Volume 54 - Number 3 - Fall 1988

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

54:30001 United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). 1987 report by the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund. Pub. Order No. 88/32001/E/8000. ISBN 0-89714-058-3. [1988]. 189 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report on the work of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), previously called the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, contains a review by the Executive Director of the state of world population. The review for 1987 focuses on the degradation of the natural resource base and loss of productive land and on the consequent need for environmentally safe industrial development and a slower rate of population growth.
For a previous report concerning 1986, see 53:30006.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

54:30002 Chasteland, Jean-Claude. State of population research and research needs as expressed at the International Conference on Population and at its preparatory meetings. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 21-22, 1988. 1-16 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The views expressed during preparatory meetings for the 1984 International Conference on Population in Mexico concerning the appropriate focus for research in demography form the basis of this review. "This article is organized around three main themes. The first concerns current needs in population research as perceived by Governments, and the extent to which currently available knowledge is considered adequate. The second concerns the main characteristics of current demographic research and the extent to which it corresponds to the needs perceived by Governments, as described in the first part of the article. The third concerns priority. With limited human and financial resources, particularly in the present world economic situation, on what basis should we decide which population research projects we pursue?"
Correspondence: J.-C. Chasteland, Population Division, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30003 Nam, Charles B. Rupert B. Vance on population. Sociological Inquiry, Vol. 58, No. 2, Spring 1988. 127-38 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"Rupert B. Vance, a distinguished sociologist, was a true Renaissance man whose writings spanned a variety of disciplines and touched on many issues of public as well as professional interest. As is typical of such scholars, his writings are published in a broad range of books, journals, newspapers, and other outlets. Reed and Singal (1982) brought together a selection of his writings on the South as a region, but his works in other areas have not been synthesized. The effort here is to assess his contributions to the field of population. Although no great ideas in population analysis are associated with his name, a review of his publications shows that he often was ahead of his time in dealing with issues and his influence on the field can be profoundly felt."
Correspondence: C. B. Nam, Center for the Study of Population, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

54:30004 Schmid, Josef. What should be meant by "qualitative demography"?! In: Au-dela du quantitatif: espoirs et limites de l'analyse qualitative en demographie. Chaire Quetelet '85. 1988. 499-522 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; CIACO Editeur: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Eng.
The author critically examines the qualitative approach to demography based on the German approach to the philosophy of history which implies assumptions about an adequate logic of social development, and culminated in concepts developed by Max Weber. The suggested ideal involves combining the sophisticated techniques of data collection and analysis with the diagnosis and solution of practical social problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30005 United Nations. Secretariat (New York, New York). Recent developments in population trends and policies. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 21-22, 1988. 78-83 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
An overview of recent population developments and policies worldwide is presented. Attention is given to population growth, population structure, fertility, mortality, spatial distribution and internal migration, international migration, social and economic implications, and government policies affecting population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

