Volume 53 - Number 3 - Fall 1987

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

53:30607 Andre, Robert; Guilmot, Pierre. Analysis of aging in urban areas of Wallonia. [Analyse du vieillissement dans les aires d'influence urbaine en Wallonie.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 307, 403-14 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper first examines the recent changes of the age structure of the Belgian linguistic regions and proposes a typology of demographic ageing in the internal regions of Wallonia at the 1981 census. It then undertakes an explanatory analysis of population projections so as to elucidate the demographic mechanisms of the evolution of the age structure in Wallonia and to estimate their effects at medium and long terms."
Author's address: Centre de Demographie, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 44 Avenue Jeanne, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30608 Carvalho, Carlos A. da C. Population characteristics of East Timor. [Coordenadas da populacao de Timor-Leste.] Revista do Centro de Estudos Demograficos, No. 27, 1985. 43-136 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The population characteristics of East Timor are described using data from a variety of sources, with particular reference to the 1970 census. A variety of indirect methods of estimation using the incomplete data available are applied. The results indicate both the undeveloped state of the population in 1970 and the demographic losses following the occupation of East Timor by Indonesia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30609 Chauvire, Yvan. The geography of aged households in France and its evolution from 1962 to 1982. [La geographie des menages ages en France et son evolution de 1962 a 1982.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 12-3, 97-107 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the geographic distribution of French households whose heads are aged 65 or older for the period 1962-1982. "In 1962, 23.5% of household heads were aged 65 or more. They were mostly located in the Parisian area, the South-West and the South of France. In 1982, aged households were more numerous but their proportion of the total number of households has not increased (23.3%). Aged household heads were more likely to be male and to be in advanced old ages in 1982 than in 1962. They also had a different spatial distribution. The most striking phenomenon of the evolution is the growing isolation of aged women and particularly widows."
Author's address: Universite de Paris I, Institut de Geographie, 191 Rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30610 Clarke, John I. Ageing in Europe: introductory remarks. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 9, 23-8 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author provides an overview of demographic aging in Europe. Data are presented in tabular form for member countries of the Council of Europe and concern proportions of the population over age 65 and over age 75, 1950-1985; aging indexes for the early 1980s; average life expectancies by sex, 1970 and early 1980s; and numbers and percentages of elderly people for the early 1980s. It is noted that "the overall average of those aged 65 and over is 13 per cent, so there are more than 64 million in this age group; in Northern Europe they constitute 15 percent and in Western Europe 14 per cent."
Author's address: University of Durham, Old Shire Hall, Durham DH1 3HP, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30611 Compton, Paul. The geography of the elderly population of Northern Ireland. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 16, 181-94 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
This paper is organized into three parts. "Firstly, an overview of the geography of the elderly in Northern Ireland is presented; secondly, a more detailed discussion of the [elderly] in the city of Belfast is developed; and thirdly, the paper concludes with a projection of the elderly population of Northern Ireland up to the year 2011." The focus is on change since 1971.
Author's address: Queen's University, University Road, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30612 Craig, John. Changes in the population composition of England and Wales since 1841. Population Trends, No. 48, Summer 1987. 27-36 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author analyzes changes in the population composition of England and Wales since 1841 using data from early publications of the General Register Office. The main changes identified are "a three-fold increase in the population of England and Wales from 15 million to just over 50 million. Major changes in the age-structure. In 1841 there were five children under 15 for every person over 60; now the numbers are about equal. The balance between country and town is quite different; what is now Greater London had a population of only 2.2 million in 1841, and whereas Surrey's population has increased seven-fold Powys is the only county with fewer people."
Author's address: Population Statistics Division, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, London, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30613 Dannefer, Dale. Aging as intracohort differentiation: accentuation, the Matthew effect, and the life course. Sociological Forum, Vol. 2, No. 2, Spring 1987. 211-36 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"This paper proposes that aging be conceptualized, in part, as a consequence of social processes that regulate the internal differentiation of cohorts." The author demonstrates that "focusing upon intracohort differentiation over the life course leads to a mobilization of sociological findings whose age-related implications have not been exploited. Using the phenomenon of 'aged heterogeneity' as an illustrative case, it is suggested that intracohort differentiation--operating through macro-level, organizational, and micro-level processess--can explain significant phenomena of aging previously neglected by theory, or else assumed to be psychological in origin. These processes specify Merton's 'Matthew effect'. Implications for biological aging and for research are briefly discussed."
