Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

52:30633 Adeokun, L. A. Population aging and the aged in Nigeria. [Alter sentwicklung und die Situation alter Menschen in Nigeria.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 82-6 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"The situation of old people in Nigeria is described in two ways. Demographic figures provide information about population aging in Nigeria--indicating consequences for the situation of old people. A look at the living conditions of the elderly under social psychological aspects takes into consideration economic problems, the role of the family and institutional care. For illustration, the results of questioning of old people in Ile-Ife concerning life-satisfaction are presented. The author draws attention to the integrated position of the old in Nigerian society and to future problems arising from the development of the population."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30634 Ales, Milan. Present age structure of Czechoslovakia. Demosta, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1986. 40-3 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng.
The age distribution of the population of Czechoslovakia in 1984 is described, and the historical factors affecting it are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30635 American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Cambridge, Massachusetts). The aging society. Daedalus, Vol. 115, No. 1, Winter 1986. 395 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences devoted to questions concerning demographic aging. An attempt is made to consider the effects of aging in the United States on children, women, minorities, the family, intergenerational relations, the labor force, the health care system, the life course, the political system, the country's ethical standards, its institutions, and other aspects of national life. A paper on demographic aspects by Jacob S. Siegel et al. is cited elsewhere in this issue.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30636 Anionwu, F. O. Aging in Nigeria. [Altern in Nigeria.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 87-90 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Following the presentation of demographic data concerning the situation of the elderly in Nigeria, the government's policy with regard to the aged is described. One aim is to strengthen the traditional system of the extended family. Reference is made to the difficulties involved in gerontological research."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30637 Baros, Carmen. Aging in Chile. [Altern in Chile.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 108-11 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"First some detailed demographic data concerning the elderly population in Chile are presented. Then their extremely deficient social and economic life conditions and the negative image of old age are described. The informal and formal systems of social security for the aged and their severe deficiencies are also reported upon. Finally, some institutions for the elderly are presented."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30638 Bose, A. B. Aging in India. [Altern in Indien.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 96-100 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Based on the description of the demographic development of the population, problems concerning the process of aging in India are discussed. The author refers to the changing status of old people in society and within the family structures. Emphasis is placed upon strategies of governmental and voluntary social service systems, especially old age income maintenance and health care. Conclusions for the planning and programming of social services are drawn."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30639 Brouard, Nicolas. Population structure and dynamics. The later life pyramid, national aspects and regional examples. [Structure et dynamique des populations. La pyramide des annees a vivre, aspects nationaux et exemples regionaux.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1986. 14-5, 157-68 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors "describe the French population dynamics over the last century with later-life pyramids that are pyramids where individuals are classified according to the time left to live." The exercise emphasizes the demographic impact of the two world wars and, for more recent years, the process of demographic aging brought about by the decline in mortality.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30640 de Lehr, Esther C. Aging in Mexico. [Altern in Mexiko.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 112-5 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Demographic, social and economic aspects of the situation of the elderly in Mexico are described with special emphasis upon education programmes and types of care in nursing homes. Considering the future trends of an increase in Mexico's elderly population, the author calls for more efforts in research and training in the field of gerontology. First results in this area are reported."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30641 Krotki, Karol J. Reported masculinity ratio in Pakistan: a triumph of anthropology and economics over biology. Population Research Laboratory Discussion Paper, No. 44, Jun 1986. 46 pp. University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
