Volume 54 - Number 4 - Winter 1988

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

54:40017 Arshat, A. Hamid. Population and family development: Malaysia. ISBN 967-99956-4-X. 1986. iii, 114 pp. National Population and Family Development Board: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In Eng.
This is a general review of population policy in Malaysia. Demographic profiles of the country and of the socioeconomic development situation are first presented. Details are then provided on past and current population policies, particularly with regard to the adoption of a policy designed to increase population size to 70 million from its current size of 16 million. Chapters are also included on the national population program, population research, other agencies providing family planning services, and external assistance and collaboration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40018 Cairo Demographic Centre (Cairo, Egypt). Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1987. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 17, 1988. 823 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
This is a collection of 28 papers on aspects of Asian and African demography that were presented at the 1987 Annual Seminar of the Cairo Demographic Centre. Separate consideration is given to fertility and family planning in Egypt, other aspects of Egyptian demography, and Arabian, African, Asian, and Chinese demography.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Cairo Demographic Centre, 2 Lebanon Street, P.O. Box 73, Mohandiseen 12655, Cairo, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40019 Gelo, Jakov. Demographic changes in Croatia from 1780 to 1981. [Demografske promjene u Hrvatskoj od 1780 do 1981 godine.] Razvoj Stanovnistva na tlu SR Hrvatske, Vol. 1, 1987. 315 pp. Globus: Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
Population dynamics in Croatia, one of the six republics of Yugoslavia, are analyzed. The author first reviews some general theories concerning population change and then describes the demographic and socioeconomic situation in Croatia in the nineteenth century. Population trends since 1780 are also discussed, with separate consideration given to natural increase, migration, and population characteristics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40020 Hu, Huanyong; Pan, Jiyi; Zhang, Kanming; Gui, Shixue. Chinese population: Shanghai City. [Zhongguo renkou: Shanghai fence.] 1987. 396 pp. China Financial and Economic Press: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is one in a planned series of 32 volumes devoted to the population of China's provinces. The present report concerns Shanghai City and provides data from sources including the censuses of 1953, 1964, and 1982 and the 1-in-1,000 fertility survey. Among the topics covered are the quality and quantity of the city's population, migration, marriage and the family, fertility and mortality, nationality and religion, and the family planning policy and program. Consideration is also given to the one-child policy and the problem of demographic aging.
For volumes concerning other provinces, see Chuzhu Zhu et al., cited elsewhere in this issue, and 54:10027.
Correspondence: China Financial and Economic Press, 8 East Daifesi Avenue, Beijing East Region, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

54:40021 Li, Jingneng; Wang, Qiang; He, Qiangzhi. Chinese population: Tianjing City. [Zhongguo renkou: Tianjing fence.] 1987. 456 pp. China Financial and Economic Press: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is one in a planned series of 32 volumes devoted to the population of China's provinces. The present report is concerned with Tianjing City and provides data from official sources, including the 1953, 1962, and 1983 censuses and other historical and statistical sources. Consideration is given to population quantity and quality, fertility, mortality, migration, spatial distribution, urban population and urbanization, sex and age distribution, the working-age population, marriage and the family, nationalities, family planning policy, and population projections.
Volumes concerning other provinces are cited elsewhere in this issue; see also 54:10027.
Correspondence: China Financial and Economic Press, 8 East Daifesi Avenue, Beijing East Region, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

