Wei. Discussion on improvement of population statistics in
cities and towns in China. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 6, Nov 29, 1987.
20-3 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
Inconsistencies in available population statistics for China's cities and towns are described. The author suggests improving these statistics by clarifying the definition of urban population and applying modern statistical methods to data collection and analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Francis. Statistical procedures for the collection of
demographic data in colonial Black Africa. [Les operations
statistiques de collecte des donnees demographiques dans l'Afrique
noire coloniale.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1987. 33-50 pp.
Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors provide an overview of the statistical procedures used to collect demographic data in colonial Sub-Saharan Africa. "The 'statistical operations' considered here, as opposed to the purely administrative procedures, consist of: censuses with complete population coverage and sample surveys; operations at the national and local levels; operations with strictly demographic targets and others primarily intended for other purposes but also yielding certain demographic data (population size, structure, change). Roughly 100 national operations (two thirds censuses, a third surveys) have been identified for the 46 countries reviewed. Two thirds of them were conducted between 1947 and 1966, in the very last years of the colonial era."
Correspondence: F. Gendreau, CEPED, 15 rue Ecole de Medecine, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Raymond. Statistics, language, and power in colonial
society. [Statistiques, langage et pouvoir dans la societe
coloniale.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1987. 57-65 pp. Paris,
France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Internal critique of population statistics in the French colonial system requires knowledge of the inside functioning of the system as a whole, its communications mechanisms, [and] its power struggles between different levels of administration. The text addresses itself to these issues and tries to show how population statistics were an integral part of a large information circuit that had in a sense its own language."
Correspondence: R. Gervais, Universite de Paris VII, 2 place Jussieu, 75221 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Netherlands. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Hoofdafdeling
Sociale Rekeningen (Voorburg, Netherlands).
Socio-demographic accounting. Societal participation and mobility:
a description of the methodology and its application, 1980-1985.
[Sociaal-demografische rekeningen. Maatschappelijke participatie en
mobiliteit; methodebeschrijving en toepassing voor 1980-1985.] ISBN
90-3571-156-4. 1989. 105 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum.
The system of sociodemographic accounts (SDA) that has been developed in the Netherlands is described. "Two systems of SDA have been developed; one on the societal participation and mobility, one on the participation in and mobility within living arrangements. Both accounts cover the total population. This publication describes the methodology in constructing the accounts on the societal participation and mobility of the population and presents the results for the period 1980-85."
Correspondence: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Prinses Beatrixlaan 428, Postbus 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Constance; Muir, Calum. The international comparability of
cancer mortality data: results of an international death certificate
study. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 129, No. 5, May
1989. 934-46 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
The results of a two-part study to assess the international comparability of the coding of death certificates mentioning cancer are presented. "Part I repeated a 1978 study in which nine countries coded the same 1,234 United States death certificates mentioning cancer....The proportion of disagreements in coding the underlying cause of death fell about 35% between 1978 and the present study." Part II involved the analysis of some 100 certificates from 7 participating countries, translated into English, each of which posed problems in coding cancer. "Discrepancies in assigning the underlying cause of death were found for 54% of these problem certificates. The major types of problems identified were coding when multiple cancer sites were mentioned on the death certificate, whether to select heart disease or cancer as the underlying cause of death, and the interpretation of the coding rules."
Correspondence: C. Percy, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Room 343H, Bethesda, MD 20892. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.
Gilles. The collection of oral genealogies: their
relevance and limitations for the demographic history of Africa.
[Le recueil de genealogies orales: interet et limites pour l'histoire
demographique de l'Afrique.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1987.
67-83 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The value of oral genealogies as sources of historical demographic data in Africa is discussed. The author distinguishes between biases that cannot be corrected, such as those that overestimate fertility and underestimate mortality and migration, and those that can be corrected. Genealogical data collected among the Fula Bande of Senegal are used to illustrate these different kinds of bias. The use of oral genealogies to improve the quality of data from classical demographic surveys is also considered.
Correspondence: G. Pison, INED, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs.