The unusually high proportion of males over females in the population of Pakistan is examined. Among the causes of this imbalance considered are genetic characteristics, selective female mortality, selective female under-enumeration, and sexually unbalanced migration. The author suggests that "Pakistani mothers like to think that they gave birth to more boys than is likely. This influence from the realm of social psychology obtains support at the economic base and jointly they appear to be powerful enough to hide the influence of biology, which presumably is no different in Pakistan from that in other countries."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30642 Netherlands. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Voorburg, Netherlands). Sex ratio in the Netherlands' demography. [Geslachtsverhouding in de demografie van Nederland.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 34, No. 4, Apr 1986. 39-52 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of the sex ratio in the population of the Netherlands is presented. The emphasis is on changes in the sex ratio over time. Particular attention is paid to changes in the turning age, defined as the age at which the number of men equals the number of women. A new concept is also introduced, described as the catch-up age. An attempt is made to forecast changes in the sex ratio up to the year 2035.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30643 Paillat, Paul. The aging of local populations: a geo-demographic study of cantons and metropolitan centers. [Le vieillissement des populations locales: etude geo-demographique des cantons et des centres de metropoles.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1986. 14, 149-56 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The problems of analyzing the aging of the population in small local areas are assessed. The author uses examples from France to show why a single indicator cannot properly describe the aging process or yield evidence for forecasting future trends. A method to describe the process of demographic aging in a community is developed; it employs several indicators and data from successive censuses. The importance of taking into account the size of the population concerned, the distance to the nearest well-equipped town, and the characteristics of neighboring communities is emphasized. The importance of using maps in such analyses is also stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30644 Paillat, Paul; Lantoine, C.; Parant, A. The experience of aging in 1979. [Le vecu du vieillissement en 1979.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 3, Sep 1981. 113 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study is concerned with aging and its socioeconomic consequences in France. The data are from a survey conducted in seven rural and semi-rural communes in 1978-1979. Separate consideration is given to the impact of a community's aging on the aged population and on the younger-age population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30645 Pifer, Alan; Bronte, Lydia. Our aging society: paradox and promise. ISBN 0-393-02299-4. LC 85-31979. 1986. viii, 438 pp. W. W. Norton: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This book is concerned with demographic aging in the United States. It is the product of the Aging Society Project, which began in 1982, is funded by the Carnegie Corporation, and is concerned with the social, economic, political, and ethical implications of this major demographic change. The book consists of 18 essays by various authors on aspects of demographic aging. These essays examine both the problems posed by this demographic change and the potential it contains for improving society.
Several of the papers in this book are also published in the Winter 1986 issue of Daedalus, published in 1986 by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. See elsewhere in this issue.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30646 Roy, S. Guha. Demography of ageing: Indian experience. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society, Vol. 20, 1985. 258-83 pp. Calcutta, India. In Eng.
Demographic aging in India is analyzed using census data. The author notes that although the population remains predominately a young one, recent developments indicate that a trend toward demographic aging is likely to occur in the near future. Although the process of demographic aging has only just begun, the absolute size of the population means that there will be over 75 million elderly people in India by the year 2000.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30647 Schade, Burkhard; Kuhnert, Sabine. Aging in developing countries. [Altern in Entwicklungslandern.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 77-81 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"After presenting information about the general life conditions in the less developed regions, the author concentrates on the term 'syndrome of poverty', which [has] a great impact on the life conditions and the status of the elderly. Demographic data concerning the world population of all ages and the aged population in the more developed and the less developed regions follow."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30648 Siegel, Jacob S.; Taeuber, Cynthia M. A profile of America's older population: a generation of change. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 157-9 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors discuss the following topics, which are to be included in a forthcoming monograph using 1980 census data on the older population of the United States: numerical growth, mortality and morbidity, geographic distribution, marital status and living arrangements, labor force participation, and income.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30649 Siegel, Jacob S.; Taeuber, Cynthia M. Demographic perspectives on the long-lived society. Daedalus, Vol. 115, No. 1, Winter 1986. 77-117 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The demographic implications of current trends in demographic aging in the United States are explored. The demographic facts concerning population aging are first outlined. The geographic distribution and residential mobility of the elderly is then considered. Sections are also included on longevity and health and on marital status and living arrangements.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30650 Tuita, Salote P.; Schaar, Doris. The aged in Tonga. [Der alte Mensch in Tonga.] Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 105-7 pp. Darmstadt, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"After some remarks concerning the geographical, social and political situation in Tonga, the authors present demographic data and report on the informal and formal systems of social security for the aged. Finally they discuss the effects of modern influences on the value-systems."
