, economic, and social debate begun in the United States in the late eighteenth century over the theories of Malthus. "The American attempt to replace Malthus with an equally modern as well as scientific analysis and solution is explored here in chronological/thematic chapters which display, simultaneously, theoretical and policy discussions pertaining to population growth." Historical and contemporary research and literature are used.
Correspondence: Garland Publishing, 136 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Hiroshi. A demographic evaluation of P. Bourdieu's
"fertility strategy" Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population
Problems, Vol. 45, No. 4, Jan 1990. 52-8 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
This is a critique of Bourdieu's population and fertility theory and model.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
R.; Moors, G. Rationality, cohorts, and reproduction.
IPD Working Paper, No. 1990-1, 1990. 15 pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel,
Interuniversity Programme in Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"In this paper we wish to outline both the philosophy and the results of research on the ideational change (i.e. pertaining to the meaning-giving system) and its impact on family formation and reproduction....One of the strategies to capture the dynamics of such cultural change consists of following successive cohorts....[We consider] whether the findings in value research give any clue with respect to the possible future evolution of demographic behaviour. It is often argued that the most recent cohorts leaving their 'formative years' have a more cautious and traditionalist outlook than their predecessors of the 1960s and 1970s, which could conceivably lead to a fertility rise in the 1990s. At this point, it becomes particularly useful to confront this thesis based on the expressive type of rationality, with the economic insights and forecasts based on the instrumental type. Consequently, the paper will conclude with an attempt to [synthesize] economic and sociological models."
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, IPD, Centrum voor Sociologie, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Yasuyuki. Malthus's Essay and Newton's Principia.
Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 12, May 1989. 37-43
pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
The author examines a natural scientific approach to demography using the example of Malthus's "Essay on the Principle of Population." The work is analyzed and compared to Newton's "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica."
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).
Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New
York, New York). Stable population age distributions.
2nd ed. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/98, 1990. xiii, 420 pp. New York, New York. In
"This volume presents a set of model stable age distributions and associated parameters based on the set of model life tables developed at the United Nations [in 1982] and a series of intrinsic growth rates ranging from 0 per cent per annum (the stationary population) to 4 per cent per annum. Along with the stable age distributions, the associated parameters included are the intrinsic birth and death rates, percentage of population in the 15-49 and 15-59 age groups, and the child, elderly and total dependency rates." Tables are presented for five model patterns of mortality for Latin America, Chile, South Asia, Far East Asia, and a general pattern.
For the first edition of this volume, published in 1982, see 48:40010.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jeremy. Anthropologists and migrants: changing models and
realities. In: Migrants, workers, and the social order, edited by
Jeremy Eades. 1987. 1-16 pp. Association of Social Anthropologists
[ASA]: London, England; Tavistock Publications: New York, New
York/London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews past and current literature concerning migration research in anthropology. Consideration is given to changing patterns in migration research since the nineteenth century; the political economy of migration, including the effect of Marxism on the study of migration; and migration and ideology.
Correspondence: J. Eades, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NZ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Vasant P. Beyond demography. In: Population
transition in India, Volume 1, edited by S. N. Singh, M. K. Premi, P.
S. Bhatia, and Ashish Bose. 1989. 3-12 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi,
India. In Eng.
"The present paper attempts to delineate some of the fundamental issues involved in [exploring the interdisciplinary dimensions of demography], in the context of the state of the population question with special reference to Less Developed Countries (LDCs) and India." Consideration is given to specialization, quantitative analysis, and the slow progress in social sciences as compared with that of the science of technology.
Correspondence: V. P. Pethe, Interdisciplinary Centre for Population Sciences, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Roszkiewicz, Malgorzata. Mechanisms of demographic
behaviors. Reflections from a socio-biological point of view.
[Mechanizmy zachowan demograficznych. Rozwazania na marginesie
socjobiologii.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 3/97, 1989. 5-17 pp. Warsaw,
Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
A socio-biological approach is used to analyze demographic behaviors, including mortality, fertility, nuptiality, and migration, and to develop theories explaining these behaviors.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
No citations in this issue.