Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

52:30750 Appiah, Rebecca. The economic status of women in Ghana. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 289-302 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1970 census and other sources to examine the traditional status and role of women in Ghana, their educational status, and their economic status. She recommends increased female education and intensified rural development to overcome the constraints on women's full participation in development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30751 Awaleh, Abdi I. Population growth and educational planning in Somalia. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 409-18 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author discusses the educational system in Somalia and the factors affecting enrollment ratios for the period 1965-1984. Projections of the school-age population for the period 1985-2000 are presented based on three alternative assumptions about fertility and mortality, and the implications are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30752 Badran, Hoda. Women and development: another model for integration. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 233-41 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"This paper is an effort to establish the role of women within [a] proposed Arab model of development, with special emphasis on Egypt. The first part of the paper will discuss the existing situation of Egyptian women within the existing [Western] model of development. The second section will outline the basic characteristics of the proposed Arab model of development and the role which Egyptian [women] should contribute in this model."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30753 Environmental Problems Foundation of Turkey (Ankara, Turkey). Legal aspects of population planning and the status of women in Turkey. Jan 1986. [147] pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the status of women in Turkey and its relationship to the country's efforts in the field of population planning. Chapters are included on family planning and its place in the Turkish legal system.
Location: Columbia University, CPFH Library, New York, N.Y.

52:30754 Fucaraccio, Angel. The capitalization retirement system and the feasibility of extending it to the overall population. [Puede funcionar un sistema de jubilacion por capitalizacion generalizado a toda la poblacion?] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 14, No. 40, Apr 1986. 61-74 pp. San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The feasibility of extending a capitalization retirement system to an entire population is considered. The author discusses the arguments that have been made against such a system, involving the need to accumulate sufficient capital and the proportion of interest accumulated by the system, and finds them unconvincing. It is suggested that a capitalization system is particularly attractive in a society with a slow rate of population growth.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30755 Goubet, Michel; Roucolle, Jean-Louis. French population and society, 1945-1984. [Population et societe francaises, 1945-1984.] Mementos de Geographie Sirey, 2nd ed. ISBN 2-248-01041-9. LC 85-102203. 1984. 216, [3] pp. Sirey: Paris, France. In Fre.
This book presents a general review of population trends in France from 1945 to 1984 and their impact on French society. In the first part, devoted to demographic trends, separate sections are included on natural increase, migration, and spatial distribution. The next part concentrates on the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the population. Separate parts are also included on living conditions and social relations.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30756 Hammouda, Ahmed A. Participation and integration of Jordanian women in national development (1975-1984). In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 243-68 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
After summarizing the demographic situation in Jordan since the mid-1970s, the author discusses female labor force participation, education, and literacy and recommends strategies to encourage the integration and participation of women in development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30757 Jol, C. The merry spinster: are single women under 45 years of age more content than single men in the same age category? [De vrolijke vrouwelijke vrijgezel: zijn alleenstaande vrouwen onder de 45 jaar tevredener dan alleenstaande mannen in dezelfde leeftijdscategorie?] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 3, Dec 1985. 253-70 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Data from the Dutch Quality of Life Survey of 1983 are used to analyze relative satisfaction with the quality of life among single males and females in the Netherlands. They indicate that single females have higher socioeconomic status and are more satisfied with their quality of life than single males. The reasons for this difference are sought in the mechanisms of mate selection, in which males tend to marry down the social scale and females up.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30758 Miller, Barbara D. Daughter neglect, women's work, and marriage: Pakistan and Bangladesh compared. Medical Anthropology, Vol. 8, No. 2, Spring 1984. 109-26 pp. Bedford Hills, New York. In Eng.
The phenomenon of daughter neglect in Bangladesh and Pakistan is analyzed using data from official sources. Consideration is given to juvenile sex ratios, infant and child mortality, women's work roles, and marriage practices. Comparisons are made with the situation in India. The results indicate a preference for sons in both countries studied, with actual sex ratios affected more in Pakistan than in Bangladesh. A trend toward increased devaluation of daughters compared to sons is apparent in both countries.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