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:30651 Wang, Xinfa. The elderly population of China. Population Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct 1985. 24-6 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
A brief review of the characteristics of the elderly population of China is presented. Reasons for the growth in the numbers and percentage of the elderly are given.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30652 Wang, Xinfa. The problem of the aged population in China. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 5, Sep 29, 1984. 40-3 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The situation regarding the population of China over age 60 is reviewed. From 1953 to 1980 the aged population doubled in size, with the population in urban areas growing at a faster rate than in rural areas. The author notes that declining birth and mortality rates and longer life expectancy will cause the absolute number of the aged to increase. For China, each percentage point increase in the aged means an increase of 10 million aged people. As the ratio of the aged to the rest of the society becomes increasingly larger, China will become an aged society. Tables on age distribution and life expectancy are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30653 Wattenberg, Esther. The fate of baby boomers and their children. Social Work, Vol. 31, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1986. 20-8 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
The impact that the baby boom generation is having on the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population is examined using data from the 1980 census and other official sources. Topics covered include changes in family composition, single parenthood, never-married women with dependent children, cohabitation, remarriage, high-risk families, and family structure and poverty. The focus is on the implications of these changes for social work.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30654 Wu, Cangping. The characteristics of the age composition of China's population. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 4, Jul 29, 1984. 1-6 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The age distribution of the population of China is described using data from the 1982 census. The author notes that the population, although still predominantly young, is becoming older. Differences in age structure among regions, rural and urban populations, and ethnic groups are analyzed. Three factors are given as influencing changes in the age structure: a rapid decline in infant mortality and a mortality rate that began to decline 20 years before the fertility rate declined; social and economic changes; and family planning.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

52:30655 Liu, Shuang. A preliminary inquiry into the difference in sex ratio at birth in China. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 2, Mar 29, 1985. 49-50 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
A brief study on the sex ratio in China is presented based on a 10 percent sample of data from the 1982 census. The results indicate that the general level is high (in 1981 the total sex ratio for provinces, cities, and autonomous regions was 108.47). The sex ratio for urban areas at 109.9 is higher than for rural areas at 107.6.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30656 MacGillivray, I.; Davey, D. A.; Lawley, C. Sex ratio at birth in a Cape Coloured population. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 9, 1986. 929-30 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The sex ratio of the Cape Coloured population of South Africa is analyzed using data from official sources and from the records of the Peninsula Maternity and Neonatal Service for the period 1949-1983. The results indicate that the sex ratio among firstborn Cape Coloureds is closer to that of U.S. whites then to that of U.S. blacks.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30657 Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N.; Boldsen, J. L. Recalled age of menarche in Britain. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 13, No. 3, May-Jun 1986. 253-7 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The purpose of this study was to determine recalled age at menarche from the National Child Development Survey of all children born in Britain in one week of 1958. All subjects were questioned at the same age (16 years); mean age at menarche was estimated as 13.3 [plus or minus] 0.02 years. The data deviate significantly from normality. Marked regional variation occurred but very little social class differentiation was apparent."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30658 Mastroianni, Luigi; Paulsen, C. Alvin. Aging, reproduction, and the climacteric. ISBN 0-306-42142-9. LC 85-28299. 1986. xvi, 316 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a conference on biological aging, reproduction, and the climacteric, held at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, in June 1984. They include 18 papers by different authors grouped under the following headings: methodological considerations in research on the aging reproductive system, age-related changes in regulatory systems, aging and the reproductive years, the climacteric, and management of the menopause. The geographic focus is on the United States, with one paper on reproduction in elderly men in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30659 Passel, Jeffrey S.; Robinson, J. Gregory. Factors associated with variation in sex ratios of the population across states and MSA's: findings based on regression analysis of 1980 census data. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 624-8 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors use a multiple regression framework to analyze the effects on geographic variation in sex ratios of the following factors: racial differences in sex ratios at birth, sex differences in mortality, sex differences in lifetime migration, and sex differences in census coverage. Data are from the 1980 U.S. census.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30660 Sharma, Neelam; Hiramani, A. B. Estimation of reproductive span of Brahmin and Chaudhary females of Kangra (Himachal Pradesh). Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 32, No. 1, Sep 1985. 25-9 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
Differences in the length of reproductive life among castes in India are explored. The data concern 269 Brahmin and 299 Chaudhary women living in villages of the Kangra valley, Himachal Pradesh. The results indicate that the period of time between onset of menarche and menopause was slightly shorter among Chaudhary women. Reasons for this difference are considered.