Statistical Office (New York, New York). Approaches to
data collection on fertility and mortality for the estimation of vital
rates. IIVRS Technical Paper, No. 37, Sep 1989. i, 13 pp.
International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics [IIVRS]:
Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper intends, first, to give an overview of the various approaches available to collect fertility and mortality data in censuses and sample surveys to supplement the defective data from the civil registration system. The particular case on how those approaches have evolved in population censuses is illustrated in the light of recent research conducted by the United Nations Statistical Office on 320 censuses undertaken between 1965 and 1984 for which country files on census materials have been maintained." Included are analyses of the approaches and their potential to obtain reliable data and a description of indirect techniques for demographic estimation.
Correspondence: IIVRS, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Adekolu-John, E. O. A study of vital and health
statistics of the Kainji Lake Area of Nigeria. African Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 3, Sep 1988. 149-56 pp.
Oxford, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"A survey of vital and health statistics, and the evaluation of collection of these data in the registration centres of Kainji Lake Area [Nigeria], are presented. Forty-two per cent of all deaths occurred below 10 years of age, with the largest percentage occurring below 5 years of age. The leading causes of all deaths were malaria, gastro-intestinal disorders and measles. Occurrence of an epidemic was found to be significant to the overall mortality. The role of traditional healers in the control of childhood mortality is discussed. About 34% of the women had married more than once and 56% of the divorces occurred after the first marriage....The number of deliveries in the hospitals was more than the number of registered births and no death was registered at the centres."
Correspondence: E. O. Adekolu-John, University of Ilorin, Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ilorin, Nigeria. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.
Bureau of Statistics. Statistics Division (Dhaka, Bangladesh).
Bangladesh Demographic Survey and Vital Registration System: a
short description and summary findings, 1980-85. Jun 1986. 23 pp.
Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
This report describes the Bangladesh Demographic Survey and Vital Registration System, which in the absence of an adequate national civil registration system has provided estimates of vital rates since 1980. In 1983, the sample covered was expanded from 103 to 210 sample units and now includes some 52,000 households, of which roughly three-quarters are in rural areas. In addition to describing the system, some summary results are provided concerning vital rates for the period 1980-1985.
Correspondence: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Gana Bhaban Extension Block (1st Floor), Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Iwao M. Considerations in the organization of national
civil registration and vital statistics systems. IIVRS Technical
Paper, No. 36, Jul 1989. i, 7 pp. International Institute for Vital
Registration and Statistics [IIVRS]: Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
"It is the purpose of this paper to examine the present organizational structures of the national CR/VS [Civil Registration and Vital Statistics] systems [of countries throughout the world] and determine the factors which seem to deter their growth and development. It is hoped that this will suggest the best organizational structure for a civil registration and vital statistics system."
Correspondence: IIVRS, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Daniel; Agamennone, Vincent J.; Ozonoff, David; Berry, R. J.
A microcomputer-based vital records data base with interactive
graphic assessment for states and localities. American Journal of
Public Health, Vol. 79, No. 11, Nov 1989. 1,531-6 pp. Washington, D.C.
The authors describe the development of a microcomputer-based vital statistics database of all singleton births that occurred in Massachusetts during the period 1975-1984. They discuss methods used to remove redundant information and unique identifiers in order to reduce the disk space required. They conclude that "implementing similar systems for state registries on births, deaths, cancers, and birth defects potentially offers investigators easy access to vast stores of information and would enable public health officials to produce timely reports, initiate a variety of surveillance activities, and respond rapidly to residents' inquiries about clusters and anomalous disease patterns."
Correspondence: D. Wartenberg, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Environmental and Community Medicine, Piscataway, NJ 08854. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Ministere de l'Interieur. Departement de la Population (Bujumbura,
Burundi). General census of population, August 16, 1979.
Volume IV: general methodology. [Recensement general de la
population, 16 aout 1979. Tome IV: methodologie generale.] May 1985.
[27, xvii] pp. Bujumbura, Burundi. In Fre.