Author's address: Graduate School of Education and Human Development, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30614 Delamarre, Aliette. The geography of "third-age clubs" in France. [La geographie des clubs du troisieme age en France.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 307, 387-401 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The distribution of "third-age clubs" in France is considered. These clubs have been developed throughout France to cater to the needs of the elderly. The author uses data on the geographic distribution of such clubs to assess the distribution of the elderly population.
Author's address: Universite Paris 7, U.E.R. de Geographie, Histoire et Sciences de la Societe, Section de Geographie, Tour 34-44, 3e Etage 2, Place Jussieu, 75221 Paris Cedex, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30615 Gaymu, Joelle. Demographic aging in districts of large French towns. [Le vieillissement demographique des quartiers des grandes villes francaises.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 13-4, 125-35 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic aging in 12 urban districts in France is analyzed for the years 1962-1982. It is found that those cities with the larger proportion of elderly in 1962 and in 1982 are the same. Characteristics of those areas having the largest concentrations of elderly people are examined.
Author's address: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30616 Grundy, Emily. Household change and migration among the elderly in England and Wales. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 13, 109-23 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In the first part of the paper, data from the OPCS Longitudinal Study will be used to examine changes in the distribution of the elderly population by household type between 1971 and 1981; regional variations within England and Wales will also be considered. Linked census data will then be used to look at changes in the composition of sample members' households between the censuses and the association between these household changes, migration and other events, such as widowhood."
Author's address: Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London (KQC), 552 King's Road, London SW10 0UA, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30617 Kostrubiec, Benjamin. Aging trends in the Polish population. [Evolution du processus de vieillissement de la population polonaise.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 305, 329-42 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic aging in Poland during the post-World War II period is discussed, with attention to regional variations in the proportions of elderly and in dependency ratios. Socioeconomic problems associated with a growing elderly population and Polish government actions in this regard are outlined.
Author's address: Universite de Lille I, U.F.R. de Geographie, Bat. 2, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30618 Kostrubiec, Benjamin. An overview of population aging in the countries of Eastern Europe. [Apercu general du vieillissement des populations de la communaute des pays de l'Est.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 305-6, 343-56 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Aspects of demographic aging in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, the German Democratic Republic, Romania, Czechoslovakia, the USSR, Albania, and Yugoslavia are compared. Attention is given to similarities and differences in total population, the evolution of major age groups, indicators of aging, median and average age, dependency ratios, expectation of life at birth, selected demographic rates for the elderly, natural increase, and population policies.
Author's address: Universite de Lille I, U.F.R. de Geographie, Bat. 2, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30619 Lutz, Wolfgang. Effects of fertility trends on population aging in Finland. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 25, 1987. 19-29 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
The author examines demographic determinants of population aging in Finland, with an emphasis on the effects of fertility patterns on age structure. Official statistics and U.N. estimates are used to trace age structure changes since 1751 and to project future developments to 2025. Age-specific growth rates for the years 1830-1985 are analyzed, and the relative effects of fertility and mortality on aging are assessed using a simple decompositional model. Calculating old-age dependency ratios for the years 1750-2025, the author notes the rapid increase in these ratios since 1950 and the anticipated rise that will occur when the baby boom cohorts reach retirement in the twenty-first century.
Author's address: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30620 Noin, Daniel; Warnes, Anthony. Elderly people and ageing. Proceedings of the Franco-British Symposium, London, July 1986. [Personnes agees et vieillissement. Actes du Symposium Franco-Britannique, Londres, juillet 1986.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 300 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng; Fre.
