Volume 55 - Number 4 - Winter 1989

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

55:40433 Fukurai, Hiroshi; Pick, James B.; Butler, Edgar W.; Tellis, Glenda. An examination of regional migration patterns in Mexico: new and old Mexican regions. Genus, Vol. 44, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1988. 225-43 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"This paper examines regional migration patterns in Mexico. Different regional definitions are used to examine four in- and outmigration periods in Mexico: 1979-80, 1975-79, prior to 1975, and lifetime. Five regional definitions were utilized to delineate Mexican regions at the state level....[and] are compared with regions created by a maximum likelihood clustering technique. The new regions differ from the previous five regions. Clustered regions based on inmigration and outmigration patterns are discussed. The results show different clustering patterns for in- and outmigration and point out that the use of net migration can be misleading since such an analysis pays little attention to different inmigration and outmigration patterns. The results are substantially consistent for the four migration periods."
Correspondence: H. Fukurai, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40434 Mont, Daniel. Two earner family migration: a search theoretic approach. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1989. 55-72 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper represents the first attempt to model the two earner family decision to migrate using a joint search theoretic approach. In so doing, the paradox of a couple whose members would both migrate if single but decide not to migrate because they are married to each other is discovered and explained. Furthermore the impact of the rising number of working women and reentry of wives into the labor force on the extent and regional pattern of migration is discussed. Extensions to the model are addressed, as well as future avenues of research, both theoretical and empirical." A geographical focus on the United States is implied.
Correspondence: D. Mont, University of Wisconsin, Department of Economics, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40435 Recchini de Lattes, Zulma. Women in internal and international migrations, with special reference to Latin America. [Las mujeres en las migraciones internas e internacionales, con especial referencia a America Latina.] Cuaderno del CENEP, No. 40, Dec 1988. vii, 17 pp. Centro de Estudios de Poblacion [CENEP]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
Having reviewed the literature on migration in general, the author concludes that women are generally included in most studies only in the context of the migration of families. The significance of female migration per se is examined, with particular reference to Latin America. The author reviews the type and volume of female migration, examines female migrant characteristics, and describes some of the problems female migrants encounter.
Correspondence: CENEP, Seccion Publicaciones, Casilla 4397, Correo Central, 1000 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40436 Wimberley, Dale W.; Berry, E. Helen; Flinn, William L. Structural influences on outmigrant selectivity: a panel study of three rural Colombian communities. Rural Sociology, Vol. 54, No. 3, Fall 1989. 339-64 pp. Bozeman, Montana. In Eng.
"This study examines the influence of household agricultural and socioeconomic attributes on long-term migration of household members and investigates differences in these effects among agriculturally and socioeconomically diverse rural communities [in Colombia]....The analysis supports earlier contentions that migrants from origins with strong overall resource pushes are less selective than migrants from other settings and that different patterns of community structure and community structural change result in different patterns of selectivity." Data are from rural household surveys conducted in 1963 and 1971.
Correspondence: D. W. Wimberley, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Sociology, Blacksburg, VA 24061. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40437 Yadava, K. N. S.; Yadava, G. S. On some probability models and their applications to the distribution of the number of migrants from a household. Janasamkhya, Vol. 6, No. 2, Dec 1988. 137-58 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
The authors study the pattern of migration from households using probability models. The patterns include those of male migrants aged 15 and above and those of the total number of migrants, including females and children. Household factors considered are caste, geographic location, and socioeconomic status. The models are applied to data from India.
Correspondence: K. N. S. Yadava, Australian National University, Department of Demography, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

