Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

53:10739 Bosman, E. The institutional basis of population policy in the member states of the Council of Europe. [Enkele facetten van de institutionele onderbouw van het bevolkingsbeleid in de lidstaten van de Raad van Europa.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 3, Dec 1984. 263-82 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"In this article a brief summary is given of the results of an inquiry held by the Steering Committee on Population in January 1984 on the composition, functions and work of national advisory bodies in the demographic field in the member states of the Council of Europe." The focus is on the government departments responsible for population policies, advice, statistics, and research. The author concludes that not only do arrangements differ significantly among countries, but the provisions for producing the research and data on which realistic policies can be based are generally inadequate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10740 Bourgeois-Pichat, Jean. Some speculation on the challenges of the next decades for the Population Commission. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 159-67 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"After briefly summarizing the development of the terms of reference of the [U.N.] Population Commission over the past 40 years, the author projects its future activities for the near, mid and long term." The author anticipates that future activities will include preparation for another population conference in 1994; increased supervision of population programs within and outside the U.N. system; and work toward an analysis of all population activity in the U.N. system, organized by demographic subject area. He calls for improved utilization of demographic information and the creation of a permanent computerized demographic encyclopedia in the world's major languages. It is projected that future issues facing the United Nations will include shrinking national populations and, ultimately, the establishment of human populations in outer space.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10741 Bourgeois-Pichat, Jean. The Population Commission and CICRED. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 125-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews the history of the Committee for International Co-operation in National Research in Demography (CICRED) since it was established in 1972. "Among its accomplishments are the organization of seminars on demographic research in relation to population growth targets and on infant mortality in relation to the level of fertility, and demographic research in relation to internal migration. CICRED was also instrumental in gaining the co-operation of national research institutions in a project resulting in the publication of 56 national monographs. In co-operation with the [U.N.] Population Division, CICRED prepared and published two editions of a population multilingual thesaurus. This collaboration also led to the creation of the Population Information Network (POPIN)." The Inter-Centre Co-operative Research Programme, started in 1977, is also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10742 Cliquet, R. L.; Bosman, E. Problems concerning Belgian population policy, with special attention to fertility. [Vraagstukken rondom het Belgische bevolkingsbeleid, met bijzondere aandacht voor de vruchtbaarheid.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Jul 1985. 61-70 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut.
Ideological and practical aspects of population policy developments in Belgium since the reforms of 1980 are discussed. The authors note the difficulty of developing a long-term population policy in a country that is divided politically, religiously, and linguistically.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10743 de Miguel, Jesus M.; Diez Nicolas, Juan. Population policies. [Politicas de poblacion.] ISBN 84-239-6524-4. 1985. 302 pp. Espasa-Calpe: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The authors examine population policies, both worldwide and with reference to Spain. Part 1 deals with general concepts and the study of population issues. The focus in Part 2 is on European population policies, with particular reference to changes in the structure of the family and the impact on domestic policies as well as to international policies concerning health and population programs. In Part 3, the authors consider the development of specific policies, with attention to questions concerning women's attitudes, infant health and mortality, life expectancy and aging, the medical profession, and resources for public health.