54:40022 Nepal. Central Bureau of Statistics (Kathmandu, Nepal). Population monograph of Nepal. LC 87-902864. 1987. xii, 355 pp. Kathmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
Available census data for Nepal up to and including the 1981 census are analyzed. Chapters are included on population size and growth, spatial distribution, age and sex distribution, language and religion, nuptiality, educational attainment and literacy, internal migration, urbanization, economic activity, women's status, fertility and mortality estimates, fertility trends and differentials, mortality trends and differentials, population policy and family planning, and sources and quality of demographic data.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:40023 Ramirez, Nelson; Santana, Isidoro; de Moya, Francisco; Tactuk, Pablo; Canales, Jorge L. Dominican Republic: population and development, 1950-1985. [Republica Dominicana: poblacion y desarrollo, 1950-1985.] CELADE Serie OI, No. 1002; LC/DEM./CR/G.19, ISBN 9977-58-110-X. LC 88-0049. Jun 1988. xi, 220 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
This study examines the economic, cultural, and demographic changes which have taken place in the Dominican Republic from 1950 to 1985, during which time the capital city, San Domingo, grew from 182,000 to 5.6 million inhabitants. Chapter 1 provides a general introduction. Chapter 2 covers general economic and demographic trends, including spatial distribution, urbanization, and the labor force. Chapter 3 discusses living conditions including nutrition and education. Chapter 4 covers changes in fertility and includes a section on family planning programs. Chapter 5 examines mortality and health facilities. Chapter 6 covers both international and internal migration and Chapter 7 concludes with a review of perspectives and implications.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40024 Tabutin, Dominique. Population and societies in Africa South of the Sahara. [Population et societes en Afrique au sud du Sahara.] ISBN 2-7384-0146-5. 1988. 551 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a collection of 18 studies by various authors on aspects of the demography of Africa South of the Sahara. The primary objective of the work is to present a synthesis of current research on the demography of Sub-Saharan Africa for an audience concerned with the region's development. The work includes subject, author, and geographical indexes.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40025 van de Walle, Etienne; Ohadike, Patrick O.; Sala-Diakanda, Mpembele D. The state of African demography. ISBN 2-87108-014-8. 1988. 155 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
This publication on the current status of African demography was prepared for the Third African Population Conference of the IUSSP held in Dakar, Senegal, in 1988. Following an initial introduction, it consists of eight chapters by various authors on aspects of African demography. "The chapters are devoted to data collection; to fertility [including family planning] and the underlying continuity and change in the African family; to mortality levels, the health situation in Africa, and the possible impact of crises [such as famine]; and to migration and urbanization. A final chapter reviews the problems of training and research in Africa, as a basis for improving the study of the demography of the region, and our understanding of the relations between population and development." The primary geographic focus is on Africa South of the Sahara. The publication is also available in French.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40026 Weber, Susan. USA by numbers: a statistical portrait of the United States. ISBN 0-945219-00-8. LC 88-58. 1988. xii, 164 pp. Zero Population Growth: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Problems that may be associated with overpopulation in the United States are explored, using data from official and other published sources. Chapters are included on basic U.S. demographic data; states and cities; legal and illegal immigration; fertility, mortality, life expectancy, and demographic aging; fertility and contraception; adolescent sexuality and pregnancy; abortion; the labor force; income distribution; water supply; environmental pollution; municipal and hazardous wastes; and land, habitat, and wildlife.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40027 Zheng, Yuling; Gao, Benghua; Cheng, Fenghou; Yang, Guangrui. Chinese population: Anhui Province. [Zhongguo renkou: Anhui fence.] 1987. 422 pp. China Financial and Economic Press: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is one in a planned series of 32 volumes devoted to the population of China's provinces. The present report is concerned with Anhui Province and provides data from official sources, including the 1953, 1962, and 1983 censuses and other historical and statistical sources. Consideration is given to population quantity and quality, fertility, mortality, migration, spatial distribution, sex and age distribution, the working-age population, marriage and the family, nationalities, family planning policy, and population projections.
Volumes concerning other provinces are cited elsewhere in this issue; see also 54:10027.
Correspondence: China Financial and Economic Press, 8 East Daifesi Avenue, Beijing East Region, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

54:40028 Zhu, Chuzhu; Liang, Jizhong; Zhang, Yuanguang; Hou, Fuxiang; Liang, Qianzhong. Chinese population: Shanxi Province. [Zhongguo renkou: Shanxi fence.] ISBN 7-5005-0010-6. 1988. 450 pp. China Financial and Economic Press: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is one in a planned series of 32 volumes devoted to the population of China's provinces. The present report is concerned with Shanxi Province and provides data from official sources, including the 1953, 1964, and 1982 censuses, sample surveys, and other sources. Consideration is given to population quantity and quality, fertility, mortality, migration, spatial distribution, marriage and the family, sex and age distribution, nationalities, and the family planning policy and program.
For volumes concerning other provinces, see Huanyong Hu et al., cited elsewhere in this issue, and 54:10027.
Correspondence: China Financial and Economic Press, 8 East Daifesi Avenue, Beijing East Region, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

