Volume 54 - Number 1 - Spring 1988

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

54:10794 Alonso, William; Starr, Paul. The politics of numbers. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, ISBN 0-87154-015-0. LC 86-10060. 1987. xiii, 474 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study, undertaken for the National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census, is one in a series of volumes concerned with analyses of the results of the 1980 U.S. census. The present volume differs from others in the series in that it focuses not on the data itself but on the governmental system of data collection and analysis. The focus here is on the social and political significance of decisions concerning data collection, measurement, interpretation, and presentation. Part 1, on the politics of economic measurement, contains chapters on the different views of economic statistics held by governmental, political, and academic professionals; the politics of income measurement; and the development of national income accounting. Part 2 is on the politics of population measurement; chapters are included on the 1980 census in historical perspective, politics and the measurement of ethnicity, and the social and political context of population forecasting. Part 3 focuses on the relationship between the functions of statistics and the characteristics of democratic politics. Part 4 deals with the connections between statistics and various levels of U.S. government. Part 5 contains chapters on technological developments and their consequences and on the rise of the statistical services industry.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10795 Choldin, Harvey M. Government statistics: the conflict between research and privacy. Demography, Vol. 25, No. 1, Feb 1988. 145-54 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The production of social statistics has been challenged in certain West European nations by the 'privacy issue'. Privacy advocates contend that computerized data files containing information about individuals endanger personal privacy and other civil liberties. The privacy issue has taken two forms: anti-census campaigns and data protection systems. Although those responsible for statistical data have traditionally safeguarded their records, they are often drawn into this issue. Increasingly, they have had to deal with the sociopolitical environment through legislative liaisons, lawyers, and advertising agencies. They have also had to revise data collection and processing procedures. In some situations, they have had to suspend censuses and surveys."
Correspondence: H. M. Choldin, Department of Sociology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10796 de Neufville, Judith I. Federal statistics in local governments. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 343-62 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
"For decades the [U.S.] government has used statistics to carry out policy at the local level. Accordingly, much of the local statistical enterprise has evolved in response to federal statistical requirements. Federal programs provided the original impetus and funding, and the changing forms of federalism have left their stamp on local institutions, attitudes, and statistical practices." The author compares two phases in the development of the federal grant system: 1946-1970, characterized by categorical grants, and 1970 to the present, characterized by block grants and revenue sharing. She also comments on the 1980 census, the significance of public acceptance of its statistics, state and local sources of data, and disparities in local governments' access to census data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10797 Duncan, Joseph W. Technology, costs and the new economics of statistics. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 395-413 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
"The collection, processing, and distribution of statistics [in the United States] are changing dramatically as a result of the deregulation of telecommunications, sharply declining costs of computer processing and online mass storage, and the advent of decentralized computing power in the form of minicomputers and even microcomputers in the office and home. This chapter describes some of the forces, especially technical changes, that will affect the basic costs and economics of federal statistical activities [in the late 1980s]....A portion of this chapter focuses on the federal statistical and information policy issues arising as a result of the availability and use of new technology. Of special interest are the policy needs for relating public sector and private sector roles in the information industry."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10798 Kelman, Steven. The political foundations of American statistical policy. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 275-302 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
American statistical policy in the nineteenth century is reviewed. The author discusses the levels of detail that characterized census questionnaires in the 1800s and addresses the question: "How could all this data-gathering be justified as a function of government during an era when proposals for government activity needed to meet an especially strong burden of justification?" Following a discussion of pertinent microeconomic theory, arguments used in the nineteenth century concerning government information gathering are presented. Present day justifications for the role of government in gathering data are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10799 Starr, Paul; Corson, Ross. Who will have the numbers? The rise of the statistical services industry and the politics of public data. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 415-447 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors review the development of the statistical services industry in the United States and discuss its political and economic significance. A section is included on the demographics industry. "The growth of demographics as of other statistical services owes much to technical advances, but two factors specific to the demographics business have also been significant stimuli. One was the growing interest of corporations in market segmentation and targeted marketing....The other development was a new technology--developed largely at public expense--for associating demographic characteristics with address lists." Various applications of demographics in private industry are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10800 Weiss, Janet A.; Gruber, Judith E. The managed irrelevance of federal education statistics. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 363-91 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors discuss U.S. national education statistics, focusing on the factors that determine what questions are asked. "This chapter examines how such choices are made by analysis of the Common Core of Data [CCD], the primary set of general purpose statistics about elementary and secondary education...collected by the federal government." The author concludes that "CCD is not an ideal representation of what policymakers want to know about the condition of education, or of what researchers or historians want to know. It is much closer to a representation of what powerful education officials can be persuaded to let the federal government find out."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

