Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

52:10688 Gandotra, M. M.; Das, Narayan. Population policy in India (with special reference to infant mortality and fertility). 1984. xviii, 272 pp. Blackie and Son Publishers Private: Bombay, India. In Eng.
This book is the product of a seminar on population policy in India, which was held in Baroda in 1978. It consists of 30 papers by different authors, grouped under four main headings, namely, an overview of the family welfare program, population policy and its future implications, recent changes in fertility and infant mortality, and the relationship between infant and child mortality and fertility. The geographical focus is on India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10689 Repetto, Robert. Population policy after Mexico City: reality vs. ideology. Challenge, Vol. 28, No. 3, Jul-Aug 1985. 41-6 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The consensus achieved at the International Conference on Population, held in Mexico in 1984, is reviewed. The author challenges the ideological position taken toward population issues by the Reagan administration, and asserts that U.S. leadership is necessary to enable the consensus reached in Mexico to result in effective development and population policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10690 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Population policy compendium: Brunei Darussalam. [1985?]. 4 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on population policy and basic demographic data for Brunei in a standard format to permit a rapid comparison among countries. The text elaborates on governmental perceptions of demographic problems as well as on the actual policies and measures adopted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10691 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Population policy compendium: Gambia. [1985?]. 8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on population policy and basic demographic data for Gambia in a standard format to permit a rapid comparison among countries. The text elaborates on governmental perceptions of demographic problems as well as on the actual policies and measures adopted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10692 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Population policy compendium: Honduras. [1985?]. 6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on population policy and basic demographic data for Honduras in a standard format to permit a rapid comparison among countries. The text elaborates on governmental perceptions of demographic problems as well as on the actual policies and measures adopted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10693 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Population policy compendium: Swaziland. [1985?]. 6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on population policy and basic demographic data for Swaziland in a standard format to permit a rapid comparison among countries. The text elaborates on governmental perceptions of demographic problems as well as on the actual policies and measures adopted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10694 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Population policy compendium: Togo. [1985?]. 6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on population policy and basic demographic data for Togo in a standard format to permit a rapid comparison among countries. The text elaborates on governmental perceptions of demographic problems as well as on the actual policies and measures adopted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10695 United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population (Washington, D.C.). U.S. policy on population assistance: hearing, July 25, 1984 (98th Congress, 2nd session). Serial, No. 98-53, LC 84-604143. 1984. iii, 199 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report presents the proceedings of a hearing of the House Subcommittee on Census and Population concerning U.S. policy on population assistance. It includes statements by former Senator Joseph Tydings, and Representatives James H. Scheuer, John E. Porter, Peter H. Kostmayer, and Sander M. Levin; statements by Marshall Green, Julia J. Henderson, Julian L. Simmon, Joseph Speidel, Rabbi Yehunda Levin, and Faith Evans; and statements and letters from various individuals and organizations. A record of the discussion accompanying the presentation of the statements is included.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

52:10696 Bazhenova, E. S. Demographic policy in the People's Republic of China, 1970-1980. [Demograficheskaya politika KNR v 70-80-e gody.] Sotsiologischeskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 12, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1985. 146-50 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The development of population policy in China over time is described. The author notes difficulties that have been faced in achieving the one-child family and in keeping total population growth below 1.2 billion by the year 2000.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10697 Bongaarts, John; Greenhalgh, Susan. An alternative to the one-child policy in China. Population and Development Review, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1985. 585-617, 799, 801 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
In this article, the authors critically examine China's one-child policy, assessing the social and economic costs of the policy and analyzing alternatives. "Accepting as given the Chinese government's goal of stabilizing the population at 1.2 billion by the year 2000, the paper first reviews the likely potential demographic and socioeconomic effects of current and past policies. It then explores policy alternatives, mostly variants of a stop-at-two rule, and their benefits compared with the current one-child policy."
The authors conclude that "a two-child policy, if accompanied by delayed childbearing, can be as effective as a one-child policy in achieving China's current demographic goals. Furthermore, the policy...would be easier to implement and would have fewer detrimental consequences for the society and economy."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10698 Hagmann, Hermann-Michel. Family policy and demographic trends: some perspectives and proposed measures. [Politique familiale et evolution demographique: quelques perspectives et propositions de mesures.] Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales, Vol. 39, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1985. 101-20 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Switzerland are reviewed, and their implications for policy development are considered. The author notes that while the country does not have an overall policy on either the family or population, elements of such policies do exist in practice. The legitimacy of state action in such matters is considered, the demographic variables open to influence are identified, and possible measures are introduced. The focus is on measures to counteract falling fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10699 Kojima, Hiroshi. The relationship between fertility policy and family policy. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 174, Apr 1985. 63-8 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
An attempt is made to define the terms fertility policy and family policy as used in different countries around the world and to describe the relationship between them.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10700 Levy, Michael L. Some insights concerning family policy. [Regards sur la politique familiale.] Population et Societes, No. 194, Sep 1985. 1-4 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of French policies concerning the family is presented. The focus is on the pro-natalist aspects of these policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10701 Moors, Hein G. Family policy in the Netherlands as a determinant of fertility intentions: changing attitudes and effect. Working Papers of the NIDI, No. 64, Sep 1985. vii, 18 pp. Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute [NIDI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
An evaluation of family policy in the Netherlands and its impact on fertility intentions is presented. The data are from a national sample survey conducted in 1983. Consideration is given to both direct and indirect costs of having children. The author concludes that "effective government policy should...consist of a combination of measures, with emphasis on measures such as leave and child care arrangements for young couples, and financial arrangements for people with two or more children." The results indicate that policies favorable to children will not lead to significant changes in fertility intentions.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