This report describes the methodology used in the 1979 census of Burundi.
Correspondence: Ministere de l'Interieur, Departement de la Population, Bujumbura, Burundi. Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 98, Jul 1989.
Statistics Canada (Ottawa, Canada). Census Canada 1986.
Reference. 1986 census geography: a historical comparison. Pub.
Order No. 99-106E. ISBN 0-660-12730-X. Jan 1988. 51 pp. Ottawa, Canada.
"This paper is part of a series of reference documents designed to assist users of [Canadian] census data in finding, understanding and comparing data. In particular, it has been prepared to aid users in the comprehension of standard and non-standard geographic terms and more importantly, the comparison of geographic terms associated with the 1986 Census relative to those of previous censuses." A French edition is also available.
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Pavel. Processing and publication of the 1990 population
and housing census results. [Zpracovani a publikace vysledku
scitani lidu, domu a bytu 1990.] Demografie, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1989.
193-9 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This paper outlines plans for processing data from the 1990 Czech census and gives a timetable for the publication of the results.
Correspondence: P. Ctrnact, Federalni Statisticky Urad, Sokolovska 142, 18613 Prague 8, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Edward. Making sense of the census: the manuscript
returns for England and Wales, 1801-1901. Public Record Office
Handbooks, No. 23, ISBN 0-11-440219-1. 1989. x, 146 pp. Her Majesty's
Stationery Office: London, England. In Eng.
This is a guide to the manuscript census returns for England and Wales for the period 1801-1901. It includes sections on the historical and administrative background, the structure of the records, the interpretation of census data, and references and finding aids. Examples from nineteenth-century censuses are provided in a series of appendixes.
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, PO Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Office of the Registrar General (New Delhi, India). Census
of India, 1981. Series 1: India. Paper 1 of 1986: final report on
the application of statistical quality control methods in 1981
census. 1987. vi, 125 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a report on an experimental application of statistical quality-control techniques used in the manual tabulation of data from the 1981 census of India. The exercise was confined to economic questions included in the census.
Correspondence: Office of the Registrar General, West Block-1, R. K. Puram, New Delhi 110 066, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
H.; Noordam, R. Administrative corrrections
1985-1988. [Administratieve correcties 1985-1988.] Maandstatistiek
van de Bevolking, Vol. 37, No. 8, Aug 1989. 11-5 pp. Voorburg,
Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the effect of administrative corrections, or errors, on municipal population registers in the Netherlands. These are determined to be the result of both internal and international unreported migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Daniel. Improving census accuracy: a report prepared by
the Congressional Research Service for the Subcommittee on Census and
Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, U.S.
House of Representatives. LC 88-602619. Oct 12, 1987. xi, 220 pp.
U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "begins by discussing the task of Congressional oversight and proceeds to consider the uses of census data. This is followed by an account of the [U.S. Census] Bureau's progress in reducing the undercount since 1940 and its difficulty addressing differences between the counts for blacks, Hispanics and whites; men and women; and persons of different ages. The next part of the report presents an account of census error....It considers disagreements about census concepts, lack of precision and inadequate timeliness. The report reviews arguments relating to adjusting the census and provides information that proponents and opponents of adjustment might use to state their positions. It outlines alternative enumerative approaches: the use of administrative records, registration, increased efforts at improving census field procedures, as well as adjustments based on statistical surveys."
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, D.C. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
55:40693 New York
State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil
Rights. Census undercounts and preparations for the 1990
census: a summary report. Dec 1988. 37 pp. Washington, D.C. In
This is a summary report of a forum held on November 19, 1987, concerning the problem of the undercount in the U.S. census. The objective of the forum was to discuss possible improvements in the 1990 count and the feasibility and desirability of adjusting the count. The report includes a detailed reply from the U.S. Bureau of the Census on issues raised at the forum.
Correspondence: U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, Eastern Regional Division, 1121 Vermont Avenue NW, Room 710, Washington, D.C. 20425. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
55:40694 Rees, P.