The authors critically examine seven concepts on which public health policies could be based. They conclude with their own suggestions for both a sound public health policy involving popular participation and a national population policy for Spain.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10744 Donovan, Patricia. Will grandparent liability help curb teenage pregnancy? Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 18, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1986. 264-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author considers the potential impact of a provision of a 1985 Wisconsin law that makes the parents of a dependent minor financially responsible, given certain circumstances, for the minor's children. Provisions of the law, which is designed to reduce the need for abortion, are outlined. The grandparent liability provision is discussed, and subsequent legal challenges to it are summarized. It is noted that the impact of the measure on adolescent sexual behavior and state welfare expenditures is to be assessed prior to 1990, when the provision will terminate unless extended by the legislature.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10745 Freedman, Ronald; Sun, Te-Hsiung; Liu, K.-C.; Chang, Ming-Cheng. Policy options in the second stage of the demographic transition: the case of Taiwan. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 85-88, Nov 1985. 24, {5} pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines the policy options concerning population facing the government of Taiwan over the next few decades. The authors first note that even though Taiwan has achieved zero-growth, replacement-level fertility, population will continue to grow for several decades. Separate consideration is then given to policy options concerning population growth, the family planning program, changes in the age structure, and other areas of life. The relevance of Taiwan's situation to other developing countries is discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10746 Gille, Halvor. Population assistance to governments. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 129-38 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the development of technical assistance as a function of the U.N. Population Commission, noting that when it was first established the Commission was not responsible for providing technical assistance to governments. Its work in the 1950s focused on data collection and analytic studies as well as assistance in population policy and action programs. The 1960s saw controversy over the issue of technical assistance in population and a shift toward direct assistance with population problems. A new emphasis on family planning programs and the creation of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) followed. Changes in technical cooperation since 1978, when the Population Programme and Projects Office was transferred to the Department of Technical Co-operation for Development, are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10747 Hauser, Philip M. The early years of the Population Commission. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 2-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This article focuses on the work of the U.N. Population Commission in the decade following its establishment in 1946. Early commission recommendations are discussed, most of which emphasized assisting governments in developing and improving their demographic data; the commission's emphasis on the interrelationship between population and economic and social development is noted. The author discusses obstacles confronting the commission, including basic differences among members and among their countries' population policies as well as language problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10748 Heckel, Nancy I. Population laws and policies in sub-Saharan Africa: 1975-1985. International Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1986. 122-4 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author surveys population laws and policies in effect in sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade. Explicit policies, implicit policy trends, and legal reforms are considered. Recent high-level government initiatives are noted, while the question of the demographic impact of these measures remains unanswered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10749 Heeren, H. J. Problems of population policy in the Netherlands. [Vraagstukken van bevolkingsbeleid in Nederland.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Jul 1985. 41-50 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author takes issue with "the Report of the Netherlands Interdepartmental Committee on Population Policy, which stated that 'the present level of population growth does not exclude the attainment of a stationary population'." It is argued instead that an increase in immigration is the only way to achieve a stationary population because neither a spontaneous increase in fertility nor the necessary effective population policy measures can be expected.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10750 International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP] (Liege, Belgium). The Population Commission and IUSSP. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 115-24 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper describes the interactions between the United Nations system and IUSSP [International Union for the Scientific Study of Population] since the Second World War, noting that those co-operative efforts have antecedents going back to the last century." The collaborative efforts have included the publishing of the "Multilingual Demographic Dictionary", the development of criteria for internationally comparable studies in fertility and family planning, the development of a manual and a monograph on the evaluation of family planning programs, the creation of a manual and methods of analyzing internal migration, and the organization of a series of regional population conferences. A table showing the scientific contributions submitted at recent IUSSP general conferences by members of the U.N. Secretariat and its specialized agencies is provided.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10751 Menon, P. Sankar. The regional population programmes of the United Nations. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 139-45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews the development of regional population programs under the guidance of the U.N. Population Commission since the mid-1950s. The four developing regions involved are Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, and Western Asia. Early tasks included establishing staffs of demographers in regional commission secretariats and developing regional training centers to analyze the demographic aspects of regional development problems. The author describes the substantive aspects of the programs and notes the influence their activities have had in raising government awareness of population and its relationship to development issues. The work of each regional training center is presented individually.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10752 Mundigo, Axel I. Seminar on the use of demographic knowledge for population policy formulation in Latin America. Lima, Peru, 14-17 January 1986. An overview. IUSSP Newsletter/Bulletin de Liaison, No. 27, May-Aug 1986. 71-100 pp. Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author reports on a seminar on the application of demographic knowledge to population policy in Latin America. "In the absence of reliable empirical evidence, the actual objective of the seminar became an exploration, with Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Bolivia as case studies, of questions such as: what applications, what knowledge, what relationships, what emphases, what transmission mechanisms, what communication channels, what investment by public and private agencies are needed to respond to the demand--actual and potential--for demographic knowledge for policy purposes."
The seminar brought together not only academics, but parliamentarians, members of international agencies, and other professionals concerned with population issues. The focus of the discussion was on ways and means of improving existing flows of information and of expanding knowledge available for policy purposes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10753 Nagelberg, Judith. Promoting population policy: the activities of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation and the Population Council 1959-1966. Pub. Order No. DA8511534. 1985. 291 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines the ways in which the activities of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Population Council between 1959 and 1966 "set in motion a series of changes which culminated in national and intergovernmental action to curb population growth....The study explores how new knowledge fostered linkage between population growth and economic development, leading nations to redefine and broaden their welfare goals to include family planning."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Columbia University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(3).