54:10801 Freedman, Mary A.; Gay, George A.; Brockert, John E.; Potrzebowski, Patricia W.; Rothwell, Charles J. The 1989 revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificates of Live Birth and Death and the U.S. Standard Report of Fetal Death. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 78, No. 2, Feb 1988. 168-72 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors describe the 1989 revisions to the U.S. Standard Certificates and Reports for the collection of vital statistics data. "Both the Standard Certificate of Live Birth and the Standard Report of Fetal Death utilize a checkbox format to elicit information on medical and other risk factors affecting the pregnancy, complications of labor and/or delivery, obstetric procedures, method of delivery, congenital anomalies, and abnormal conditions of the newborn. Revisions to the Standard Certificate of Death include modifications to the medical certification section and the addition of decedent's educational attainment. Items requesting information about Hispanic origin are added to all of these documents. The rationale behind these changes and their intended use are discussed."
Correspondence: G. A. Gay, Registration Methods Branch, Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, 3700 East-West Highway, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

54:10802 Nissel, Muriel. The history of the General Register Office in England and Wales. Biology and Society, Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep 1987. 131-42 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is a history of the General Register Office of England and Wales, presented on the occasion of its 150th anniversary. In addition to describing the development of the civil registration system of births, deaths, and marriages, the author considers the relationship between vital statistics and other sources of data, including censuses and surveys.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10803 Whitehead, Frank. The use of registration data for population statistics. Population Trends, No. 49, Autumn 1987. 12-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author describes how vital statistics data collected in England and Wales are used. The focus is on population counts and estimates, marriage statistics, and fertility statistics, and on how the data collected on such topics could be improved.
Correspondence: F. Whitehead, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, London, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

54:10804 Appel, Sibylle. Information campaign for the population census, 1987. [Informationskampagne zur Volkszahlung 1987.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 9, Sep 1987. 681-9 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Efforts to prepare the public for the census in the years prior to the 1987 census in the Federal Republic of Germany are reviewed and evaluated. These include the work of both official and private agencies. Opinion polling on the value of population statistics and the four-phase campaign designed to provide information on the census and encourage participation are discussed. Methods used to distribute information, respond to public inquiries, and address public concerns are also reviewed. Data from studies evaluating the campaign are presented, illustrating changes in the level of public awareness and cooperation with each phase of the national effort.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