52:10702 Canto, Victor A.; Udwadia, Firdaus E. The effect of immigration quotas on the average quality of migrating labor and income distribution. Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 52, No. 3, Jan 1986. 785-93 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
In this paper, the authors develop "a simple two-country, single-period model to study the effect of quota restrictions on the composition of migrating labor. [They] have divided the migrant population in two general categories called high skilled and low skilled and have shown that free migration of any category of labor occurs if and only if the country's share of world resources is different from its share of the world labor endowment in that category."
Two possible outcomes, given differing labor endowments and income differentials, are considered. The potential effect of illegal immigration is also noted. The authors conclude that their model "is applicable not only to 'brain drain' problems, but also to guest worker programs and/or the mass migration of low skilled workers from poor countries to rich countries."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10703 Dib, George. Laws and decrees and their application: their influence on migration in the Arab world-- towards a regional charter. In: International migration in the Arab world. Proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981. Vol. 2, 1982. 1,057-90 pp. U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]: Beirut, Lebanon. In Eng.
Using examples from selected Arab countries of Western Asia and from Egypt, the author considers several aspects of international migration from a legal or constitutional point of view. The focus is on current and potential problems related to international migration. Among the topics discussed are the right of Arabs to leave their native country; the right of a migrant to be provided with accurate information on such subjects as emigration or immigration laws or conditions of work; and regulations concerning Arab entry into, residence within, and departure from countries other than their own.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10704 Goodwin-Gill, Guy S. International covenants and agreements governing international migration. In: International migration in the Arab world. Proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981. Vol. 2, 1982. 973- 1,003 pp. U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]: Beirut, Lebanon. In Eng.
In this study of international conventions concerning the migration of persons from one state to another, fundamental human rights standards are first discussed. Some examples of formal agreements between states concerning migrant rights are then reviewed. In separate sections the standards of the International Labour Office and the special case of the European Economic Community are considered. In conclusion, the author suggests that a regional convention governing migration and migrant workers in Western Asia might be desirable.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10705 Hawkins, Freda. Immigration law and management in the major receiving countries outside the Arab region. In: International migration in the Arab world. Proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981. Vol. 2, 1982. 1,005-56 pp. U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]: Beirut, Lebanon. In Eng.
Immigration and naturalization laws and their political and administrative contexts are examined separately and in considerable detail for the United States, Canada, and Australia. The study primarily concerns the period from World War II to the present. The author suggests that consideration of the different immigration problems and policies of these three receiving countries may be useful to other countries receiving immigrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10706 Listengurt, F. M.; Portyanskii, I. A.; Yusin, G. S. Social aspects of the general scheme of settlement over the USSR. [Sotsial'nye aspekty general'noi skhemy rasseleniya na territorii SSSR.] Sotsiologischeskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 12, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1985. 76-84 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a description of the content and objectives of the General Scheme of Settlement developed in the USSR. The authors note that this scheme has become a keystone of central and regional planning and was extensively revised in 1983. The focus of the revised scheme is on encouraging migration away from the major urban centers.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10707 Willekens, Frans J.; ter Heide, Henk. Demographic research and spatial policy: a progess report. Working Papers of the NIDI, No. 61, Aug 1985. v, 24 pp. Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute [NIDI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the characteristics of spatial policy-making in the Netherlands and discusses how demographic research can be responsive to [the] policy-maker's need for knowledge and information and at the same time contribute to the advancement of the discipline."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.