Volume 56 - Number 2 - Summer 1990

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

56:20001 Levy, Michel L. Understanding demography. [Dechiffrer la demographie.] Serie Analyse, No. 9, 1990. 272 pp. Syros-Alternatives: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an introduction to the concepts of demography and is designed for the general reader. Chapters are included on demography in France, some demographic calculations, the history of population statistics, population history around the world, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, family anthropology, migration and development, and population characteristics. Appendixes include a glossary, biographies, a bibliography, and an index of names cited and graphics used.
Correspondence: Syros-Alternatives, 6 rue Montmartre, 75001 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20002 Zvereva, N. V.; Medkov, V. M. Population: past, present, future. [Narodonaselenie: proshloe, nastoyashchee, budushchee.] LC 86-163999. 1987. 253, [3] pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of papers by various authors on aspects of population growth and social progress from the perspective of Marxist-Leninist theory. The first part contains four papers on theoretical aspects of population. The second part includes eight papers on population dynamics, including population quality, social change, migration, reproduction, continuity, laws of demographic processes, and the environment.
Correspondence: Mysl', Leninskii Prospect 15, 117071 Moscow, USSR. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

56:20003 Henripin, Jacques. World population and the worries it causes. [La population mondiale et les inquietudes qu'elle suscite.] Politiques de Population: Etudes et Documents, Vol. 4, No. 2, Jan 1990. 5-65 pp. Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Some general issues concerning world population growth are reviewed. The author notes that estimates of the world's carrying capacity have varied from 10 billion to 60 million billion. He attempts to summarize the limitations on population growth that might be imposed by availability of resources, particularly food and minerals. The importance of distinguishing between population size and rate of growth when considering the impact of population is also noted. The author concludes that the result of the race between population growth and increased food production in the developing world is still uncertain, particularly in Africa, and the problems of increasing food production are more economic, political, and ethical than technical. The role of the developed world in resolving such problems is assessed.
Correspondence: J. Henripin, University of Montreal, Department of Demography, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20004 Morrison, Peter A. Applied demography: its growing scope and future direction. Futurist, Vol. 24, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1990. 9-15 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
An introduction to the concepts and contributions of applied demography is presented. The author asserts that "the demographic perspective will play a key role in helping decision makers in both the public and the private sectors understand and prepare for the future." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: P. A. Morrison, RAND Corporation, Population Research Center, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

56:20005 Beaujeu-Garnier, Jacqueline. Was Malthus in the right? [Malthus avait-il raison?] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 3, 1989. 305-15 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author considers the veracity of Malthus's population theory in the light of subsequent demographic developments. She examines current trends in both population growth and economic development throughout the world. Differences between developed and developing countries are discussed in relation to population growth, availability of natural resources, and trends toward modernization.
Correspondence: J. Beaujeu-Garnier, Universite de Paris I, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20006 Greenhalgh, Susan. Toward a political economy of fertility: anthropological contributions. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 12, 1990. 34 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
The political economy approach to understanding reasons for fertility declines is examined as an alternative to the demographic transition theory. "A political economy of fertility directs attention to the embeddedness of community institutions in structures and processes, especially political and economic ones, operating at regional, national, and global levels, and the historical roots of those macro-micro linkages. This essay highlights the contributions of cultural anthropology to this area of inquiry, stressing conceptual contributions that have been overlooked in the enthusiasm for anthropological methods. The essay provides a preliminary formulation of the basic precepts of a political economy of fertility, and enumerates some of the obstacles that must be overcome before a genuinely interdisciplinary approach to demographic political economy can take root and flower."
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20007 Pollak, Robert A. Two-sex demographic models. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98, No. 2, Apr 1990. 399-420 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Classical stable population theory, the standard model of population age structure and growth, is ill suited to addressing many issues that concern economists and demographers because it is a 'one-sex' theory. This paper investigates the existence, uniqueness, and dynamic stability of equilibrium in the birth matrix-mating rule (BMMR) model, a new model of age structure and growth for two-sex, monogamously mating, populations. The paper shows, by means of examples, that the BMMR model can have multiple nontrivial equilibria and establishes sufficient conditions for uniqueness. It generalizes a theorem of W. Brian Arthur to nonlinear systems and uses it to establish sufficient conditions for local dynamic stability."
Correspondence: R. A. Pollak, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