55:40438 Ardittis, Solon. Trends and new factors affecting the brain drain from developing countries. [Tendances et nouveaux enjeux de l'exode des cerveaux des pays en developpement.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 26, No. 94, Jun 1989. 272-81 pp. Rome, Italy. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Current trends in brain-drain migration from developing to developed countries are analyzed. "Describing the growing specialisation of and rapid changes in the demand for qualified migrants in developed countries, this study shows that the brain drain phenomenon is increasingly fed by LDCs nationals migrating primarily for studies abroad. The resulting economic and social effects, both for sending and receiving countries, of the brain drains' modern patterns are analysed, as is the current action undertaken by various parties to eradicate this phenomenon."
Correspondence: S. Ardittis, Centre Europeen Travail et Societe, Maastricht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40439 Association Internationale des Demographes de Langue Francaise [AIDELF] (Paris, France). International migration. Problems of measurement, recent trends, and the effectiveness of policies. The Calabria seminar (September 8-10, 1986). [Les migrations internationales. Problemes de mesure, evolutions recentes et efficacite des politiques. Seminaire de Calabre (8-10 septembre 1986).] No. 3, ISBN 2-7332-7010-9. 1988. ix, 513 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a collection of papers by various authors on aspects of international migration. The papers were presented at a seminar sponsored by the Association Internationale des Demographes de Langue Francaise (AIDELF) in Calabria, Italy, September 8-10, 1986. The topics of the sessions were the measurement of international migration trends, recent trends and their causes, the effectiveness of migration policies, and Italy's transition from a sending to a receiving country. The geographical focus is on various countries, but many papers are concerned with France and Italy.
Correspondence: AIDELF, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40440 Badets, Jane. Canada's immigrant population. Canadian Social Trends, No. 14, Autumn 1989. 2-6 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
The author analyzes demographic characteristics of the 3.9 million immigrants living in Canada in 1986. Data are primarily from the 1986 census. Aspects considered include country of origin, spatial distribution, age distribution, educational status, labor force participation, occupation, and income.
Correspondence: J. Badets, Statistics Canada, Housing, Family and Social Statistics Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40441 Baum, Sam; Young, Christabel. The exchange of migrants between Australia and the United States. Working Papers in Demography, No. 15, 1989. 34, 3, [20] pp. Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Department of Demography: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
International migration between Australia and the United States is analyzed. The authors note that this migration is concentrated among the highly skilled occupation groups. Differences in the age structure of the two migrant groups from each country are described.
Correspondence: Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Department of Demography, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40442 Bozorgmehr, Mehdi; Sabagh, Georges. High status immigrants: a statistical profile of Iranians in the United States. Iranian Studies, Vol. 21, No. 3-4, 1988. 5-36 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors present a profile of Iranians in the United States. "First, the paper will review trends in Iranian immigration to the United States from 1950 to 1986....Second, all available data will be used to derive an estimate of the 1986 population size of Iranians in the U.S., and major centers of Iranian concentration such as California and Los Angeles. The rest of the paper will present a detailed analysis of the 1980 U.S. Census....Since students made up a large proportion of Iranians in 1980, separate statistical profiles will be given for the total Iranian population, non-students, and students." Consideration is given to geographic distribution and to demographic characteristics, including economic and educational status.
Correspondence: M. Bozorgmehr, University of California, Department of Sociology, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1551. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40443 Brunelli, Lina; Bussini, Odoardo; Cecchini, Clara; Tittarelli, Luigi. The presence of foreigners in Italy: the case of Umbria. [La presenza straniera in Italia: il caso dell'Umbria.] ISBN 88-204-3489-X. 1989. 228, [24] pp. Franco Angeli: Milan, Italy. In Ita.
Problems concerning the recent rapid rise in the foreign population resident in Italy are reviewed, using the example of Umbria. The characteristics of the foreign population of this region, who are primarily students, are described. Separate consideration is given to integration and discrimination and to marriage patterns among the foreign student population.
Correspondence: Franco Angeli, Viale Monza 106, 20127 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40444 Calvanese, Francesco; Pugliese, Enrico. Emigration and immigration in Italy: recent trends. Labour, Vol. 2, No. 3, Winter 1988. 181-91 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
"This paper points out the differing composition of present immigration flows to Italy compared to those of Italian migratory flows towards the more industrially advanced European countries over the past decades. The labour forces that constitute these present day immigration flows often possess medium to high educational qualifications, and are more frequently absorbed into the teritiary and agricultural markets, rather than the industrial sector. These immigrants rarely have regular, unionized occupations, and satisfy a demand for precarious, unstable labour which is in expansion in Italy, as in other countries. Furthermore, these immigration flows are directed not only towards those regions with high employment rates, but also to those with high unemployment rates. Thus, the implications are that the character of present day emigration can only be clearly understood by taking into account the highly segmented aspect of the labour market."
Correspondence: F. Calvanese, Universita di Salerno, Dipartimento di Sociologia, Via Urbano II, 84100 Salerno, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