Location: Columbia University, CPFH Library, New York, N.Y.

52:30661 Warren, Mary A. Gendercide: the implications of sex selection. New Feminist Perspectives, ISBN 0-8476-7330-8. LC 85-14452. 1985. ix, 209 pp. Rowman and Allanheld: Totowa, New Jersey. In Eng.
The author analyzes moral, political, and cultural implications of the advent of effective and inexpensive sex selection methods in a context of son preference. "She begins by outlining the state of the relevant bio-technology, exploring the analogies between genocide and gendercide and the continuing impact of misogyny and patriarchy. After examining the arguments for and against sex selection, she explores the probable social consequences of sex selection."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

52:30662 Bloom, David E.; Bennett, Neil G. Childless couples. American Demographics, Vol. 8, No. 8, Aug 1986. 22-5, 54-5 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine trends in childbearing and in household expenditures in the United States since 1960, with a particular focus on assessing the implications for American business of the growing number of childless married couples. Data from official sources are analyzed in order to compare the consumption patterns of childless couples and couples with young children.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30663 Deaton, Angus S.; Muellbauer, John. On measuring child costs: with applications to poor countries. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 94, No. 4, Aug 1986. 720-44 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"The theoretical basis for measuring child costs is discussed, and detailed consideration is given to two straightforward procedures for calculation, Engel's food share method and Rothbarth's adult good method. Each of these methods embodies different definitions of child costs so that the same empirical evidence can generate quite different estimates depending on the method used. It is shown that true costs are generally overstated by Engel's method and understated by Rothbarth's procedure, although the latter, unlike the former, can provide a sensible starting point for cost measurement. Our estimates from Sri Lankan and Indonesian data suggest that children cost their parents about 30-40 percent of what they spend on themselves."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:30664 Duncan, Greg J.; Hill, Martha; Rodgers, Willard. The changing fortunes of young and old. American Demographics, Vol. 8, No. 8, Aug 1986. 26-33 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The authors use data from the University of Michigan's Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to investigate the hypothesis developed by Preston that a large-scale shift of resources from the young toward the old has taken place in the United States. "We examined PSID data from 1968 to 1982, dividing the data into three five-year periods (1968-72, 1973-77, and 1978-82). We charted five-year average family income for the age groups 0 to 9, 10 to 64, and 65 and older....We calculated the share of people by age group who lived in families in 'extreme poverty'..., 'poverty'..., and 'affluence'...for the three time periods, and we estimated the importance of Social Security and other federal transfer programs to each age group's economic well-being."
Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses are presented, and their findings are explained.
For the article by Samuel H. Preston, published in 1984, see 50:40677.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30665 Levy, Michel L. The relationship between salaries and the demographic transition. [Rapport salarial et transition demographique.] Revue d'Economie Politique, Vol. 95, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1985. 556-67 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between salaries and demographic factors in developed countries is examined. The author notes that this relationship has been affected recently by the rise in female employment and by the growth of two-income couples. The differences among the European market-economy countries are reviewed.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

52:30666 Brewer, Richard I. A note on the changing status of the Registrar General's classification of occupations. British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 37, No. 1, Mar 1986. 131-40 pp. Boston, Massachusetts/Henley, England. In Eng.
This note considers some of the methodological implications of the redefinition of social class as occupational skill by the U.K. Registrar General in 1980. "In 1980 other changes were also made in the system of social class allocation and the present study compares 1970 and 1980 methods of awarding social class. It is argued that whilst the 1970 and 1980 systems differ considerably on a conceptual level, they do not show any important differences in their empirical relations with a variety of social, educational and health variables."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30667 Chowdhury, A. I.; Phillips, James F. Socio-economic status differentials among currently married women of reproductive age: FP Services Project, 1974 Matlab census. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 31, No. 4, Jun 1985. 3-11 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
This study is concerned with aspects of the data collected by the Demographic Surveillance System developed in Matlab thana, Bangladesh, by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research. The focus is on the extent to which comparisons between the villages receiving enhanced family planning and health services and those not receiving such services are affected by socioeconomic or demographic differences. The results indicate that although the demographic and socioeconomic differences among the Matlab population are inconsequential, there are significant differences with regard to education and religion.