52:30759 Naidenova, Penka. The importance of tradition for the reproductive behavior of African peoples. [Znachenie na traditsiite za reproduktivnoto povedenie na narodite ot ekvatorialna Afrika.] Naselenie, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1985. 51-70 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"This paper discusses the historical conditions of social control on the reproductive behaviour under patriarchal relations....On the basis of observations made on some tribal groups in equatorial [African] countries, inferences are drawn for the significance of the social organization and the low level of development of the productive forces, for the formation of labour habits and tendency for a high rate of births. The paper considers the importance of religion in the unique interlinkage of animism with Christianity or Islam."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30760 Nawar, Laila; Nizamuddin, M. Women, population and development. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 179-232 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The role of women in the developing countries of Asia and Africa is examined, with a focus on the relationships among women's status and demographic and development patterns. Topics considered include the relationships between female education and fertility and between female employment and fertility; population composition, distribution, and change; literacy and educational attainment; labor force participation; marital status, fertility, and contraceptive use; nutrition and health; and political participation.
The author also reviews progress made and obstacles met during the U.N. Decade for Women (1976-1985); the special needs of poor rural women, elderly women, female heads of households, and destitute and abused women; measures for promoting implementation of basic strategies for improving the status of women; and directions for future research on women's issues.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30761 Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina. Socioeconomic indicators of women's status in developing countries, 1970-1980. May 1986. 79, [230] pp. Population Council: New York, New York. In Eng.
Selected data on women's status in developing countries are presented for the period 1970-1980. The data cover 45 indicators for 75 countries at the beginning and end of the decade. They are taken from a variety of sources, including official national sources, the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and the U.N. Statistical Office.
"This monograph differs in several ways from already published monographs, because of: its inclusion of different types of indicators of women's access to education, economic participation, and social visibility; the wider coverage of national published and unpublished statistics; the time period covered by the statistics; and the extent of the analysis of the available data on different indicators."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30762 Santamaria, J. N. The social effects of contraception. International Review of Natural Family Planning, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 1985. 202-19 pp. Collegeville, Minnesota. In Eng.
The author develops the hypothesis that the introduction of modern contraceptive methods has contributed to a lowering of moral standards and a weakening of the family as an institution. Contraception is held to have contributed to the development of the concept of recreational sex and to anti-child attitudes. The vested interests associated with the promotion of contraception, including big business and the medical profession, are described. The merits of the papal encyclical, Humanae Vitae, as an alternative approach to human sexuality are assessed.
Location: Columbia University, CPFH Library, New York, N.Y.

52:30763 Shah, Nasra M. The transition in female status in Kuwait: issues and likely impacts. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 269-88 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1965-1980 quinquennial censuses and the vital statistics of Kuwait to analyze the changing socioeconomic status of Kuwaiti women. Data for nonnative women in Kuwait are presented for comparative purposes. Indicators considered include health, education, age at marriage, economic activity, fertility, and political participation. "Demographic and social implications of changing female status, and interactions between these changes are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30764 Webb, Michael A. The brain drain and education opportunity in less developed countries. Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 11, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1985. 145-55 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The impact of the brain drain on the educational systems of the countries of origin is examined, with particular reference to governmental decisions concerning education subsidies and the market for educational services. Two hypothetical cases are considered, one in which governments increase expenditures for education in the presence of a widespread brain drain, the other in which they decrease such expenditures.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

52:30765 Homans, Hilary. The sexual politics of reproduction. ISBN 0-566-00853-X. LC 85-5625. 1985. viii, 198 pp. Gower: Brookfield, Vermont. In Eng.
This book presents nine papers by various authors on the political forces involved in reproductive processes. Most of the papers are the products of meetings of the British Sociological Association's Human Reproduction Study Group, and the primary geographic focus is on the United Kingdom. Topics covered include sexual politics and the maintenance of patriarchal social relations; the construction of medical knowledge and its implications for the understanding of male reproductive systems, contraceptive choice, or health care in pregnancy; the political forces that led to U.K. abortion law reform; questions related to prenatal screening programs; and the process of achieving pregnancy through artificial insemination.
"The papers address different aspects of the sexual politics of reproduction and ask questions about who controls reproduction; how is our knowledge about reproduction dominated by male views about women and what role does the medical profession play in all this; how is access to services tempered by the state and professional control; and in whose interests are technological developments."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30766 Land, Kenneth C.; Hough, George C.; McMillen, Marilyn M. Voting status life tables for the United States, 1968-1980. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 3, Aug 1986. 381-402 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Using current and retrospective [U.S.] voting data from the November Current Population Surveys of Presidential election years, this study modifies and applies demographic accounting and increment-decrement life table methods to construct voting status life tables for three recent election periods. The paper shows how to combine a continuously occurring process (mortality) with a process that is active only at discrete times (voting transitions) within a multistate life table."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