55:40445 Cohen, Yinon. Socioeconomic dualism: the case of Israeli-born immigrants in the United States. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1989. 267-88 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"Relying on the 1980 U.S. Census of Foreign-Born Population and the 1979 INS Public Use File, this article compares Israeli-born Americans (including Arabs) to both the United States and Israeli populations with respect to age, marital status, unemployment, education, industry, occupation and income as of 1979-1980....[Findings indicate that] Israeli-born immigrants in the United States held top white-collar jobs and were less likely to be unemployed than the rest of the Israeli labor force. Once in America, however, it seems that not all Israeli-born Americans are as successful as portrayed by past research. In fact, the Census data reveal occupational and economic dualism among the population of Israeli-born Americans. The reasons for this dualism are discussed."
Correspondence: Y. Cohen, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, 69 978 Tel Aviv, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40446 Cortese, Antonio. Foreign immigration during the 1980s: Italy and Canada compared. [L'immigrazione straniera negli anni Ottanta: Italia e Canada a confronto.] Rassegna Economica, Vol. 53, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1989. 509-31 pp. Naples, Italy. In Ita.
Trends in immigration in Italy during the 1980s are analyzed. The author totals the number of immigrants entering the country each year and considers the adequacy of the currently available statistics. He then examines the Canadian experience concerning immigration. The need to improve the system of collecting data on immigration in Italy is noted.
Correspondence: A. Cortese, Istituto Centrale di Statistica, Via Cesare Balbo 16, Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:40447 Dekkers, A. J. M.; Noordam, R. Less immigrants and more emigrants in 1988. [Minder immigranten en meer emigranten in 1988.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 37, No. 9, Sep 1989. 23-8 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
International migration to and from the Netherlands in 1988 is examined and compared to 1987 migration patterns. Findings indicate an increase in Turkish and Moroccan migration to the Netherlands and an increase of Dutch nationals migrating to other European countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40448 Eggerickx, Thierry; Poulain, Michel. The context and demographic consequences of the emigration from Brabant to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. [Le contexte et les consequences demographiques de l'emigration des Brabancons vers les Etats-Unis au milieu du XIXe siecle.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1987. 313-36 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The reasons for large-scale emigration from the Brabant region of Belgium to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century are examined. Poor economic conditions in the region of origin are identified as the primary cause of migration. The demographic impact of the migration on both the population of origin and the migrant population is assessed.
Correspondence: T. Eggerickx, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place de l'Universite 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40449 Golini, Antonio. Italy's place in the international migration system: the development of migration streams and policies. [L'Italia nel sistema delle migrazioni internazionali: evoluzione dei flussi e politiche.] Rassegna Economica, Vol. 53, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1989. 41-68 pp. Naples, Italy. In Ita.
International global migration trends since World War II are reviewed, with emphasis on the countries of Europe. The author first notes that migration patterns varied significantly before and after the oil crisis of the mid-1970s. He then outlines future projections of population growth around the world and discusses their impact on international migration. The paper concludes with an examination of the implications of these trends for migration policy, particularly with regard to the growing demographic gap between rich and poor countries.
Correspondence: A. Golini, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Statistics, Demography and Actuarial Science, Citta Universitaria, 00100 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:40450 Gomez, Alcides; Diaz, Luz M. The current status of knowledge about labor migration from Colombia to Venezuela. [El estado del conocimiento sobre las migraciones laborales de Colombia a Venezuela.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 3, No. 10, Dec 1988. 397-413 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The evolution of research on migration from Colombia to Venezuela during the last 15 years is examined. The authors find that the study of international migration in Colombia led to research on economic conditions, the flow of remittances, occupations, and income cycles in both countries. The sociodemographic and occupational profiles of Colombian migrants are also analyzed.
Correspondence: A. Gomez, Fundacion de Investigaciones y Estudios Economico-Sociales FINES, Bogota, Colombia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40451 Hargreaves, Alec G. Immigration in post-war France: a documentary anthology. Methuen's Twentieth Century Texts, ISBN 0-423-51610-3. 1987. x, 146 pp. Methuen Educational: London, England. In Eng; Fre.
This volume contains a selection of French-language texts on immigration in France, with a focus on migration from North Africa. The first chapter presents a historical and statistical picture of the immigrant population. Data are from the 1982 census and other official published sources.
Correspondence: Methuen Educational, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40452 Holmes, Colin. John Bull's island: immigration and British society, 1871-1971. ISBN 0-333-28209-4. 1988. x, 448 pp. Macmillan Education: Basingstoke, England. In Eng.
Trends in immigration to Britain from 1871 to 1971 are analyzed. The main themes concern the immigrant and refugee groups that came to Britain, their reasons for migrating, their economic and social histories, and their reception by British society.
Correspondence: Macmillan Education, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 2XS, England. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

