Volume 55 - Number 2 - Summer 1989

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

55:20558 Alter, George; Riley, James C. Frailty, sickness, and death: models of morbidity and mortality in historical populations. Population Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1, Mar 1989. 25-45 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Insurance records from historical sources and recent health surveys suggest that movements in mortality and morbidity are inversely related. Data from nineteenth century England show increases in the prevalance of sickness at all adult ages at the same time that death rates were falling. This paper examines theoretical models which relate movements in mortality and morbidity. The heterogeneous 'frailty' model proposed by Vaupel, Manton, and Stallard is adapted to show the effect on morbidity of the increased survival of relatively 'frail' individuals. The model is also modified by making frailty endogenously dependent on morbidity. The endogenous frailty or 'insult accumulation' model leads to different predictions regarding age patterns of frailty and morbidity and the degree of heterogeneity in the population at birth."
Correspondence: G. Alter, Department of History, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20559 Dupaquier, Jacques; Cabourdin, Guy; Lepetit, Bernard; Poussou, Jean-Pierre; Biraben, Jean-Noel; Blanchet, Didier; Blum, Alain; Gutierrez, Hector; Gutton, Jean-Pierre; Lebrun, Francois; Bideau, Alain; Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Houdaille, Jacques; Fauve-Chamoux, Antoinette; Grenier, Jean-Yves; Burguiere, Andre; Perrot, Jean-Claude. The history of the French population. Part 2: from the Renaissance to 1789. [Histoire de la population francaise. 2: de la Renaissance a 1789.] ISBN 2-13-041383-8. 1988. 601 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the second in a planned series of four volumes on the history of the population of France, and covers the period from the fifteenth century to the French Revolution of 1789. Chapters are included on data sources and institutions, population estimation, migration, natural increase, demographic crises, mortality, marriage and the family, fertility, the factors controlling population trends, growth and instability, the economic consequences of population growth, and the economists, the philosophers, and population.
For Part 1, see 54:30545; for Part 3, see 55:10569.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20560 Dupaquier, Jacques; Drouard, Alain; Garden, Maurice; Le Bras, Herve; Sauvy, Alfred; Chesnais, Jean-Claude; Desplanques, Guy; Vallin, Jacques; Biraben, Jean-Noel; Pumain, Denise; Courgeau, Daniel; Bourcier de Carbon, Philippe; Segalen, Martine. The history of the French population. Part 4: from 1914 to the present day. [Histoire de la population francaise. 4: de 1914 a nos jours.] ISBN 2-13-042070-2. 1988. 590 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the fourth and final volume in a series on the history of the population of France, and covers the period from 1914 to the present. Chapters are included on knowledge about demographic facts, population trends during World War I, population trends between the wars, population trends during World War II, population policy since 1914, health, fertility, population and the economy, spatial distribution, migration, the foreign population, and changes in the family. The book ends with a general conclusion.
For Part 1, see 54:30545; for Part 2, see elsewhere in this issue; and for Part 3, see 55:10569.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20561 Ganiage, Jean. The Beauvais region in the eighteenth century: the countryside. [Le Beauvaisis au XVIIIe siecle: la campagne.] Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 121, ISBN 2-7332-121-2. 1988. vi, 278 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
A demographic analysis of the Beauvais region of France in the eighteenth century is presented. The data concern 34 parishes in the city of Beauvais and the surrounding region and were compiled from parish registers using the methods of family reconstitution developed by Louis Henry. The first part describes the region and its population characteristics at that time. The second part is concerned with demographic trends and includes sections on nuptiality, natality and fertility, and mortality.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, Departement des Revues, 14 avenue du Bois-de-l'Epine, B.P. 90, 91003 Evry Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20562 Gouws, N. B. The demography of whites in South Africa prior to 1820. Southern African Journal of Demography/Suidelike Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Demografie, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jul 1987. 7-15 pp. Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
Demographic characteristics of the white free burgher population in South Africa during the eighteenth century and up to 1820 are studied. Data from tax files, genealogies, and parish registers are used to estimate population size, fertility, nuptiality, mortality, migration, morbidity, and family size.
Correspondence: N. B. Gouws, Department of National Health and Population Development, Pretoria, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20563 Kollmann, Wolfgang. Historical demographic research in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Bevolkerungsgeschichtliche Forschung in der Bunderespublik Deutschland.] In: Demographie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: vier Jahrzehnte Statistik, Forschung und Politikberatung. Festschrift fur Karl Schwarz, edited by Charlotte Hohn, Wilfried Linke, and Rainer Mackensen. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 18, 1988. 29-36 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This paper provides an overview of major developments and research approaches in the field of historical demography in the Federal Republic of Germany since the end of World War II.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20564 Leboutte, Rene. The redeployment of the labor force and the demographic transition: the industrial centers downriver from Liege, seventeenth to twentieth centuries. [Reconversions de la main-d'oeuvre et transition demographique: les bassins industriels en aval de Liege, XVIIe-XXe siecles.] Bibliotheque de la Faculte de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Universite de Liege, No. 251, ISBN 2-251-66251-6. 1988. 519, 11 pp. Societe d'Editions Les Belles Lettres: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the history of the region between Liege and Maastricht (in present-day Belgium) from 1620 to 1976, with a focus on how the population experienced both the industrial revolution and the demographic transition. Data from a variety of sources, including parish registers and population registers, are used to reconstitute the family histories of 3,640 families living in the region. Separate chapters are included on nuptiality and family alliances, fertility and the family, illegitimacy, mortality and morbidity, and migration.
Correspondence: Societe d'Edition Les Belles Lettres, 95 Boulevard Raspail, Paris VI, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20565 Lesthaeghe, R. Motivation and legitimation: living conditions, social control and the reproductive regimes in Belgium and France from the 16th through the 19th century. IPD Working Paper, No. 1989-2, 1989. 46 pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interuniversity Programme in Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
The reproductive regime, defined as nuptiality and marital fertility, and the various factors that have historically affected it are reviewed. The study is concerned with Belgium and France from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Factors considered include material living conditions, strategies of property transmission, and attempts by elites, such as the church or state, to alter popular culture. Particular attention is given to the different economic, political, and ideational contexts in which the transition to lower fertility occurred in the two countries. The author stresses the impact of institutional factors on demographic change, the joint effect of both economic and ideational factors on reproductive patterns, and the lack of a general model that specifies individual motivations.
Correspondence: IPD, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20566 Mineau, Geraldine P.; Bean, Lee L.; Anderton, Douglas L. Migration and fertility: behavioral change on the American frontier. Journal of Family History, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1989. 43-61 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"This study focuses on the relationship between fertility and migration in families settling the Utah Territory. Genealogical data are used to identify the timing of migration (i.e., after, during, or before childbearing) and country of origin for migrants; and to analyze both fertility levels for different types of migrants and the changes in fertility behavior associated with these levels. The highest fertility levels are among adults who migrated during their reproductive ages. Those who migrated young, before childbearing began, have lower fertility and are similar to natives of the frontier."
Correspondence: G. P. Mineau, Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20567 Radzikowska, Barbara. Antilogistic function and possibilities of its application in the analysis of the demographic transformation process. [Funkcja antylogistyczna i mozliwosci jej zastosowania w analizie procesu transformacji demograficznej.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 33, No. 8, Aug 1988. 5-7 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The antilogistic function and method of simple substitution (deduced from projecting trends in technological development) are applied to the analysis of the demographic transition using data concerning Poland and Sweden from the eighteenth century to the present.
Correspondence: B. Radzikowska, Akademia Ekonomiczna we Wroclawiu, 53 345 Wroclaw, Komandorska 118/120, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20568 Reher, David-Sven. Economic fluctuations and demographic trends in urban Spain. [Fluctuaciones economicas y comportamiento demografico en la Espana urbana.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 6, No. 3, Nov 1988. 51-79 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author uses an analytical model to study the effect of variations in the price of wheat on fertility, mortality, and nuptiality in the four Spanish cities of Madrid, Grenada, Talavera, and Cuenca and in the region of New Castile during the period 1661-1830. The analysis is done separately for the rich and for the poor.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20569 Strong, Michael A.; Preston, Samuel H.; Hereward, Mark C. An introduction to the Public Use Sample of the 1910 U.S. census of population. Historical Methods, Vol. 22, No. 2, Spring 1989. 54-6 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper is a brief introduction to the Public Use Sample (PUS) from the 1910 United States Census of Population that was created at the University of Pennsylvania and recently released to the public." It contains a 1-in-250 sample of the total population included in the census, producing a total of 88,814 households and 366,239 individuals. The 1910 PUS is available in machine-readable form from the ICPSR at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: M. A. Strong, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20570 Szentgali, Tamas. England's population during the three centuries before the demographic transition. [Anglia nepessege a demografiai atmenet elotti harom evszazadban.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 67, No. 1, Jan 1989. 75-96 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
An attempt is made to analyze demographic trends in England between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, the period before the demographic transition. The focus is on long-term population changes and on the factors tending to reduce fertility. Consideration is given to English family structure and its impact on fertility, social aspects of demographic trends, and the development of a system of social support for the indigent.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20571 Whiteman, Anne; Clapinson, Mary. The Compton Census of 1676: a critical edition. Records of Social and Economic History, New Series, No. 10, ISBN 0-19-726041-1. LC 87-144782. 1986. cxxiv, 801 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/London, England; British Academy: London, England. In Eng.
This volume presents data from the manuscript returns of the ecclesiastical survey of 1676, known as the Compton Census, for the Province of Canterbury and the dioceses of York and Carlisle in England. "It is accompanied by a full, detailed and critical introduction together with a bibliography and comparative demographic material."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6OP, England. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