Location: Columbia University, CPFH Library, New York, N.Y.

52:30668 Congdon, Peter; Shepherd, John. Small-area social change in Greater London: a regression approach to measurement. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 1, Apr 1985. 49-67 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
A model for social change in the United Kingdom is presented that, unlike other measures, recognizes the causal influence on change in social areas of their initial social composition. "This feedback component of social change is distinguished from localized positional changes that alter the social rank of areas. The relative importance of feedback and positional change is illustrated using change data on five social class groupings in 755 small areas of London between the 1971 and 1981 censuses."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

52:30669 Ben-Porath, Yoram. Changes and ethnic diversity in population and the labor force. David Horowitz Research Program on the Israel Economy Discussion Paper, No. 85.02, Mar 1985. 43 pp. Maurice Falk Institute for Economic Research in Israel, David Horowitz Research Program on the Israel Economy: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
The author outlines selected characteristics of the population of Israel for the years since the country's founding in 1948 up to 1982. Among the topics discussed are fertility, age and dependency, schooling, men and women in the labor force, occupations, and earnings. Tables present official data concerning total fertility, educational attainment, labor force participation, and occupational change and distribution by continent of origin, ethnicity, and sex. Information is also presented concerning the percentage of Arabs among those employed in the Israeli economy, in construction, and in agriculture; demographic factors; and income differentials.
An appendix contains a table comparing labor force participation among selected developed countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30670 Cafferty, Pastora S. J.; McCready, William C. Hispanics in the United States: a new social agenda. ISBN 0-88738-018-2. LC 84-23943. 1985. vi, 257 pp. Transaction Books: New Brunswick, New Jersey/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This book presents a collection of 11 papers by various authors on Hispanics in the United States. The first section is concerned with the historical, demographic, and cultural context of the new migrants. Other sections deal with the integration process, policy issues, and policy implementation.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30671 Fleischer, Henning. Foreigners in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1985. [Auslander im Bundesgebiet 1985.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 3, Mar 1986. 181-5 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Information is presented on the foreign population in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1985. The data are from official sources, and some comparative statistics for earlier years are also provided. Topics covered include the size of the foreign population, international migration, regional distribution, nationality, and length of stay in Germany.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:30672 Levin, Michael J.; McKenney, Nampeo R.; Berman, Patricia A. Uses and interpretation of racial and ethnic data from the U.S. census. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 88-95 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors "review the major uses, data collection procedures, and evaluation of self-identification for race and ethnic information," and use 1980 U.S. census data to analyze population change among three groups: American Indians in Oklahoma, Japanese in Hawaii, and Hawaiians in Hawaii.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30673 Maldonado, Lionel; Moore, Joan. Urban ethnicity in the United States: new immigrants and old minorities. Urban Affairs Annual Reviews, Vol. 29, ISBN 0-8039-2269-8. LC 85-1824. 1985. 304 pp. Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, California/London, England. In Eng.
This book contains 10 articles by various authors concerning ethnic groups in U.S. cities. The focus is on new immigrant groups, primarily those from Asia and Latin America, that have entered the United States since the Immigration Act of 1965. The book is divided into two sections: one presenting the historical, demographic, and ecological context for the study of current urban ethnic issues and the other dealing with the reciprocal impact of new immigrants and institutions.
Among the topics covered are the Simpson-Mazzoli legislation; demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the new immigrants; immigration issues in Los Angeles, California; the quality of the data on new immigrants; race and public schools; urban labor markets and ethnicity; ethnic crime; ethnicity and social welfare; ethnicity and mental health; and urban ethnic politics.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30674 Perez, Lisandro. The Cuban population of the United States: the results of the 1980 U.S. census of population. Cuban Studies/Estudios Cubanos, Vol. 15, No. 2, Summer 1985. 1-18 pp. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"The 1980 U.S. Census of Population represents a significant benchmark in the study of the Cuban population residing in this country. Improvements in the coverage and measurement of this population have resulted in a data set unprecedented in its comprehensiveness and detail. The principal results with respect to U.S. Cubans are summarized here. The presentation is divided into the following sections: (1) residence and geographic distribution; (2) age and sex composition; (3) fertility; (4) family structure and marital status; (5) educational characteristics; (6) labor force participation and employment; (7) class of worker, industry, and occupation; and (8) income."