55:40453 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel). Immigrants who left Israel and did not return: arrived 1969/70-1987. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 40, No. 9, Suppl., Sep 1989. 51-76 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
Data are presented on Jewish immigrants to Israel who subsequently emigrated and stayed away from Israel. Data are taken from a variety of official sources.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office, P.O.B. 13015, Jerusalem 91130, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40454 Le Moigne, Guy. Immigration in France. [L'immigration en France.] Que Sais-Je?, No. 2341, ISBN 2-13-039860-X. 1986. 127 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
Trends in recent immigration to France are reviewed. Consideration is given to developments in immigration since the end of World War II, the number and characteristics of the immigrant population, and their contribution to the economy. Chapters are included on the legislation governing the status of immigrants in France and on migration policy. The author also examines the social and cultural absorption of immigrants and the extent of return migration to countries of origin.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:40455 Lebon, Andre. Immigrants and foreigners in France: trends 1988/mid-1989. [Immigres et etrangers en France: tendances 1988/mi-1989.] Documents Affaires Sociales, ISBN 2-11-2272-8. Sep 1989. 83 pp. Ministere de la Solidarite, de la Sante et de la Protection Sociale, Direction de la Population et des Migrations: Paris, France; Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a review of trends in immigration in France for the 18-month period between 1988 and the first half of 1989. The first three chapters summarize and analyze the available data. The fourth chapter considers data from the census and describes French policies and regulations concerning the entry, residence, employment, and integration of foreigners as well as their return to their country of origin.
For a previous report concerning the years 1986 and 1987, published in 1988, see 54:30475.
Correspondence: Ministere de la Solidarite, de la Sante et de la Protection Sociale, Direction de la Population et des Migrations, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40456 Lee, Sharon M. Female immigrants and labor in colonial Malaya: 1860-1947. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1989. 309-31 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The role of Chinese and Indian women as immigrants and workers in colonial Malaya is examined using data from censuses, immigration records, official reports and secondary sources. The article discusses the main types of work of female immigrants and their contribution to the economic development of colonial Malaya during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in an attempt to redress the neglect of female immigrants' economic role in Malaya's history. Comparisons between male and female immigrants' labor and between Chinese and Indian immigrants, are drawn to highlight the different conditions of migration and labor for the different groups of immigrants."
Correspondence: S. M. Lee, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 24595. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40457 Munoz-Perez, Francisco; Izquierdo Escribano, Antonio. Spain, a country of immigration. [L'Espagne, pays d'immigration.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1989. 257-89 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author examines the characteristics of the migrant population currently living in Spain. "This foreign population consists primarily of Europeans whose incomes were sufficiently high to permit them to retire to Spain. However, there are also many foreigners who are active: more than 50,000 work permits are issued each year to Europeans, South Americans, Asians and Africans (the last group consisting mainly of Moroccans). Whilst members of the first two groups are often in highly skilled occupations, members of the two last groups, together with the Portuguese, generally provide unskilled labour. They work mainly in the services sector, although some of them have found work in industry, mining and agriculture."
Correspondence: F. Munoz-Perez, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40458 Oommen, T. K. India: "brain drain" or the migration of talent? International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 3, Sep 1989. 411-25 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author examines trends in the migration of scientists, engineers, and medical doctors from India to countries of the West. The focus is on factors promoting migration, including employment opportunities, educational possibilities, and financial benefits. The impact of this brain drain on India, the percentage of professionals who return to India, and reasons for such return migration are also considered.
Correspondence: T. K. Oommen, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40459 Penninx, R.; Muus, P. No limits for migration after 1992? The lessons of the past and a reconnaissance of the future. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 3, Sep 1989. 373-88 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
International migration among the states of the European Community is examined. The history of migrant labor, the laws that govern it, and its economic impact on the member states is discussed. The authors also include predictions concerning labor migration within the European Community based on past history and probable future economic trends.
Correspondence: R. Penninx, Free University, Faculty of Socio-Cultural Sciences, Department of Methods and Techniques, De Boelelaan 1105, PB 7161, 1007 MC Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40460 Pool, Gail R. Shifts in Grenadian migration: an historical perspective. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1989. 238-66 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article focuses on changes in Grenadian migration over the past eighty years, with emphasis on the Grenada Revolution, 1979-1983. After the 1979 revolution there were some changes in the attitudes of Grenadians to migration, although many of the expected socioeconomic and demographic features of migration were still present. Migration may be seen as a means of circumventing low wages and limited opportunities, as a culturally specific pattern of behavior or as a combination of economic, political and cultural factors. After reviewing the pattern of Grenadian migration over the past 80 years, some of the causes of and attitudes to migration are examined and the meaning of migration for Grenadians is discussed."
Correspondence: G. R. Pool, University of New Brunswick, POB 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40461 Pu, Yonghao. A systematic analysis of motivations of international migration of people from the homes of overseas Chinese in Fujian province. Population Research, Vol. 5, No. 4, Dec 1988. 41-9 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author examines the migration of residents of China's Fujian province to Southeast Asia during the period 1920-1949, with special emphasis on motivations for immigration. Possible reasons include job seeking, schooling, political factors, and the desire to join relatives. The influence on migration decisions of origin and destination place characteristics is discussed.
Correspondence: Y. Pu, Xiamen University, Population Research Institute, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40462 Sapelli, C.; Labadie, G. J. Causes of Uruguayan migration to Argentina. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 3, Sep 1989. 427-40 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
Uruguayan migration to Argentina during the period 1966-1981 is examined empirically and found to be determined by three factors: economic, political, and sociological. Participation in the Argentine labor markets is the most important determinant.
Correspondence: C. Sapelli, Centro de Estudios Reformas Economico-Sociales (CERES), Quito, Ecuador. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40463 Skerry, Peter. Borders and quotas: immigration and the affirmative-action state. Public Interest, No. 96, Summer 1989. 86-102 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The effect of affirmative action policies on the immigrant population in the United States is examined. The author contends that "bestowing benefits intended for black citizens upon newly arrived immigrants has led to confusion in area after area of public policy. It distorts the common understanding of the problems immigrants face; complicates our efforts to solve them; encourages immigrants, who come with hopes of advancing themselves in a free society, to see themselves as victims of deprivation and discrimination; and results in policies that are frequently inappropriate."
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

55:40464 Straubhaar, Thomas. On the economics of international labor migration. Beitrage zur Wirtschaftspolitik, Vol. 49, ISBN 3-258-04001-X. 1988. 256 pp. Verlag Paul Haupt: Bern, Switzerland. In Eng.
Determinants of the labor migration from Southern to Northern Europe that took place after World War II are examined, and the economic consequences of this emigration for the sending countries of Southern Europe and Turkey are assessed. The author finds that although there may have been some short-term benefits to sending countries, the long-term benefits are, at best, questionable.
Correspondence: Paul Haupt Verlag AG, Falkenpl 14, Postfach 2660, CH-3001, Bern, Switzerland. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