56:20008 King, Miriam. All in the family? The incompatibility and reconciliation of family demography and family history. Historical Methods, Vol. 23, No. 1, Winter 1990. 32-40 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author uses an article by Steven Ruggles on aspects of family demography to examine two broad questions. One concerns the relatively small overlap between demography and family history. The other addresses the potential that demography has to offer family historians. She concludes that the conceptual differences between family history and family demography limit the applicability of demographic methods for the study of family history.
For the article by Ruggles, also published in 1990, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: M. King, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20009 Yengoyan, Aram A. Anthropology and demography: a perspective from aboriginal Australia hunting and gathering societies. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population, New Delhi, September/septembre 20-27, 1989. Vol. 2, 1989. 345-51 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
Problems in using methods of demographic analysis and demographic theory for anthropological research are briefly discussed, with particular consideration given to the use of equilibrium models. The discussion is illustrated using the example of aboriginal hunting and gathering societies in Australia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

56:20010 Anderson, Alan J. B. Interpreting data: a first course in statistics. ISBN 0-412-29560-1. LC 88-16195. 1989. xvi, 223 pp. Chapman and Hall: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is an introductory textbook designed for a first-year undergraduate statistics course at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. In addition to the basic subjects generally included in introductory statistics courses, it contains demographic topics, including the components of population change; population projection; data sources; controlled experiments, including twin studies and clinical trials; longitudinal analysis; interrupted time series; social surveys; data analysis and the computer; and smoking and lung cancer.
Correspondence: Chapman and Hall, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

56:20011 Greene, Geoffrey. Planning for population, labour force and service demand: a microcomputer-based training module. Background Papers for Training in Population, Human Resources and Development Planning, No. 3, ISBN 92-2-105622-8. 1986. v, 100 pp. International Labour Office [ILO], World Employment Programme: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"The present paper represents the first major output from the work on the ILO Training Module Sequence, the purpose of which is to provide microcomputer-based interactive software for use by trainer/trainees in population, human resources and development planning training programmes. This background paper, which gives an introduction to the concepts incorporated in the programme and instructions on how to use it, together with the computer programme itself, form Training Module 1 (TM1)....First, [the paper] introduces the user to the TM1 programme....Second, it contains a formal description of the demographic projection model which is the core of the TM1 programme and is intended to serve as an introduction to the technical literature of development planning training models. Third, it contains extensive documentation of the choices available to the trainee at every stage of the process which serves as a reference manual for the TM1 programme. Programme diskettes are available on request from the Employment Planning and Population Branch of the ILO, Geneva."
Correspondence: International Labour Office, 4 Route des Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

56:20012 Peters, Gary L.; Larkin, Robert P. Population geography: problems, concepts, and prospects. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-8403-4722-7. LC 89-80307. 1989. xii, 295 pp. Kendall/Hunt: Dubuque, Iowa. In Eng.
The third edition of this introduction to population geography, includes chapters on population growth and change, population data, population distribution and composition, theories of population change, mortality, fertility, population policy and family planning programs, migration and mobility, urbanization, the environment, food supply, and practical applications and case studies of population issues.
For the second edition, published in 1983, see 51:30012.
Correspondence: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2460 Kerper Boulevard, P.O. Box 539, Dubuque, IA 52004-0539. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20013 Valentei, D. I.; Kvasha, A. Ya. The fundamentals of demography. [Osnovy demografii.] ISBN 5-244-00054-3. 1989. 285 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a revised edition of a basic textbook on demography, originally published in 1980. It includes more emphasis on theoretical aspects of demography based on the work of both Soviet and foreign researchers, as well as original methods for the analysis of family development and regional demographic trends. A critique of some new concepts being developed by bourgeois demographers is included.
Correspondence: Mysl', Leninskii Pr. 15, 117071 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20014 Zvidrins, Peteris P. Demography. [Demografija.] 2nd ed. ISBN 5-405-00104-X. 1989. 354 pp. Zvaigzne: Riga, USSR. In Lav.
This basic textbook on demography is based on courses given at the Latvian University in Riga. It contains chapters on the theory and history of demography, population statistics and demographic methods, population size and distribution, population characteristics, nuptiality and divorce, fertility, mortality, migration, economic demography, the current demographic situation and population policy, population projections, and theories of population growth. The primary geographical focus is on Latvia and the other countries of the Baltic region.
Correspondence: Zvaigzne, Gorkija iela 105, 226013 Riga, Latvia, USSR.


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