These are the proceedings of a symposium on demographic aging and the elderly initiated by the Population Commission of the International Geographical Union, held in London, England, July 9-11, 1986. The symposium "was a joint Franco-British occasion, at which a dozen specialists from each nation and several guests were able to compare and contrast developments in the two nations on the basis of the original papers presented. It was also a meeting of the two disciplines of demography and geography, providing an opportunity for their different perspectives and approaches to be exchanged and evaluated....As geographers had taken the initiative for the meeting, the emphasis was on spatial diversity and geographical questions." The papers are in English or French, with summaries in both languages.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30621 Noin, Daniel. The very aged population in France. [La population tres agee en France.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 10, 29-40 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper is concerned with the evolution, geographical distribution, structure, ageing and mortality of the very elderly, defined as the 75-plus age group [in France]. Since the Second World War, this age group has rapidly increased. This population is predominantly female (60%), and made up of one-person households (60%); a small proportion live in retirement homes or nursing homes (9%). The number of older people within the very elderly population has grown substantially, essentially as a result of an increase in life expectancy. The mortality of the very elderly is characterised by major geographical inequalities which are an extension of those observed for the under 75s."
Author's address: Universite de Paris 1, UER 08-Geographie, 191 Rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30622 Parant, Alain. Demographic aging: a new challenge for Japan. [Le vieillissement demographique: un nouveau defi pour le Japon.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 306, 357-64 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic aging in Japan is discussed using official government and international sources. Attention is given to changes in life expectancy, fertility trends since 1950, projections of the population by age and sex to 2025, and regional variations in the proportions of elderly.
Author's address: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30623 Parant, Alain. Population aging in French cantons from 1962 to 1982. [Le vieillissement demographique des cantons francais de 1962 a 1982.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 11-2, 75-86 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines demographic aging in France at the canton level for the periods 1962-1975 and 1975-1982. "During the former sub-period, population ageing, defined in its strict sense as the increase in the proportion of persons aged 65 and over, became more pronounced and more widespread, whereas in the latter, it seems to have marked time. However, the 'rejuvenation' from the top of the population pyramid has not nearly made up for the previous ageing. Moreover, this stagnation, apart from the fact that it is only temporary, is accompanied at all geographical levels by an ageing of the elderly population itself."
Author's address: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30624 Poulain, Michel. Local aging of the population of Wallonia. [La vieillissement local de la population en Wallonie.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 306-7, 375-86 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic aging in the Walloon region of Belgium is discussed, with reference to the anticipated growth in the population over age 75 in the early twenty-first century. The role of internal migration, involving both labor out-migration and retirement in-migration, in intensifying spatial variations in age distribution is considered.
Author's address: Institut de Demographie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place de l'Universite 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30625 Rees, Philip. How many old people will there be in the United Kingdom and where will they live? Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 11, 57-72 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper begins by reviewing the results of the existing projections of the elderly population of the United Kingdom by the Government Actuary, the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys and academics, both at national and sub-national levels, identifying the importance of two key assumptions: the future course of improvement in mortality experience, and the future directions of internal migration (both before and after retirement). A set of new projections are carried out for a twenty region system (of ex-metropolitan counties, official regions and region remainders) using multiregional methods and alternative future courses for mortality and migration scenarios. The implications of these projections for the elderly population of the United Kingdom are analyzed."
Author's address: School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30626 Rees, Philip H. Components of elderly population change. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 471, Sep 1986. 14, [18] pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"The paper develops simple methods for analyzing the components of change inherent in a multiregional population projection and applies those methods to the study of elderly population change in 20 United Kingdom regions. The pattern of current component change through mortality and migration (internal and external) is shown to be closely related to geographical location and urbanization class of the regions across all elderly age groups. The pattern of future 'natural increase' of the elderly is shown to be closely related to past fertility and past migration history of the regions."
Publisher's address: School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30627 Sadhu, Kanan K. Bio-demographic study of Kashmiris. ISBN 81-212-0072-5. 1987. viii, 217 pp. Gian Publishing House: Delhi, India. In Eng.