53:10754 United Nations. Secretariat (New York, New York). Population policy. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 105-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This article reviews population policy research conducted by the United Nations. The three time periods considered are the years 1946 to 1965, the period from the 1965 Belgrade conference to the 1974 Bucharest conference, and 1974 to the present. The focus is on the research and analysis of population policies adopted by governments and on the provision of a neutral forum where scholars are able to present their views and the findings of their individual research.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10755 van de Kaa, D. J. North-South: the role of Europe in population issues. [Noord-Zuid: de rol van Europa in bevolkingsvraagstukken.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, Nov 1985. 97-120 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper highlights some of the major demographic concerns in the developed and developing countries and tries to define Europe's role in the field of population. It stresses that European countries should increase their population assistance, should with priority support population activities which may lead to policies which have a direct influence on future population variables and trends, should give special recognition to the role played by non-governmental organisations and should facilitate the setting up of a European consortium of demographic and related institutes." Tabular data are included on selected demographic indexes for member countries of the Council of Europe and for regions of the world
This was a discussion paper presented at the Council of Europe's North-South Conference: Europe's Role, held in Lisbon, Portugal, April 1984.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

53:10756 Bosman, E. Recent population policy measures in Belgium, especially with respect to fertility. [Recente bevolkingspolitieke maatregelen in Belgie, inzonderheid inzake vruchtbaarheid.] Tijdschrift voor Sociale Wetenschappen, Vol. 30, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1985. 316-29 pp. Gent, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Policy measures affecting fertility, recently adopted in Belgium, are reviewed. The author notes that although responsibility for population matters has been delegated to the respective language groups, the responsibility for family law, divorce, abortion, social security, taxation, and labor policy remains a national responsibility. There are currently no measures in these areas adopted primarily for demographic reasons. Differences between the approaches taken by the French- and Dutch-speaking communities are noted. The author suggests that the French-speaking community has focused on problems relating to contraception and abortion, and the Dutch-speaking community has emphasized social welfare and family policy.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10757 Bronfman, Mario; Lopez, Elsa. Population policies in Mexico. [Les politiques de population au Mexique.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 437-67 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors trace demographic trends in Mexico during the twentieth century, with particular emphasis on fertility during the period 1970-1980 and the implementation of anti-natalist policies. Official statistics concerning recent contraceptive use are presented in tables.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10758 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. When one people becomes two: one Germany and the other. [Quand un peuple en devient deux: une Allemagne et l'autre.] Population et Societes, No. 209, Jan 1987. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Comparisons are made concerning recent demographic trends in the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. The emphasis is on the impact on fertility of pro-natalist legislation adopted in the German Democratic Republic in 1976. The author concludes that the positive effects of such legislation on fertility are relevant to other developed countries concerned with below-replacement levels of fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10759 Cohan, A. S. No legal impediment: access to abortion in the United States. Journal of American Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, Aug 1986. 189-205 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author reviews the development of current legislation and policy concerning induced abortion in the United States since 1965. An explanation is offered as to why access to abortion is ostensibly unfettered but in practice quite restricted. A distinction is made between the concept that the state does not have the right to interfere in certain individual issues, such as abortion, and the obligation of the state to assist those without the means for access to such rights as abortion.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10760 Cosio, Maria E. Population policies in Latin America. [Politiques de population en Amerique Latine.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 413-36 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author assesses the impact of selected policies in Latin America designed to influence either fertility or internal migration. An overview is presented of relevant laws and policies, family planning initiatives, recent demographic trends in the region, selected determinants of fertility, contraceptive use, and efforts to alter the spatial distribution of populations within countries. Little success in efforts to control internal migration is found. With regard to fertility control, developments in contraceptive technology and the frequency of interventions are shown to be significant determinants of success.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10761 Gerard, Hubert. The demographic transition at the mercy of population policy? [La transition demographique a la merci de la politique de la population?] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 397-411 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author considers the role of population policy in influencing the course of the demographic transition. Reasons for initiating and supporting family planning programs and policies are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10762 Greenhalgh, Susan; Bongaarts, John. Fertility policy in China: future options. Center for Policy Studies Working Paper, No. 127, Oct 1986. 31 pp. Population Council, Center for Policy Studies: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper uses a wide range of social, economic, and demographic criteria to evaluate China's present one-child policy and five alternative fertility policies that might guide China's population control efforts until the end of the century, when the one-child policy is scheduled to be abandoned. These criteria include the policies' macrodemographic impact on total population size and population aging; their microdemographic effects on the family's ability to support the elderly, its economic capabilities, and the position of women; and their cultural acceptability to the majority Han Chinese population."