54:10805 Australia. Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). 1986 census of population and housing: the 1986 census dictionary. Pub. Order No. 2174.0. 1986. ii, 159, [18] pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This dictionary provides users with definitions of concepts and terminology used in the 1986 census of Australia, including definitions of terms used in the census field collection, input processing, and output of census material. Information is also included related to previous censuses. A copy of the census household and personal forms are attached.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10806 Boden, Peter; Stillwell, John; Rees, Philip. Migration data from the National Health Service Central Register and the 1981 census: further comparative analysis. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 495, Jun 1987. iv, 64 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
This is a comparison of two internal migration data sources for the United Kingdom: the census and the National Health Service Central Register (NHSCR). The comparison is for the period April 1980 to March 1981. "Overall levels of migration are compared; outflow, inflow and netflow NHSCR/Census ratios at three spatial scales are examined; NHSCR/Census ratios are examined within a metropolitan/non metropolitan area framework. The inter-area matrices of migration from the two sources are compared using statistical and interaction model indices. Finally, the comparison reviews differences between the two sources across the age range and between the two sexes. The overall agreement between the two sources in terms of pattern is very close...." The nature of and explanations for significant differences between the data sets are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10807 Bounpane, Peter. How increased automation will improve the 1990 census of population and housing of the United States. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 545-53 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"The U.S. Bureau of the Census will increase significantly the automation of operations for the 1990 Census of Population and Housing, thus eliminating or reducing many of the labor-intensive clerical operations of past censuses and contributing to the speedier release of data products. An automated address control file will permit the computer to monitor the enumeration status of an address. The automated address file will also make it possible to begin electronic data processing concurrently with data collection, and, thus, 5-7 months earlier than for the 1980 Census. An automated geographic support system will assure consistency between various census geographic products, and computer-generated maps will be possible. Other areas where automation will be introduced or increased are questionnaire editing, coding of written entries on questionnaires, and reporting of progress and cost by field offices."
Correspondence: P. Bounpane, Assistant Director, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10808 Bulmer, Martin. A controversial census topic: race and ethnicity in the British census. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 471-80 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This paper examines attempts to collect data on a politically controversial topic, race and ethnicity, in the British Census of Population in the post-war period. It discusses an indirect, proxy method of inferring race or ethnicity by asking for the country of birth of the respondent and of his parents, and a direct question where the respondent is asked to identify his racial or ethnic group. Different versions of the direct question are examined, as is the 1979 Census test, which resulted in considerable public resistance to the question. Following the exclusion of the direct question from the 1981 Census, the subject was reviewed by the Parliamentary Home Affairs Committee, the results of whose report--including practical suggestions as to question wording--are discussed."
Correspondence: M. Bulmer, Senior Lecturer in Social Administration, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10809 Burton, V. C. A floating population: vessel enumeration returns in censuses, 1851-1921. Local Population Studies, No. 38, Spring 1987. 36-43 pp. Matlock, England. In Eng.
The scope of, and procedures for, census enumeration aboard British ships between 1851 and 1921 are described. The author then considers the methodological errors of the census authorities in processing these data and the implications of these errors for historical demographic studies of this period.
Correspondence: V. C. Burton, Mcquie Mather Fellow in Maritime History, University of Liverpool, P.O.B. 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10810 Citro, Constance F.; Pratt, John W. The USA's bicentennial census: new directions for methodology in 1990. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 359-80 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"Planning is under way for the U.S.A. bicentennial census in 1990. The U.S. Census Bureau sponsored a study panel under the U.S. Committee on National Statistics to consider key aspects of methodology for the census and to recommend priority areas for research and testing. The recommendations of the Panel on Decennial Census Methodology, which are summarized in this paper, cover four main topics: adjustment of the census counts for coverage errors, methods of coverage evaluation, uses of sampling in obtaining the count, and uses of administrative records in improving the quality of selected content items."
Correspondence: C. F. Citro, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. 20418. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10811 Conk, Margo A. The 1980 census in historical perspective. In: The politics of numbers, edited by William Alonso and Paul Starr. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, 1987. 155-86 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The 1980 U.S. census is placed in historical perspective. The author emphasizes that "different trends made the 1980 census controversial. The first were the reapportionment decisions of the 1960s that articulated and implemented the one man-one vote principle of representation....Second, the civil rights court decisions and legislation of the postwar era drew attention to data on minorities and required still further statistics....Third, policymakers have at their disposal much more statistical information than they did in earlier decades. Developments in the field of statistics and survey research have enabled the census to collect much more accurate and useful information about the population than was possible fifty years ago. These data improvements have allowed, perhaps even encouraged, lawmakers to write complex pieces of legislation for allocating government funds." Significant population trends revealed by the 1980 census are discussed, and the future of the U.S. census in light of recent political trends is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10812 Cornish, J. K.; Paice, J. Topic selection for the Australian census of population and housing. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 457-70 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"We describe how topics were selected for the Australian Census of Population and Housing. Australia has adopted an open assessment of topics submitted by users and the general public and then performed field tests of difficult or sensitive questions. For the 1986 Census, special attention was given to the development of a census question on ethnic origin."
