Volume 53 - Number 3 - Fall 1987

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

53:30709 Balakrishnan, T. R. Status of women, development and demographic change. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1987. 9-25 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper examines the relationship of the status of women to demographic indicators such as crude birth and death rates, infant mortality rates and female life expectancy at birth, controlling for economic development. Using available data from 89 countries in the Third World, it is shown that an increase in the status of women will have significant payoffs in terms of reducing fertility and mortality. Simplified path models indicate that the status of women as measured by female literacy rate has a greater effect on demographic variables than economic development."
Author's address: University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30710 de Albuquerque, Klaus; Tauge, Mariget. Social implications of population growth in Papua New Guinea, 1980-1995. IASER Discussion Paper, No. 51, Jan 1987. v, 60 pp. Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research [IASER]: Boroko, Papua New Guinea. In Eng.
"Our specific intent in this paper is to evaluate the 'social' implications for Papua New Guinea of the projected population growth and the changes in composition and distribution. We have chosen to focus on the fifteen-year period between 1980 and 1995, as longer-term projections are of dubious reliability and usefulness, especially with respect to projecting future values of social or economic variables. Five areas have been singled out for attention: education, health, housing, youth, and women. With respect to the latter, our sole interest is female participation in wage employment, a demographic phenomenon of increasing importance in developing countries." The need to integrate demographic data into development planning is stressed.
Publisher's address: P. O. Box 5854, Boroko, Papua New Guinea.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30711 Hohn, Charlotte. Women and development: notes on the significance of tradition, culture, and religion. [Frauen und Entwicklung: Anmerkungen zur Bedeutung von Tradition, Kultur und Religion.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1987. 69-80 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author considers the theoretical relationship among women's status, population change, and social and economic development. Attention is given to influences exerted by culture, tradition, and religion on the intermediate variables affecting fertility. The example of China is used to show that "the liberation of women can both promote socio-economic modernization and a fertility decline."
Author's address: Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Postfach 55 28, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Federal Republic of Germany.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30712 Jutikkala, Eino. Social differences in preindustrial demography: a case study on a middle-sized town. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 25, 1987. 40-5 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
The author investigates relationships between social class and demographic factors using data from the parish registers of an upper-class Swedish congregation and a lower-class Finnish congregation in Turku, Finland, for the years 1826-1844. The two groups' fertility and mortality experiences are compared. Slight differences in mortality by social class, attributed to better nourishment and hygiene, are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30713 Momsen, Janet H.; Townsend, Janet G. Geography of gender in the third world. ISBN 0-09-170821-4. LC 86-14564. 1987. 424 pp. Hutchinson: London, England; State University of New York Press: Albany, New York. In Eng.
This collection of 20 papers by various authors examines spatial patterns of gender in developing countries in relation to agriculture, industry, nutrition, health services, and migration. Topics covered include the sex ratio in South Asia; women's role in health in Nepal; malnutrition in Bangladesh; and migration and employment of women in Lesotho, Colombia, and Thailand.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:30714 Mori, George A. Religious affiliation in Canada. Canadian Social Trends, Autumn 1987. 12-6 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
The author discusses the religious affiliations of Canadians as reported in the 1981 census and the 1985 General Social Survey. Historic trends, the proportion of the population reporting no religious preference, provincial variation, and regular religious observance are discussed. It is found that "there has been a significant increase in the percentage of the population affiliated with the Catholic Church, while the proportion affiliated with the various Protestant denominations has declined." A socio-demographic profile of religious groups is also presented.
Author's address: Housing, Family, and Social Statistics Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:30715 O'Hare, William P. America's welfare population: who gets what? Population Trends and Public Policy, No. 13, Sep 1987. 16 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The distribution of welfare assistance in the U.S. population is examined. The evidence indicates that only 60 percent of those below the poverty level receive welfare and that many welfare recipients earn incomes above the poverty level. The characteristics of the population receiving the four major types of welfare are analyzed by ethnic group, age, marital status, sex, and geographic region. The major demographic factors that will affect the future welfare population are reviewed, including demographic aging, migration to the Sunbelt, and the growth of single-parent and one-person households. The potential for welfare reform is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30716 Raisch, Michael. Changes in male role behavior: a study of demographically relevant literature. [Veranderungen des Rollenverhaltens des Mannes: eine Studie bevolkerungswissenschaftlich relevanter Literatur.] Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 50, 1986. 185 pp. Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Literature concerning changes in male roles in modern industrial societies is reviewed and analyzed. The primary sources are social science publications from the past decade published for English-, French-, and German-speaking audiences. The author considers changes in male attitudes as well as sex roles, sex-specific division of labor, social-psychological factors that promote or hinder change in the male role, changes in the man's role within couples, males' new attitudes toward marriage and family, and the changing role of the father.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30717 Vukovich, Gyorgy. Social aspects of aging in Hungary. [Az oregedes tarsadalmi vonatkozasai Magyarorszagon.] Demografia, Vol. 29, No. 2-3, 1986. 145-68 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The study deals with the economic...role, the family relations, the housing conditions and the health status of the aged [in Hungary], as the main factors which determine the living conditions and social place of the aged population." Suggestions for improving the status of the elderly are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

