Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

52:30813 Harley, M. Diana; Shapiro, Gary M. Statistical policies and review of demographic reports published by the Census Bureau. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 610-4 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper describes procedures for statistically reviewing reports written in the demographic area of the [U.S.] Census Bureau based on...[established] standards." The types of statements tested and the problems and limitations of the statistical review process are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30814 Mahmud, Simeen; Becker, Stan. Error patterns in children's age reports in retrospective sample surveys. Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1984. 123-35 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The author examines the quality of reported age data for children in Bangladesh using a field study conducted in 1980 in two phases, the first involving detailed pregnancy histories and the second, short census-type questionnaires. "In surveys which employ short census type retrospective questions on births and deaths, it was found that the accuracy of mothers' reports of children's ages was negatively related to mother's age and parity and positively to her level of schooling. Correct ages of surviving children were reported mainly by mothers who were under 30, had less than 4 live births and had attended at least one year of formal school."
In the more detailed pregnancy history survey, "it was discovered that data quality was substantially improved by asking the mothers to give the Bengali month of each birth....The proportion of reported ages of currently living children that were exact increased from less than one-fifth to just over one half when the Bengali month of birth together with more exhaustive probing was applied." Suggestions are made for designing survey techniques to reduce age reporting errors.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30815 Norris, Peter; Jones, Kelvyn. Planning applications of area classification: some examples from Hampshire. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 97-111 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the application of area classification, using cluster analysis, to U.K. census data in order to meet the data needs of local authorities for planning purposes. Examples from Hampshire are provided. "A number of practical applications of area classification are discussed in varying detail, most of them drawn from the town and country planning and medical fields. Particular strengths of area classification are emphasized, as is the importance of the operational decisions taken in producing a classification."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30816 United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa [ECA] (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Concepts, definitions and classifications of international migration statistics in Africa. Statistical Information Bulletin for Africa/Bulletin d'Information Statistique pour l'Afrique, No. 17; E/ECA/SIB/17, 1985. 1-20 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Concepts, definitions, and classifications of international migration statistics are described, with particular reference to Africa. Consideration is given to sources of data, including censuses and surveys, and to differences in the data among countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30817 United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa [ECA] (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Problems of identification and measurement of special categories of persons that cross international boundaries in Africa. Statistical Information Bulletin for Africa/Bulletin d'Information Statistique pour l'Afrique, No. 17; E/ECA/SIB/17, 1985. 34-42 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Problems of data collection related to special categories of persons who are international migrants are explored. The geographic focus is on Africa, and the special categories considered are nomads and refugees.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30818 United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa [ECA] (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Sources of international migration statistics in Africa. Statistical Information Bulletin for Africa/Bulletin d'Information Statistique pour l'Afrique, No. 17; E/ECA/SIB/17, 1985. 21-33 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
A review of available sources of data on international migration in Africa is presented. Separate consideration is given to administrative records, census or sample survey data, survey data, and indirect methods of estimating net migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30819 Zhou, Guangsheng. On the role played by household registration materials in China's 1982 population census. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 6, Nov 29, 1984. 27-30 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The author examines the relationship between the 1982 census and the population registration system in China. Because the household registration data are so complete (they include data on permanent and temporary residence, births, deaths, and migration), they were used as a starting point for census taking. In order for the census to take advantage of household registrations, the registration data were reviewed and corrected. This both reduced the cost of taking the census and improved the quality of the registration data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

52:30820 India. Office of the Registrar General. Vital Statistics Division (New Delhi, India). Sample Registration Bulletin. Vol. 19, No. 1, Jun 1985. ii, 28 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng; Hin.
