Volume 55 - Number 1 - Spring 1989

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

55:10566 Anderson, Michael. Population change in North-western Europe, 1750-1850. Studies in Economic and Social History, ISBN 0-333-34386-7. 1988. 94 pp. Macmillan Education: Basingstoke, England. In Eng.
The author reviews some of the debates and controversies that have arisen over the past 20 years concerning population dynamics in northwestern Europe. The focus is on the reasons the population doubled over this period and some of the implications of this growth. Separate chapters are included on data sources and methodology, migration, natural increase, fertility and nuptiality, mortality, population and resources, and economic and social implications. The study is one in a series designed to summarize technical subjects for the general reader.
Correspondence: Macmillan Education, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 2XS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:10567 Boyer, George R. Malthus was right after all: poor relief and birth rates in Southeastern England. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 97, No. 1, Feb 1989. 93-114 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"The payment of child allowances to laborers with large families was widespread in early nineteenth-century England. This paper tests Thomas Malthus's hypothesis that child allowances caused the birth rate to increase. A cross-sectional regression model is estimated to explain variations in birth rates across parishes in 1826-30. Birth rates are found to be related to child allowances, income, and the availability of housing, as Malthus contended. The paper concludes by examining the role played by the adoption of child allowances after 1795 in the fertility increase of the early nineteenth century."
Correspondence: G. R. Boyer, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:10568 Charbonneau, Hubert; Desjardins, Bertrand. The measurement of differential descent among the founders of the core of French Canadians, using data from the population register of old Quebec. [Mesure de la descendance differentielle des fondateurs de la souche canadienne-francaise a partir du registre de population du Quebec ancien.] Collection de Tires a Part, Vol. 237, [1987]. [12] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine the differential lineages of the founders of the French Canadian population using data from the computerized population registers developed by the Research Program in Historical Demography at the University of Montreal. The results show that the main factor affecting the number of dependents among the population's founders was nuptiality.
This paper is reprinted from Revue, Informatique et Statistique dans les Sciences Humaines, Vol. 23, Nos. 1-4, 1987, pp. 9-20.
Correspondence: Departement de Demographie, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10569 Dupaquier, Jacques; Le Mee, Rene; Goy, Joseph; Garden, Maurice; Le Bras, Herve; Lepetit, Bernard; Poussou, Jean-Pierre; Courgeau, Daniel; Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Bideau, Alain; Biraben, Jean-Noel; Leonard, Jacques; Lecuyer, Bernard; Bourdelais, Patrice; Fine, Agnes; Segalen, Martine; Charbit, Yves; Bejin, Andre. The history of the French population. Part 3: from 1789 to 1914. [Histoire de la population francaise. 3: de 1789 a 1914.] ISBN 2-13-041928-3. 1988. 554 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the third in a planned series of four volumes on the history of the population of France. It is concerned with the period from the French Revolution up to the outbreak of World War I. Chapters are included on data sources, the demographic impact of the Revolution, population dynamics, migration, population characteristics, mortality, the fertility decline, family and marriage, and demographic theory of the period. A final chapter considers the population of France in 1914.
For Part 1, also published in 1988, see 54:30545.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 Boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10570 Gerhan, David R.; Wells, Robert V. A retrospective bibliography of American demographic history from colonial times to 1983. Bibliographies and Indexes in American History, No. 10, ISBN 0-313-23130-3. LC 88-32348. 1989. xxvi, 474 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
This bibliography contains over 3,800 unannotated citations to published materials on American demographic history. It is the first of two planned volumes and includes material published up to 1983. The citations are organized alphabetically by author under the following major topics: general background; marriage and fertility; illegitimacy and bridal pregnancy; health and death; migration, pluralism, and local patterns; family and demographic history; and population, economics, politics, and society. Author, place, and subject indexes are included.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10571 Guinnane, Timothy W. Migration, marriage, and household formation: the Irish at the turn of the century. Pub. Order No. DA8800945. 1987. 382 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation explores selected aspects of Irish demographic behavior, both among the Irish in Ireland and among those who migrated to the United States. The primary empirical source is a sample of households drawn by the author from the Irish manuscript censuses of 1901 and 1911....The American component of the study is based largely on the Public Use Sample of the 1900 Federal Census of the United States. The dissertation draws on recent innovations in the economic theory of the household, a simple framework for the economic analysis of marriage, and new developments in the statistical methodology of waiting-time analysis to refine and test hypotheses advanced to explain Irish behavior....Explicit tests of the role of Irish culture in Irish demographic behavior, performed by comparing Irish-Americans to other Americans, cast doubt on the importance of a distinctive Irish culture in Irish demographic behavior. These findings for Ireland underscore the complexity of opportunities in life-cycle events such as marriage and migration, and invite reinterpretation of demographic behavior in other times and places."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertaion at Stanford University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 48(11).