It is found "that the least desirable strategy is to retain the present policy; all the two-child alternatives perform better than the current one-child policy in achieving the macro- and microlevel policy goals considered."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1986, p. 400).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10763 Greenhalgh, Susan; Bongaarts, John. Fertility policy in China: future options. Science, Vol. 235, No. 4793, Mar 6, 1987. 1,167-72 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"A wide range of social, economic, and demographic criteria are used to evaluate China's present one-child policy and five alternative fertility policies that might guide China's population control efforts until the end of the century when the one-child policy is scheduled to be abandoned. These criteria include the policies' macrodemographic impact on total population size and population aging; their microdemographic effects on the family's ability to support the elderly, its economic capabilities, and the position of women; and their cultural acceptability to the majority Han Chinese population. The results suggest that the least desirable strategy is to retain the present policy; all the two-child alternatives perform better than the current one-child policy in achieving the policy goals considered."
Location: Princeton University Library (SQ).

53:10764 Gwan Achu, Emmanuel. Origins and elements of the population policies of Cameroon Republic. Revue Science et Technique: Serie Sciences Humaines/Science and Technology Review: Social Sciences Series, Vol. 3, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1985. 116-28 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author discusses the pro-natalist policies of Cameroon, measures that are not explicit population policies but are instead implied in other government policies and pronouncements. It is argued that "this pronatalist policy partly has its roots in the inherent cultures of the people which have been forged from several years of ravages from epidemic and endemic diseases, inter-tribal conflicts and slave trade. These have been further authenticated, constitutionalised and perpetuated by official policy which bears the stamp of its French colonial masters...."
These policies include "legislation against contraception and abortions, discriminatory taxation in favour of married persons, family allowances and other travel, leave, transfer, retirement, housing and educational benefits and concessions for persons with large families as well as an elaborate network of mother and child health care centers." Attention is also given to the establishment of family planning and family care clinics, contraceptive availability, and illegal abortions.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10765 Kallgren, Joyce K. Family planning in China. Current History, Vol. 85, No. 512, Sep 1986. 269-72, 281, 304 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
Recent developments concerning family planning in China are reviewed. Consideration is given to the one-child policy, incentives and disincentives, program supervision, population quality, demographic aging, and future policy trends.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10766 Leeuw, F. L. Government, population growth, and child support. [Overheid, bevolkingsgroei en kinderbijslag.] Beleid en Maatschappij, Vol. 11, No. 6, Jun 1984. 164-72 pp. Meppel, Netherlands. In Dut.
The demographic impact of child support policies in the Netherlands is reviewed. Comparisons are made with eight other European countries. Consideration is given to the costs of raising a child and attitudes toward family planning and family size in the various countries considered.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10767 Leeuw, F. L. Social science research and population policy: a problematic relationship? [Sociaal-wetenschappelijk onderzoek en bevolkingsbeleid: een problematische relatie?] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Jul 1985. 51-9 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the utilization of social science knowledge in the development of a pro-natalist population policy in the Netherlands. The main problems identified in the development of such long-term policies are public disinterest and the failure of the government to realize the implications of current demographic trends, which may lead to a population decrease within 15 to 20 years. The author identifies a potential conflict between individual wishes and the good of society in demographic matters.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10768 Patton, Charlotte G. The United Nations and the politics of population, 1960-1974. Pub. Order No. DA8506018. 1984. 514 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author traces the development of a new U.N. population policy to respond to rapid population growth between 1960 and 1974. The creation of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) is described in terms of a political process and a Laswellian social process model. The author also discusses the "new ideology [that] emerged to support the concept of an interventionist policy to lower the birth rate." This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Columbia University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(1).