Correspondence: J. K. Cornish, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Belconnen, Australia. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10813 Deecker, Gordon; Cunningham, Ron; Kidd, Karole. Computer systems to support census geography. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 431-46 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
The development of computer systems that support the geography of the census in Canada is described. The authors "present proposals for the 1991 Census that increase the level of automation, whether the geography changes or not. In addition, opportunities for change and improvement, should the geography change, are outlined. To minimize the risks involved, it is important to give these different proposals serious consideration early in the planning of a census."
Correspondence: G. Deecker, Geocartographics Sub-Division, Informatics Services and Development Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A OT6, Canada. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10814 Ericksen, Eugene P.; Kadane, Joseph B. Using administrative lists to estimate census omissions. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 397-414 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"We present a method for estimating omission rates from censuses. Our method is based on the merger of administrative lists, sampling from these lists, and matching against census rolls. We describe the method, present the results of a test in New York City...in 1980, and evalute the results. We compare our proposed method to other procedures for estimating omission rates."
Correspondence: E. P. Ericksen, Department of Sociology, Temple University, Philadelphia 025-23, PA 19122. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10815 Gardiner, Peter. The urban desa as a basis for definition of functional urban areas: some thoughts on applications to the 1990 census. Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 14, No. 27, Jun 1987. v, 77-92 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Eng. with sum. in Ind.
Efforts to develop a definition for functional urban areas in Indonesia for use in the 1990 census are described. These definitions are being evolved from those used in the 1980 census and are based on the desa as an urban unit. The need for developing such concepts for use in urban planning is stressed.
Correspondence: P. Gardiner, U.N. Consultant to the Institutionalization of the National Urban Development Strategies Projects, Directorate of Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Public Works, Jakarta, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10816 Gilbert, Reg J. The first complete enumeration of Papua New Guinea--the 1980 population census. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 501-14 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"The 1980 Population Census of Papua New Guinea was the first complete enumeration of the population of the country. It was also the first census to be designed and processed within the country. This paper gives the background to the census and outlines the development and implementation of the project, concentrating on the problems encountered and the procedures developed to overcome them in this (in many ways) unique environment. The census project was a thorough exercise and recommendations are also given for the future."
Correspondence: R. J. Gilbert, Labour Statistician, Central Statistics Office, Private Bag 0024, Gaborone, Botswana. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10817 Hawkes, William J. Census data quality--a user's view. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 531-44 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This paper presents the perspective of a major user of both decennial and economic [U.S.] census data. It illustrates how these data are used as a framework for commercial marketing research surveys that measure television audiences and sales of consumer goods through retail stores, drawing on Nielsen's own experience in data collection and evaluation. It reviews Nielsen's analyses of census data quality based, in part, on actual field evaluation of census results. Finally, it suggests ways that data quality might be evaluated and improved to enhance the usefulness of these census programs."
Correspondence: W. J. Hawkes, Director of Statistical Research, A. C. Nielsen Company, Northbrook, IL 60062. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10818 Hofmeister-Lemke, Karl-Heinz. The 1987 population census in historical perspective: questionnaire design of population censuses in the German Empire and the Federal Republic of Germany from 1871 to 1987. [Die Volkszahlung 1987 in historischer Perspektive: Fragenprogramme der Volkszahlungen im Deutschen Reich und in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1871 bis 1987.] Berliner Statistik: Monatsschrift, Vol. 41, No. 7, 1987. 154-8 pp. Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This article is a comparative study of the types of questions included in population censuses in the German Empire and the Federal Republic of Germany between 1871 and 1987. The historical and legal background is described, and the design of census questionnaires is discussed in the context of historical and political circumstances.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10819 Horvath, Beata. Special bibliographies, VI. Methodology of population and housing censuses. Selected and annotated bibliography. ISBN 963-705-617-3. 1987. 260 pp. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Library and Documentation Service: Budapest, Hungary. In Eng.
This annotated bibliography is concerned with studies on the methodological aspects of censuses from 38 countries participating in the 1980 census round. The initial section concerns general methodological and international materials. The remainder of the work is organized alphabetically by country.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10820 Isupov, A. A.; Shvartser, N. Z. The All-Union Population Census of 1979: a collection of papers. [Vsesoyuznaya Perepis' Naseleniya 1979 goda: sbornik statei.] 1984. 231 pp. Finansy i Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a selection of 14 papers by various authors on methodological, program, and administrative issues related to the 1979 census of the USSR. Topics covered include population size and spatial distribution, nuptiality, the state of the family, national and ethnic groups, socioeconomic characteristics, and educational status.
Location: Princeton University Library.