55:10572 Hinrichs, Ernst; van Zon, Henk. Comparative population history: studies of the Netherlands and northwest Germany. [Bevolkerungsgeschichte im Vergleich: Studien zu den Niederlanden und Nordwestdeutschland.] Forschungsinstitut fur den Friesischen Kustenraum: Beitrage und Ergebnisse der Kolloquien, ISBN 3-925365-33-8. 1988. 104 pp. Ostfriesische Landschaft: Aurich, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This publication contains six papers presented at a conference on the comparative demographic history of the Netherlands and northwest Germany, held in December 1985 in Aurich, Federal Republic of Germany. Topics covered include demographic trends and property relations in Wold-Oldambt, Groningen, from 1630 to 1730; the social and demographic system during proto-industrialization in Ravensburg; the study of names as an aid to historical demographic research; socio-historical migration research; sources for the history of migration, especially labor migration, between Germany and the Netherlands from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries; and sources for quantifying migration from Emsland and Osnabruck to the Netherlands in the first half of the nineteenth century.
Location: New York Public Library.

55:10573 Imhof, Arthur E. From an insecure to a secure lifetime: five historical demographic studies. [Von der unsicheren zur sicheren Lebenszeit: funf historisch-demographische Studien.] ISBN 3-534-04874-1. 1988. viii, 247 pp. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft: Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book is a collection of five historical demographic studies dealing with the consequences of increased life expectancy. The papers date from 1985 and 1986. Topics covered include the effects of a longer life span on social life; population problems in Germany and Brazil in the past, present, and future; individualism and life expectancy in Japan; premature death in Australia and New Zealand; and reflections by a European historical demographer in Brazil.
Location: New York Public Library.