The primary focus of this study is on the diversity in the biological and demographic characteristics among the Kashmiri population of India, in particular on the effects of changes in socioeconomic status and the environment on such factors. The author compares the Muslim and Pandit populations, with emphasis on differences between populations living in urban and semi-urban areas. The data are from various localities in Srinagar, Sopore, and Delhi, concern 406 Pandit and 333 Muslim women, and were collected in a random survey. The results emphasize the impact of maternal constitution on fertility and the relationship between the mother's physique and the sex ratio of her children. The relationship between family planning and sex preferences is considered.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:30628 Shuman, Tarek M. Aging in the third world. Populi, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1986. 23-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Trends in population aging and projections to the year 2025 are compared for third world regions. Factors influencing the countries' anticipated age structures, including differing levels of fertility and mortality decline, are discussed. The social and economic concerns mentioned include dependency burdens, financing of social security systems, and changes in family and community structures as well as in their roles in supporting the elderly. Policy recommendations concerning care for the aging third world population are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30629 Tabutin, Dominique. Some perspectives on the elderly population in young countries. [Quelques perspectives des populations agees dans les pays jeunes.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 306, 365-73 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author considers the pace of demographic aging among the populations of developing countries, emphasizing similarities to the process of aging in the developed countries. The geopolitical implications of demographic aging in the developing regions and the particular situations of rural populations and of women are discussed.
Author's address: Departement de Demographie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place de l'Universite 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30630 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. The aging of the French population in time and space. [Le vieillissement de la population francaise dans le temps et l'espace.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 12, 87-95 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the history and future prospects of demographic aging in France. Attention is given to fluctuations in the size of the elderly population over time and to the long-term increase in the relative size of this subpopulation. Projections to the early twenty-first century are included along with maps illustrating spatial variations in the aging process.
Author's address: U.F.R. de Geographie, Universite de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30631 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. Trends in age structure and aging in the populations of industrialized countries. [Evolution des structures par age et vieillissement des populations des pays industrialises.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 415-26 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre.
This is a collection of graphs, charts, and maps pertaining to indicators of demographic aging in industrialized countries. The data are from U.N. statistical yearbooks and population projections and are for the years 1950-2000.
Author's address: Universite de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30632 Valentei, D. I. The aged population. [Naselenie tret'ego vozrasta.] Narodonaselenie, 1986. 269 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of papers by different authors concerning the aged population in the USSR. Chapters are included on problems and prospects of an aging population; demographic and social policies on aging; migration of the aged; the aged population in urban areas; social and economic aspects of caring for an aging population; employed pensioners; labor activity of retired agricultural workers; and the aging of the population throughout the world.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30634 Valkonen, Tapani; Nikander, Timo. Demographic changes in the aged populations of four Nordic countries. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 25, 1987. 9-18 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
The authors compare aspects of demographic change among the aged populations in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden using official statistics for 1960-1980 and projections for the years 1985-2010. For comparative purposes, this analysis defines the aged population as those over the age of 75. The sizes and growth rates of the aged population and the sex and age compositions are compared. Consideration is given to components of change in the aged population, including changes in cohort size, survival rates, and net migration flows; the relative influence of these components is assessed. It is found that "the probability of surviving from birth to old age is the most important factor influencing the growth of the aged population. The growth of the aged population has been most rapid in Finland, because the survival probability of cohorts born in the late 19th century was very low and the relative increase of survival has been greater in Finland than in the other countries."
Author's address: Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki, Fabianinkatu 33, 00170 Helsinki, Finland.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30635 Warnes, Anthony. Population geography and ageing in Britain and France: research and applied issues. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 21, 291-300 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Implications of demographic aging for France and the United Kingdom in the second half of the twentieth century are considered. "The importance of issues such as the progress of late age mortality improvement and the changing patterns of elderly people's migrations are stressed. A number of applied issues are also discussed, such as the relationship between elderly population numbers, health ratings, and health and social service demands. It is argued that the implications of population ageing are not entirely problematic or burdensome...."
Author's address: Department of Geography and Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College, London WC2R 2LS, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30636 Warnes, Anthony M. The ageing of Britain's population: geographical dimensions. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1987. 304-5, 317-27 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Trends in the demographic aging of the population of the United Kingdom are discussed using official statistics and projections. It is found that "the ageing of Britain's population proceeded rapidly between 1901 and 1971 but has now slowed. Even the very high rates of increase of the population aged 75 or more years are likely to moderate in the 1990s. Further increases in the elderly population will be strongly influenced by trends in late-age mortality....The distribution of elderly people in Britain has altered towards a less urban and more peripheral distribution, partly as a result of the migrations undertaken by elderly people. Rapid changes in the household distribution of elderly people are taking place, with one and two person households becoming more predominant."