This is one in a series of reports giving results from the Sample Registration System (SRS) of India. Data are included on estimated vital rates, 1971-1983; annual birth and death rates, 1980-1983; birth and death rates based on a three-year moving average, 1971-1983; estimated age-specific fertility and mortality rates, 1981; and life expectancy at birth for India and its major states, 1976-1980.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

52:30821 Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (Buenos Aires, Argentina); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile); Canadian International Development Agency [CIDA] (Ottawa, Canada). The population censuses of the 1980s: a workshop for analysis and evaluation. [Los censos de poblacion del 80: taller de analisis y evaluacion.] Estudios INDEC, No. 2, 1985. 407 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of a workshop held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 20-24, 1985, at which developments in census taking were discussed, with particular reference to the experience of Latin American countries in the 1980 census round. Separate sections are included on cartography, spatial subdivisions, and housing characteristics; population characteristics, including education; families and households and economic characteristics; the contents of the census form; the use of samples; the processing of data; and census cartography.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30822 Baines, Jervoise A. Census of India, 1891: a general report. 1985. 324 pp. Manas Publications: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a reprint of a report presenting the results of the 1891 census of India, first published in 1893. Sections are included on population distribution; migration; occupations; ethnic groups, including language, religion, and caste, tribe, or race; literacy; handicapped population; sex distribution; marriage and widowhood; and age distribution. The census covered an area that includes present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Burma.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30823 Bair, Robert R.; Torrey, Barbara B. The challenge of census taking in developing countries. Government Information Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1985. 433-52 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
This paper describes the new and inexpensive technologies that have been developed at the U.S. Bureau of the Census in order to assist in data processing of census results in developing countries. The process of U.S. technical assistance in this field is described. The authors then consider differences and similarities in processing and producing census data. The article concludes with a discussion of the available technologies, including microcomputing software developed for the 1990 census round.
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

52:30824 Behar, Cem. The 1300 (1883) and 1332 (1905) tahrirs as sources for Ottoman historical demography. Arastirma Raporu/Research Papers, No. 85/03, [1985?]. 37, [2] pp. Bogazici Universitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu: Istanbul, Turkey. In Eng.
The author presents a detailed description of the 1883 and 1905 censuses of the Ottoman Empire (known as the 1300 and 1332 censuses according to the Hegirian calendar), the regulations under which they were conducted, and the types of data collected. Attention is given to efforts to establish permanent population registers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30825 Brown, Rachel F. Research on the uses of administrative records for the 1990 census. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 443-8 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
After reviewing problems that restricted the use of administrative records in the 1980 U.S. census, the author discusses the possibility of using these records in the 1990 census for such purposes as improving the completeness of the census count, evaluating coverage and content, improving content, collecting census data, enumerating special places, and creating an administrative records census.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30826 Charlton, Martin; Openshaw, Stan; Wymer, Colin. Some new classifications of census enumeration districts in Britain: a poor man's ACORN. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 69-96 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article reports some results from a project, sponsored by the Economic and Social Research Council, that is concerned with developing a classification of the 130,000 Enumeration Districts for which 1981 [U.K.] Census of Population data are available." The cluster analysis techniques developed are described, and their applicability to data analysis in other countries is considered. The problems of obtaining stable results are discussed, and their sensitivity to a number of operational factors are investigated.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30827 Chilton, Roland; Sutton, Gordon F. Classification by race and Spanish origin in the 1980 census and its impact on white and nonwhite rates. American Statistician, Vol. 40, No. 3, Aug 1986. 197-201 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
A basic change concerning the racial classification of persons of Spanish origin used in the 1980 U.S. census is examined for its impact on white and nonwhite population counts, particularly in urban areas. "Arrest rates by race for central city Phoenix together with 1980 census data by race and ethnicity for Phoenix and 11 other central cities are used to illustrate the substantive effect of changes in the white and 'other race' counts produced by this change in procedure."
The authors consider "remedies for the problems faced by those using published census data..., and one possibility for creating comparable rates is presented. Closely related complications created by the failure of the Office of Management and Budget to arrive at a single, logical statistical standard for the classification of U.S. residents by race and ethnicity are also identified."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30828 Choldin, Harvey M. Statistics and politics: the "Hispanic issue" in the 1980 census. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 3, Aug 1986. 403-18 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Based upon documents and interviews, this paper presents an analytical history of interactions between the United States Bureau of the Census and Mexican-American leaders preparatory to the 1980 census. Participants confronted several issues, such as defining Hispanic ethnicity, designing instruments and field procedures, and maximizing public participation. Although census officials and ethnic leaders aimed at getting a 'full count,' the former emphasized scientific objectives while the latter emphasized the political."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30829 Danyi, Dezso. The 200th anniversary of the first population census in Hungary. [Az elso Magyarorszagi nepszamlalas ketszazeves evfordulojara.] Nepessegtudomanyi Kutato Intezet Torteneti Demografiai Fuzetei, No. 2, 1985. 71-97, 100, 103-4 pp. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Nepessegtudomanyi Kutato Intezetenek: Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author describes the 1785-1787 census of the Hungarian population and assesses its usefulness. Data from the first census are compared with consecutive censuses, and particularly unreliable information is identified.