H. Research policy and review 30. How to add value to
migration data from the 1991 census. Environment and Planning A,
Vol. 21, No. 10, Oct 1989. 1,363-79 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The form in which migration information is likely to be provided from the 1991 Census [of the United Kingdom] is reviewed, and suggestions are made about how this provision can be improved for the academic research community, building on the experience of the 1981 Census. The recommendations add considerable value to the information at relatively low cost."
Correspondence: P. H. Rees, University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).
Anatole. A demographic approach to the evaluation of the
1986 census and the estimates of Canada's population. Survey
Methodology/Techniques d'Enquete, Vol. 14, No. 2, Dec 1988. 157-71 pp.
Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
"A significant increase in coverage error in the 1986 [Canadian] Census is revealed by both the Reverse Record Check and the demographic method presented in this paper. Considerable attention is paid to an evaluation of the various components of population growth, especially interprovincial migration. The paper concludes with an overview of two alternative methods for generating postcensal estimates: the currently-in-use, census-based model, and a flexible model using all relevant data in combination with the census."
Correspondence: A. Romaniuc, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jirina. The census in the history of the Czechoslovak
state statistics. Part 2: censuses after World War II. [Scitani
lidu v historii Cs. statni statistiky (Cast 2: povalecna scitani
lidu).] Statistika, No. 8-9, 1989. 339-43 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia.
A history of census developments in Czechoslovakia since World War II is presented. Consideration is given to changes in geographic boundaries between censuses and in the size of national groups and social classes.
Correspondence: J. Ruzkova, Federalni Statisticky Urad, Sokolovska 142, 18613 Prague 8, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Bernd. Seminar on the significance and possibilities for
using the results of population and housing censuses. [Seminar
uber die Bedeutung und Nutzungsmoglichkeiten der Ergebnisse von Volks-
und Wohnungszahlungen.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 7, Jul 1989.
410-4 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Summaries are presented from a seminar held in Wiesbaden, West Germany, in April 1989. The seminar was sponsored by the U.N. Economic Commission for Europe and the Conference of European Statisticians. Topics covered include the significance and use of population census results, possibilities of replacing censuses with surveys or registers, possibilities of improving and reducing the costs of censuses, public acceptance of the census, and the distribution of census results.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago,
Chile). Population censuses of 1990: a selection of
CELADE documents. [Censos de poblacion de 1990: seleccion de
documentos del CELADE.] CELADE Serie A, No. 193, Pub. Order No.
LC/DEM/G.77. Jun 1989. 69 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This publication contains four papers prepared for a series of seminars conducted in Latin America by CELADE in preparation for the 1990 census round. The first paper deals with the questions to be included on the census forms, the second with the role of maps in displaying census data, and the third and fourth with the use of sampling in censuses.
Correspondence: CELADE, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
[ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Censuses of population and
housing in Asia and the Pacific: towards the 1990 round. Pub.
Order No. ST/ESCAP/724. 1988. xii, 147 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is a report from two working groups, one held in Asia and one in Oceania, on preparations for the 1990 population and housing census round. Following a general introduction to issues in census-taking in the region, the report presents individual reviews for selected countries in Asia and Oceania.
Correspondence: ESCAP, United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vijay. The use of sampling in conjunction with population
censuses. Asian and Pacific Population Forum, Vol. 3, No. 1-2, Jun
1989. 11-20, 35-7 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
The author considers the usefulness of combining census and sample data, with a focus on how this practice is applied in countries of the Asia-Pacific region. "Increasingly, census and survey data are being used to generate estimates that combine the spatial detail of the census with the diversity and timeliness of sample surveys."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ryszard. The accuracy of the migration sample in the
national population census of 1978. [Dokladnosc reprezentacyjnego
badania migracji w czasie NSP 1978.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 33,
No. 11, Nov 1988. 5-7 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The author assesses the accuracy of migration data collected by sample in the 1978 census of Poland. He discusses the possibility of studying fertility trends using 1988 census data for a one-percent sample of married women aged 15-70.