Author's address: King's College (KQC), Strand, London WC2R 2LS, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30637 Warnes, Anthony M. The distribution of the elderly population of Great Britain. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1987. 10-1, 41-56 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author examines the distribution of the elderly population in the United Kingdom using data on pensioners in 1981 as well as some data for earlier years. "Elderly people are most numerous in the large cities, but a distinctive geographical distribution of the areas of over-representation is described. This includes concentrations in the coastal and lowland rural regions of Britain which arise in large part from migration away from the major urban areas around the age of retirement." Maps are used to illustrate the distribution of the elderly among regions as well as changes over time in the distribution.
Author's address: Department of Geography and Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College, London, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

53:30638 Floris, G.; Murgia, E.; Sanciu, G. M.; Sanna, E. Age at menarche in Sardinia (Italy). Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 14, No. 3, May-Jun 1987. 285-6 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The median age at menarche in 1,080 Sardinian girls [in Italy] (ages 11.00-16.49 years) was calculated with the status quo method and probit analysis as 12.78 [plus or minus] 0.06 years."
Author's address: Institute of Anthropological Sciences, Universita di Cagliari, Via Universita 40, 09100 Cagliari, Sardinia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30639 Helm, Peter; Helm, Sven. Uncertainties in designation of age at menarche in the nineteenth century: revised mean for Denmark, 1835. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 14, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1987. 371-4 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The earliest Danish study of mean age at menarche by Ravn (Fenger 1850) is analysed with special reference to age recordings and their subsequent groupings into age-classes. Uncertainties of interpretation of the age designations are discussed, and it is argued that, in all probability, mean age at menarche was 17 years in the samples of Danish women born around 1820, rather than below 16 years as believed previously."
Author's address: 28 Slotsgade, DK-3400 Hillerod, Denmark.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30640 Kim, Sung-Moo; Park, Jung-Duck; Chung, Kyou-Chull. A study on the menarche of Korean women. Chung-Ang Journal of Medicine, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1986. 343-50 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Kor. with sum. in Eng.
Age at menarche and the factors affecting it in the Republic of Korea are analyzed using data on 1,353 women enrolling in a freshman university class in 1985. The mean age at menarche was 13.9 years. Menarche occurred later for those from rural areas and those born before 1965.
Author's address: Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 151, Republic of Korea.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

53:30641 Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (Buenos Aires, Argentina); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile); Centro de Estudios de Poblacion [CENEP] (Buenos Aires, Argentina). The censuses of the 1990s: economic characteristics of the population. [Los censos del 90: caracteristicas economicas de la poblacion.] Estudios INDEC, No. 8, 1987. 430 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of a seminar held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 28-31, 1986, concerning the economic characteristics of the population of Latin American countries, with a focus on the 1990 census round. The papers are grouped into sessions on international recommendations for the 1990 census round, economic activity, the training of census enumerators, types of occupation, characteristics of workplaces, working conditions, and the integration of statistical systems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30642 Bhattacharya, N.; Pal, Padmaja. Variation in the level of living across social groups in India during 1973-74. Demography India, Vol. 15, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1986. 253-7 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The authors compare the standard of living, as measured by per capita consumption expenditure, among five social-class groups in India using data from a national sample survey.
Author's address: Economic Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30643 Soonthorndhada, Amara; Kanungsukkasem, Uraiwan; Saiprasert, Sirinan. A time-allocation study on rural women: an analysis of productive and reproductive roles. IPSR Publication, No. 105, ISBN 974-586-128-6. Jan 1987. 86 pp. Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research [IPSR]: Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This study examines the role of women within the rural household economy and with regard to various household survival strategies [in] the Northeastern region of Thailand....[Objectives of the study are] to examine how the domestic labour system operates within the rural community in determining women's social status through the nature of their involvement in production and reproduction, to demonstrate the interrelationships between women's perceptions of their role and status with regard to their reproductive behaviour, [and] to examine various factors such as time allocation resource control and household's access to production which play a crucial role in maintaining the household economy....[The focus is] on the social and cultural contexts in understanding women's time allocation strategy rather than [on determining] the exact hours spent on productive and reproductive functions among the rural women." Data are for 40 married women living in two villages in the district of Nangrong, Buriram Province.