It is concluded that "the significance of the first population census is twofold. It gives an opportunity to estimate the size and structure of the population during the period following the cessation of Turkish wars until the end of the 18th century, and at the same time it makes estimates until the mid-19th century possible."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30830 Denham, Chris. The 1981 census in retrospect. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 5-17 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the 1981 census of Britain, which, by many measures, was a success. Its design was straightforward and results were delivered to users on time. The planning and conduct of the census are briefly described, and the data available are summarized. Limitations of a decennial census are recognized and some current problems in its use are assessed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30831 Esenwein-Rothe, Ingeborg. "Census" in the twentieth century: on the indispensability of the census. ["Zensus" im 20. Jahrhundert: uber die Unverzichtbarkeit einer Volkszahlung.] Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Studium, Vol. 13, No. 5, May 1984. 253-7 pp. Munich, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This article focuses on the uses and limits of a population census from a scientific statistical viewpoint, with a geographic emphasis on the Federal Republic of Germany. Comparisons are made among the minimum census program recommended by the United Nations and the U.S. and German census programs. The role of the census in relation to population registers and surveys is also discussed. Finally, the indispensability of the census for economic and social policy is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30832 Herriot, Roger A.; Speaker, Robert C. Residence rules for the 1990 decennial census. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 449-51 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors consider the issues of enumeration rules and residence rules and outline "plans to document current practices, to examine alternatives, and to make recommendations for the 1990 [U.S.] Decennial Census."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30833 Hogan, Howard. Research plan on adjustment for the 1990 decennial census. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 452-7 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
After reviewing the principal uses and levels of census adjustment, the author presents some questions related to adjustment, some proposed answers to these questions, basic assumptions, and potential obstacles. The focus is on preparation for the 1990 U.S. census.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30834 Horvath, Robert. Hungarian population censuses in the era of Joseph. [AII. Jozsef koraban vegrehajtott magyarorszagi nepszamlalas.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 64, No. 6, Jun 1986. 624-39 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Population censuses concerning Hungary conducted during the period of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are reviewed. The emphasis is on the so-called Josephian census of 1784-1785. Consideration is given to subsequent censuses and their data content concerning Hungary.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30835 Liu, Minghao; Zhou, Zugen. Appraisal of advanced sample tabulation of 1982 census of Shanghai. Population Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct 1985. 35-41 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
A comparison is made between the results of the 1982 census of China for Shanghai obtained from the analysis of a 10 percent advanced return sample and the analysis of the complete return. The need for some changes in the selection of appropriate samples in the future is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30836 Masters, R. J. The Scottish experience in 1981: a guide to the future? Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 19-28 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper addresses two issues: first, the way in which census data were made available to local authorities in Scotland is described, and how this has significantly increased the analytical potential of the data compared with the equivalent in England and Wales. Second, local government's general requirements for census-type data are described, with particular reference to the emergence of a trend toward the use of operational data as an alternative to census data."
The author concludes "by drawing implications from the 1981 experience for both the 1991 census in particular and the wider issue of information exchange between central and local government."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30837 Miskura, Susan; Woltman, Henry; Thompson, John. Research plan: uses of sampling for the census count. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 458-63 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This paper focuses on four ways to use sampling to obtain population and housing counts in the 1990 U.S. census: a sample census, sampling for nonresponse follow-up, sampling for verification, and sampling for coverage improvement. Cost, legal, political, perceptual, adjustment-related, technical, and operational issues are among the subjects covered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30838 Passel, Jeffrey S.; Robinson, J. Gregory. Revised estimates of the coverage of the population in the 1980 census based on demographic analysis: a report on work in progress. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 160-5 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors use demographic analysis techniques to revise the estimates of coverage of the 1980 U.S. census in the areas of birth and death statistics, immigration statistics, and Medicare statistics. They then present revisions to 1980 census data and preliminary estimates of coverage of the legally resident population in 1970 and 1980.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30839 Passel, Jeffrey S.; Woodrow, Karen A. The judicial basis for enumeration of undocumented aliens in the 1980 census and implications for 1990. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 464-9 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper discusses the judicial basis for the enumeration and inclusion of undocumented aliens in the [U.S. census] figures provided to the President and Congress for apportionment." The suit brought by the Federation for American Immigration Reform to challenge the preparation of the population figures by the Bureau of the Census is described in detail. The implications for the 1990 census are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30840 Rhind, David. Successors to the census of population. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 29-38 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This article examines the strengths and weaknesses of the approach used in the United Kingdom to present census results in the context of recent developments in computing and of user needs. Two scenarios that might achieve a better product are outlined, and their associated institutional and other difficulties, as well as their advantages, are reviewed.