55:40465 Torrealba, Ricardo. Recent trends in international migration to Venezuela: results of a national migration survey. [Tendencias recientes de la migracion internacional hacia Venezuela: resultados de una encuesta nacional de migracion.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 3, No. 10, Dec 1988. 415-39 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the results of a national migration and household survey conducted in Venezuela in 1987. Incoming migration is described and the sociodemographic characteristics of resident aliens are analyzed, including place of origin, occupational status, and sex.
Correspondence: R. Torrealba, Universidad Santa Maria, Departamento de Demografia, Caracas, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40466 van der Erf, R. F.; Tas, R. F. J. Aliens in the Netherlands on January 1, 1989. [Niet-Nederlanders op 1 januari 1989.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 37, No. 9, Sep 1989. 12-22 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Data are presented on migrants without Dutch nationality living in the Netherlands as of the first day of 1989. Numbers of migrants and their places of origin are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40467 Venturini, Alessandra. An interpretation of Mediterranean migration. Labour, Vol. 2, No. 1, Autumn 1988. 125-54 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to interpret present migration from the countries of the Southern Shores to those of the Northern Shores of the Mediterranean. A comparison of these migration flows with those of the 60s, from South to North of Europe, underlines differences in the economic context of the receiving countries, in the channels of access, and reveals migrant workers as now being concentrated exclusively in the traditional and/or illegal occupations of the external sector. From this finding, the inadequacy of classical interpretations is thus verified, and a new model to specify this phenomenon is presented."
Correspondence: A. Venturini, University of Florence, Istituto di Economia, Piazza San Marco 4, 50121 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

55:40468 Winchie, Diana B.; Carment, David W. Migration and motivation: the migrant's perspective. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 1, Spring 1989. 96-104 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"Migration is often viewed as economically motivated. However many of the studies on which this is based are a result of either aggregate data or retrospective questioning of migrants. The present study indicates that such approaches may give a distorted view of migrants' motives. Our data indicate that nonmonetary career reasons are important instigators of migration among well educated international migrants. In addition these factors tend to be major perceived gains from migration. However, choice of destination is strongly influenced by location of friends and/or relatives. Reasons for discrepancies between this and previous studies are noted." The geographical focus is on India and Canada.
Correspondence: D. B. Winchie, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40469 Zlotnik, Hania. The use of information on residence of relatives to measure international migration. [La utilizacion de informacion sobre residencia de parientes para medir la emigracion internacional.] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 15, No. 45, Dec 1987. 25-65 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses progress made in measuring international migration and proposes a method based on the use of information from censuses of countries of origin, with emphasis on the geographic location of relatives' residence. This method is evaluated using data for migration from Barbados and Colombia to Venezuela and the United States.
Correspondence: H. Zlotnik, Division de Poblacion de las Naciones Unidas, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