53:10769 Singh, K.; Viegas, O.; Ratnam, S. S. Incentives and disincentives used to affect demographic changes in fertility trends in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2, Apr 1986. 101-7 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
This paper outlines the Eugenic Protection Laws developed in Singapore since 1966, the associated incentives and disincentives designed to affect fertility, and their impact on fertility and maternal and child health. The authors conclude that the successful implementation of such legislation has led to both control of population growth and improved health.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

53:10770 Stetson, Dorothy M. Abortion law reform in France. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol. 17, No. 3, Autumn 1986. 277-90 pp. Calgary, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The process of abortion law reform in France is analyzed. The emphasis is on the political, feminist, and other pressures that shaped the current law, which is one of the most liberal in the Western world.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10771 Ting, Tin-yu; Chen, Hsin-mu. Involuntary family size: an evaluation of mainland China's one-child family policy. Issues and Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, Feb 1986. 45-63 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
The formation, implementation, preliminary results, and problems associated with China's one-child policy are examined. The authors agree that there is a need for a policy to control rapid rates of population growth, but suggest that the government may have miscalculated the demographic, social, economic, and psychological impact of the present policy. They claim that the drastic demographic changes resulting from current policies may lead to future problems as great as those the policies were designed to resolve.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10772 Wakabayashi, Keiko. Problems concerning China's current population policy. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 9, May 1986. 59-69 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses China's population policy, particularly the area of family planning, and problems resulting from this policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

53:10773 De Jong, Gordon F.; Root, Brenda D.; Abad, Ricardo G. Family reunification and Philippine migration to the United States: the immigrants' perspective. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 598-611 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article focuses on the impact of the family reunification provisions in the United States immigration policy for legal immigration from the Philippines. Immigration and Naturalization Service data on the changing pattern of Philippine immigration to the United States between 1971 and 1984 show an increase of nearly two-and-a-half times in the number of immediate family members exempt from numerical limitations, a doubling in the number of immigrants entering under family preference categories, but a marked decline in the number of occupational preference immigrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10774 Ferris, Elizabeth G. The Central American refugees. ISBN 0-275-92221-9. LC 86-21178. 1987. vi, 159 pp. Praeger: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
An analysis of the impact of the migration of Central American refugees to the United States, Honduras, Mexico, and Costa Rica is presented. "Following a brief discussion of the definitional problems invariably attending the study of refugees, the initial chapter of this study addresses the theoretical issues raised by the study of refugees and offers a framework to guide the comprehensive analysis of refugee policymaking. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the Central American refugees themselves in light of the structural changes the refugees reflect. The following four chapters examine the refugee policymaking processes and outcomes for the governments of Mexico, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the United States. The refugee policies of other governments are briefly discussed in the concluding chapter, which also addresses the larger theoretical issues raised by the study."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10775 France. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et Solidarite Nationale. Direction de la Population et des Migrations (Paris, France). 1981-1986: a new immigration policy. [1981-1986: une nouvelle politique de l'immigration.] Documents Affaires Sociales, ISBN 2-11-001584-5. Feb 1986. 119 pp. Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
A summary of French legislation concerning immigration during the period 1981-1986 is presented. Data on migration and on migrant characteristics in France are also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10776 Goodis, Tracy A. A layman's guide to 1986 U.S. immigration reform. Impacts of Immigration in California Policy Discussion Paper, No. PDS-86-4, Dec 1986. 14 pp. Urban Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author summarizes the major provisions of the 1986 U.S. Immigration Reform and Control Act. Attention is given to employer sanctions, the extension of amnesty to selected groups of undocumented immigrants, and the treatment of seasonal agricultural labor. The prospects for the law's achieving its intended results are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10777 Leibowitz, Arnold H. Comparative analysis of immigration in key developed countries in relation to immigration reform and control legislation in the United States. Human Rights Law Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1986. 1-73 pp. Arlington, Virginia/Kehl, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
Legislation concerning illegal migration in France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Australia, and Canada is reviewed. The intention is to provide guidance for the development of appropriate legislation in the United States concerning illegal migration.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10778 Prepon, Leslie R. Immigration reform and control: a selective bibliography. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 17, No. 4, Summer 1985. 1,051-107 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This selective, unannotated bibliography deals with policy concerning immigration to the United States. "The bibliography includes materials which reflect both current and historical views on United States immigration law, policy and practice." It is organized by subject, starting with the immigration law reform initiatives of 1982 and 1983.
Location: Rutgers University Law Library, Newark, N.J.

53:10779 Robey, Bryant. Locking up heaven's door. American Demographics, Vol. 9, No. 2, Feb 1987. 24-9, 55 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The laws adopted in 1986 in the United States to control illegal immigration are described, and their impact is assessed. The author notes that the burden of enforcement will primarily fall on potential employers of illegal immigrants. Attention is given to the demographic characteristics of the illegal migrant population. The author concludes that current U.S. demographic trends may in due course lead to a swing in public opinion in favor of further immigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.