"The more radical of these involves integration of data from the many existing data sources to give an ongoing, 'cradle to grave' inventory of people and land. The less radical solution proposed for the short run--the 1991 census--includes a facility whereby users can create their own cross-tabulations and summaries on-line, conversing with the 'raw' census data base via a 'rules machine' or Intelligent Knowledge Based System."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30841 Shen, Yimin. The characteristics of China's population census of 1982. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 4, Jul 29, 1984. 7-13 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
A description of the organization and administration of the 1982 census of China is presented. It includes both the preparations for the census, the training of enumerators, the implementation of the census, and the tabulation of results.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30842 Webber, Richard. The use of census-derived classifications in the marketing of consumer products in the United Kingdom. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 113-24 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper describes ways in which the U.K. census has been successfully applied to target the marketing of consumer products. The rapid growth in these applications since 1979 is explained in terms of the movement of experts in quantitative techniques from public to private sector organizations and the linkage of the small area classification system ACORN to syndicated market research surveys such as the Target Group Index."
The author "reviews current applications in the four functional areas of major consumer marketing organizations--market research, advertising, retail, and sales management--and cites examples of emerging interest in the public sector in the techniques borrowed from it by the private sector."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30843 Worley, John; Assifi, Najib. Post census communication: the dissemination of census results to data users and the public. 1985. 6 pp. United Nations Development Programme [UNDP], Asia and Pacific Programme for Development Training and Communication Planning: Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This paper describes some of the processes and possible strategies involved in the dissemination and utilization of data collected during the course of population censuses.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30844 Yang, Wen. Analyses and discussions of data from China's 1982 census--a report on the International Seminar on China's 1982 Census. Social Sciences in China, Vol. 6, No. 1, Mar 1985. 33-50 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
This is a report from an international seminar held in Beijing, China, devoted to the results of the 1982 census of China. The report includes a synopsis of the discussions on topics such as the sex ratio, age distribution, fertility, mortality, labor force, and household size and family structure.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

52:30845 Jeong, Sang-Hee. Development of demographic sample surveys in Asia. Studies in Population Problems, Vol. 1, Dec 1984. 115-66 pp. Pusan, Korea, Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Kor.
Some aspects of demographic sample surveys undertaken in Asia are examined. "This paper aims to stimulate discussion of some of the important methodological issues raised through the different survey-taking experiences (ranging from single-round and multi-round retrospective, dual-method, longitudinal, and multi-purpose continuous) in selected countries of the region...." An appendix lists demographic sample surveys carried out in Asia from 1970 to 1979.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30846 Park, Jay-Soo. Sample design for demographic surveys. Studies in Population Problems, Vol. 2, Dec 1985. 5-53 pp. Pusan, Korea, Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Kor.
This study is concerned with aspects and features of sampling methods that are particularly relevant to demographic sample surveys. Consideration is first given to the choice of survey objectives and to definitions of population and domains of study. The next section deals with basic sampling design, including stratified multistage sampling, self-weighting design, rotation sampling, and interpenetrating sampling. The factors determining sample size are then reviewed. The final sections deal with estimation procedures and the estimation of sampling error.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30847 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Statistical Office (New York, New York). Handbook of household surveys. Studies in Methods, Series F, Rev. ed. No. 31; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F31, Pub. Order No. E.83.XVII.13. 1984. xv, 277 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a revised edition of the basic document in a technical series published by the United Nations to assist countries in planning, implementing, and utilizing the results from household surveys. It "provides overall technical information and guidance of a relatively general nature to middle- and senior-level personnel who are producers or users of survey statistics....The full range of activities involved in survey work is covered in order to promote overall coordination."
Included in the topics discussed are "planning, strategy and technical design; selection of topics and their translation into survey instruments and preparation of the accompanying manuals, instructions and training activities; organization and implementation of field work; processing, compilation, tabulation and dissemination of data; evaluation of the data and the procedures used to collect and process them; and analyses and arrangements for active storage and retrieval of the survey results." Selected issues from survey experience in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.