55:40470 Al-Jiboury, Abud; Swanson, David A. Intercensal net migration among the three major regions of Iraq, 1957-1977. Janasamkhya, Vol. 6, No. 2, Dec 1988. 93-126 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"The primary purpose of this study was to generate total net migration estimates for the Northern, Central, and Southern regions in Iraq between 1957 and 1977. This was accomplished by applying the Reverse Survival Ratio Estimate Method (RSRE). Since the RSRE method has not been used in a nation such as Iraq, which lacks complete census and vital statistics information, it was tested...using complete population data from the Mid-Atlantic Division of the United States. The test results indicated a reasonable level of accuracy in determining both the direction and the volume of the total net migration estimates over the 1960-70 period, given our assumptions." The authors conclude that this method of estimation is useful for economic and social development planning in countries with incomplete census data.
Correspondence: A. Al-Jiboury, Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Bowling Green, OH 43403. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40471 Bleek, Stephan. Mobility and sedentariness in German metropolises during urbanization. [Mobilitat und Sesshaftigkeit in deutschen Grossstadten wahrend der Urbanisierung.] Geschichte und Gesellschaft, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1989. 5-33 pp. Gottingen, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The relationships between migration and nonmigration are examined for German cities undergoing industrialization and urbanization since the nineteenth century. Attention is given to gross migration streams, places of birth of the population, and the sedentariness of urban populations.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40472 Chang, Zuoxing. The mechanism and policy of the new stage of labor force migration in rural areas. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 5, Sep 29, 1987. 11-9 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The dynamics of rural labor migration in various countries are explored, with emphasis on the policies required to control such migration flows. The economic structure and conditions of rural and non-rural regions and their effect on migration are described. Factors affecting the decision to migrate are also examined. Data are from published U.N. sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40473 Cromartie, John; Stack, Carol B. Reinterpretation of black return and nonreturn migration to the South, 1975-1980. Geographical Review, Vol. 79, No. 3, Jul 1989. 297-310 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Commonly used classifications of return and nonreturn migrants, based on birthplace and previous residence, do not accurately reflect the extent of familial and social ties behind recent black migration to the southern United States. Analysis of the household context of individual migration confirms evidence from in-depth interviews with migrants that thousands of black children and adults born outside the South are moving to the region as part of return migration. A reinterpretation of migration categories underscores social trends of overriding importance in explaining destination choices."
Correspondence: J. Cromartie, University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center, University Square 300A, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40474 Liaw, K.-L. Neutral migration process and its application to an analysis of Canadian migration data. QSEP Research Report, No. 229, Aug 1988. 30 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper introduces the notion of a neutral migration process (NMP) and applies it to an analysis of the interprovincial migration patterns of the young adults and the elderly in Canada during the 1976-81 intercensal period. The paper is motivated by the basic question: Does the redistribution potential of an observed migration process depend more on the departure process or on the destination choice process? It turns out that the NMP can not only help answer our basic question but also yield further insights into observed migration processes."
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40475 Ma, Xia. A study of urban population migration and urbanization in China. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 2, 1988. 1-7 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This paper begins with a description of the objectives and contents of a migration survey carried out in 74 cities and towns in China in 1986. The author analyzes the size of migration movements; migrant characteristics, including age, sex, education, and occupation; places of origin; and motives for migration. Suggestions for improving migration and urban development policies are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40476 Ma, Xia; Wang, Weizhi. A study on urban population migration and urbanization in China--a survey on population migration of 74 cities and towns in China. Population Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, Sep 1988. 1-13 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The authors analyze internal migration trends in China since 1949 and subsequent socioeconomic development by examining migration flows to urban areas. They first describe the types of migration in and out of urban areas for the period 1949-1986, urbanization in China, and migrants' place of origin. The second part of the article is a discussion of migrants' characteristics, including age, sex, educational and occupational status, and motivation for migration. An overview of rural-to-urban migration is presented, and suggestions for future internal migration policy are offered. Data are from official Chinese sources and from a 1986 survey of 100,267 persons.
Correspondence: X. Ma, People's University of China, Institute of Population Research, 39 Haidian Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40477 Machado, Claudio C.; Hakkert, Raph. An exploratory analysis of information on inter- and intra-municipal migration in the 1980 census. [Uma analise exploratoria da informacao sobre a migracao inter e intramunicipal no censo demografico de 1980.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 5, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1988. 1-20 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
Levels of inter- and intraurban migration in Brazil are analyzed using data from a 25 percent sample of the 1980 census. Interurban migration is examined by urban size. The authors estimate the number of migrations of unknown origin and the significance of return migration. The importance of age and time of residence data in estimating intraurban migration is noted. Suggestions to improve data collection methods for the 1990 census are made.
Correspondence: C. C. Machado, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CEDEPLAR, Cidade Universitaria, Pampulha, CP1621, 1622, 31270 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40478 Petrovic, Ruza. Migration in Yugoslavia and the ethnic factor: based on maps of Zoran Tosic. [Migracije u Jugoslaviji i etnicki aspekt (prema kartama Zorana Tosica).] Posebna Izdanja, ISBN 86-7017-005-1. LC 88-188493. 1987. 141, [11] pp. Istrazivacko-izdavacki Centar SSO Srbije: Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
Internal migration in Yugoslavia is analyzed using maps of ethnic distribution by republic prepared by the cartographer Zoran Tosic. The emphasis is on the regional movements of the major ethnic or national groups within and among the republics since the end of World War II.
Correspondence: Istrazivacko-izdavacki Centar SSO Srbije, Ho Si Minova 27, Novi Beograd, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40479 Pissarides, Christopher A.; Wadsworth, Jonathan. Unemployment and the inter-regional mobility of labour. Economic Journal, Vol. 99, No. 397, Sep 1989. 739-55 pp. New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The relationship between unemployment and interregional labor migration in the United Kingdom is explored using data from the Labour Force Survey for 1984 and 1977. The authors conclude that the experience of unemployment increases the likelihood of migration and that households in areas of high unemployment are more likely to move. They also find that during periods of higher overall unemployment, migration propensities are reduced.
Correspondence: C. A. Pissarides, London School of Economics, Centre for Labour Economics, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:40480 Raju, B. R. K. Developmental migration: a processual analysis of inter-state rural-rural migration. ISBN 81-7022-205-2. LC 89-900945. 1989. xii, 153 pp. Concept Publishing: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This is [an] analysis of associational and developmental rural-to-rural migration concerning a group of migrants from a village in the West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh to the Tungabhadra region of Karnataka State [India]. After a quick theoretical review of the migration, the study makes an in-depth analysis of the village of origin and compares the migrants with the non-migrants on different aspects at the point of origin. It then examines in detail not only the factors leading to migration but also the adjustment pattern of the migrants at the point of destination. This is followed by a probe into the causes and consequences of return migration....This empirical work ends with a concluding note on various issues concerning migration in general and developmental migration in particular."
Correspondence: Concept Publishing Company, A/15-16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110 059, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:40481 Ramin, Taghi. A regression analysis of migration to urban areas of a less-developed country: the case of Iran. American Economist, Vol. 32, No. 2, Fall 1988. 26-34 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The factors affecting internal migration in Iran are analyzed using a regression-based model. "The model used is of the 'push-pull' variety stated in the form of a single equation explaining out-migration from a given region of origin (i) to all other regions (j) in the country." The focus is on the period prior to 1976.
Correspondence: T. Ramin, William Paterson College of New Jersey, Department of Economics, 300 Pompton Road, Wayne, NJ 07470. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:40482 Ren, Suhua. A preliminary analysis of the migration of urban populations in China. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 3, May 29, 1988. 19-23 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The author presents an analysis of migration of urban populations from 1951 to 1986 in China. Size and direction of urban migrant populations and the reasons for migration are included. The rural-urban migration is described as relatively stable in size and controlled by national political factors, economic conditions, and an urban population growth policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40483 Rohr-Zanker, Ruth. A review of the literature on elderly migration in the Federal Republic of Germany. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 13, No. 2, Jun 1989. 209-21 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This paper is concerned with the migration of the elderly in the Federal Republic of Germany. "It has a threefold purpose: to review the literature concerning elderly migration; to discuss the present status of this research; and to discuss why research on the topic has lagged behind that in other countries."
Correspondence: R. Rohr-Zanker, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40484 Rosenbluth, Gideon. The causes and consequences of interprovincial migration. Department of Economics Discussion Paper, No. 87-29, Aug 1987. 22 pp. University of British Columbia, Department of Economics: Vancouver, Canada. In Eng.
The author constructs a simultaneous equation model to estimate the causes and consequences of interprovincial migration in Canada, with a focus on the effect on migration of provincial employment creation efforts. Data are for the period 1966-1983.
Correspondence: University of British Columbia, Department of Economics, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1W5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40485 Saenz, Rogelio. Selectivity of Mexican American intraregional migration in the Southwest. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, May 1989. 148-55 pp. Newbury Park, California. In Eng. with sum. in Spa.
"This study examines the relationship among demographic and socioeconomic variables and intraregional migration among Mexican Americans in five southwest states. Data from a subsample of 6,137 householders included in the 1980 [U.S.] Public Use Microdata Sample are used for this purpose. The findings demonstrate that while some of the predictor variables are significantly related to migration, others are not. The results demonstrate the need for further research examining the extent to which previous findings on migration selectivity can be generalized to different racial and ethnic groups."
Correspondence: R. Saenz, Texas A and M University, Department of Rural Sociology, College Station, TX 77843-2125. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:40486 Saenz, Rogelio. Suicide and net migration in Texas counties, 1970 and 1980. Social Biology, Vol. 36, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1989. 32-44 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The author investigates the possible relationship between suicide rates and net migration based on the social disruption hypothesis. Findings fail to support the relationship. Data are from Texas for the period 1960-1979.
Correspondence: R. Saenz, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40487 Shields, Gail M.; Shields, Michael P. Family migration and nonmarket activities in Costa Rica. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 38, No. 1, Oct 1989. 73-88 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The importance of family characteristics as determinants of family migration in developing countries is explored using data from the 1973 census of Costa Rica. The focus is on the family's nonmarket activities. The authors assert that migration analysis should consider the role of women regardless of whether or not they are in the labor force.
Correspondence: G. M. Shields, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