Author's address: Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, 25/25 Puthamoltol 4, Sataya 73170, Nakornpathom, Thailand.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30644 Treas, Judith. The effect of women's labor force participation on the distribution of income in the United States. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 13, 1987. 259-88 pp. Palo Alto, California. In Eng.
The effect of women's labor force participation on income distribution in the United States is reviewed. "Because the wives of highly paid men participate less in the labor force, the earnings of working wives make the distribution of pretax, money income more equal for families than it might otherwise be. Although there is considerable speculation that future developments in women's labor force participation may foster greater inequality, the empirical results are mixed." The factors that need to be considered in future research are outlined.
Author's address: Department of Sociology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0032.
Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

53:30645 Behrman, Jere R. Is child schooling a poor proxy for child quality? Demography, Vol. 24, No. 3, Aug 1987. 341-59 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Child quality plays a critical role in economic models of fertility and child investment. But child quality is difficult to observe empirically. Therefore, in empirical studies, child quality is frequently represented by child schooling. However, economic models of household investment in children suggest that child schooling may be a very poor or even inverse proxy for child quality."
Author's address: Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30646 Mukherjee, S. P.; Chattopadhyay, A. K. Measures of mobility and some associated inference problems. Demography India, Vol. 15, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1986. 269-80 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"In the present paper some new measures of social mobility have been suggested. Further, inference problems involving some of the measures have been considered and a procedure for testing the hypothesis regarding the extent of mobility in a given society, by using minimum discrimination information statistic...has been discussed." The geographic focus is worldwide.
Author's address: Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Calcutta, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

53:30647 Berquo, Elza; Bercovich, Alicia; Garcia, Estela M. A study of the demographic dynamics of the Negro population of Brazil. [Estudo da dinamica demografica da populacao negra no Brasil.] Texto NEPO, No. 9, Sep 1986. 59, [2] pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Campinas, Brazil. In Por.
This paper contains analyses of data on the composition of the Brazilian population according to ethnic group, and on the age and sex structure and urban or rural residence of the African-origin population of Brazil.
Publisher's address: Caixa Postal 1170, Campinas SP, Brazil.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30648 Curtis, S. E.; Ogden, P. E. Bangladeshis in London: a challenge to welfare. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 3, Dec 1986. 135-50 pp. Poitiers, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Immigrants of Bangladeshi origin living in Britain are a relatively small part of the population from the New Commonwealth. They are, however, highly distinctive, particularly in their degree of residential concentration within parts of inner London. The paper has two aims: first, using 1981 census data, to plot immigrant distribution within a national and London-wide context; second, to explore some of the implications of this concentration for the provision of welfare services, particularly health, within one of the city's most deprived boroughs."