54:10821 Italy. Istituto Centrale di Statistica [ISTAT] (Rome, Italy). Twelfth general census of population, October 25, 1981. Volume 4: report on the census. [12 censimento generale della popolazione, 25 ottobre 1981. Volume IV: atti del censimento.] 1987. 549 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This is the administrative report concerning the 1981 census of Italy. It includes information on census planning, publicity, data collection, data analysis, computerization, data quality and correction, and publication and dissemination of results.
Location: Stanford University Libraries. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 77-78, Sep-Nov 1987.

54:10822 Kiregyera, Ben. Censuses of population and housing in Africa: some issues and problems. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 481-99 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"A census of population and housing, which contributes immensely to the development of social statistics and national statistical services in general, has been carried out at least once in every African country except Chad. The common issues and widespread practices of design, implementation, processing, and evaluation of this census are reviewed. Also reviewed are the problems that arise at each of these stages of conducting the census; problems arising as a result of the socio-economic and physical peculiarities of African conditions."
Correspondence: B. Kiregyera, Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10823 Kish, Leslie; Verma, Vijay. Complete censuses and samples. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 381-95 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"Complete decennial censuses are needed for small areas and other domains. Sample surveys yield diverse and timely data. Censuses can also be combined with samples, and sometimes with data from registers, for diverse estimates that are detailed over both space and time, and hence are timely for small domains. Methods of 'postcensal estimates' for small domains are described. We note uses of censuses for improving samples and of samples for improving censuses, and propose a method for cumulating data from 'rolling' (or rotating) periodic (weekly, monthly or quarterly) samples specifically designed to cover the population in detail over designed spans (annual and quinquennial)."
Correspondence: L. Kish, Professor Emeritus, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10824 Li, Chengrui. Evaluation of the results of China's 1982 population census and the problems raised by the IUSSP Florence Conference. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 6, Nov 29, 1985. 1-5 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The author discusses the evaluation by IUSSP members of China's 1982 population census and outlines questions raised at the 1985 conference in Florence. While the quality of the census data was generally favorably assessed by those attending the workshop, the following points were made: The population size, obtained by summing all age groups, is inconsistent with the total population recorded in the census; fertility, mortality, and national growth rates for the Chinese population over the years are different in various official publications; and the sex ratio, 1.08:1 in 1981, may be caused by underreporting.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10825 Liu, Zheng. Population age structure and sex ratio in 1982. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 6, Nov 29, 1985. 7-10 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
While China's 1982 population census provides total population size and age and sex distribution data, the data does not include military personnel. A few years after the census, the Population Census Office of the State Council and the Population Division of the State Statistics Bureau announced the numbers for military personnel by five-year age group as well as a total of 4,230,000. This information provides reliable data for more precise analysis of age and sex distribution in China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10826 Ma, Yuanjie. Analysis and verification of the error in data processing of the third national population census. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 5, Sep 29, 1985. 39-41 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The author evaluates the quality of data processing in the third national population census of China using data for the province of Qinghai. The census data and the data collection system are favorably assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10827 Mahatme, A. W. The census in India. Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. 46, No. 2, Jul 1985. 197-215 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The author discusses the census of India, considering the uses of census data and the types of data available. The history of the census in India is outlined, and some definitions of census concepts are provided. Particular attention is given to questions of data quality.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:10828 Markuszewska, Irena. General characteristics of the electronic data processing system for the national census of 1988. [Ogolna charakterystyka systemu elektronicznego przetwarzania danych Narodowego Spisu Powszechnego 1988.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 32, No. 6, Jun 1987. 32-5 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The author describes in detail the procedures used in transferring population census data from the individual questionnaires to machine-readable form and the interim controls employed in the Central Statistical Agency of Poland and its regional offices.
Correspondence: I. Markuszewska, Osrodek Elektroniczny, Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, A. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10829 Mason, Karen O.; Cope, Lisa G. Sources of age and date-of-birth misreporting in the 1900 U.S. census. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 4, Nov 1987. 563-73 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Analysis of the characteristics of people with discrepancies between reported age and reported date of birth or with missing data on these variables suggests that discrepancies between age and date of birth in the 1900 U.S. census were largely generated by enumerators' carelessness in recording or inferring age. Missing data however, appear to have been generated by ignorance about age and systematic forms of miscommunication as well as by enumerators' carelessness. An analysis of digital preferences provides little evidence that other forms of age misreporting were concentrated among those with discrepancies or missing data or that birth year was more accurately enumerated than age."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1984 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fall 1984, p. 414).
Correspondence: K. O. Mason, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10830 Philippines. National Census and Statistics Office (Manila, Philippines). 1980 census of population and housing: administrative report. [1987]. 248 pp. Manila, Philippines. In Eng.
This is the administrative report for the 1980 census of the Philippines. "The report is divided into eight parts. The first gives a short history of census-taking in the Philippines, its objectives and the legal authority to conduct the 1980 Census. The second, documents the planning and preparation phase. Field operations and processing are presented in the third and fourth parts, respectively. Evaluation of census results is discussed next. The sixth part presents the analysis undertaken and the reports published while the financial aspects are discussed in the seventh part. The last gives the summary and recommendations."
Location: U.S. Bureau of the Census, ISPC Library, Washington, D.C. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 76, Aug-Sep 1987.