54:40029 Amani, Mehdi. The population of Iran according to the census of 1986. [La population de l'Iran au recensement de 1986.] Population, Vol. 43, No. 3, May-Jun 1988. 537-53 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Information contained in the four censuses of Iran, taken in 1956, 1966, 1976 and 1986, is sufficient for an analysis of the country's demographic situation. The increase in population from 19 million to 50 million in 1986 makes the Iranian rate of growth one of the highest in the world....More than half of Iran's population live in towns....The average size of household has increased from 4.8 to 5.1 during the same period. Marriage occurs at an early age and is virtually universal....Literacy rates have also been rising sharply from 15 per cent in 1956 to 62 per cent in 1986 in the population aged 10 and over, and the gap between rural and urban populations in this respect has narrowed. A comparison of population projections with inter-censal growth rates suggests that there has been large-scale immigration to Iran, of the order of three million persons, most probably from Afghanistan."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40030 Arango, Joaquin. The demographic modernization of Spanish society. [La modernizacion demografica de la sociedad espanola.] In: La economica espanola en el siglo XX: una perspectiva historica, compiled by Jordi Nadal, Albert Carreras, and Carles Sudria. Ariel Historia, ISBN 84-344-6559-0. Mar 1987. 201-36 pp. Editorial Ariel: Barcelona, Spain. In Spa.
The author analyzes demographic changes in Spain between 1900 and the 1980s in regard to population growth, birth and death rates, life expectancy, fertility, reproduction, marriage, and migration. The focus is on the demographic transition that has occurred in this century.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40031 Berquo, Elza S.; Bercovich, Alicia M. Rediscovering Brazil: a journey to the demography of Giorgio Mortara. [Redescobrindo o Brasil: viagem a demografia de Giorgio Mortara.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 2, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1985. 21-37 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The contribution of Giorgio Mortara to the study of Brazilian demography is described.
Correspondence: E. S. Berquo, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 1170, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40032 Bouraima, Nouridine; Marguerat, Yves. The population of Togo in 1981. Some initial comments on the provisional results of the November 1981 census. [La population du Togo en 1981. Premieres observations sur les resultats provisoires du recensement de novembre 1981.] Jun 1983. 44 pp. Direction de la Statistique: Lome, Togo. In Fre.
Preliminary data from the 1981 census of Togo are analyzed. Consideration is given to the sex ratio, population growth and density, and migration for urban and rural populations.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Boite Postale No. 118, Lome, Togo. Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 86, Jul 1988.

54:40033 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. In the East and the West, depopulation in Germany. [A l'est et a l'ouest, la depopulation allemande.] Projet, No. 192, Mar-Apr 1985. 41-8 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author compares demographic trends in East and West Germany. The relative success of East Germany in increasing fertility in recent years is noted. The effect of international migration on population trends is also considered.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:40034 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. Population trends in the European community, 1960-1986. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, Jul 1988. 281-96 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author examines "recent demographic trends in Europe, more particularly in the countries of the European Community. Special attention is paid to the generalized decline of fertility to levels well below those needed for replacement of the present population. The decline in fertility is linked to the emergence of new patterns of union and family formation, and the implications for the future are briefly discussed." Factors contributing to this fertility level drop include declines in number of marriages, large families (three or more children), and remarriage, and increases in age of mother at first birth, divorce rates, number of years of schooling, women's status and use of contraception.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40035 d'Souza, Stan. A demographic profile of Bangladesh. [Profil demographique du Bangladesh.] Projet, No. 192, Mar-Apr 1985. 27-32 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in Bangladesh are reviewed. Consideration is given to population density, food supply, and methods of resolving the country's population problems. The author concludes that programs designed to raise the status of women have the best chance of success.
Correspondence: S. d'Souza, United Nations--Bangladesh, GPO Box 3658, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:40036 Fargues, Philippe. The African demographic transition: developments since 1950 and future perspectives. [La transition demographique africaine: bilan depuis 1950 et perspectives.] In: Population et societes en Afrique au sud du Sahara, edited by Dominique Tabutin. 1988. 73-109 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Africa South of the Sahara are reviewed using data from U.N. sources. Comparisons are made with present and future demographic trends in other parts of the world. The author suggests that migration may play a major role in resolving some of the inequalities in the spatial distribution of the continent's population.
Correspondence: P. Fargues, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Departement Methodes et Previsions, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40037 Haberkorn, Gerald. Recent population trends in Vanuatu. Islands/Australia Working Paper, No. 85/4, ISBN 0-86784-697-6. 1985. iii, 41 pp. Australian National University, National Centre for Development Studies, Research School of Pacific Studies: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
Recent population trends in Vanuatu based on 1979 census data are analyzed. "A high annual growth rate of 3.2 per cent between 1967 and 1979, resulting primarily from a high constant fertility and a decline in mortality, has been far from homogeneous, as indicated by considerable inter-island fluctuations ranging from -0.9 per cent to +11.5 per cent. Although the likelihood of regional variations in natural increase cannot be ruled out, internal migration and recent structural changes in mobility are regarded as the principal reasons for these developments." It is estimated that the population will double by the year 2000.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40038 Kosinski, Leszek A. The population geography of Canada. [La geographie de la population du Canada.] In: La geographie du Canada, edited by Pierre George. ISBN 2-86781-053-1. 1986. 111-29 pp. Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux: Talence, France. In Fre.
Aspects of the population geography of Canada are presented. They include spatial distribution, natural increase, immigration, internal migration, provincial population change, cultural diversity, and population perspectives.
Correspondence: L. A. Kosinski, Department of Geography, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40039 Kucera, Milan. Population of Czechoslovakia in 1918-1988. Demosta, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1988. 42-4 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng.
The author reviews population trends in Czechoslavakia since its founding in 1918. Differences between developments in the two constituent republics are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40040 Levy, Michel L. The case of Quebec. [Le cas du Quebec.] Population et Societes, No. 226, Jul-Aug 1988. [1-3] pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in the province of Quebec, Canada, are reviewed. The rapid change from high to low fertility during the twentieth century is noted. The author also observes a trend toward polarization in Canada, with a relative decline of the French-speaking population of Canada and of the English-speaking population of Quebec.
Correspondence: M. L. Levy, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40041 Martine, George; Faria, Vilmar E. The social context of population policy and research in Brazil. [Contexto social da politica e da pesquisa em populacao no Brasil.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 3, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1986. 1-24 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper directs itself to the interplay of population trends, population research and population policy in Brazil, within the framework of the structural transformations which this country has experienced in recent decades." The authors note that Brazilian population research did not develop significantly until the 1970s. They further observe that while it is difficult to identify the direct impact of research on population policy, the indirect effect of changing society's attitude toward population issues may be seen as significant.
Correspondence: V. E. Faria, Departamento de Ciencias Sociais, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 1170, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40042 Musilova, Jarmila; Ales, Milan. Comparison of socio-demographic indicators in Czechoslovakia and Austria. [Porovnani sociodemografickych ukazatelu CSSR a Rakouska.] Statistika, Vol. 25, No. 5, 1988. 222-35 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze.
Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics for Czechoslovakia and Austria are compared. Data are from official sources for selected years in the period 1970-1985.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