55:40488 Slodczyk, Janusz. Spatial migration links in the Oder River region. [Przestrzenne powiazania migracyjne wojewodztw nadodrzanskich.] LC 88-142318. 1987. 252 pp. Instytut Slaski: Opole, Poland. In Pol.
Migration patterns among the voivodships of the Oder river region of Poland are analyzed for the period 1976-1981, with a focus on migrants' characteristics.
Correspondence: Instytut Slaski w Opolu, Luboszycka 3, Opole, Poland. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:40489 Sluka, N. A. Main features of migration processes in capital cities of the European COMECON member countries. [Osnovnye cherty migratsionnykh protsessov v stolichnykh gorodakh evropeiskikh zarubezhnykh stran--chlenov SEV.] Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 5: Geografiya, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1987. 49-55 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author analyzes the main characteristics of migration processes affecting the capital cities of the COMECON countries of Eastern Europe. Consideration is given to the dynamics of migration, reasons for migration, and the impact of local geographic conditions on migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:40490 Watkins, John F. Gender and race differentials in elderly migration. Research on Aging, Vol. 11, No. 1, Mar 1989. 33-52 pp. Beverly Hills, California. In Eng.
"A number of studies have provided evidence that elderly migration in the United States is strongly selective in terms of the characteristics of the migrants. Such characteristics as age, gender, and race are commonly used in examinations of migrant selectivity, but the differences in spatial behavior of these subpopulations are still poorly understood. This article uses state-to-state migration data, categorized by age, gender, and race, to explore the comparative patterns of origins, destinations, and migration propensities, with a focus on the southeastern states of the country."
Correspondence: J. F. Watkins, University of Kentucky, Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, Lexington, KY 40506. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:40491 Xiong, Yu. Differential migration of China's population--an analysis of population migration sampling survey data in 74 cities and towns. Population Research, Vol. 5, No. 4, Dec 1988. 31-40 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author examines internal migration and its determinants in China including age, sex, educational status, and marital status of migrants. Data are from a 1986 sample survey of 100,000 people in 74 different towns.
Correspondence: Y. Xiong, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40492 Zietsman, Hendrik L. Regional patterns of migration in the Republic of South Africa (1975-1980). South African Geographical Journal/Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif, Vol. 70, No. 2, Sep 1988. 85-99 pp. Durban, South Africa. In Eng.
Geographical variations in internal migration among the major ethnic groups in South Africa are analyzed for the period 1975-1980. "White and Asian migration is chiefly an urban phenomenon, but in the case of the Coloured people, it is a rural-urban as well as an interurban movement....Black in-migration is chiefly rural-urban and urban-rural in nature....Black people are also moving away from the central, drier areas, depopulating them in much the same way as the Coloured people are doing, and the White people have already done."
Correspondence: H. L. Zietsman, University of Stellenbosch, Institute for Cartographic Analysis, Stellenbosch 7600, Cape Province, South Africa. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