54:30006 Hill, Allan G. On novelists, anthropologists and demographers: the outcome of some recent micro-demographic research. In: Au-dela du quantitatif: espoirs et limites de l'analyse qualitative en demographie. Chaire Quetelet '85. 1988. 347-66 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; CIACO Editeur: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Eng.
The author summarizes some of the outstanding practical and theoretical problems concerning both the qualitative and quantitative approaches to demographic research. Topics covered include demography and problems of scale, micro-demographic studies, fertility determinants, family demography and household structure, and demographic impact analysis. The author stresses the need to develop a set of common ideas that can be applied in a number of different contexts, in which specific micro-level studies can be evaluated, and from which some theoretical conclusions of general value can be deduced.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30007 Horvath, Robert. A model of science theory on the formation of demography as an autonomous science. [Egy tudomanyelmeleti modell a demografia mint onallo tudomany kialakulasarol.] Demografia, Vol. 30, No. 1, 1987. 27-51 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
An attempt is made to harmonize the history of science and the theory of science in order to study the development of demography as a discipline. The focus is on the main steps in the development of demographic theories from Graunt to the modern era.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30008 Porta, Pier L. Ferdinando Galiani on population and economic growth. Economies et Societes, Vol. 21, No. 3, Mar 1987. 39-52 pp. Grenoble, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author discusses the views of the eighteenth-century scholar Ferdinando Galiani on population and growth, as published in the Dialogues in 1770. It is claimed that Galiani anticipated features of Classical and Ricardian economic theory.
Correspondence: P. L. Porta, University of Milan, Via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:30009 Rosset, Edward; Billig, Wilhelm. The study of population theory. [Studia nad teoriami ludnosciowymi.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 228, 1987. 142 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This work is in two parts. The first, by Edward Rosset, examines the development of demographic transition theory in Polish and world literature. The author notes that the theory evolved during the 1930s and 1940s, particularly through the work of Landry, Thompson, and Notestein. Controversies associated with the theory as well as differences in attitudes toward it by country are explored, particularly between Western and Soviet demographers. The second part, by Wilhelm Billig, interprets demographic processes from a Marxist historical materialism perspective.
Correspondence: Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Al Niepodleglosci 162, Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30010 Roszkiewicz, Malgorzata. The model of demographic transformation--theoretical generalization and practical implications. [Model transformacji demograficznej--teoretyczne uogolnienia oraz praktyczne implikacje.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 232, 1987. 132 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author presents the demographic transition model in graph form and analyzes it using graph theory. Stages of demographic transition and methods of measuring them are explained. A new formulation of the demographic transformation is outlined and applied to data for selected countries.
Correspondence: Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Al Niepodleglosci 162, Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30011 Vishnevskii, A. G. Two historical types of demographic behavior. [Dva istoricheskikh tipa demograficheskogo povedeniya.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1987. 78-88 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Two alternative approaches to the analysis of demographic behavior at the microlevel, the intrumental and terminal approaches, are described. The instrumental approach assumes that socioeconomic factors, such as the cost or value of a child, play a major role in influencing decisions, particularly those affecting fertility. The terminal approach excludes economic factors and is affected primarily by social relationships among people. The author provides reasons for supporting the latter approach.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

No citations in this issue.

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

54:30012 Boyarskii, A. Ya.; Bakhmetova, G. Sh.; Kharchenko, L. P. Practical guide to demography. [Praktikum po demografii.] LC 86-170070. 1985. 141, [3] pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a textbook on demography designed for students from various disciplines. The focus is on the application of mathematical and statistical methods to the study of demographic problems. Chapters are included on population size and composition, demographic coefficients, standardization, population reproduction, population projection, stable populations, demographic losses from war, independent problem formulation and solution, computer applications, and demographic models.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:30013 Regulska, Joanna; Vural, Leyla. Population flows in an international context. Journal of Geography, Vol. 86, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1987. 219-24 pp. Macomb, Illinois. In Eng.
The authors present a module for teaching university-level students in geography about international migration. The module focuses on the role of international migration in shaping the modern world and on the critical role of the spatial dimension. It also examines the economic, political, and social consequences of migration.
Correspondence: J. Regulska, Department of Geography, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08904. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

54:30014 Shuvalov, E. L. The geography of population. [Geografiya naseleniya.] 2nd ed. LC 86-106976. 1985. 174 pp. Prosveshchenie: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a textbook for students of geography. It deals with the spatial distribution of population and settlements around the world and their relationship to different social, political, economic, and natural conditions. Special attention is given to issues of population structure, density, and type of settlement.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:30015 Sullivan, Teresa A. Making the demography curriculum explicit: avoiding "hide the ball" professional socialization. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 10: 1988, No. 10.02, Apr 15, 1988. 15, [1] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"Graduate instruction in demography faces two obstacles. The first obstacle, shared with graduate study in other fields but rarely acknowledged, is that the enterprise of graduate education is fundamentally different from that of undergraduate education. The second obstacle is demography's interdisciplinary nature, which creates some special difficulties in graduate education. This paper begins by considering the more general problem, and then considers special difficulties of demography."
This paper was originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. For more detailed information, see the abstracts of PAA papers at the beginning of this issue.
Correspondence: Texas Population Research Center, University of Texas, 1800 Main Building, Austin, TX 78712. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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