55:20572 Komlos, John. The birth-baptism interval and the estimate of English population in the eighteenth century. Research in Economic History, Vol. 11, 1988. 301-16 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"The increase in the time elapsed between the vital event of birth and the ecclesiastical one of baptism poses a problem for demographers insofar as its variation leads to an undercount of births. In an epidemiological environment in which infant mortality was high and baptisms were restricted to live babies, even small variations in the birth/baptism interval could have a significant influence on the shortfall in baptisms--the difference between the unknown number of births and a measure used as its proxy, the known number of of baptisms [in England]. This article explores changes in the birth/baptism interval by analyzing seasonal variation in baptisms. Average elapsed time was estimated to have increased from eight days in 1670 to 54 in 1810."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:20573 Perez Moreda, Vicente. Demographic responses to an economic event in rural Spain during the ancien regime. [Respuestas demograficas ante la coyuntura economica en la Espana rural del antiguo regimen.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1988. 81-117 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Various methods of historical demography that are used to study demographic responses to short-range economic variations are examined. The author then demonstrates an analytical model for the analysis of regional variations in mortality, fertility, and nuptiality in eight different locations in rural Spain during the period 1692-1830.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20574 Snow, Dean R.; Starna, William A. Sixteenth-century depopulation: a view from the Mohawk Valley. American Anthropologist, Vol. 91, No. 1, Mar 1989. 142-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
An attempt is made to analyze demographic trends among the American Indian population of the Mohawk Valley in the sixteenth century using archeological methodology. Specifically, the method employed uses an average number of square meters per Mohawk village inhabitant to estimate total village population size from the area of the village. The impact of epidemics, warfare, and emigration on population trends is discussed.
Correspondence: D. R. Snow, Department of Anthropology, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12203. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


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