Author's address: Queen Mary College, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30649 Farley, Reynolds; Allen, Walter R. The color line and quality of life in America. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, ISBN 0-87154-223-4. LC 86-10079. 1987. xxiv, 493 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study, undertaken for the National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census, is one in a series of volumes concerned with analyses of the 1980 U.S. census results. In the present volume, the authors "compare demographic, social, and economic characteristics of blacks and whites to discover how and to what extent racial identity influences opportunities and outcomes in our society." Data are primarily from the 1980 census, but are supplemented by earlier censuses and national and local surveys. "Each chapter in this book examines the comparative status of black and white Americans. We look at the internal diversity of blacks and whites; we also look at the groups in relation to one another and over time. Chapters 2-5 examine the dynamic population processes of fertility, mortality, growth, and migration. Over time, these processes have changed not only the size, but also the age structure and geographic location of the black and white populations in the United States. Chapter 6 describes marital status and family structure; Chapter 7 describes educational attainment and school enrollment; Chapters 8-11 focus on the economic statuses of blacks and whites as revealed in the 1980 census. Of special importance in this connection is the relationship of economic status to other characteristics of the individual. In Chapter 12, we compare foreign-born and native-born blacks....We consciously examine the impact of race on the lives of black and white Americans and find that the sociological reality of race is more important than its biological reality."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30650 Fleischer, Henning. Foreigners in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1986. [Auslander im Bundesgebiet 1986.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 3, Mar 1987. 219-22 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The author provides data for recent years on the foreign population in the states of the Federal Republic of Germany and compares the West German foreign population with that of other European countries and the world. The data indicate increased migration, particularly of refugees; decreased emigration of foreigners; and increased births among foreigners. The foreign population is broken down by country of origin, with Turkish immigrants accounting for the largest portion.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:30651 Goldstein, Sidney. Population trends in American Jewry. Judaism, Vol. 36, No. 2, Spring 1987. 135-46 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author examines population trends among Jews in the United States. The effects of decreased immigration, current trends in marriage and fertility, intermarriage, residential mobility, and age structure on the future of the U.S. Jewish population are discussed. The impact of population decline and dispersal on the American Jewish community is considered.
Author's address: Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30652 Monnier, Alain. Franco-Americans and French speakers in the United States. [Franco-Americains et francophones aux Etats-Unis.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 3, May-Jun 1987. 527-42 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The geographic distribution of the 13 million Americans claiming French origins and of Francophones in the United States is described using 1980 census data. Comparisons are made with the Italian- and German-speaking populations in an attempt to provide evidence of the autonomous development of the French language in the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30653 Proebsting, Helmut. Marriages, divorces, births, and deaths of foreigners, 1985. [Eheschliessungen, Scheidungen, Geburten und Sterbefalle von Auslandern 1985.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 3, Mar 1987. 223-9 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Data on marriages, divorces, births, and deaths for Germans and foreigners living in the Federal Republic of Germany are presented for 1985. Tables provide data on marriages by country of origin, 1950-1985, and by state of residence; foreign population by age, sex, and marital status, 1961-1984; marriages by previous marital status, sex, and age, 1975 and 1985; divorces by state of residence, 1977-1985; birth rates for Germans and foreigners, 1975-1985; legitimate and illegitimate births by citizenship, 1960-1985; and births, deaths, and natural increase, 1960-1985.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:30654 Schnapper, Dominique. The limits of the demography of the Jews of the diaspora. [Les limites de la demographie des juifs de la diaspora.] Revue Francaise de Sociologie, Vol. 28, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1987. 319-32 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Methodological problems involved in the demographic study of the Jews of the diaspora are reviewed. The author notes that since there is no accepted legal or religious definition of a Jew, the statistical measurement of this subpopulation is complicated by the fact that it is self-selecting. Consideration is given to the applicability of methods of demographic analysis of the Jews to other subpopulations.
Author's address: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 54 Boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:30655 Tas, R. F. J. Changes of nationality, 1986. [Wijzigingen van nationaliteit, 1986.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 35, No. 7, Jul 1987. 13-20 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Trends in the number of residents in the Netherlands who obtained Dutch nationality over the period 1977-1986 are analyzed. Consideration is given to changes in the rate of successful applications for Dutch nationality by country of origin and to changes in the rate of naturalization over time.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30656 Wolowyna, Oleh. Ethnicity and national identity: demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of persons with Ukrainian mother tongue in the United States. Sources and Documents Series, ISBN 0-916458-14-8. LC 85-80954. 1986. xii, 175 pp. Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute: Cambridge, Massachusetts. Distributed by Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies by various authors on aspects of the demographic characteristics of Ukrainian Americans. Topics covered include spatial distribution, internal migration, marital status, fertility, family characteristics, socioeconomic status, residence characteristics, and housing. A final paper is concerned with the sociological implications of both the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of this population. Data are primarily from the 1970 U.S. census. Consideration is also given to questions of assimilation and of ethnic survival. Preliminary versions of these papers were presented at a 1977 symposium held at Harvard University.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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