54:10831 Radio Liberty (Munich, Germany, Federal Republic of). The All-Union census of 1979 in the USSR. Sep 1980. vii, [199] pp. Munich, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
This is a collection of short papers on preparations for the Soviet census of 1979, including analyses of the first results, published originally in the Research Bulletin of Radio Liberty. Particular attention is paid to data on language and nationality.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:10832 Redfern, Philip. Which countries will follow the Scandinavian lead in taking a register-based census of population? Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 415-24 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"During the past twenty years Scandinavian countries have made changes in the methods of taking population and housing censuses that are more fundamental than any seen since modern census methods were first introduced two hundred years ago. These countries extract their census data in part or in whole from administrative registers. If other countries in Western Europe were to adopt this approach, most of them would have to make major improvements to their administrative records. But the primary reasons for making such improvements are concerned with administration and policy rather than statistics, namely, the need to secure a more effective and fairer system of public administration and to enable governments to exercise a wider range of policy options."
Correspondence: P. Redfern, Northanger Cottage, Bookhurst Hill, Cranleigh, Surrey GU6 7DW, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10833 Royce, Don. Address register research for the 1991 census of Canada. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 447-55 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"The current Canadian census is based on the local enumerator who lists and visits each dwelling in his/her enumeration area to drop off the questionnaires just before census day. Other approaches to compiling an address list exist, however. This paper describes current research into the use of an address register for the next Canadian census, to take place in 1991. Possible applications of an address register are described, earlier research is summarized and potential sources for an address register in the Canadian context are mentioned. The paper concludes with a number of concerns which must be addressed in addition to the more technical issues."
Correspondence: D. Royce, Methodology Branch, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A OT6, Canada. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10834 Schirm, Allen L.; Preston, Samuel H. Census undercount adjustment and the quality of geographic population distributions. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 82, No. 400, Dec 1987. 965-90 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"We develop a simulation procedure to measure the effects of synthetic adjustment for census undercounts on the quality of estimated proportionate geographic population distributions." The model is applied to 1980 U.S. census data for blacks and whites to generate true population counts according to the model and to obtain, by the synthetic method, adjusted population counts. "Analyzing the influences of both interstate variations in census coverage and measurement errors in national undercount estimates, we find that, over a wide range of environments, nearly two out of every three simulated applications of synthetic adjustment improve the state proportions for a majority of the national population."
Comments are included by Kirk M. Wolter (pp. 978-80), Noel Cressie (pp. 980-3), and Bruce D. Spencer (pp. 984-6) together with a rejoinder from the authors (pp. 986-90).
Correspondence: A. L. Schirm, Population Studies Center and Department of Economics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