Correspondence: R. Zasepa, Zaklad Badan Statystyczno-Ekonomicznych, Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, Al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
J.; Verma, V. The World Fertility Survey: an appraisal of
methodology. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical
Association, Vol. 84, No. 407, Sep 1989. 756-74 pp. Alexandria,
Virginia. In Eng.
"In the first half of the article, a broad account of content and procedures is given. In conduct of individual surveys, the achievements of the World Fertilty Survey were based on thoroughness rather than technical superiority. The later aspects of the program, including analysis, archiving, and data dissemination, were more innovative and represent models of excellence for similar future enquiries. In overall terms, the program is judged to be an expensive success. In the second half of the article, two methodological issues are discussed in more detail: the collection of retrospective birth histories and the translation of survey instruments into local languages." Comments by Anthony G. Turner (pp. 768-9), Kweku T. de Graft-Johnson (pp. 769-70), Burton Singer (pp. 771-2), and Joel E. Cohen (pp. 772-4) are appended.
Correspondence: J. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Centre for Population Studies, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).
Ewa. Life course (family, occupational, and migratory
biography). [Droga zyciowa (biografia rodzinna, zawodowa i
migracyjna).] ISBN 83-7027-009-3. 1989. 212 pp. Szkola Glowna
Planowania i Statystyki: Warsaw, Poland; Glowny Urzad Statystyczny:
Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Results are presented from a 1988 survey on the life course in Poland. The survey, which included 5,104 persons aged 45 or over, was modeled on similar surveys conducted in France in 1981 and in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1987. Data are included in the survey on "family, occupational and migratory biographies of surveyed persons; female total fertility, range of maintained relationships, mutual services and support; occupational activities of old-age and disabled pensioners and important events in life of respondents."
Correspondence: Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Noreen; Moreno, Lorenzo; Westoff, Charles F. Peru
experimental study: an evaluation of fertility and child health
information. Oct 1989. xvi, 181 pp. Princeton University, Office
of Population Research: Princeton, New Jersey; Institute for Resource
Development/Macro Systems, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]:
Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The principal objective of this study is to resolve a variety of methodological issues in connection with the measurement of levels and determinants of fertility, contraception, child health, and infant and child mortality in survey research. These issues include: the comparative merits and disadvantages of a truncated (six-year) vs. a full birth history; the significance of questions on fetal deaths for estimating infant mortality and fertility; the potential of a six-year calendar for the collection of monthly data on contraceptive practice, breastfeeding, amenorrhea, postpartum abstinence and exposure to risk;...[and] the usefulness of the calendar for collecting monthly data on a woman's employment history and residence and migration history....Within the scope of the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) project, an experimental questionnaire was developed and administered in Peru between September and December of 1986 to a national sample of 2,534 women of reproductive age; at the same time, a national sample of 4,997 women was interviewed with the standard DHS questionnaire."
Correspondence: Sidney H. Moore, DHS Program, IRD/Macro, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James T.; Moore, Thomas F.; Parsons, Van L.; Tadros, William.
Design and estimation for the National Health Interview Survey,
1985-94. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation
and Methods Research, No. 110, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 89-1384. Aug
1989. v, 33 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]:
Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report presents a detailed description of the research and selection of a sample design for the [U.S.] National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for the period 1985 through 1994....Chapter I presents a general overview of the NHIS and its sample design. Chapter II describes the redesign process and the new directions to be taken by the NHIS during 1985-94. Major research findings are also included in chapter II. Chapter III provides a more detailed description of the sample design and how the sample was selected. Chapter IV presents a description of the estimators used in the NHIS for analyzing and summarizing the results from the survey."
Correspondence: NCHS, 3700 East-West Highway, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Council (New York, New York). Indonesia 1987: results
from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family
Planning, Vol. 20, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1989. 289-93 pp. New York, New York.
Data from the 1987 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey are presented. Included are data on population characteristics; fertility trends, differentials, and preferences; contraceptive use and knowledge; nuptiality; and infant mortality.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).