53:30718 Piesowicz, Kazimierz. Demographic effects of World War II. [Demograficzne skutki II wojny swiatowej.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 1/87, 1987. 103-36 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author examines various aspects of population change in Poland between 1939 and 1950 in an effort to assess the demographic effects of World War II. The data are from a variety of sources concerning losses and displacements of population subgroups. Attention is given to natural increase, mortality, and emigration among Poles, Jews, Germans, and others resident in Poland. Geographic variations in age structure resulting from demographic changes brought on by the war are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30719 Polyakov, L. E. The price of war: demographic aspects. [Tsena voiny: demograficheskii aspekt.] 1985. 135 pp. Finansy i Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
An argument against war at both global and local levels is presented. Chapters are included on the direct and indirect impact of wars on populations, mortality from war, migration, morbidity, and socioeconomic losses. The argument is expanded to include armaments and the Cold War.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:30720 Singh, S. K. Some political implications of population growth. Janasamkhya, Vol. 4, No. 2, Dec 1986. 137-45 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"This article appraises the views of earlier thinkers on the political implications of population size and theorizes that many of the present day political disturbances can be traced to changes in the size, growth and redistribution of population." The geographic focus is worldwide.
Author's address: National Institute of Rural Development, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

53:30721 Brazil. Fundacao Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica [IBGE] (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil); UNICEF (New York, New York); Pan American Health Organization [PAHO] (Washington, D.C.). A statistical profile of children and mothers in Brazil: the health situation, 1981. [Perfil estatistico de criancas e maes no Brasil: situacao de saude, 1981.] ISBN 85-240-0224-7. 1984. 264 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
This is the fourth in a series of reports concerning aspects of maternal and child health in Brazil. This report concentrates on the health situation in 1981 and includes papers by various authors on population characteristics, the availability and use of health services, maternal and child health services, maternal nutrition, morbidity, and immunization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30722 Chapman, Steven H.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.; Wilensky, Gail. Life expectancy and health status of the aged. Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49, No. 10, Oct 1986. 24-48 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This article is concerned with the health of those affected by changes to the U.S. Social Security Act enacted by Congress in 1983 and also with the usefulness of life expectancy or mortality trends as indicators of health status. The focus is on the aged population.
Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

53:30723 Colditz, Graham A.; Willett, Walter C.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Rosner, Bernard; Speizer, Frank E.; Hennekens, Charles H. A prospective study of age at menarche, parity, age at first birth, and coronary heart disease in women. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 126, No. 5, Nov 1987. 861-70 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"To investigate the risk of coronary heart disease in relation to age at menarche, parity, and age at first birth, the authors evaluated prospectively the experience of 119,963 U.S. women aged 30-55 years who were free from coronary heart disease in 1976 and were followed through 1982. During 700,809 person-years of observation, 308 incident cases of nonfatal myocardial infarction or fatal coronary heart disease occurred." The results showed no significant association between reproductive experiences and risk of coronary heart disease.
Author's address: Channing Laboratory, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

53:30724 Locoh, Therese. The sex distribution of hospitalized children in Lome (Togo). [La repartition par sexe des enfants hospitalises a Lome (Togo).] Population, Vol. 42, No. 3, May-Jun 1987. 549-57 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
An analysis of hospital records for 1,700 children admitted to a hospital in Lome, Togo, in 1982 indicated that only 39 percent of those treated were girls, whereas 61 percent were boys. The author examines the extent to which such an imbalance reflects excess morbidity among males or differences in the medical care sought for boys and for girls.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30725 Weller, Robert H.; Eberstein, Isaac W.; Bailey, Mohamed. Pregnancy wantedness and maternal behavior during pregnancy. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 3, Aug 1987. 407-12 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study tests the hypothesis that women whose pregnancies are wanted obtain earlier prenatal care and, partly as a consequence, are more likely to quit smoking during pregnancy than are women with unwanted pregnancies. Data consist of information on a representative national sample of legitimate live births taken from the 1980 [U.S.] National Natality Survey. Logit regression analysis confirms the existence of the hypothesized relationships, both overall and after controlling for a series of background characteristics. However, differences in smoking and prenatal care implied by the relationships with pregnancy wantedness (measured by an indicator of birth planning status) are weaker than anticipated."
Author's address: Center for the Study of Population, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30726 Yunes, Joao; Campos, Oswaldo; Carvalho, Vera S. S. Infant, adolescent, and maternity care in Brazil. [Assistencia a infancia, a adolescencia e a maternidade no Brasil.] Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Vol. 103, No. 1, Jul 1987. 33-42 pp. Washington, D.C. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"The main purpose of this paper is to present some indicators of the development of the health situation in Brazil particularly in regard to mortality in infants under one year of age, adolescents, and women of childbearing age. The conclusions bring out the precariousness of the health conditions of the Brazilian population and the quantitative and qualitative deficiencies of the services available to them, inasmuch as many deaths could be avoided by vaccination or preventive treatment, early medical diagnosis and treatment, and environmental sanitation measures."
Author's address: Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Departamento de Epidemiologia, e Secretaria da Saude, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