52:30767 Aoki, K. The changing health spectrum in Japan: facts and implications. In: New developments in the analysis of mortality and causes of death, edited by Harald Hansluwka, Alan D. Lopez, Yawarat Porapakkham, and Pramote Prasartkul. ISBN 974-585-857-9. 1986. 409-36 pp. Mahidol University, Faculty of Public Health, Institute for Population and Social Research: Bangkok, Thailand; World Health Organization [WHO], Global Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Assessment: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
A review of the situation concerning morbidity and mortality in Japan is presented. Separate consideration is given to the factors contributing to the decline in mortality before and after World War II. Recent developments in the health care system are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30768 Bairagi, Radheshyam. Food crisis, nutrition, and female children in rural Bangladesh. Population and Development Review, Vol. 12, No. 2, Jun 1986. 307-15, 377-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper investigates sex differentials in the effects of the 1974-75 Bangladesh famine and socioeconomic status on the nutritional status of children. Data on approximately 1,400 children aged 1-4 years were collected from 12 villages in Matlab thana, a rural area in Bangladesh. Anthropometric indexes--weight-for-age, height-for-age, and weight-for-height--are used as measures of nutritional status."
The results indicate that malnutrition among children increased significantly during the famine. "Children of all socioeconomic status groups were adversely affected by the famine; however, female children and children of low socioeconomic status were more seriously affected. Sex differentials were more marked among high socioeconomic status groups, suggesting that a simple improvement in household resources is not likely to decrease male-female differences affecting nutritional status in this population."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30769 Charlton, John R. H. Use of mortality data in health planning. In: New developments in the analysis of mortality and causes of death, edited by Harald Hansluwka, Alan D. Lopez, Yawarat Porapakkham, and Pramote Prasartkul. ISBN 974-585-857-9. 1986. 31-56 pp. Mahidol University, Faculty of Public Health, Institute for Population and Social Research: Bangkok, Thailand; World Health Organization [WHO], Global Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Assessment: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The use of mortality data, particularly vital statistics data, for the purposes of health planning is examined. "Interpretation and methods for assessing the validity of mortality data are discussed, as well as ways in which the quality of the data can be improved or their value enhanced. Attention is focused on current applications, mostly in the United Kingdom...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30770 Delgado, H. L.; Valverde, V.; Hurtado, E. Effect of health and nutrition interventions on infant and child mortality in rural Guatemala. In: Determinants of mortality change and differentials in developing countries: the Five-Country Case Study Project. Population Studies, No. 94; ST/ESA/SER.A/94, Pub. Order No. E.85.XIII.4. ISBN 92-1-151151-8. 1986. 145-70 pp. U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs: New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors assess the impact of health and nutrition interventions on infant and child mortality in rural Guatemala using data primarily from international organizations. "The purposes of the present chapter are: (a) to review the current state of knowledge concerning health, nutrition, population and community development in the Central American region, in general, and in Guatemala, in particular; (b) to describe the approach and methodology of some simplified health care programmes implemented in different rural areas in Guatemala and discuss their results; and (c) to propose a simplified integrated model of health, nutrition and family planning services for rural areas...."
The authors outline a program that includes management of common diseases; care during pregnancy, birth, and postpartum; infant and child care; family planning; and preventive medicine. Aspects of a prevention program include "host-oriented health promotion activities, which aim to make the host more resistant by modifying factors that influence health and illness. These activities include instruction, education and behaviour modification, persuasion, proselytizing, screening and counselling."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30771 Glasser, Jay H. Implications of declining mortality for the organization of health care: the case of Jamaica. In: New developments in the analysis of mortality and causes of death, edited by Harald Hansluwka, Alan D. Lopez, Yawarat Porapakkham, and Pramote Prasartkul. ISBN 974-585-857-9. 1986. 509-26 pp. Mahidol University, Faculty of Public Health, Institute for Population and Social Research: Bangkok, Thailand; World Health Organization [WHO], Global Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Assessment: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the implications of the demographic transition, and particularly of declining mortality, for the development and planning of health services in developing countries. The focus is on the implications for the care of the elderly. The problems are illustrated using the example of Jamaica.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30772 Mahidol University. Institute for Population and Social Research [IPSR] (Bangkok, Thailand). The morbidity and mortality differentials. ASEAN Population Programme Phase III: Thailand. A report on the secondary data analysis. IPSR Publication, No. 90, ISBN 974-585-950-8. Jan 1985. [v], 75 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
An analysis of morbidity and mortality differentials in Thailand is presented using data from secondary sources. The report is from the first stage of a project being developed throughout the ASEAN region, the first objective of which is to provide accurate estimates of morbidity and mortality levels and trends. It includes a chapter on sources of data and methodology. Sections are included on mortality differentials by age, region, and socioeconomic status; causes of death; socioeconomic differentials in morbidity; and hospitalization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30773 Northrup, Robert S. Decision making for health care in developing countries. In: Consequences of mortality trends and differentials. Population Studies, No. 95; ST/ESA/SER.A/95, Pub. Order No. E.85.XIII.3. ISBN 92-1-151149-6. 1986. 135-49 pp. U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author asserts that health-care systems in developing countries are largely sickness-care systems, focusing primarily on death avoidance and contributing little to the improved health of the population. "We propose to describe the mortality and morbidity patterns and the sickness-care systems of developing countries....We will discuss the disadvantages and deficiencies of mortality and morbidity data as a basis for planning a health-oriented care system. We will then propose an expanded data set, a set of health statistics, which might more effectively provide the basis both for planning and for management of such a health-care system."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

52:30774 Imaizumi, Yoko. Genetic and biological consequences of mortality changes. In: Consequences of mortality trends and differentials. Population Studies, No. 95; ST/ESA/SER.A/95, Pub. Order No. E.85.XIII.3. ISBN 92-1-151149-6. 1986. 67-76 pp. U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author explores the biological and genetic consequences of mortality decline using data from official and published sources for Japan. Attention is given to mortality rates for congenitally malformed infants, the impact of parental ages on chromosomal aberrations, and issues pertaining to consanguineous marriages. Particular consideration is given to genetically linked diseases.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.