55:40493 Gordon, Linda W. The missing children: mortality and fertility in a Southeast Asian refugee population. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1989. 219-37 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This research presents the age-sex structures of the refugee populations that arrived in the United States from Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam from 1975 through 1986. All three populations are young, but their age-sex structures vary in ways that confirm what is known anecdotally about their experiences before and during flight and in the refugee camps awaiting resettlement. Over time, the age-sex composition of the arriving refugee cohorts has shifted in ways that may indicate changes in factors influencing their migration. In the United States, available data indicate very high fertility in the early years after arrival. Even if their fertility falls rapidly, the refugees' age structure will lead to a generation of rapid growth."
Correspondence: L. W. Gordon, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Washington, D.C. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40494 Rogge, John R.; Akol, Joshua O. Repatriation: its role in resolving Africa's refugee dilemma. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1989. 184-200 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine the problems associated with the repatriation of refugees in Africa. "After placing repatriation into the context of contemporary durable solutions applied to the African refugee dilemma, the article examines some of the problems, concerns and frustrations associated with African repatriation exercises in terms of cultural, economic and political obstacles encountered in the process of repatriation and the concomitant rehabilitation of refugees in their areas of origin. The article is illustrated with examples drawn from the Southern Sudanese repatriation of the early 1970s."
Correspondence: J. R. Rogge, University of Manitoba, Department of Geography, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

No citations in this issue.

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

55:40495 Boguszak, Marek; Courgeau, Daniel; Lelievre, Eva. Constitution of the family and urbanization in Czechoslovakia: comparison with France. [Constitution de la famille et urbanisation en Tchecoslovaquie: comparaison avec la France.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1989. 311-33 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
A comparative analysis of the interactions between family life and rural-urban migration in Czechoslovakia and France is presented using data on life event histories from retrospective surveys. The results indicate that "whereas in France most of those migrations to metropolitan [areas] concern singles, in Czechoslovakia this migration usually takes place between marriage and the birth of the first child. Fertility in both countries is reduced by this migration, but increased by a migration to less urban zones. We illustrate how migrants' characteristics (family origin, education, profession, etc.) affect both their family life and their migrations."
Correspondence: M. Boguszak, Ceskoslovenska Akadamie Ved, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Narodni Tr.3, 111 42 Prague, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40496 Boukhemis, Kaddour; Zeghiche, Anissa. Appraisal of rural-urban migration determinants: a case study of Constantine, Algeria. Third World Planning Review, Vol. 10, No. 1, Feb 1988. 27-40 pp. Liverpool, England. In Eng.
The determinants of rural-urban migration in Algeria are analyzed using the city of Constantine as a case study. The focus is on the need for policymakers to more fully consider the spatial aspects of population.
Correspondence: K. Boukhemis, Universite de Constantine, Institut des Sciences de la Terre, Route d'Ain El Bey, Constantine, Algeria. Location: New York Public Library.

55:40497 Le Chau; Papail, Jean. Agrarian transformations and labor force mobility in Ecuador's North Andean region. [Transformations agraires et mobilites de la main d'oeuvre dans la region Nord Andine de L'Equateur.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 8, ISBN 2-87762-009-3. Oct 1989. 18 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The modernization of farming and the agrarian reform initiated during the 1960s liberated part of the agricultural labour force in Ecuador's North Andean region. However, migration of these workers to the urban centres only gained momentum when the rural manufacturing industries which had provided alternative employment for a large proportion of them started to decline. The occupational integration of these migrants in the urban economies was achieved by the continuous expansion of the public sector and the existence of transition activities. The present deterioration of the economic situation is having considerable impact on this urban-rural mobility."
Correspondence: CEPED, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:40498 Selier, Frits J. M. Rural-urban migration in Pakistan: the case of Karachi. ISBN 969-402-013-1. LC 89-930092. 1988. 166 pp. Vanguard: Lahore, Pakistan. In Eng.
Rural-urban migration in Pakistan is analyzed using the example of Karachi. Some concepts of migration in developing countries, including circular migration, are first discussed. The relationships between migration and family and household characteristics are then considered. Other chapters focus on rural out-migration, a pilot study on circular migration, the characteristics of urban migrants, migrants in low-income housing, and the impact of migration on community life in Karachi.
Correspondence: Vanguard Books (PVT), 45 The Mall, Lahore, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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