54:10835 Sillitoe, Ken. Questions on race/ethnicity and related topics for the census. Population Trends, No. 49, Autumn 1987. 5-11 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article describes the results of tests of questions on race/ethnicity, the religions of South Asians and languages spoken in the home, conducted by the Social Survey Division of OPCS, in 1985-1986." The focus is on developing acceptable questions on these topics for future censuses to be carried out in the United Kingdom.
Correspondence: K. Sillitoe, Social Survey Division, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, London, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10836 Somoza, Jorge L. Experimental census of Junin de los Andes: results and analysis. [Censo experimental de Junin de los Andes: resultados y analisis.] CELADE Serie OI, No. 40; LC/DEM/G.49, May 1987. 37 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The Experimental Census of Junin de los Andes [Argentina] had the two following objectives: to present information of interest to the community and to investigate forms of data collection that would lead to more reliable results on infant mortality than those obtained from 1970 and 1980 national population censuses. The first objective was achieved with the publication of the data submitted in this report....The tables present the sex and age composition and [in] particular...how the school-age population is expected to change, while other tabulations point to the importance of the lack of coverage of social work services, showing the different incidence by sex and by census radius, the prevalence of illiteracy, the relevance of inmigration in the last five years, the distribution by sex and marital status according to age, the fertility level and the infant mortality estimation for the year that preceded the census date."
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10837 Taeuber, Conrad. Where do people live? Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 425-9 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"Population counts for small areas, as in a census, are directly affected by the rules that determine where each person is to be counted. Clear rules are needed for groups such as migratory workers, persons whose work requires long absences from the family home, homeless persons, military personnel, persons maintaining two or more homes, persons in hospitals, correctional, or other institutions, crews of sea-going vessels, and others. The rules may have a bearing on family and household statistics and statistics on socioeconomic status as well as on counts of numbers of people."
Correspondence: C. Taeuber, Center for Population Research, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. 20057. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10838 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]. Census Division (London, England). Planning the 1991 census. Statistical News, No. 79, Nov 1987. 4-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This article describes the plans being made by the census offices in the United Kingdom for the 1991 census "particularly for the topic content of the Census, for its geographical base and for the dissemination of results, and how users of census statistics are being consulted about their needs."
Correspondence: Customer Services, OPCS, Segensworth Road, Titchfield, Fareham, Hampshire PO15 5RR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

54:10839 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]. Census Division (London, England). 1981 census evaluation programme in England and Wales. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 515-30 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
The program developed to evaluate the coverage and quality of results from the 1981 census of England and Wales is described. "A post-enumeration survey was the main tool used, but for the evaluation of census coverage, this was augmented by a series of demographic checks against statistics from other administrative sources. The main conclusion from the coverage checks was that the census probably missed about 241,000 people net (about half of one per cent of the population) including some 36,000 children aged 0-4. At older ages than this, adults aged 16-44 were more likely to be missed than others and males rather more than females. Students and people out of employment were also more likely to be missed than people in employment. The quality of householders' responses to particular census questions was evaluated in a detailed post-enumeration interview survey. The results of this showed that the questions subject to most response error were those on rooms, various aspects of economic activity and the main means of travel to work."
Correspondence: Census Division, OPCS, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10840 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). 1980 census of population and housing. History, Part A. Chapter 1: introduction and overview. Chapter 2: planning the census. Chapter 3: geography, addresses, and questionnaire printing and labeling. Pub. Order No. PH80-R-2A. LC 86-600030. Sep 1986. [132] pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is one in a series of reports describing in detail aspects of the 1980 U.S. census. This report has an introduction to the decennial census as a whole; a chapter on planning for the census, including contacts with data users and testing; and geography, addresses, and questionnaire printing and labeling.
Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC) [Microfiche copy].

54:10841 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). 1980 census of population and housing. History, Part C. Chapter 7: sampling and estimation. Chapter 12: population and housing content items. Pub. Order No. PHC80-R-2C. Dec 1986. 96 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is one in a series of reports describing in detail aspects of the 1980 U.S. census. The present report contains chapters on sampling and estimation and on population and housing.
Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC) [Microfiche copy].