Some comparisons are made among Cubans, other Hispanic groups, and the total U.S. population. "Some of the major findings concern the uniqueness of the age and sex composition of the Cubans, the presence of the three-generation family, and the apparent links between family structure and economic adjustment."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30675 Priest, G. E. Aboriginal youth in Canada: a profile based upon 1981 census data. Canadian Statistical Review, Vol. 60, No. 9, Sep 1985. vi-xxiii pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
An analysis of the data from the 1981 census of Canada is presented concerning the aboriginal population aged 15 to 24, defined as including the Inuit, status Indian, non-status Indian, and Metis populations. Comparisons are made with the non-aboriginal population. Factors considered include geographic location, migration, family status, dependent children, educational status, labor force participation, unemployment, income, and industry.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30676 Sullivan, Teresa A. A demographic portrait. In: Hispanics in the United States: a new social agenda, edited by Pastora S. J. Cafferty and William C. McCready. ISBN 0-88738-018-2. LC 84-23943. 1985. 7-32 pp. Transaction Books: New Brunswick, New Jersey/Oxford, England. In Eng.
A demographic portrait of the Hispanic population of the United States is presented. Problems of definition are first considered. The available sources of data, including the 1980 census, are then reviewed. Consideration is given to the size and distribution of the Hispanic population, data quality, population characteristics, age and sex distribution, marital status and fertility, families and households, migration, and morbidity and mortality. A final section is concerned with public policy issues.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30677 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]. Population Statistics Division (London, England). Estimating the size of the ethnic minority populations in the 1980s. Population Trends, No. 44, Summer 1986. 23-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article briefly reviews the methods of estimating the size of the population of New Commonwealth and Pakistani ethnic origin [who were resident in Great Britain] during the 1970s. It then discusses the type of data now provided by the Labour Force Survey. Finally comparisons are made between the estimates for 1981 on both the new and the previous bases."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30678 Wixman, Ronald. Demographic Russification and linguistic Russianization of the Ukraine, 1959-1979. In: Geographical Studies on the Soviet Union: essays in honor of Chauncy D. Harris, edited by George J. Demko and Roland J. Fuchs. Department of Geography Research Paper, No. 211, 1984. 131-56 pp. University of Chicago, Department of Geography: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
Data from the 1959, 1970, and 1979 censuses of the USSR are used to examine trends in the demographic and linguistic Russianization of the Ukraine. The results indicate that Russian is becoming the predominate native language in southeastern Ukraine, and the economic heartland of the Ukraine is becoming more demographically Russian than the rest of the Ukraine.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30679 Yang, Yixing. Population and family planning of minority groups. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 4, Jul 29, 1984. 37-41 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
Based on findings from the 1982 census of China, the author finds that 6.7 percent of the total population make up the 55 ethnic groups who reside in approximately 60 percent of the country, mostly in border and mountainous regions, and that from 1978 to 1982, this minority population increased significantly. This increase reflects natural environmental and economic factors as well as ethnic customs and traditions. Generally speaking, minority groups support family planning, but the family planning program needs to be tailored to individual group needs. In cases where the group's population is small, family planning must be administered with care to avoid the group's extinction. However, a majority of minorities are in a family planning program.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30680 Zhang, Tianlu. Population development and changes of China's minority nationalities. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 6, Nov 29, 1984. 21-6 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
An analysis of Chinese minorities is made from a 10 percent sample from the 1982 census. Beginning in 1964, the minority population tended to increase faster than that of the Han people due to generally improved standards of living. Minorities, 6.7 percent of the total population, occupy 62.5 percent of the land; their distribution is very uneven, although the density of the autonomous regions is growing rapidly. The median age of the minority population tends to be low (about 19 years) and a large number are single. Their educational level is improving but still lags behind that of the Han people.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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