55:10574 Kaldy-Nagy, Gyula. Sixteenth century (1546-1590) records of Buda's sanjak: demographic and economic historical data. [A budai szandzsak 1546-1590. evi osszeirasai: demografiai es gazdasagtorteneti adatok.] Pest Megye Multjabol, No. 6, ISBN 963-01-6184-2. 1985. 746 pp. Egyetemi Nyomda: Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
Demographic and other socioeconomic data concerning sixteenth-century Hungary are analyzed. The data are from Turkish sanjak censuses that were conducted between 1546-1590 primarily for record and tax purposes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10575 Livi Bacci, Massimo. Population and food: an essay on European demographic history. [Popolazione e alimentazione: saggio sulla storia demografica europea.] Universale Paperbacks il Mulino, No. 210, ISBN 88-15-01522-1. 1987. 173 pp. Il Mulino: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The interdependence of nutrition and population factors in European demographic history is explored. Chapters are included on population growth; energy, nutrition, and survival; hunger and privation; the starving and the well-fed; nutrition and the standard of living; and conflict and adaptability. The study throws doubt on hypotheses that link nutritional factors directly to mortality, and indicates that the primary factor affecting the rate of population growth was the biological capacity to adapt to changing epidemiological conditions in the face of food shortages.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10576 McQuillan, Kevin. The course of demographic change in the Bas-Rhin: 1811-1870. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 87-12, Dec 1987. 18, [14] pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada; University of Western Ontario, Centre for Canadian Population Studies: London, Canada. In Eng.
The author discusses demographic change in lower Alsace, France, in the period 1811-1870. Topics considered include marriage patterns and their effect on fertility, mortality, birth rate fluctuations, contraceptive usage, differences between urban and rural areas, and the impact of religion on fertility. Data are from the 1851 census and vital statistics of a sample of 30 communes.
Correspondence: Population Studies Centre, Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10577 Saito, Osamu; Tomobe, Ken'ichi. An analysis of Edo townsmen's marriage and fertility behavior in the Restoration period: a study on the basis of family registrations in Nihonbashi and Kanda. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 11, May 1988. 59-62 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Marriage and fertility patterns among men in the city of Edo (present-day Tokyo) from 1860 to 1900 are analyzed using data from family registers. Consideration is given to the relationships among marriage age, fertility, and social class. Comparisons are made with Osaka and a representative rural district.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10578 Simon, Julian L.; Sullivan, Richard J. Population size, knowledge stock, and other determinants of agricultural publication and patenting: England, 1541-1850. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 26, No. 1, Jan 1989. 21-44 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
The authors "present a model of the invention-innovation process, with application to the technological development of English agriculture between 1541 and 1850. From this model we derive a reduced-form equation that explains the amount of invention in farming. Using the number of titles of didactic books published on farming techniques and the number of agricultural patents issued as alternate measures of invention, we estimate the reduced-form equation. Population, accumulated technology, and fluctuations in food prices are significant explanatory variables. We argue that periods of rapid population growth were also periods of rapid technological advance."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1986, pp. 429-30).
Correspondence: J. L. Simon, College of Business and Management, University of Maryland, Adelphi, MD 20783. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:10579 Williamson, Jeffrey G. Migrant selectivity, urbanization, and industrial revolutions. Population and Development Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jun 1988. 287-314, 378-80 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"During England's urbanization over the century 1776-1871, immigration played a far greater role than it has in the countries of the Third World. Owing to the concentration of immigrants in the age group 15-29 years, dependency rates were far lower in the cities than in the countryside, while labor participation rates were higher. This young-adult selectivity bias diminished the requirements for factor transfers between lagging agricultural areas and booming industrial centers and augmented the ability of cities to save while lowering their relief burdens. In time it also enabled cities to satisfy their growing labor force requirements through natural increase, thus diminishing their need for more immigrants."
Correspondence: J. G. Williamson, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10580 Wrigley, E. A. People, cities and wealth: the transformation of traditional society. ISBN 0-631-13991-5. LC 86-26394. 1987. x, 348 pp. Basil Blackwell: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays by the same author, many of which have been previously published, on the development of Western Europe over the past 500 years and its difference from trends in other cultures. The author attempts to integrate the economic, social, and demographic interpretations of major events in early modern Europe into models of this change. One section is concerned with the phenomenon of urban growth in England. The final section focuses on population and includes chapters on fertility strategies for the individual and the group, the growth of population in eighteenth-century England, family limitation in preindustrial England, and the decline in marital fertility in nineteenth-century France.
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

55:10581 Feng, Wang. Historical demography in China: review and perspective. IUSSP Newsletter/Bulletin de Liaison, No. 34, Sep-Dec 1988. 51-69 pp. Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper argues that the development of historical demography in China will not only contribute greatly to our understanding of the particular population and social development dynamics in China, but will also enhance our understanding of the role of population for social and economic development in general....After a review of the recent development of population studies in China, this paper will review the current state of Chinese historical demography and examine some research issues and data sources which can help broaden the horizons of population research in China."
Correspondence: W. Feng, Sociology Department, Peking University, Hai Dian, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10582 van Vianen, H. A. W. Past population: a critique of back projection. In: Profession: demographer. Ten population studies in honour of F. H. A. G. Zwart, edited by B. van Norren and H. A. W. van Vianen. 1988. 117-25 pp. Geo Pers: Groningen, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author examines the validity of the Back Projection method developed by Wrigley and Schofield. "It [is] shown that the system of equations is underidentified and therefore has no unique solution. Additional conditions [that] are necessary and a number of constraints proposed in the literature are discussed....An alternative procedure is presented that uses the results of family reconstruction studies and...[circumvents] some of the objections raised."
Correspondence: H. A. W. van Vianen, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 72, 9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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