54:10842 Vassenden, Kare. Population and housing census, 1960, 1970, and 1980: documentation of comparable files. [Folke- og boligtellingene, 1960, 1970, og 1980: dokumentasjon av de sammenlignbare filene.] Rapporter fra Statistisk Sentralbyra, No. 87/2, ISBN 82-537-2416-0. 1987. 266 pp. Statistisk Sentralbyra: Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Nor.
This publication presents comparative statistics from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses of population and housing for Norway. Its purpose is to document the statistics and present them in a readily usable form for use in future analysis. A discussion of the contents and use of the files, comparability, and reliability is followed by detailed tables comparing data collected in the three censuses.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10843 Verhoef, Rolf; van de Kaa, Dirk J. Population registers and population statistics. Population Index, Vol. 53, No. 4, Winter 1987. 633-42 pp. Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
The authors examine the use of population registers in the production of demographic statistics. "To do this, we first describe these registers; we then examine their further development as an independent source of population statistics--including current population estimates, vital and migration statistics--and as an alternative to population censuses. In conclusion, we consider a number of essential features of registers, including the original collection of data, the system's lifetime, privacy protection, and the government's ability to bring about a balance among conflicting interests regarding the collection and use of the data." The discussion is illustrated using examples from the Netherlands and Denmark.
Correspondence: R. Verhoef, Department for Population, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, 428 Prinses Beatrixlaan, P.O. Box 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10844 Williams, Brian J. Suggestions for the application of advanced technology in Canadian collection operations. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 555-60 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
This study is concerned with technical advances that could be applied to data collection in the course of the 1990 Canadian census. Consideration is given both to the advantages and disadvantages of such changes. Topics covered include privacy, costs, and relations with users of census data.
Correspondence: B. J. Williams, Assistant Regional Director--Operations, Winnipeg Regional Office, Statistics Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

54:10845 Fitti, Joseph E.; Kovar, Mary G. The Supplement on Aging to the 1984 National Health Interview Survey. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 1: Programs and Collection Procedures, No. 21, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 87-1323. ISBN 0-8406-0369-X. LC 87-600066. Oct 1987. v, 116 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
This report provides "descriptions of the sample, questionnaire content, and survey operations, and presents strategies and procedures for analysis of the Supplement on Aging to the 1984 [U.S.] National Health Interview Survey."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10846 Goldberg, Howard I.; Spitz, Alison; McNeil, Malcolm; Krystall, Abigail; de Boer, Kees. 1985 Chogoria Community Health Survey. Report of principal findings. Oct 1987. 156 pp. P.C.E.A. Chogoria Hospital, Community Health Department: Chogoria, Kenya; U.S. Centers for Disease Control [CDC], Division of Reproductive Health: Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
The results of the 1985 Chogoria Community Health Survey are presented. This survey consisted of interviews with 1,880 women aged 15-44 living in the Chogoria Hospital catchment area, Kenya. Topics covered include child health, infant feeding practices, childbearing, family planning, and health services. Under family planning, consideration is given to contraceptive knowledge, practice, source of contraception, reasons for not using family planning, pregnancy intentions and desired family size, planning status of pregnancies, unmet needs, sterilization, and contraceptive continuation.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10847 Indonesia. Biro Pusat Statistik (Jakarta, Indonesia). 1985 intercensal population survey: organization and methodology. Series SUPAS 85, No. 2, [1986]. viii, 69 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Eng.
Methodological and organizational aspects of the 1985 Intercensal Population Survey of Indonesia are described in this report. Chapters are included on methodology, training, data collection, data processing, and tabulation and publication.
Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, HI.

54:10848 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Third Annual Research Conference, March 29-April 1, 1987: proceedings. Aug 1987. ix, 703 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the Third Annual Research Conference, held in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1987. These conferences "are intended to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of research relevant to Census Bureau programs, including the work of the American Statistical Association/NSF/Census Research Fellows." The theme of this conference was improving the quality of survey results "and included topics on survey error models, response rates, automated interviewing, automated data editing, confidentiality, and measurement of response error." The proceedings include the selected papers, reviewer comments, and summaries of discussions.
For proceedings of a previous conference in this series, published in 1986, see 52:40835.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10849 Uruguay. Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos (Montevideo, Uruguay). National household survey, 1985. [Encuesta nacional de hogares, 1985.] 1986. 39 pp. Montevideo, Uruguay. In Spa.
This publication contains provisional information for the department of Montevideo from the 1985 national houshold survey of Uruguay. Estimates are presented by sex and age group for the economically active population (employed, unemployed, and underemployed) by type of activity, occupational category, educational level, and household income distribution.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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