53:30727 Mulder, Monique B. On cultural and reproductive success: Kipsigis evidence. American Anthropologist, Vol. 89, No. 3, Sep 1987. 617-34 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Studies testing the evolutionary biological prediction that striving for cultural goals is a proximate means of attaining high reproductive success are reviewed, and some of their problems are examined....In this article, I first examine some of the difficulties in determining the association between cultural success and reproductive success. Attempting to counter these problems, I present new data from the Kipsigis of Kenya that provide substantive evidence for the correlation. In the Discussion section, I examine to what extent this and other studies support the general proposition that cultural patterns of behavior are the outcome of evolutionary processes selecting for culturally, and hence reproductively successful individuals."
Author's address: Evolution and Human Behavior Program, Rackham Building, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:30728 Pison, Gilles. Twins in Africa South of the Sahara: incidence, social status, and mortality. [Les jumeaux en Afrique au sud du Sahara: frequence, statut social et mortalite.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 11, Sep 1987. 47 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Twinning rates in sub-Saharan Africa are analyzed using data from a variety of sources. The results show that twinning rates are significantly higher than in other regions of the world. Furthermore, considerable differences by region in Africa are noted. The relationship between these regional differences and the social status of twins is investigated. Differences in mortality for twins within Africa are also observed. It is suggested that twinning rates are higher and that the mortality of twins during infancy is lower in regions populated by ethnic groups that favor twins.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30729 Rao, V. V.; Murty, J. S. Mortality load disclosed by inbreeding in different castes of Andhra Pradesh. Human Biology, Vol. 58, No. 5, Oct 1986. 699-708 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"The role of socio-cultural differences on the effects of inbreeding on mortality was examined in 1,126 families of representative populations of two scheduled castes (Madiga and Mala), two forward castes (Reddy and Vysya) and Maheshwaris, a noninbred urban community." The data were collected in field surveys undertaken between 1980 and 1982 in and around Hyderabad City, India. "It is suggested that negative regressions in the low caste groups might have been due to low genetic mortality resulting from a lower frequency of deleterious genes and higher homozygosity of genes adapted to the environment under the high levels of inbreeding in these groups."
Author's address: Department of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30730 Reddy, B. Mohan; Chopra, Virendra P.; Malhotra, Kailash C. Opportunity for natural selection with special reference to population structural measures among the Vadde. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 14, No. 3, May-Jun 1987. 249-61 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"Crow's indices of opportunity for natural selection have been studied among the Vadde, a fishing community of Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India. The sample comes from 15 of the 60 fishing villages. The indices were computed both at the level of village and population units. A village sample of Palle, another fishing group in the area, has also been analysed for the purpose of comparison. An attempt has been made to explain variation in selection indices among the villages using population structural measures. A wide variation is found in both the fertility and mortality indices between the villages. The values were compatible with those found for other fishing groups studied previously, and in the middle of the range observed for the Indian populations (about 100) studied so far. Population structural measures are found to explain a significant amount of variation in [the index of mortality and the index of total selection] but not in the fertility index."
Author's address: Institut fur Humanbiologie, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30731 Rogers, A. R.; Jorde, L. B. The effect of non-random migration on genetic differences between populations. Annals of Human Genetics, Vol. 51, No. 2, May 1987. 169-76 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Models of genetic population structure generally assume that emigrants from each local group are drawn at random from the set of individuals born there. We show that small violations of this assumption can have disproportionately large effects on genetic population structure....The effect of migration on group differences can be studied by comparing the distribution of genotypes among birthplaces with that among adult residences. We shall introduce a statistical method for this purpose and use it to analyze data from the Aland Islands, Finland."
Author's address: Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.
Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

53:30732 Soliani, L.; Anelli, A.; Anghinetti, W.; Siri, E. Surname and name analyses of the demographic, biological, and cultural variations of the community and the population. [Analisi con cognomi e nomi delle variazioni demografiche biologiche e culturali di comunita e popolazioni.] Genus, Vol. 42, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1986. 55-88 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The use of surnames and given names to identify and study subpopulations is explored using data from Italian marriage records from 29 parishes in Alta Val Parma from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and more recent data from the Lipari Islands.
Author's address: Facolta di Economia e Commercio, Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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