54:40043 Ness, Gayl D. Asia's three billion. Populi, Vol. 15, No. 3, Sep 1988. 4-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a general review of population dynamics and issues in Asia. The author describes the achievements that have enabled the region to support a population that has more than doubled since 1950 and discusses the challenges posed by continuing population growth, agricultural development, providing employment and welfare, demographic aging, and environmental degradation. Data are from U.N. published sources.
Correspondence: G. D. Ness, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40044 Sautory, Olivier. Regional demographic disparities in France in 1982. Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 56, 1988. 97-106 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
Differences in regional demographic indexes in France according to the 1982 census are outlined. Maps illustrate regional differences in fertility, nuptiality, and mortality by age and sex.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40045 Sayed, Hussein A.; Attia, Shadia S. Some demographic and family planning characteristics at the governorate level, Egypt, 1984. In: Studies in African and Asian Demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1987. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 17, 1988. 147-68 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The authors seek to produce governorate-level nuptiality, fertility, and family planning estimates for Egypt by re-weighting data from the 1984 Egyptian Contraceptive Prevalence Survey. The re-weighting procedure is outlined, and differentials in the demographic variables by governorate are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40046 Tabutin, Dominique. The demographic and social realities of Africa today and tomorrow: a review. [Realites demographiques et sociales de l'Afrique d'aujourd'hui et de demain: une synthese.] In: Population et societes en Afrique au sud du Sahara, edited by Dominique Tabutin. 1988. 17-50 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author summarizes the 17 chapters included in this book. The focus is on population problems in Africa South of the Sahara, concentrating on the major demographic variables of fertility, mortality, and migration and on the policies that have been developed in these areas.
Correspondence: D. Tabutin, Departement de Demographie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1 Place Montesquieu, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40047 Tolonen, Kirsi. Population data on Finland 1900-1987. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 26, 1988. 80-6 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
This is a series of 19 tables providing official population data for Finland for selected years between 1980 and 1987. Tables are included on resident urban and rural populations, age structure by sex, age-specific fertility rate, gross and net reproduction rates, live births, illegitimacy, abortions, marriages, median age at first marriage, divorces, family characteristics, deaths, mean expectation of life at birth, natural increase, international and internal migration, and labor force.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40048 Tsekov, Nikolai. Aspects of population structure changes. [Aspekti na izmeneniyata v strukturite na naselenieto.] Naselenie, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1987. 73-83 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author discusses polarization and disproportion as aspects of population change in Bulgaria. These factors are calculated on the basis of age, sex, and regional variations for the period 1920-1985 using census data. "The link of polarization and disproportion with some demographic processes and phenomena is revealed with the help of regression-correlation analysis."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40049 Weekley, Ian. Rural depopulation and counterurbanisation: a paradox. Area, Vol. 20, No. 2, Jun 1988. 127-34 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The attention devoted since 1981 to studies of counterurbanisation has masked the widespread existence of population decline, particularly in smaller parishes, demonstrated here with data from the East Midlands [of England]. Traditional explanations of rural depopulation seem inadequate, since these changes are taking place within broader areas which display the more familiar demographic growth referred to as counterurbanisation. Instead a combination of gentrification and geriatrification, leading to falling household size and diminishing housing stock, has meant that counterurbanisation has caused population decline at the parish scale--a paradox with important implications both for our understanding of the rural system and for rural planning policies."
Correspondence: I. Weekley, Trent Polytechnic, Division of Geography, Nottingham NG11 8NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


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